In 2010, researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute announced they'd created a bacteria that runs entirely on lab-made DNA — the world's first synthetic life-form. More than five years later later, they've streamlined, stripped down and organized that life-form, and are ready to turn it into a tiny factory.
The team's 2010 announcement made headlines around the world.
"This is the first self-replicating species that we've had on the planet whose parent is a computer," Venter said.
But creating a life-form entirely programmed by humans was also seen as kind of scary.
"This has enormous promise and enormous peril," said Paul Wolpe of the Emory Center for Ethics.
"This story reminds me of 'Jurassic Park,' when all the dinosaurs got out and ran amok," Fox News's Jenna Lee said.
But the process of making DNA in a lab has only gotten easier since then. Some of those same researchers now sell DNA-printing machines.
The plan, though, has always been to strip down a genome to its bare essentials, cutting out every piece of unnecessary DNA. That would serve two goals: helping scientists learn more about how life works and taking the first steps to build custom bacteria.
On the first point, it turns out we don't know life nearly as well as we thought. A viable life-form needs at least 473 genes. That's way higher than scientists predicted, and they still aren't sure what a third of those genes do.
The team says even if this research only shows us how little we know, it would still be worth it. But they don't intend to stop there. They want to put this streamlined life-form to work.
Bacteria are great at taking one compound and turning it into another. They're little chemistry labs, and many scientists believe using carefully built bacteria can solve a lot of the world's problems.
Bacteria can turn switch grass into biofuel as easily as brewing beer. They create all kinds of medicines and can even generate electricity.
But a stripped-down life-form can do all of that with a lot of advantages: You can make sure none of your ingredients go to waste, control mutations and, most importantly, design the genome from scratch to do exactly what you want.
The researchers also said their stripped-down bacteria can give scientists clues to the origins of life. It apparently behaves how scientists think some of the world's first life-forms did.
J. Craig Venter Institute
Synthetic Genomics, Inc.
U.S. Department of Energy
National Science Foundation
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Thank you ! I'm in a fight with someone about how abiogenesis is not a science.I hit a new overlooked field .But I didn't think life from non life is fact ! or I would have heard about it for sure.May the creator be with you!
+Gucci Mane single genes are far easier to synthesis than creating a fully functional genome. (note: a Genome is a complete set of DNA) We have already created synthetic genes from scratch. At beginning, just like with a genome, we just played around with the genes (letters) we discovered. After learning more about genes, we were able to create our own synthetic genes (letters) from scratch.
I don't have to time explain futher but here is article that talks about this subject well for anyone to understand.
+Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda I did. They didnt create life from scratch. They didnt create and new genes. They used already existing genes. The life they created is an extension from a life that already exists.
*Please read everthing*
You're mistaking genome editing with genome design. These are two different things. if you ever take college level biochemistry they should cover this a little bit to give you idea. idk if you have taken a course so ill make the explanation simple.
*Think of genes as letters in a alphabet and words as organisms that have functional genome that lets them sustain themselves and reproduce. Over the years we sequenced many genomes(words) in doing so we learned the alphabet(genes) although we know quite bit about different genes(letters) and what they do.*
Gene edition is when they take a genome(word) and edit it by cutting, adding, or both. For example, Lets say the word "Horse" is genome of a organism and in gene edition they would cut the gene "r" creating "Hose" or they could add a gene and make "Horsey". You are right here, because they are just playing with a genome(word) that already existed. This team in 2010 did exactly that by simplifying a simple organism. This would NOT count as synthetic life.
Genome design is were they take different letters (genes) and combine and subtract until they have a new fully functional genome(word). For example, it would taking letters "g", "e", "c" and combining it to see if forms a functional word (genome ). This is exactly what they did and here you would be wrong because they did *NOT* start with word (genome) that already existed. Instead they started from a blank slate by looking at the alphabet and combine and taking away letters untill they got a functional organism(word). This is called synthetic life and thats what they did this year.
if you more info check out Nature article
Gucci Mane, Atheists are without an excuse, they deceive themselves with lies and are constantly trying to get affirmation from others because unconsciously they know they are wrong. They just don't want to have to follow the rules of Christianity and they want to think of themselves as the highest moral authority.
+Smith Andrew Atheists are simply mentally retarded, the lack of notion and the amount of bullshit that atheists say puts them in the mentally disabled category. Atheists are illiterate in pretty much everything, you brainless apes don't even like science, you just pretend you do because in your empty heads, you think science confirms your shity miserable cognitive bias, when it doesn't.
" shut the fuck up. You cant prove that the 5 human nitrogenous bases of DNA was created by God the first place. We have a theory of how they might have first came to exsitence and that theory has a shit ton of evidence to go with it. Just because we dont know where something came from does not give you idiots an excuse you pop in this dumbass idea of God. "
Usually, people with the same IQ level as you, which is something between 10 and 20, dont talk about these type of subjects, instead they do paintings, and they do it so they dont end up vomiting the shit you're saying. A theory is all you have and that theory isnt even scientific, the theory that life came in a primordial soup has infinite assumptions, cannot be proven, cannot be replicated in a lab, they have tried to and failed, and mathematics say that its more likely for me to win the lottary 500 trillion times... IN A ROW than life forming by accident. Of Course i don't expect you to understand this, you're mentally disabled, you think something as complex as life, THAT CANNOT EVEN be created in a lab, could be created in some sort of accident, your logic makes as much sense as: Nope, this computer wasnt created by intelligent minds, instead it came up by an accident. That's what you're saying, you're clearly mentally disabled and in need of serious help and special ed.
"When you ask the question of WHERE the 5 purines and pyrimidines of DNA came from, it came from evolution via natural selection. Proof? "
Now you're just showing your full scientific illiteracy with zero shame, how could evolution and natural selection create life if natural selection and evolution CAN ONLY exist WITH life. Meaning that life has to come first? You're just completely disabled.
I just have to explain some basic things to you because you're really retarded
First comes the number one
Then number two
And then four
See? This is logic. Your little empty head cannot operate this language of thought.
"Oh bla bla bla just cauzzzzzz we dontz knowz dontz meanz godzzz didzz it"
That's right. The problem is that we know a lot of things, we know that the Universe is very complex and so is life, and we also know that complex things require a creator, such as the things that we use, and if the things we use require a creator, then so do things that are infinitely more complex, such as life and the Universe.
You're a fool. Atheism is cancer and has killed more than any religion combined. 120million in one century. Faggot
+Gucci Mane shut the fuck up. You cant prove that the 5 human nitrogenous bases of DNA was created by God the first place. We have a theory of how they might have first came to exsitence and that theory has a shit ton of evidence to go with it. Just because we dont know where something came from does not give you idiots an excuse you pop in this dumbass idea of God. When you ask the question of WHERE the 5 purines and pyrimidines of DNA came from, it came from evolution via natural selection. Proof? Well, we have got some of it, but not all of it. And you cant prove ANYTHING with your God bullshit so stop pretending to be 2 bit einstein and go get raped by your priest. Seriously, people like you are the ones that tamper scientific and humanitarian progress. I mean come on! Scientists have created ARTIFICIAL LIFE for the first time!! Can you not see how big of a breakthrough this is? Instead of being amazed at what science can do, your gonna sit here and bitch about how God already created life and this is nothing but copying. I mean, its like ANYTHING that science does has something to do with the bible. It DOESN'T. Science does its own thing. Discovering new facts and improving human knowledge. Religion does its own thing. Messing with little children's heads and fucking up their future. Science works, Religion doesnt, you say it does, evidence says it doesnt, we win, we have proof. THE END. So please, fuck off.
+Abdukahor Muzaffarzoda They still didnt create life from scratch, that's not creating life. Those genes already existed, they copied it from somewhere and then made experimentations, basically they have just edited different genes that have already existed, this isnt creating life. This is modifying what already exists. No human has been able to create life yet. Despite all tries and all high tech technology + brilliant minds and they want us to believe it happened by accident. Haha
yeah ! and nothing could go wrong with this tech?!!WTF! playing God is not a direction people should want to go for. like I said what could go wrong when the moment arives that anybody could create and print out their own little mini t-rex @ home. - _ -
Great stuff. However, let's get a zygote with specifically chosen DNA, with a random order of nitrogen bases, and let that grow into a morula then eventually an embryo. Then, whiteness this creature of pure chance. Obviously, I have only the slightest clue of what I'm talking about and it takes millions of nitrogen base pairs just for 1 human DNA strand but whatever. Genetics are pretty cool.
I apologize if i offended you.
What or who is the power you mentioned?
In sense we are gods to these organisms.(for the sake of argument) If for some reason advanced aliens in past created humans from scratch and left us here and we just their creation, would you not consider them as gods?
The bacteria is the simplest lifeform to be used as guinea pigs as genetic scaffolding for research and development of pollution-eaters. Yet, more complex organisms designed on computers will emerge, such as one with a perfectly healthy human genome designed to be disease-free and repair damage due to aging. Once we have determined the functions of each gene and combine that with supercomputing to determine most viable genetic sequence, we can have custom specimens.
You do realize nothing can possibly go wrong if someone steals the bacteria? You can't do jack shit with it. If you want to create a bacteria to do a specific task, you're better off doing it from scratch instead of stealing it. There is literally no difference between what you can do with a normal bacteria and a synthetic bacteria.
+infared 92 That is the double edged sword that we see with all technology. For example, medicine can be used to help people, but it can also be used for torture in malicious hands or manslaughter in incompetent hands.
GamingTV YOU ARE A LOONATIC!!!!! and let me tell you why.... Synthia has mutated into a flesh eating organism. Have you seen the Titanic lately!? It wont be there in 10 to 15 years. because some NEW BACTERIA!!! has been found that is EATING STEEL!!! now tell me MR GamingTV nutcase?!! if I would ask you to put a drop of this harmless oil eating bacteria on you tongue.. WOULD YOU?!?! "go and sit, eat cancercells and asks how much! " Just when I thought people could not be more stupid then this...........put a drop of gulf Synthia on your tongue and tell it to sit please.......
The class of drugs that Levitra, Viagra, Stendra, and Cialis belong to are called PDE5 inhibitors. They work by relaxing tight blood vessels, allowing more blood to surge into the penis and cause an erection, says Gregory Bales, M.D., an associate professor of urology at the University of Chicago.
The little pills do the trick for more than two-thirds of men with Viagra protects the heart (ED). They also work for guys who simply need them for a short time to get their “confidence back,” says Michael Eisenberg, M.D., director of male reproductive medicine and surgery at Stanford University.