Pancreas And It's Functions, What Are The Functions of Pancreas?, Functions of Pancreas
Pancreas is an organ in the abdomen, which plays an important role in converting the food into fuel for the body's cells. It is a vital part of the digestive system and a critical controller of blood sugar levels.
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There are 2 main functions of pancreas, an exocrine function that helps in digestion and an endocrine function that regulates blood sugar.
Pancreas produces digestive enzymes, which helps in break down the food we eat, and it regulates your blood sugar by secreting insulin.
About 95 percent of the pancreas is made up of cells and tissues, which produce pancreatic juices containing digestive enzymes such as amylase, lipase, elastase, and nucleases.
Each enzyme breaks down a specific type of substance such as amylase breaks down carbohydrates, lipase breaks down fats, and elastase breaks down proteins.
These pancreatic juices, along with bile from the gallbladder, empty into the small intestine, where they assist in digesting food.
The remaining part of the pancreas mass is made of clusters of cells called the islets of Langerhans.
These cell clusters release insulin, glucagon, and other hormones directly into the bloodstream, and helps to control the body's blood sugar level.
In diabetic patients, the body's ability to properly regulate insulin is diminished, resulting in sugar levels that are either too low, or too high.
Insulin is secreted by islet cells directly into the blood stream, that is why this portion of the pancreas is called the "endocrine compartment" of the pancreas.