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Plasma, The Most Common Phase of Matter in the Universe

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Get to know plasma, the most common, but probably least understood, phase of matter in the universe! Hosted by: Michael Aranda ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow Sources: http://www.universetoday.com/84361/plasma/ http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/quotwhat-causes-the-stran/ http://www.plasmacoalition.org/plasma_writeups/lightning.pdf http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/euratom/index_en.cfm?pg=fusion&section=plasma-physics http://education.jlab.org/qa/plasma_02.html http://science.howstuffworks.com/nature/natural-disasters/lightning.htm http://www.universetoday.com/50734/states-of-matter/ http://home.howstuffworks.com/fluorescent-lamp.htm http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/plasma-converter.htm http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr162/lect/light/ionization.html Images: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erasmus_of_Formia#mediaviewer/File:Falkensteiner_Retabel_Drehfl%C3%BCgel_rechts_au%C3%9Fen.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Elmo%27s_fire#mediaviewer/File:Elmo%27s_fire-2.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Crookes#mediaviewer/File:Sir_William_Crookes_1906.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:PSM_V48_D855_Crookes_tubes.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gerds_plasma.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star#mediaviewer/File:The_Sun_by_the_Atmospheric_Imaging_Assembly_of_NASA%27s_Solar_Dynamics_Observatory_-_20100819.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lightning3.jpg
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Text Comments (1100)
Barry Lees (7 days ago)
This is a brilliant presentation ~ It embraces the Electric Universe and does a pretty good job of exposing Dark Matter and Dark Energy for what they REALLY are ~ Plasma !! I'm surprised the Mainstream Science minders haven't trie to shut it down claiming it to be heresy !!
Kipayami (18 days ago)
So a flux capacitor is powered by plasma
Deku (25 days ago)
But the question is.... can we do a kamehameha?
Salvatore Escoti (1 month ago)
So, Elmo from Sesame Street is roman-catholic...
Jayanta Chakraborty (1 month ago)
BEC?? Anyone??
Harshvardhan Singh (2 months ago)
such an unique video it is so helpful ................ thanks for explaination
kamod jain (2 months ago)
ultimate video!!!!!
DIMWIT Studios (3 months ago)
i was enjoying this until you said energised. dislike.
Duck Sandwhich (3 months ago)
My NCEA textbook says there are only 3 states of matter! That’s a university entry level textbook wth
I threw my phone playing this video at my 8th grade science teacher.
Shen Mo (4 months ago)
contact me to get a free plasma ball
David Schmidt (5 months ago)
Good vid, but you speak WAYYYYY too fast.!
Jonathan Lopez Flores (5 months ago)
"Please sub to us to keep us energized"- SciShow
candy butler (5 months ago)
hi SciShow this video is the best
positron underVolt (5 months ago)
Gotta love how such a profound concept, that most of the matter in the Universe is a plasma, gets a 3 minute 32 second video, with hardly any detail, & then we get numerous diatribes over dark matter, dark energy, essentially nonsense concepts belonging in the same category as flat earth research. VIVA LA ELECTRIC UNIVERSE!!! Yeah, I'm being sarcastic.. Chill Wal, chill.
Kirsty Phillips (5 months ago)
So ionised gas is always plasma?
Elijah [Last Name] (5 months ago)
Im about to teach my entire class
Syed Abrar (6 months ago)
Really Appreciated Man
Maria Parr (6 months ago)
I love these veds 😎
I am not here (6 months ago)
How can a plasma TV contain heat five times greater than the Sun?
Excel Gamer (7 months ago)
Very very very nice buddy 😊😊😊
sangeeta kumari (7 months ago)
Does fire glow because the tongues are plasma??
Excel Gamer (7 months ago)
Air Mist2614 (7 months ago)
Hmmm. So thats how dbz fighter can use kamehameha wave
Kayla G. (8 months ago)
oof I'm trying to learn about plasma but 😍
Stephanie Werst (8 months ago)
So what state of matter is fire?
t00by00zer (9 months ago)
And because plasma is dominated by electromagnetism, and it makes up 99.99% of the matter in the universe, it is not gravity that is the dominant force shaping the cosmos, but electromagnetism.
David Owen (9 months ago)
thought molds plasma
Emma Chen (9 months ago)
So what happens to plasma in lightning after it strikes? Does it return to being gas? Does it disperse into the atmosphere? What happens?
Monster Box (10 months ago)
Plasma is such an underrated state of matter. Most people do not know about Plasma being a state of matter. Great videos explaining about Plasma. Is Lightsaber plasma?
Magnificent Max & Friends (10 months ago)
im being forced to watch this for school, pray for me :)))
Khaja Moinuddin (10 months ago)
Woah.....plasma...huh?? I didnt knew...osm
Jeroen Strompf (11 months ago)
Maybe a topic for a future video: If plasma is so common, then why is nuclear fusion so hard?
firefox30570 (11 months ago)
Someone could answer this question: is heat able to decompose molecules? Since the electrons make up the bonds(mostly), if they become free doesn't that mean molecules will fall apart?
Jack Kinderwater (11 months ago)
seasong (11 months ago)
OK but different materials can also be conductive and respond to magnetism, yet they're still considered solid or liquid. So I doubt that it's really another state of matter...
Alejandro Reyes (11 months ago)
Alejandro Reyes (11 months ago)
Yes we can
oVo.Dirty Jester.oVo (1 year ago)
how many tries did it take you to get that energized pun lol
TheReaverOfDarkness (1 year ago)
I wonder if plasma could be used to induce chemical reactions? It sounds a lot like a powerful solvent, except that anything you mix into it may also go into plasma phase, thus preventing it from forming new bonds. Maybe the trick is to heat stuff to plasma and then let it cool into gas, whereupon it will take the gas form with the lowest energy state.
Kordian Głąbowski (1 year ago)
Dont you think that it is very unnecessary to exclude a seperate state of the matter from gas? I mean , sure it has some different properties than a common air or so but it s just an ionised gas. I mean metalic block is also formally ionised (that thing called metalllic bond) but we still call it a solid. Maybe it should be just a very pecif example rather than something new. It really confuses people. Seems like unnecessary complication.
Astral Traveler (11 months ago)
Free electrons, which create a current also are in the state of plasma...
Laura Moore (1 year ago)
Is there any way I could slow this down so I could think?
Andrew Byi (1 year ago)
Plasma can hurts my eyes, the sun.
Dru 101 (1 year ago)
the big (sic)
AtarahDerek (1 year ago)
Strike a match to make plasma.
Gagi (1 year ago)
One word. ETHER
Gold Wolf (1 year ago)
Super critical fluid is the 4th state of matter. Plasma is just ionized gas, it's still a gas. Super critical fluid is a thing that is both liquid and gas.
blackkittyfreak (9 months ago)
I, for one, am *very* glad that the name "radiant matter" didn't stick.
Patrick Roelant (1 year ago)
The beams off of Tessa coils is that plasma also or just a visible electric shock?
Eissa Alqubaisi (1 year ago)
mmmmm delicous I'm from nigeria
Isacc McGraw (1 year ago)
Nice video but add more information!!!!!!.
Jahmeek Morgan (1 year ago)
I just my Nana2 about some thong
Jahmeek Morgan (1 year ago)
thing I mean
Boozer (1 year ago)
Spookbumps (1 year ago)
I hope we never discover Argent energy
Kirby (1 year ago)
If that's the intergalactic medium, what's the intergalactic small or intergalactic large?
Kerry-Anne Oeltman (1 year ago)
DAMN that Michaels hot!!!! Lol
Rocky Balboa (1 year ago)
Basically plasma is a state of matter that overall is the most common state of matter, taking up 99% percent of all occurrence in the standard model of 5 states of matter. But, not taking up to 99% in the visible universe, that is wrong I believe we all should already know that matter itself per se all of the known and possible other states of it in or other possible future to be discovered merely consists 0.04 of the entire observable universe as of now where comsmologists have already established basing on cosmic microwave background data the universe consists of 4% known matter, 73 percent dark energy, and 23 percent dark matter. git good.
Dark Bowser (1 year ago)
You know what my fucking science teacher in third grade told me? 'There are three stages of matter'.
Swaggyduck 25 (1 year ago)
Game theory explains this much better.
Johnamations (1 year ago)
Ma friends in school thout i talked about the cookie Plasma (an croatian cookie)......
Johnamations (1 year ago)
so Rasengan is Spinning Plasma whit power of chackra
Daniel Pothier (1 year ago)
How is there a lot of plasma in space if it's freezing cold in space? There must electrical currents creating the plasma then, according to the two ways you described how plasma is made
Mohammad Aamin (1 year ago)
I'm sorry but is that Hank Green's voice and this dude is just lip syncing?
george BERRY (1 year ago)
Roberto Negron (1 year ago)
vayha79 (1 year ago)
stars are balls of plazma because they are electric devices. There is no fusion reaction inside. How long we will learn in school this bullshit? Ah.... if they are electrical devices there is no magic gravity.... damm.... now we know we kids are taking bullshit
Brendan O'Toole (1 year ago)
What don't you understand exactly?
Jeffrey314159 (1 year ago)
An ionized vapor is not the samething as plasma gas
Kunal Akhade (2 years ago)
Oh! I am sorry, now I got it.Thanks for ur help.
Kunal Akhade (2 years ago)
Does thunder storm ionize the gas present in atmosphere and form plasma state?
BertyFromDK (2 years ago)
Quite Interesting.
wow he is really smart, Meaning by that he is speaking confidentially cool dude sub+likeeeeee
Conall (2 years ago)
I see what you did there...
Jd Dm (2 years ago)
been watching storms all my life and never encountered such witch craft as this so called plasma.
Jaylafae Klinger (2 years ago)
You can make your own plasma with a glass, microwave, and a grape. You cut the grape in half and set it down in the microwave, cut side up. You put a drinking glass over the grape, better to use a clear one. Turn the microwave on and and you can start seeing plasma! Don't do it took long though because you could screw up your microwave.
Jaylafae Klinger (2 years ago)
+Alfredo Venturina The point is that you can MAKE IT YOURSELF! You'll feel smart. 🤓
or you could look at ur fluorescent light lol
LOGIC 1ST (2 years ago)
and that is the youtube clip that brought me here. you described it in a cute way though :]
G&M Flights (2 years ago)
Dang Nguyen (2 years ago)
Thanks very much. This show help me with my presentation for my science project
Pracks (2 years ago)
This dudes hair lol
Normal Human (2 years ago)
Took me 2 lessons in school t understand plasma but only took the first 8 seconds of the video to understand plasma. Well done, I've liked and subscribed!
Karnel Animator (2 years ago)
Nice to see I'm not the only one who wants to study plasma but I think I'm the only one who wants to find a way to control it with my bare hands
World Eater (1 year ago)
Solarius Galaxium Actually no ur not alone, I came here to do the same thing :D
Arwin Mangroe (2 years ago)
no ur not I tought of that too
Boom Cube (2 years ago)
+Darian Bogard unless that atmosphere or a small area in the atmosphere is full of neon gas, even for a spilt second
NeyoKiller (2 years ago)
I want to find a way that we can create a way for guns to superheat gas to create plasma and then shoot it out. so we can make blaster pistols and rifles.
Boom Cube (2 years ago)
Parul Methi (2 years ago)
can you do a video on Bose-Einstein Matter?
SawDud (2 years ago)
no i didn't c what you did there
put fire in a microwave you welcome
AndroZeus (2 years ago)
Well, also outside my window _whenever it's daytime_.
Daniell Bondad (2 years ago)
No one is watching this on a Plasma TV unless they remember how to burn a CD.And yes,I did get you did there.
BoGy (2 years ago)
+Daniell Bondad that's not true ... plasma tv's were also made with DVI and VGA inputs, no hassle to watch youtube on those... also people who've got their xbox connected to a plasma tv can watch this without lasering a DVD (not a cd like you mention, or do you intend to listen to audio on a plasma tv without having video?)
Luis Tapia Jr (2 years ago)
InFamous James (2 years ago)
You don't usually do these episodes,, but I liked explanation/style in this one.. thanks
Ghosttardis (2 years ago)
what happened to sea star wars?
Peter Timowreef (2 years ago)
No, I have no idea what you did there. Please do an episode about it.
BlockBusterBPL (2 years ago)
St. elmo, REALLY.
AndroZeus (2 years ago)
+BlockBusterBPL Tickle Elmo so vigorously that he is superheated and turns plasmatic.
Sammy Dreemurr (2 years ago)
So solids are colder than liquids, which are colder than gases, which are colder than plasma?
Matthew Fournier (2 years ago)
+SamThe RandomG1rl Relative to that specific thing's heat of fusion (the point where said thing becomes a liquid) and heat of vaporization (point where thing becomes a gas) and ionization energy (point where an electron is ejected from the atom) you could say so. But it is all relative.
Frank Gomez (2 years ago)
Science channel can you make a video based on how the theory of aging may be based upon DNA polymerase
Strattex (2 years ago)
In canada you are taught about plasma in the 7th grade....
Strattex (2 years ago)
+ThunderStorm382 Lol im in the 11th grade and in chemistry plasma comes up alot.
Shineing Light (2 years ago)
+Strattex I am in a Canadian school, and they never brought plasma up once, though that may be because of different methods of teaching. now im in 10'th grade and showing up my science teacher after teaching myself what the shit was xD
bruce wayne (2 years ago)
Good chemistry jokes? All the good ones argon
John Tate (8 months ago)
This is one of the worst jokes I've xenon the internet.
S W (2 years ago)
Wouldn't the detached electrons eventually come back into their respective orbitals?
Tricell CEO (2 years ago)
+S W If the electrons are kept in their energized states, than not necessarily, not. In the case of a bolt of lightning, the energy is soon gone and the electrons return to their ground states and thus return to their orbitals.
Zaid Memon (2 years ago)
what softwares do u use?
ZP ZAP (2 years ago)
Did you know that plasma, at certain frequencies, can totally heal the human body?
Monty Monty (2 years ago)
+ZP ZAP Ok, sell crap without Evidence. Just as i claim i can shoot Down a plane with ny Dick, but, no proof.
ZP ZAP (2 years ago)
its not for nonbelievers go away and die of your dis ease...
Monty Monty (2 years ago)
Or stop selling bullcrap and pseudo-scientific shit
ZP ZAP (2 years ago)
+ZP ZAP I sell a modern version of this Tesla coil invention for healing the human body... Check it out: http://www.zpzap.net/ or see videos on my channel... Truth
Agatha Pacheco (2 years ago)
I wanna know this guys credentials
AndroZeus (2 years ago)
+Agatha Pacheco He hasn't taken a higher education in any natural sciences, like Hank has, but I don't think that matters. It's not like he's the sole script writer of his episodes.
Monty Monty (2 years ago)
Ben noneofyourbeeswax (2 years ago)
thumbs up if you watching or own an plasma TV lol
Monty Monty (2 years ago)
Plasma TVs Actually dont have plasma 😒
唐阿金 (2 years ago)
I thought argon is an inert gas that does not react with other gas, so I thought it could not be ionized
Yevrah Hipstar (2 years ago)
+唐阿金 Ionization involves stripping electrons from the atoms, thus leaving the formerly neutral atom positively charged whereas reaction involves two or more different atoms bonding by sharing electrons to form new compounds. Look up TIG welding on Youtube. You'll see an electric arc being used to melt steel. The arc is travelling through argon gas. Argon is used because it is easily ionized, thus allowing the electricity to travel between the torch and workpiece and also keeps the nitrogen and oxygen away from the molten metal which would react and form new (unwanted) compounds like iron nitride and iron oxide.
Jay vh (2 years ago)
Plz make a video explaining fire, why it's a plasma, and why it moves in the way it does😎😄😄🙂

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