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Synthetic Life Has Been Streamlined And Is Ready To Be Put To Work - Newsy

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Transcript: In 2010, researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute announced they'd created a bacteria that runs entirely on lab-made DNA — the world's first synthetic life-form. More than five years later later, they've streamlined, stripped down and organized that life-form, and are ready to turn it into a tiny factory. The team's 2010 announcement made headlines around the world. "This is the first self-replicating species that we've had on the planet whose parent is a computer," Venter said. But creating a life-form entirely programmed by humans was also seen as kind of scary. "This has enormous promise and enormous peril," said Paul Wolpe of the Emory Center for Ethics. "This story reminds me of 'Jurassic Park,' when all the dinosaurs got out and ran amok," Fox News's Jenna Lee said. But the process of making DNA in a lab has only gotten easier since then. Some of those same researchers now sell DNA-printing machines. The plan, though, has always been to strip down a genome to its bare essentials, cutting out every piece of unnecessary DNA. That would serve two goals: helping scientists learn more about how life works and taking the first steps to build custom bacteria. On the first point, it turns out we don't know life nearly as well as we thought. A viable life-form needs at least 473 genes. That's way higher than scientists predicted, and they still aren't sure what a third of those genes do. The team says even if this research only shows us how little we know, it would still be worth it. But they don't intend to stop there. They want to put this streamlined life-form to work. Bacteria are great at taking one compound and turning it into another. They're little chemistry labs, and many scientists believe using carefully built bacteria can solve a lot of the world's problems. Bacteria can turn switch grass into biofuel as easily as brewing beer. They create all kinds of medicines and can even generate electricity. But a stripped-down life-form can do all of that with a lot of advantages: You can make sure none of your ingredients go to waste, control mutations and, most importantly, design the genome from scratch to do exactly what you want. The researchers also said their stripped-down bacteria can give scientists clues to the origins of life. It apparently behaves how scientists think some of the world's first life-forms did. Sources: J. Craig Venter Institute http://www.jcvi.org/cms/research/projects/minimal-cell/overview/ Science http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6280/aad6253 TED Conferences https://www.ted.com/talks/craig_venter_unveils_synthetic_life?language=en#t-42041 ABC https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aRzrYNVXF28 Fox News http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2010/05/20/scientists-announce-produce-living-cell-using-manmade-dna.html Synthetic Genomics, Inc. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GmU8-9KfJU4 Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/license/474029550 U.S. Department of Energy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aGqwRhdZ14 National Science Foundation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBmyG7XDl8w Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/license/1609411 Getty Images http://www.gettyimages.com/license/905453 ------------------------------------- Newsy is your source for concise, unbiased video news and analysis covering the top stories from around the world. With persistent curiosity and no agenda, we strive to fuel meaningful conversations by highlighting multiple sides of every story. Newsy delivers the news and perspective you need without the hype and bias common to many news sources. See more at http://www.newsy.com/ Like Newsy on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/newsyvideos/
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Text Comments (99)
Ahmad Altammar (3 months ago)
tho one and only god created you and the world around you, including the tools and materials you used to make these cells
Lucian MacAndrew (2 months ago)
But now we have created life. IF humans can do it, it can happen naturally. We have only the materials of nature, If that can be used to create life, there is no need for "god" in the process.
Ishaq Niz (10 months ago)
they made it by nature made cell
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
He didnt create life. He copied from something that has already existed. He created nothing
Lucian MacAndrew (2 months ago)
Abiogenesis IS the strongest explanation for how life came into being because it is the only theory on the subject with any evidence at all. There is no competing theory.
Nicholas Gerard (1 year ago)
Thank you ! I'm in a fight with someone about how abiogenesis is not a science.I hit a new overlooked field .But I didn't think life from non life is fact ! or I would have heard about it for sure.May the creator be with you!
+Gucci Mane​ single genes are far easier to synthesis than creating a fully functional genome. (note: a Genome is a complete set of DNA) We have already created synthetic genes from scratch. At beginning, just like with a genome, we just played around with the genes (letters) we discovered. After learning more about genes, we were able to create our own synthetic genes (letters) from scratch. I don't have to time explain futher but here is article that talks about this subject well for anyone to understand. http://genetics.thetech.org/ask/ask270
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
+Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda I did. They didnt create life from scratch. They didnt create and new genes. They used already existing genes. The life they created is an extension from a life that already exists.
Gucci Mane *Please read everthing* You're mistaking genome editing with genome design. These are two different things. if you ever take college level biochemistry they should cover this a little bit to give you idea. idk if you have taken a course so ill make the explanation simple. *Think of genes as letters in a alphabet and words as organisms that have functional genome that lets them sustain themselves and reproduce. Over the years we sequenced many genomes(words) in doing so we learned the alphabet(genes) although we know quite bit about different genes(letters) and what they do.* Gene edition is when they take a genome(word) and edit it by cutting, adding, or both. For example, Lets say the word "Horse" is genome of a organism and in gene edition they would cut the gene "r" creating "Hose" or they could add a gene and make "Horsey". You are right here, because they are just playing with a genome(word) that already existed. This team in 2010 did exactly that by simplifying a simple organism. This would NOT count as synthetic life. Genome design is were they take different letters (genes) and combine and subtract until they have a new fully functional genome(word). For example, it would taking letters "g", "e", "c" and combining it to see if forms a functional word (genome ). This is exactly what they did and here you would be wrong because they did *NOT* start with word (genome) that already existed. Instead they started from a blank slate by looking at the alphabet and combine and taking away letters untill they got a functional organism(word). This is called synthetic life and thats what they did this year. if you more info check out Nature article http://www.nature.com/news/minimal-cell-raises-stakes-in-race-to-harness-synthetic-life-1.19633
speed up its evolution! i want to see fish forming!
Sam Hughes (1 year ago)
they can't
TJ Simmons (1 year ago)
Watched it and immediately knew what the comments from "them" would be. 😏 crazies
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
We "crazies" will be vindicated and you narrow-minded will be victims of your own arrogance. Repent.
Gitsie303 (1 year ago)
Evil.
swampgremlin1 (1 year ago)
You'll love till it eats your face off
Michel de Ron (1 year ago)
YOU ARE LOONATICS! and IF my family or kids are ever affected by this I HOLD EVERYONE OF YOU PERSONALLY RESPONSIBLE!!!! Best regards ! Michel
ochgottnochma (1 year ago)
go fuck urself bastard Best Regards your momma
Sanguanboon (1 year ago)
Okay so......maybe Zombies?
Aakarsh Swamy (1 year ago)
Once again science has proved its efficiency to the world by making humans into God. Lmao. Science works. The Bible doesnt....... Bitches.
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
Gucci Mane, Atheists are without an excuse, they deceive themselves with lies and are constantly trying to get affirmation from others because unconsciously they know they are wrong. They just don't want to have to follow the rules of Christianity and they want to think of themselves as the highest moral authority.
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
+Smith Andrew Atheists are simply mentally retarded, the lack of notion and the amount of bullshit that atheists say puts them in the mentally disabled category. Atheists are illiterate in pretty much everything, you brainless apes don't even like science, you just pretend you do because in your empty heads, you think science confirms your shity miserable cognitive bias, when it doesn't. " shut the fuck up. You cant prove that the 5 human nitrogenous bases of DNA was created by God the first place. We have a theory of how they might have first came to exsitence and that theory has a shit ton of evidence to go with it. Just because we dont know where something came from does not give you idiots an excuse you pop in this dumbass idea of God. " Usually, people with the same IQ level as you, which is something between 10 and 20, dont talk about these type of subjects, instead they do paintings, and they do it so they dont end up vomiting the shit you're saying. A theory is all you have and that theory isnt even scientific, the theory that life came in a primordial soup has infinite assumptions, cannot be proven, cannot be replicated in a lab, they have tried to and failed, and mathematics say that its more likely for me to win the lottary 500 trillion times... IN A ROW than life forming by accident. Of Course i don't expect you to understand this, you're mentally disabled, you think something as complex as life, THAT CANNOT EVEN be created in a lab, could be created in some sort of accident, your logic makes as much sense as: Nope, this computer wasnt created by intelligent minds, instead it came up by an accident. That's what you're saying, you're clearly mentally disabled and in need of serious help and special ed. "When you ask the question of WHERE the 5 purines and pyrimidines of DNA came from, it came from evolution via natural selection. Proof? " Now you're just showing your full scientific illiteracy with zero shame, how could evolution and natural selection create life if natural selection and evolution CAN ONLY exist WITH life. Meaning that life has to come first? You're just completely disabled. I just have to explain some basic things to you because you're really retarded First comes the number one Then number two Then three And then four See? This is logic. Your little empty head cannot operate this language of thought. "Oh bla bla bla just cauzzzzzz we dontz knowz dontz meanz godzzz didzz it" That's right. The problem is that we know a lot of things, we know that the Universe is very complex and so is life, and we also know that complex things require a creator, such as the things that we use, and if the things we use require a creator, then so do things that are infinitely more complex, such as life and the Universe. You're a fool. Atheism is cancer and has killed more than any religion combined. 120million in one century. Faggot
Aakarsh Swamy (1 year ago)
+Gucci Mane shut the fuck up. You cant prove that the 5 human nitrogenous bases of DNA was created by God the first place. We have a theory of how they might have first came to exsitence and that theory has a shit ton of evidence to go with it. Just because we dont know where something came from does not give you idiots an excuse you pop in this dumbass idea of God. When you ask the question of WHERE the 5 purines and pyrimidines of DNA came from, it came from evolution via natural selection. Proof? Well, we have got some of it, but not all of it. And you cant prove ANYTHING with your God bullshit so stop pretending to be 2 bit einstein and go get raped by your priest. Seriously, people like you are the ones that tamper scientific and humanitarian progress. I mean come on! Scientists have created ARTIFICIAL LIFE for the first time!! Can you not see how big of a breakthrough this is? Instead of being amazed at what science can do, your gonna sit here and bitch about how God already created life and this is nothing but copying. I mean, its like ANYTHING that science does has something to do with the bible. It DOESN'T. Science does its own thing. Discovering new facts and improving human knowledge. Religion does its own thing. Messing with little children's heads and fucking up their future. Science works, Religion doesnt, you say it does, evidence says it doesnt, we win, we have proof. THE END. So please, fuck off.
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
From the moment you start with existing genes, you're not creating life from the scratch, you're creating life... from life.,
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
+Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda They still didnt create life from scratch, that's not creating life. Those genes already existed, they copied it from somewhere and then made experimentations, basically they have just edited different genes that have already existed, this isnt creating life. This is modifying what already exists. No human has been able to create life yet. Despite all tries and all high tech technology + brilliant minds and they want us to believe it happened by accident. Haha
Mrcheekymonkey1996 (2 years ago)
I LOVE IT!!!!
Fake Clouds (2 years ago)
yeah !  and nothing could go wrong with this tech?!!WTF! playing God is not a direction people should want to go for. like I said what could go wrong when the moment arives that anybody could create and print out their own little mini t-rex @ home.   - _ -
MagnificentXXBastard (1 year ago)
What is so bad about synthetic life? Do you have any actual arguments or only a mini t-rex?
Enclave Soldier (2 years ago)
if you created something that can heal wounds/deseases very fast I'm okay with it, but don't create life...
Enclave Soldier (2 years ago)
exectly
KeyBrute89 (2 years ago)
3rd of it is called "Soul" its actions. jk
Tizzeres (2 years ago)
Great stuff. However, let's get a zygote with specifically chosen DNA, with a random order of nitrogen bases, and let that grow into a morula then eventually an embryo. Then, whiteness this creature of pure chance. Obviously, I have only the slightest clue of what I'm talking about and it takes millions of nitrogen base pairs just for 1 human DNA strand but whatever. Genetics are pretty cool.
MagnificentXXBastard (1 year ago)
If you just use random pairs it likely won't be a working organism. The DNA is arranged in a way that makes sense and allows for protein synthesis.
Rayshaun Justice (2 years ago)
what are they planning on doing with it
Illusion Fusion (2 years ago)
star wars: the clone wars
Daniel Valero (2 years ago)
>> 473 genes needed for life. >> all genes can form randomly and simultaneously in primordial soup. >> evolution is true. take that, atheists!
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
He didnt create life. He copied from something that has already existed. He created nothing you dumb atheist fool
JabberCT (2 years ago)
If I was one of them scientists, I would put on a crazed look and shout, ITS ALIIIIIVE!!!
Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda (2 years ago)
We are gods
grim reaper 669 (4 months ago)
No we will make anime ~real~
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
+Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda Yes i would
Gucci Mane Gucci Mane I apologize if i offended you. What or who is the power you mentioned? In sense we are gods to these organisms.(for the sake of argument) If for some reason advanced aliens in past created humans from scratch and left us here and we just their creation, would you not consider them as gods?
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
You're an ant compared to the power that created you dumb piece of shit. Arrogance is the biggest sign of low knowledge.
Michel de Ron (1 year ago)
Are you kidding me!?!? are you serious!?!? We are gods?! is that how modest people are these days?!
h7opolo (2 years ago)
The bacteria is the simplest lifeform to be used as guinea pigs as genetic scaffolding for research and development of pollution-eaters. Yet, more complex organisms designed on computers will emerge, such as one with a perfectly healthy human genome designed to be disease-free and repair damage due to aging. Once we have determined the functions of each gene and combine that with supercomputing to determine most viable genetic sequence, we can have custom specimens.
Rude Man (2 years ago)
life is made up of death life-less things and in time will return to that state 💩👶💩
Not Bill (2 years ago)
Ever read Mary Shelly's Frankenstein? Playing God will be the downfall of Man.
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
Magnificent, you need to learn a little more science, this kind of thing could react with the natural world in ways we can't even predict yet. Chanler is right.
MagnificentXXBastard (1 year ago)
You'Re citing a work of fiction there buddy. This is science.
xXPersianxAlienXx (2 years ago)
Just wait until it starts to speak..
HDVIVIDFILMS (2 years ago)
I'm going to go ahead and play on with Fallout 4 till I know how to properly kill a Synth just in case this gets out of control for reals!
Juan Velez (2 years ago)
What could go wrong? Scientists have ethics committees now so they always make good decisions. lol. Have faith in your Contemporary savior, the "scientific community".
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
Juan Velez, Yep. We are int he end times, things like this will lead to the strange illnesses and monstrosities prophesies warned of.
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
Magnificnt, Other way around, the possibility of problems are beyond counting and the possible benefits are few if any.
MagnificentXXBastard (1 year ago)
So tell me, what could go wrong? I can't think of much. However the possibilities and benefits are nearly infinite.
Xäp 8 (2 years ago)
Science vs Religion Which shall kill us off first?
Friar Talk (11 months ago)
Bad science combined with bad religion, only good religion with good science will save any.
George (2 years ago)
nice good work merica. cuz your super bees and zika were not enough. thanks for all the gmos that are causing cancer. keep up the population control. you guys are awesome.
TELEVISIBLE (2 years ago)
now we are god !
Fwiffo (2 years ago)
Yeah bitch! Science!
Trauma Induced (2 years ago)
This is an abomination this world is done
Biggus Dickus (2 years ago)
Well guys...you know, Playing GOD has worked out so well for everyone in history who have tried.... Yeah....Awesome idea........idiots.....
l smite (2 years ago)
in history? or the relms of science fiction? to my knowledge this the only case of any successful result.
necessaryevil455 (2 years ago)
The great human die off has begun.
h7opolo (2 years ago)
+necessaryevil455 heavy. good luck with that, my "friend."
necessaryevil455 (2 years ago)
Marriage, I'm pretty sure.  
h7opolo (2 years ago)
+necessaryevil455 How will YOU go? A million ways to die...
Steve Govea (2 years ago)
Science is so cool.
Luke Grzywacz (2 years ago)
Here comes the institute's synths... Better get Vault Tec set up...
Johnny T Doe (2 years ago)
But there's a way to stop them I'll mark the location on your map.
A Man (2 years ago)
Absolutely amazing. I love science.
A Man (1 year ago)
+Gucci Mane Triggered much? I ain't even atheist, dumb ass.
Gucci Mane (1 year ago)
No you dont. Dont pretend like you do little shit atheist. As long as it goes agaisnt your bias you'll just hate it
Frank (2 years ago)
Wait until this shit gets into the wrong hands!!
groovestaffel (2 years ago)
+Frank You do realize nothing can possibly go wrong if someone steals the bacteria? You can't do jack shit with it. If you want to create a bacteria to do a specific task, you're better off doing it from scratch instead of stealing it. There is literally no difference between what you can do with a normal bacteria and a synthetic bacteria.
ARDNASSAC LOTSIRB (2 years ago)
First person to say first
Name McNamey (2 years ago)
This is amazing and can be used to do great things but could also be used for bads stuff
TELEVISIBLE (2 years ago)
it is like this since human use tool
Robert Rodgers (2 years ago)
+Rodrigo Smith LOL :) 
Rodrigo Smith (2 years ago)
+Robert Rodgers Duh, this is why Batman exists.
Robert Rodgers (2 years ago)
+infared 92 That is the double edged sword that we see with all technology. For example, medicine can be used to help people, but it can also be used for torture in malicious hands or manslaughter in incompetent hands.
SlenderPanda (2 years ago)
we are literally FUCKED
Trauma Induced (2 years ago)
+trigger warning not yet
Lisa Lynn (2 years ago)
The world is so fucked.
Jokke The Dank Pheonix (10 months ago)
If there is a single privatized company that can have access to this tech, then yes we are pobably fucked by capitalism.
Michel de Ron (1 year ago)
GamingTV YOU ARE A LOONATIC!!!!! and let me tell you why.... Synthia has mutated into a flesh eating organism. Have you seen the Titanic lately!? It wont be there in 10 to 15 years. because some NEW BACTERIA!!! has been found that is EATING STEEL!!! now tell me MR GamingTV nutcase?!! if I would ask you to put a drop of this harmless oil eating bacteria on you tongue.. WOULD YOU?!?! "go and sit, eat cancercells and asks how much! " Just when I thought people could not be more stupid then this...........put a drop of gulf Synthia on your tongue and tell it to sit please.......
GamingTV (2 years ago)
+Lisa Lynn not by far, it's just nano bots at the organic form, we tell it to sit, it sits, we tell it to eat cancer cells, it asks how much
The Pyrex Report (2 years ago)
agreef
Irina Quintero (2 years ago)
yes ma'am.
Riley Johnson (2 years ago)
That's awesome
Fake Clouds (2 years ago)
+Riley Johnson please think again.  still think its awesome?
nice video

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