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Neanderthals: Smarter Than You Think

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You have more in common with a Neanderthal than you might think. Michael Aranda explains our latest finds in this episode of SciShow! Hosted by: Michael Aranda ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Justin Ove, Accalia Elementia, Kathy & Tim Philip, Kevin Bealer, Justin Lentz, Fatima Iqbal, Linnea Boyev, Tomasz Jonarski, Chris Peters, Philippe von Bergen, Will and Sonja Marple, and Mark Terrio-Cameron. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-neanderthalensis http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982207020659#aff1 http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/30/4/844.long http://www.slate.com/blogs/quora/2013/09/22/how_complex_was_neanderthal_speech.html http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00397/full http://io9.gizmodo.com/early-humans-may-have-ripped-off-neanderthal-technology-1120926300 http://www.academia.edu/2701094/Neanderthal_Cognitive_Ability_and_Technological_Development http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/defy-stereotypes.html http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-25465102 http://www.nature.com/news/neanderthal-culture-old-masters-1.12974 http://www.pnas.org/content/110/35/14186.full http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/are-neanderthals-human.html
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Текстовые комментарии (1307)
Mr.Knight The Detective (1 день назад)
We are (were) the primitive ones to Neanderthals. As said Neanderthals are older species and they INVENTED GLUE before we invented wheels! It's easier to make a wheel than a *chemical compound.* Roll a rock and you'll see it's capabilities plain as day. Flatten it and you have basics for the wheel. But carefully synthesising a glue is not easy. You have to choose *right tree* than you have to *extract gluey part from it* and then *carefully heat it up.* If Neanderthals survived they would be the leading people in tech and innovations.
Michael James (4 месяца назад)
Well they were interbreeding with homosapiens, but you wonder if they could use language? Do you think that those who were involved in sexual relations were dealing with one partner who could only grunt?
Tom van Aarle (2 месяца назад)
They were able to pass on all the necessary knowledge, skills, tool making and such needed to survive in Ice Age Eurasia from one generation to the next. How do you suppose they did that without speach?
Amy Lorenzo (5 месяцев назад)
They were just another race.
Mr Science (6 месяцев назад)
We are still around. I'm 3% neanderthal.
mickavellian (6 месяцев назад)
Neanderthals also had a more variety of feature that "modern humans" For example they had full caucasian features, red, blond and dark hair , light eyes. They not only buried their dead but took full care of the elderly AND they follow almost religious dogma by visiting the site their loved ones were buried. They extended from northwest europe to Eastern Europe and occupied the western coastline of Spain . Changing their diet and habits to be more dependent with a coastline life style. In fact the ventured as far as the canary Islands (off of Spain) creating settlements and using the same specialicide tools their Northern Europe ancestors did. So, not only did they have a "language" but one they could communicate with via written symbols. It is a shame that science refuses to fully acknowledge the clear influence of Neanderthals in "Modern Human" since we have more in common with Neanderthals (over 90% of humans show Neanderthal DNA) that with the nomadic "modern human"
renge9909 (6 месяцев назад)
....how would we have more in common with Neanderthals than modern humans?
Steven Andrews (7 месяцев назад)
Couldnt we just make a human with the original language gene from Neanderthals to see the results ? Who cares if its 100% ethical, it would be really cool to see the gene working.
renge9909 (7 месяцев назад)
Like the guy said, language is a lot more complicated than a single gene.... not mention genetics itself can be more complicated than attaching attributes to a single gene.
The Goodly Dragon (7 месяцев назад)
Neanderthals were probably just a racially different group of people. Honestly if all I had to go on was fossils, I don’t think I would be convinced that a Pygmy and a Norwegian were members of the same species either.
Richard Rose (7 месяцев назад)
The Neanderthal also had a bigger brain capacity than we do.....sometimes discounted by modern archeologists, as not being as significant as it may seem, either because the extra brains were in a different part of the brain, or that the grey matter wasn't as convoluted as our own, though again, that's debatable. I'm sure the critics think that Neanderthal needed that extra brain power for sitting around the camp fire and scratching themselves....not. IMHO Neanderthals may have been smarter than us. Just didn't have the opportunity to develop the same technology that we've had. Throughout our history, we've lived in relatively benign climate conditions. We've been lucky. They weren't.
renge9909 (7 месяцев назад)
Modern humans lived alongside neanderthals though.
Carpophorus R (7 месяцев назад)
Neanderthals had larger brains than modern man. The entire world, except blacks, has 2-4% Neanderthal DNA. Asians have the most and score higher average I.Q.
frisbee212 (7 месяцев назад)
Read the Clan Of Cave Bear novels... we've known Neanderthals to be smarter, much longer than you millennials think.
Tom van Aarle (2 месяца назад)
You take pure fiction serious?
Patrick Green (7 месяцев назад)
fierce, simplistic and in touch with the surronding environment thru more primal sensory input. fierce, complicated and finely tuned to its own needs thru deliberate neglect or outright control of those around them...neandrethal, homo sapien..which is which?:D
Godzilla John (8 месяцев назад)
Jesus saves people from their sin according to the bible(God's word).
sttonep (7 месяцев назад)
Godzilla John get out
Window Gamer (8 месяцев назад)
Neanderthal not neandertal
Castiel Winchester (8 месяцев назад)
It's a shame their extinct
danoization (8 месяцев назад)
you look cartoonishly queer
yogesh kumar (8 месяцев назад)
How complex is our coding ... Just a small change in code logic and machine develops a completely unique linguistic ability:>
The incarnation of boredom (8 месяцев назад)
technically you could say neanderthals are still around because of that little bit of inbreeding.
The incarnation of boredom (8 месяцев назад)
Neanderthals probably had a kind of less complex language, like prairie dogs.
beth98362 R (9 месяцев назад)
I don't believe weve grown smarter.... Just better educated!
lee-yo wah-lee (9 месяцев назад)
2 different creatures mixed creates an impurity in nature...like clones
Esteban Laguna (9 месяцев назад)
Are all humans actually human?
55 (9 месяцев назад)
They still exist
Willing Conscience (10 месяцев назад)
Did the people we call neanderthals die out or did they evolve their technology to a point where they left their hybrid cousins the chimp descendants way behind. Do they live among us using their advanced technology to study us without actually interacting with us. Are humans really the only species on earth to have evolved advanced technology, and more importantly an advanced society I don't think so. Some people believe in aliens that fly around in UFO's, I believe they're the people that came before us. How would most of us feel knowing we were actually an inferior species, maybe that's why it's a secret.
Carter Wood (10 месяцев назад)
You also should have mentioned that Neanderthals' brain sizes were very large.
DIPANNITA PADHI (10 месяцев назад)
Hang out and gaming with cannibals,seriously?
mike fanfan (11 месяцев назад)
I see a human when i see a Neanderthal
Demetrios Lekkas (1 год назад)
I am surprised that all these analyses do not speak of exciring clues found, regarding Neanderthal music.
I. Wannabangō (1 год назад)
I wish I had a time machine to populate the Americas with Neadrathals, or just clone a bunch, bet that they would be great in the NFL
John Spears (1 год назад)
Did you ever think that maybe there Neanderthals may be the superior genetic race over Homo sapiens. It could be that the Neanderthals took over the black race that came up from Africa and turned them into the white race of Europe!
Creeping Normalcy (1 год назад)
Show us some reconstrutions of later time Neanderthals, pretty much all reconstructions are based on a few old skeletons representing early Neanderthals. I bet the latter Neanderthal babes were hawt
Icarus (1 год назад)
I have 213 Neanderthaler variants according to 23andme.
Disa Jardine (1 год назад)
And yet, according to Darwin's theory, wouldn't the proof of Neanderthal's intelligence be in their survival? 😕
KristiChan1 (1 год назад)
I don't see why they couldn't have had the ability to speak. Maybe their vocal range wasn't as wide as ours, but perhaps they also used a combination of tongue clicking or lips smacks.
Gold Wolf (1 год назад)
It's Neander- THAL!!! The hell is wrong with your tongue?!?
Nick Wright's Conscience (8 месяцев назад)
The word originated from Germany and is pronounced with the h silent, so be quiet.
Tj Green (1 год назад)
Modern humans moving north out of Africa bred with Neanderthals so they were the same species. They would of had brown eyes as blue eyes evolved eight thousand years ago. Europeans lost the melenin pigment because of climate and agriculture specifically grain farming.
Tetrahedron IX (1 год назад)
Evolution is a lie, Europeans lost melanin because of the degenerative nature of the human genome.
themutantlizard (1 год назад)
What if they didn't go extinct
wildcatter63 (1 год назад)
Ah, their brain's were actually slightly larger than ours. Their style for napping was more technically more advanced than "our ancestors" type , made a much better "core"AND the "knife" they hadn't improved on or "advanced the development" of was far superior, to include ERGONOMICALLY to anything Cro-Mangman Paleolithic ancestors EVEY HAD. No, they didn't seem to "advance", but they had stuff that was better then our advances were in the first place. They are a super jumbled mystery, I will give them that. They do seem to have had a very different "nitch" from the first modern humans in Europe. They seem to have been much more to the carnivore than we were, more meat, less roots and berries. The larger food range was one of the things we ended up "beating them out with" we also seem to have a MUCH higher "fucundaty", we dropped more kids. We also were not anything close to as scattered between individual groups than they were. The language argument is a BS red-herring use in lew of flat out shouting nonsense while engaging in hand waving. ) tad hard to pass on the much superior technology that they had in the first place to the next generation with out language. Primitive modern humans had/have/used "Click" languages, which would put the hyoid bone placement argument to naught.
Stefan (1 год назад)
They also lived in the middle east, and central asia.
Winston Paul (1 год назад)
Evolution is not real ...
Christopher Ellis (1 год назад)
anatomically different, not the same skeleton. Toolmakers had language, prove otherwise.
Palpatine (1 год назад)
Wish i could have a beer with a neanderthal dude
Tetrahedron IX (1 год назад)
Go to central park and pick one.
red Baron (1 год назад)
I think Neanderthals died off because there were more of us and less of them and breeding with them would get rid of most of their genes
Yazan Baggins (1 год назад)
i'd bang a neanderthal tbh
Not Today (1 год назад)
We're still around.
Morgan Green (1 год назад)
Neanderthals are autistic
MLISlC (1 год назад)
You wish neanderthals were still around? Dude, once leading the United States
Jeff Dat Random Guy (1 год назад)
Hey SciShow, Micheal here
mrotola28 (1 год назад)
maybe instead of different species just different races I mean I have seen some cave men before
Shelby Pasho (1 год назад)
I can't watch unless it's Hank
Huginn und Muninn (1 год назад)
Neandertal don't play dat
iKillian (1 год назад)
they had larger brains and were physically superior.. our easy lives have made us weak physically and shrunk our brains
UNKNOWN UNKNOWN (1 год назад)
neanderthals were superior and evolved to the white euro human.
Th3m4st3rl3mur (1 год назад)
neander talls
robsycko (1 год назад)
Neanderthals do exist you can come hang out with my girl friends 24 year old Neanderthal son any time, you would be amazed how unintelligible they are.
Anish Mulchandani (1 год назад)
If we have their genome and also the technology to grow and maintain one Neanderthal in incubation, why don't we do that? There is no harm if it is in safe hands.
Doug sillig (1 год назад)
how could they be a different species if non african humans carry 4% Nthal DNA obviously they mated and produced fertile offspring which is what difines a species. if the genes were passed before we seperated why don't africans have the dna? this means Africans a further removed from the rest of us then Neaderthals were holly shit scishow are you sure about this?
EvilPaladin11 (1 год назад)
Neanderthals were able to talk because of the Wolbachia parasite. Everyone knows that! (Metal Gear Solid V joke)
Ramey Zamora (1 год назад)
Pitch is naturally found coming out of the ground, a petroleum product!
Gizziiusa (1 год назад)
i would hang out with one just to be able to drag some women back to my lair by their hair. hehe.
CrypticCalamari (1 год назад)
Last time I had my IQ tested, it was 138. In addition to that, I apparently have more Neanderthal variants than 99% of 23andMe customers. Coincidence? Perhaps.
Kianna Kaiser (1 год назад)
Hey, I got 23andme as well!!! Mine was 97 percent more! But I've never had my iq tested so who knows. But hello fellow extra Neanderthal human!
wcdeich4 (1 год назад)
They're kind of still around - those of us w/ European ancestry have have about 1 - 4% Neanderthal DNA.
music4ever1981 (1 год назад)
Does anyone remember the old Geico commercials "so smart a caveman could do it?" I now know how frustrating the cavemen, err I mean the Neanderthals, must have felt to be subject to such prejudice. So far all the Neanderthal guys and gals out there, I want to apologize on behalf of homo sapiens everywhere for our ignorance. You Neanderthals are alright, and if you're ever in my town, I'd like to buy you a beer and "bury the hatchet", so to speak.
Ray Sills (1 год назад)
Seems to me that the Neanderthals might well have been able to speak. If they did bury their dead, that's a complex task that needs some form of co-ordination. And, their skills at stone work would seem to need some form of instruction, to pass on the techniques to a new generation. So, they likely had some form of culture.
Jessica Kóródy (1 год назад)
While I love Neanderthals, I think I may love Michael Aranda just slightly more
Dana Liu (1 год назад)
they also had a bigger cc then humans at 1400 cc average. so even if they weren't smarter than homo sapien sapiens, they were definitely pretty smart.
Liberalist Sperg (1 год назад)
So you're saying that Neanderthals invented pyrolysis?
foodfood (1 год назад)
of course the female neanderthal has waxed eyebrows and makeup on. How else could we know she's not male?
Michael Hartman (1 год назад)
We talk about verbal speech, but is it worth considering the possibility of sign language?
Seth Apex (1 год назад)
the kinds of processes that are involved in the production of tools would be very difficult to teach without at least a very simple language.
Mackey White (1 год назад)
that was awful
kordell curl (1 год назад)
I don't think that the naderthas became extinct but became apart of us
Vickie Oglesby (1 год назад)
neanderthal were not smarter than modern humans..if anything..they were outsmarted..modern man made them interbreed with them..
not a nerd at all (1 год назад)
I got distracted by his hair =/
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
they are natures greatest survivors of all time!;^D^
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
.
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
.-.
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
our species homo sapien is not going to last as long as long as them!;^D^
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
.
Thehotshotcentral (1 год назад)
.-.
Matthew Borhanian (2 года назад)
if they could go through the task of making pitch I imagine it would require some form of complex education beyond simply watch what I do and repeat. I imagine they had complex languages .
Dovahkiin Dragonshout (2 года назад)
The Bullshit is strong with this video. You you find collecting pitch to be hard, i have bad news. What's more it is not the pitch that is used to set things in place but the glue you make, adding charcoal and rabbit shit
Justop2013/TheSupercat91 (2 года назад)
Homo sapiens Neanderthals
DSfan81 (2 года назад)
My first instinct is that it would be great if neanderthals were still around ... and then I remember how racist humans manage to be when there's only one species, and, for the neanderthals' sake, I'm glad they aren't still here.
Sebastian dela Cruz (2 года назад)
evolution is so friggin cool man
OBoy (2 года назад)
Can you please do some research on the neandertal inner ear, I think that may be quite informative.
Cariss Stewart (2 года назад)
I hope to meet Neanderthals and H. heidelbergensis in heaven. I have so many questions which would otherwise be impossible to answer.
Linus Bergfeldt (2 года назад)
they where the same spieces. we know they interbed because we have neanderthal-dna in our bodies.
GrandPrince (2 года назад)
Neanderthal is just another result of humans devolution and have nothing to do with our successful ancestors.
GrandPrince (1 год назад)
+ABCDE FGHIJK In the end we all gonna come to the same conclusion.
ABCDE FGHIJK (1 год назад)
"Devolution" Yeah buddy...Think what you want to think.
alan walker (2 года назад)
http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/09/science/brain-may-still-be-evolving-studies-hint.html?_r=0 "They report that with microcephalin, a new allele arose about 37,000 years ago, although it could have appeared as early as 60,000 or as late as 14,000 years ago. About 70 percent of people in most European and East Asian populations carry this allele of the gene, but it is much rarer in most sub-Saharan Africans." And guess what this Asian and European specific brain enhancing allelles (microcephalin) came from.... Neanderthals.. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2871044/
Daniel Navelsaker (2 года назад)
They also had bigger brains than us and taller and more muscular built. Homo sapiens can't win an armwrestling with a neanderthal. I agree with him I wish they where still around...
Peter Paul Rubens (2 года назад)
They were actually shorter. Look at a comparison between a modern human skeleton and a Neanderthal skeleton.
Mister Rioter (2 года назад)
"So we could hang out, play some video games..." JESUS
Matt Lagensköld (2 года назад)
If all white people are half Neanderthals does that mean that all black people are inbreds?
Dante Cammz (2 года назад)
that shit sound so fucking stupid
Lubri Mailasun (2 года назад)
Oh they ARE still around. They are just known by a different name now: Trump supporters.
Peter Paul Rubens (2 года назад)
+Lubri Mailasun Some studies show that some Neanderthals were smarter than us because of having a bigger brain case and they were stronger... So I think you just complimented them
Lubri Mailasun (2 года назад)
+Lubri Mailasun Oops, I realized I must just have insulted a whole species... Sorry Neanderthals, please don't take it racially.
Mark Young (2 года назад)
neanderthals are still around kinda, since we interbreed with them, therefore, for some of us, they are our ancestors, they live on in us through the DNA that we carry
Blake Cunningham (2 года назад)
Neandratals
randi jo (2 года назад)
Why are clouds colored
Scotty Wills (2 года назад)
Neanderthals had an enlarged Occipital Bun which gives them room for better spatial reasoning skills. Which so happens to be were the visual cortex is located aswell. So it should come as no surprise why they could be the first to invent anything. And as visual as they were, they probably communicated more in body language (sign language), then speech.
kobra (2 года назад)
how many of these scientist were non white??? yep i will listen to only white scientist, bullcrap.
Ryan Davies (2 года назад)
The Neanderthal genes explain why humans outside of Africa are more intelligent than their Sub-Saharan counterparts.
Ryan Davies (2 года назад)
+slayer58 It's my own theory. Although I will admit that it is currently held back by a shortage of evidence...
slayer58 (2 года назад)
Indeed they're the most educated but there is no evidence that states that Neanderthals are to thank for their intelligence.
Ryan Davies (2 года назад)
+Christion Johnson Facts tend to be racist. We should always be wary of a race that has an average IQ that puts it just above the threshold of mental retardation.
Linh Mai (2 года назад)
Your voice is so relaxing!
Nathan Prescott (2 года назад)
all theory are just theory, non of them are true, until proven real, thats why i dont believe in big bang fucking theory!
Simon Gerg (2 года назад)
The big bang theory and the evolution of man are true, yes. If you have any issue with these theories I will happily address them.
Nathan Prescott (2 года назад)
+MarCuseusFX haha, ok, dumbass!
MarCuseusFX (2 года назад)
+Nathan Prescott No point. I did add "Facepalm@Nathan Prescott" though.
Nathan Prescott (2 года назад)
+MarCuseusFX haha, add that to yours!
MarCuseusFX (2 года назад)
+Nathan Prescott "Serious attitude problem", you should add that to your CV.
Hallie Ramos (2 года назад)
Your shirt is the same as your jacket, and it bugs me... Great video though! Very interesting topic.
and then i said (2 года назад)
I'm 3.4% 'thal
Benedek Farkas (2 года назад)
I think if neanderthals were still around they wouldn't. Some ancient Hitler would've probably gotten rid of them by now. That's just how we are :S
Dr Stewts (2 года назад)
Dude. What if Neanderthals were the smart, peaceful ones, and early humans were just stupid and brutish, and we're all a hybrid of the two? What if everyone today is on a spectrum between the two?

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