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Sprites, Jets, and Glowing Balls: The Science of Lightning

Оценок: 9998 | Просмотров: 342338
Ever wonder how lightning works? Scientists are still figuring it out, but what we do know is fascinating. Learn about positive and negative lightning, red sprites, blue jets, and ball lightning in this episode of SciShow! Hosted by: Michael Aranda ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Justin Ove, Andreas Heydeck, Justin Lentz, Will and Sonja Marple, Benny, Chris Peters, Tim Curwick, Philippe von Bergen, Patrick, Fatima Iqbal, Lucy McGlasson, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Accalia Elementia, Kathy & Tim Philip, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Thomas J., and Patrick D. Ashmore. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: Basics about lightning (types and positive/negative) http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/elefie.html http://www.colorado.edu/physics/phys1120/phys1120_fa09/LectureNotes/ChargesElectricFields.pdf http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/education/svrwx101/lightning/types/ https://www.ec.gc.ca/foudre-lightning/default.asp?lang=En&n=9353715C-1 http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/lightning.html http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/ligseq.html https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/thunder.html http://www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/jetstream/lightning/positive.html http://news.discovery.com/earth/is-lightning-hotter-than-the-sun.htm http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/lightning/lightning_max.html https://www.unz.org/Pub/SaturdayRev-1972may13-00036 http://www.srh.noaa.gov/srh/jetstream/lightning/thunder.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/lightning2.htm Red Sprites and Blue Jets http://www.ee.psu.edu/directory/facultyinfo/pasko/Publications/PaskoPSST07.pdf http://www.popsci.com/what-red-sprite http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/scientists-capture-rare-photographs-of-red-lightning-544670/?no-ist https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/03/080328102738.htm http://elf.gi.alaska.edu/ Ball lightning https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn9293-physicists-create-great-balls-of-fire/ http://www.ipp.mpg.de/ippcms/eng/presse/archiv/05_06_pi http://phys.org/news/2012-10-mystery-ball-lightning.html http://physics.aps.org/articles/v7/5 http://phys.org/news/2014-01-instance-ball-lightning-captured-video.html http://news.discovery.com/earth/weather-extreme-events/ball-lightning-121012.htm Image sources: http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=94592&picture=desert-lightning https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:FoggDam-NT.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Lightning#/media/File:Lightning_slow_motion.gif https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA%27s_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg?fastcci_from=17827&c1=17827&d1=15&s=200&a=fqv https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anvil-to-ground_lightning.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ISS-44_Red_Sprites,_northwest_Mexico.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BigRed-Sprite.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dY5F_gEexAY&feature=youtu.be https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ball_lightning_spectrum.svg
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Текстовые комментарии (668)
Soha Aijaz (1 месяц назад)
Hey, why is it so that Lightning might shock us even if it is a form of electricity?
multisomebodyelse notme (1 месяц назад)
microsecond or millisecond....cos one isnt a real measurement is it?
Andrei Odobas (3 месяца назад)
here's another theory. So basically the negatives (electrons) in the cloud repel the negatives in the top layer of soil and then because it is just protons left in the topsoil the electrons in the clouds attract to the protons in the topsoil to make it neutral. And the lightning you see is just electrons transferring from the negative cloud to the positive ground. But then again they are both just theories.
Andrei Odobas (3 месяца назад)
but the theories about how the positives and negatives separating is evident in this theory too
cychoi (5 месяцев назад)
nice video lighting physics is multiphysics problem very hard
Susan Pelham (7 месяцев назад)
I have witnessed a ball of light floating in my room and I dont want to say it is a spirit. So I came up with other ideas as to what it is,hence I'm at this video trying to see what ball lightning would look like if some one captured it but sad to say no footage. I dont think that the ball of light was really lightning in my house so back to the idea of it being a spirit. I wish somebody can help me with what I have seen.
Emily Coughlin (7 месяцев назад)
When my mom was little and lived in South Carolina there was this pretty sizable kind of ball of electricity that was recurrent and would usually pop up during storms, it sometimes would move around the house but would usually stay in the kitchen, sort of jumping off of appliances and other metal stuff, it would last for quite a while too, sometimes even hours, does anybody know what the heck that was?
Daniel Lowman (8 месяцев назад)
What incites a streamer to meet up with a stepped leader? Is it just coincidence that they meet?
Malakai Mao (8 месяцев назад)
I hit so close it scared the shot out of me
Malakai Mao (8 месяцев назад)
While I was watching this where I was there was a lightning storm
notKARTHIK. (8 месяцев назад)
How does positive charge move?
Jehziel Miralles (9 месяцев назад)
This guy sounds like he could be philip defrancos son
Kadie Galewaler (9 месяцев назад)
What about rainbows??
Wesley Morgan (10 месяцев назад)
Doesn't all lightning ionize the air? This video makes it seem like only the red sprites ionize it.
Gabriela Silva (10 месяцев назад)
This guy talks really fast
MicrowaveGamer (10 месяцев назад)
What about St. Elmo's Fire???
BestPersonEver (11 месяцев назад)
WypmanGames (11 месяцев назад)
U can get blind by looking at the lightning flashes to much Especially the bright flashes are blinding ( most time its up to 15 seconds temporary blindness ) I got blinded for 8 seconds myself
badr wfm25 (1 год назад)
just theories and thoughts.
Backwards. Einstien
E L (1 год назад)
Can you guys do another video about red sprites? I've read and seen evidence that they're caused by electrons instead of photons
JoesWife Smith (1 год назад)
Thanks SciShow! Great job!
The HoSS (1 год назад)
Pyro Sapien (1 год назад)
So its like when you apply to much voltage to a capacitor and it explodes
phoenix21studios (1 год назад)
so the lightning is pure electrons? or .... air molecules getting the electrons transferred?
Erin Mizumoto (1 год назад)
the earth is flat
Donavan Caudle (1 год назад)
Let’s Go Lightning!
Jonny Lopez (1 год назад)
All I heard was a bunch of theories and no actual facts
Shubham Gurav (1 год назад)
1:35 direction of current + to - , not from both sides
Marshmallow Man (1 год назад)
at 0:45 wouldnt the heavy positive ions sink to the bottom of the cloud making it more positive charged while electrons that rise to the top area of tge cloud will make the top area of the cloud negative charged
Damien Thobe (1 год назад)
is lightning AC, DC, or it's own special thing?
phoenix21studios (1 год назад)
DC because its a linear transfer from one molecule to the other.
RandomCatDude (1 год назад)
... Both?
Nick12391 (1 год назад)
Why no ball lightning video?
Wisdom Afoolweakness (1 год назад)
lightening have nothing to do with the clouds I saw lightening with my own eyes strike the ground with no clouds
Mike Creed (1 год назад)
You guys could easily do these videos 10 minutes plus, there is so much more information to be provided on lightning let alone footage you could show, under 4 minutes is silly bearing in mind the intellect that goes into these, step up your game please.
Bruce Miller (2 года назад)
It starts as charge cluster like Ken Shoulders experimented with.
lukeskywalker (2 года назад)
Thanks for this. I'm still pretty sure I saw a ball of lighting in my room once. It came from the window and floated to the light switch right above my head. As it touched the switch it made a pop! This was during an intense thunderstorm, which woke me up as the lightning zapped. For years I thought I was just dreaming this... This is the first video that gives a credible explanation. Other explanations were just spiritual hogwash! I feel a little sane again about this.
devilsadvocate (2 года назад)
Yay! I'd been waiting to see something about sprites on here. :-D
Joslyn S (2 года назад)
Anthony Gonsalves (2 года назад)
This was my favorite subject in junior high, 15 years ago
Drake5153 (2 года назад)
you missed one thats still being mulled over, lightning caused by earthquakes. sweet channel btw, you can find more info here than you can searching google lol or at least find it quicker
R603 Burakkusuta (2 года назад)
I have seen red, green, blue, yellow, white, and purple lightning all in Florida.
That ball lighting come around my neighborhood I kill it! Damn nature you scary!
World Theory (2 года назад)
An early capacitor was made using glass, right? Maybe the soil/sand particles in the air are acting like a capacitor, to slow build-up and/or slow-down, the electrical charge. Has anyone tried bringing a tesla coil to the desert, powering it up, and aiming an industrial fan at the ground near-by, to kick up some dust? Or just throw some dirt at a tesla coil… Field trips are more fun though.
Lone Wolf (2 года назад)
Jupiter has Lightning that is even stronger and hotter than anything you could ever see on our planet. That lightning could only be possible on our planet in a Hollywood made Film.
HAPPYplace (2 года назад)
lightning has always fascinated me 😄
geonerd (2 года назад)
Not bad, but - Like most of your efforts - this really should have been 10 minutes long. That would be enough time to start to explain the 'WHYs,' rather than just spouting semi-random factoids on such a complex subject.
akash babu (2 года назад)
thats bullshit lightning happens because thor strikes his hammer.......duhhh
RSE 167 (2 года назад)
Nuclear fusion cause lightening
Brian Perkins (2 года назад)
Meh. Ball Lightning. 3 red, trample, no summoning sickness. I win.
BobEckert56 (2 года назад)
Other grapefruit sized balls of gas result from too many Brussels Sprouts!
Tigatron08 (2 года назад)
I bet he's a tiger in the sack.
Maxon Wolf (2 года назад)
there was ball lightning at WDW epcot yesterday (6/30/16) and it appeared about twice, about 10-20 seconds from each other
A P (2 года назад)
Ball fucking lightning
Fluffypear (2 года назад)
Does volcanic lighting work in the same way? Do we even know how volcanic lightning works? Can there be a video for this alone?
Ryeera (2 года назад)
Are you even serious? I always wanted to see a ball lightning and you even tell us that there is a video of it AND YOU DON'T SHOW IT? I AM DONE! DISLIKE! UNSUBSCRIBE! Just kidding xD
ArtisanReloadzzz (2 года назад)
Is it strange that I can shoot lightning out of my hands?
RandomCatDude (1 год назад)
Video proof pls.
TheRadarBlip (2 года назад)
I always wanted to know can a lightning strike an airplane, like a big passenger plane, and if it will are there any countermeasures? Thanks!
Vivaene (2 года назад)
You know what a horse wants from its presidents? A stable economy.
Tanasij Penko (2 года назад)
"beautiful lightning" yea i thought so too..for a long time..until it hit my house and fried everything i had..made holes in the walls where the wiring was...not to mention the bang....loudest bang you could ever hear
Dr. DoK (2 года назад)
About a week ago, when my family and I were coming home from a restaurant, a lightning bolt hit one of my neighbor's yards. Thing is, it stayed there for about 2-3 seconds before disappearing, and then the about a second or two later, the thunder came. what exactly WAS that?
From Scratch Aunty Bindy (2 года назад)
Sprites, Jets and Glowing Balls... the name of a new night club perhaps? 😉
Raymond K Petry (2 года назад)
Ball Lightning was researched by Russian scientists decades ago, who concluded that it formed by lightning strikes on trees—the vaporized carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, formed nanoparticle-batteries which while individually weak a fraction of a volt each would span their short particle size and arc over... and in total amounted to quadrillions of volts...
Frank Malenfant (2 года назад)
How can an electric charge move from positive to negative since electrons are negatively charged? Shouldn't electrons from the negatively charged cloud flow down to the positively charged ground since a positive charge is a lack of electrons? How can a lack of electrons move?
basti329 (2 года назад)
I was in hospital last year and i was sitting at the window at night , watching the lightningstorm. I could see the whole city from above and it was really beautiful and all of a sudden lots of lightning strikes at the same time but all of them where orange. The whole skyline in a bright orange light ... one of the most beautiful things ive ever seen :) It also made my time in hospital a lot more enjoyable :DD
Ken O (2 года назад)
What's the statistics of lightening safety measures and are they worth it? From installing lightening rods (thank you Ben Franklin) to keeping away from plumbing and skipping a shower because there's a lighting storm outside, to avoiding standing under trees in a downpour even though you'd get drenched, etc.
dimebag5884 (2 года назад)
:D I did one of my final year uni projects on ball lightning. The other popular theory you didn't mention, first coined by Kapitza involves the creation of meta stable balls of plasma contained between nodes in the electric field. The main reason it's so poorly understood currently is because of how rare it is. This leads to most reports being non scientific eye witness accounts. Even with advanced statistical handling of observer errors no one theory is able to explain all forms of ball lightning: Some has been said to move through walls and glass (not consistent with and theory that relies upon particles) Some are said to have created explosions or evaporated large amounts of water which require more energy than anyone can work out how to self contain in plasma or to explain with the photon model. Basically either there are multiple different phenomenon that we label as ball lightning or we have to discount some accounts as people being mistaken.
Jonathan Ramos (2 года назад)
You couldn't have showed us the ball lighting ??
.Z Sexton (2 года назад)
where do we find the video of ball lightning?
Phil Bear (2 года назад)
Colored lightning is racist.
lmriana (2 года назад)
I thought this video would contain the ball lightning video by the Chinese scientists. Sadly it didn't.
Giver Of Zero Phux (2 года назад)
that ball lightening sounds scary. The last thing I want is to get struck in the balls with 1.21 gigawatts of electricity.
Narendra Singh (2 года назад)
during thunderstorms i sleep better than i do on a regular day
Miguel Mota (2 года назад)
If a lightning bolt hits the ground, how far a person must be to be safe?
Greenlightning (2 года назад)
Just Josh (2 года назад)
That was the shortest 3min 30 sec video I've ever seen. There is so much about lightning that is incredibly cool!
The Ceej (2 года назад)
What about ground to cloud lightning that strikes upward from the ground to the cloud? What causes that?
Andrew Bulman (2 года назад)
I haven't seen fork lightning in years. I only ever see the white flash.
Frank22lol (2 года назад)
does the lighting pas through the air equally or it prefers certain molecules in it's path?
Charles D (2 года назад)
2:56 Roll the damn clip!
Jinzo Okami (2 года назад)
red sprite? blue jet? i hope captain jack's crew doesn't attack again, Jimenez just went AWOL.
chimneyface (2 года назад)
0:36 YODA?
Pavr (2 года назад)
or aliens
SmurfsAndRaspberries (2 года назад)
Convincingly this video where uploaded when a heavy lightning storm occurred where I live... As well as the southern part of my country.
Erfan Huq (2 года назад)
How can there be positive streams? How do protons move?
phantasm1234 (2 года назад)
Can you do one on cerebral aneurysms? I had one rupture at 19 and would love to learn more.
J.R. Zippie (2 года назад)
sorry I asked...
Stig Cruise (2 года назад)
... really :-( you showed us all of the examples of lightning except ball
Abhyuday Skywalker (2 года назад)
you guys forgot force lightning
Steve W (2 года назад)
I always thought that ball lightning may be some form of st elmo's fire.
Rebekah Lanee (2 года назад)
Lightning bow in real life confirmed
Jose Campos (2 года назад)
Lightning gets me all hot and bothered. .....
Scott Mantooth (2 года назад)
lightning is my muse...
R MH (2 года назад)
Aw, how could you not show ball lighting? Not even an animation?
Eric Bourque (2 года назад)
What if ball lighting is a mini fusion ball? Look at the spectrum!
Anison Abba (2 года назад)
Theories everywhere but no hard facts. Scientists are idiots who knew
Bruce Liu (2 года назад)
I wonder if solar max has anything to do with the appearance of sprites.
cellogirl11RW (2 года назад)
I actually had some ball lightning float through one of the windows in my living room about 2 years ago. It was a beautiful little blue, sparkling ball about the size of a tennis ball, which aimlessly floated around the room for about 30 seconds before disappearing into thin air. I was mesmerized by it, but, if I had known what I know now about ball lightning then, I probably would've been terrified of it. Ball lightning has been known to start fires, short out electrical systems, and strike people, as well as animals.
cellogirl11RW (2 года назад)
I actually had some ball lightning float through one of the windows in my living room about 2 years ago. It was a beautiful little blue, sparkling ball about the size of a tennis ball, which aimlessly floated around the room for about 30 seconds before disappearing into thin air. I was mesmerized by it, but, if I had known what I know now about ball lightning then, I probably would've been terrified of it. Ball lightning has been known to start fires, short out electrical systems, and strike people, as well as animals.
Dakota Sims (2 года назад)
video idea if it hasnt been done. "what happens when we forget something"
BlankBrain (2 года назад)
When my mom was a girl, ball lightning came into the house on the phone line. It stayed in the room for several seconds. That was at a time when all phone lines were above ground. I read an article in Scientific American a long time ago that speculated that ball lightning is a sphere of layers of positive and negative charges (like an onion). I don't remember what they said might keep the charges separated (photon emission?).
TheTomBevis (2 года назад)
I have heard anecdotal stories that I think are reliable of lightning strikes on a fence line causing ball lighting to travel down the fence. I've seen some strange things, but not that.

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