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Making a Bipolar Disorder Medication from Batteries
 
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Signup for your FREE trial to The Great Courses Plus here: http://ow.ly/ngB030acna6 The Great Courses Plus is currently available to watch through a web browser to almost anyone in the world and optimized for the US market. The Great Courses Plus is currently working to both optimize the product globally and accept credit card payments globally. ------------------------------------------ Lithium carbonate is a very useful medication used to treat bipolar disorder. In this video, I will be making lithium carbonate, first from lithium hydroxide and then from a battery. Keep in mind that lithium salts affect the nervous system and working with lithium metal can be dangerous. This video is for educational purposes only and should not be repeated! Also, adding lithium metal to water is dangerous. It can lead to a serious fire. Again, please do not repeat this. Lithium hydroxide video: https://youtu.be/9c4BjVIgK1k Lithium peroxide video: https://youtu.be/Yub2MoYlKzg ------------------------------------------ Nile Red Shop: https://www.nilered.ca (for keychains and beakers) Patreon: https://goo.gl/3h353G Facebook: https://goo.gl/uyxvJV Twitter: https://goo.gl/uCmnV4 Personal Instagram: https://goo.gl/EdBq4b
Views: 182764 NileRed
Medicines That Cause Weight Gain
 
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Surprisingly, there are common medicines that can cause weight gain or hinder your weight loss. Dr. Aronne discusses what you can do.
Views: 3548 BMIQProgram
Pouring Different Acids on my Hand
 
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Note: I will eventually re-do this video. I missed a lot of important information! Hello everyone. First of all, I apologize for the poor video angle in this. PLEASE DO NOT REPEAT THIS. In this video, I will be pouring three common acids on my skin. I'll pour hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and sulfuric acid. This is only true for room temperature acids. Hot acids are a different story. The 300C sulfuric acid in my distillation video will instantly char your skin. I forgot to add. All the acids are the highest concentration I could get. Hydrochloric: 31.45% (~10M) Sulfuric: 98% (~18.4M) Nitric: 68%(~15.8M) Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=2448989&ty=h Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Nile-Red-1648800202046876/
Views: 1501346 NileRed
How to extract Chemicals from Over the Counter Products
 
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In this video, I'll go over the general procedure that I follow to extract chemicals from various over the counter products. Link to my patreon: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=2448989&ty=h
Views: 267175 NileRed
Making Transparent Metal? Invisible Sodium chemical experiment!
 
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Please note that this video was made solely for research and demonstration purposes! Do not attempt to repeat the experiments shown in this video!Hello everyone! Today I will show you a very unusual effect, that I observed in the reaction of sodium with water on the surface of wet napkins.As we already know from my previous videos, sodium is an active alkali metal. It is quite soft and vigorously reacts with water. If you just throw a piece of sodium in the water, usually it melts first, then lights up and then explodes. However, if you perform the reaction of sodium with water under different conditions, we can observe a very unusual effect. Take a cup of water and put a filter paper on it’s surface. Next, take a medium size piece of sodium, and put it on the wet surface of the filter.When sodium metal contacts with the wet filter surface, the reaction begins. As a result of the heat during the reaction, sodium eventually melts and then ignites. But after this an unusual effect takes place which I still cannot explain.Burning stops, and a droplet of sodium that was just black becomes red and then transparent. After that the droplet begins to float on the water surface and in the end it explodes. I did this experiment several times and every time the same result has been achieved. First, the droplet of sodium ignites. Then, the burning stops. And then, for reasons unknown to me, a droplet of unknown substance was formed which was floating on the surface of water. Whether, we are dealing with a transparent sodium, or any other substance was formed, such as sodium hydroxide, or a sodium hydroxide mixture with water in unknown proportions? Why the droplet becomes perfectly clear? Still I cannot find the answer to this question. If we assume that we are dealing with sodium hydroxide, then why this droplet doesn’t sink and instead floats on the surface of water? As the density of sodium hydroxide is 2 times greater than the density of water. Or can we assume that we are dealing with undiscovered properties of sodium metal, which is to acquire a transparent state under certain conditions? I began to study this question. I have started looking for scientific articles which mention the transparent state of sodium metal. Luckily I found something. However, in this article written by Russian and Japanese scientists, the transparent state of sodium was only described having a very high pressure, more than million atmospheres. With huge pressure sodium droplet becomes transparent. I wrote to the authors of this article about the effect that I was able to photograph. Authors answered that we could be dealing with a transparent sodium hydroxide. But the question remains, why did this drop float and didn’t not sink? Perhaps because of the temperature difference between the droplet and water, we have to be dealing with the Leidenfrost effect, which we can observe by pouring liquid nitrogen on hand. I even spoke to Professor Toomas Tamm at Tallinn University, who is working in inorganic chemistry field. He suggested that perhaps we are not dealing with a pure sodium metal or sodium hydroxide, instead maybe with some kind of phases that sodium hydroxide can form with water. Thus, due to the special optical properties of this drop, it becomes transparent. I also managed to shoot the behavior of sodium on the surface of wet filter. Thus, we can clearly observe spheroidal state which the burning sodium droplet acquires after becoming transparent. Nevertheless, I have not received a clear answer to this question, and the effect that I was able to observe. Perhaps you, the viewers of my channel, could help me find an explanation for this effect. Why the sodium droplet becomes transparent after burning? What happens in this reaction? Write in comments your assumptions, and maybe together we will be able to find an explanation to the effect that we were able to observe. For those of you who were not very interested to listen to a scientific chatter, I suggest you to take a look at the moments in which the reaction of sodium and water was going out of control. Happy viewing! And those of you who were interested in the scientific side of this video, I propose to discuss such an effect that we were able to observe in the comments. Thanks for watching! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thoisoi2 Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/Thoisoi?ty=h Music: http://audiomicro.com
Warning Signs That You're Zinc Deficient
 
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For more info: https://draxe.com/zinc-deficiency/?utm_campaign=Youtube-Feb-2015&utm_medium=social&utm_source=youtube&utm_term=zincdeficient Today I’m going to share with you the five warning signs that you’re zinc deficient. About 75% of people in the world are deficient, so being deficient in zinc is very common. The 5 warning signs you’re zinc deficient: 1.) If you get sick a lot or have immune system issues 2.) Have leaky gut (http://draxe.com/7-signs-symptoms-you-have-leaky-gut/) 3.) If you struggle with diarrhea or IBS 4.) Thinning hair 5.) Inflammatory skin issues like acne, eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis One of the biggest factors in causing zinc deficiency is high levels of emotional stress. The second most common cause of zinc deficiency is over-exercise. The third most common reason your zinc deficient is if you’re pregnant or breast feeding. Lastly, if you’re older, you may tend to have malabsorption, which causes a zinc deficiency. In order to get more zinc in your diet, you need to consume more zinc-rich foods. The top 5 zinc-rich foods are pumpkin seeds, oysters, grass-fed beef, sprouted nuts and seeds, and peas. Additionally, probiotics are a key supplement to take when zinc deficient because it can help your overall absorption of nutrients. For more information on zinc deficiency, you can check out this article: http://draxe.com/zinc-deficiency/ *This content is strictly the opinion of Dr. Josh Axe, and is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to provide medical advice or to take the place of medical advice or treatment from a personal physician. All viewers of this content are advised to consult their doctors or qualified health professionals regarding specific health questions. Neither Dr. Axe nor the publisher of this content takes responsibility for possible health consequences of any person or persons reading or following the information in this educational content. All viewers of this content, especially those taking prescription or over-the-counter medications, should consult their physicians before beginning any nutrition, supplement or lifestyle program.
Views: 1138070 Dr. Josh Axe
6. Seeing Bonds by Electron Difference Density
 
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Freshman Organic Chemistry (CHEM 125) Professor McBride uses a hexagonal "benzene" pattern and Franklin's X-ray pattern of DNA, to continue his discussion of X-ray crystallography by explaining how a diffraction pattern in "reciprocal space" relates to the distribution of electrons in molecules and to the repetition of molecules in a crystal lattice. He then uses electron difference density mapping to reveal bonds, and unshared electron pairs, and their shape, and to show that they are only one-twentieth as dense as would be expected for Lewis shared pairs. Anomalous difference density in the carbon-fluorine bond raises the course's second great question, "Compared to what?" 00:00 - Chapter 1. Understanding Diffraction Patterns: Continuing the Case of the Hexagonal "Benzene" 15:10 - Chapter 2. Double Helices and DNA: Even and Offset Planes 29:04 - Chapter 3. Revealing Bonds and Unshared Electron Pairs via Electron Difference Density Maps 43:23 - Chapter 4. The Second Great Question: "Compared with What?" Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2008.
Views: 25598 YaleCourses
Clean Skateboard & Longboard Bearings CORRECTLY
 
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Learn how to make a bearing cleaning kit for $5. Go to http://ratvision.com/ for more info. Before you begin cleaning skateboard bearings it is best to see if the bearings are worth cleaning first. Sometimes bearings get too damaged and are better off replaced than trying to clean them. The purpose of Rat Vision is to explain the differences between brands and products, and not to be bias. We are frequently asked what products we recommend. After testing and researching we have found Oust products to be superior. Oust products are available on their website or on Amazon http://www.amazon.com/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=Oust+bearings&rh=i%3Aaps%2Ck%3AOust+bearings http://www.oustbearings.com/ BEARING CLEANERS AND LUBRICANTS WE AVOID: WD-40 is more of a solvents than lubricants. It is thin to enable it to get into tiny crevices and free up rusty, stuck parts. ALL Cooking oils Soaps with citrus scents/fragrance Dish and Hand soap ANY Wood polish, Wood oil, or Wood cleaner Acetone White Spirits Paint thinner Turpentine Laundry detergent Bathroom cleaners Kitchen cleaners (anything that is not citrus cleaner Orange Soap (too thick, diluting won't work) Pine Cleaners Teflon Silicone REMOVE BEARING SEALS/SHIELD:. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXmZhfvH9y0 TOOLS: Bearings Cleaning Kit Solvent. We use citrus cleaner. Hair drier Cooking tongs (not necessary) You can throw bearings in an empty plastic bottle with some cleaner but this method is not as effective as a kit. BEARING CLEANING KITS: We recommend the Oust kit, because it's compact and comes with cleaner inside. The Bones bearing cleaning kit is OK and available at most shops, Read below to make your own kit. CLEANERS AND SOLVENTS: We use citrus cleaner as our solvent/cleaner for cleaning skateboard bearings. It's less than $5 for a bottle. Avoid dangerous and hazardous solvents like turpentine, acetone, mineral spirits, gasoline, butane, paint thinner, kerosene, etc. Chemicals can be absorbed through your skin and get into your blood stream. WHY CITRUS CLEANER?" The majority of citrus cleaners are safe. Most of them have no warning label for health hazards. They usually say to avoid contact with the eyes (of course), and that it might irritate the skin. Citrus cleaners are made with orange oil that have a natural solvent called terpenes. This hydrocarbon is mostly made of about 90-95% d-limonene. D-limonene does the work of dissolving stuff. CLEANING KIT PARTS: 1/4" x 6" rod coarse thread (or whatever fits the length of the bottle inside). 1/16" OD x 1/4" ID x 3/32 O-Ring (this is the black gasket/ring. Basically 1/4" ring as thick as a toothpick) 1/4" Washer 1/4" Nut, coarse thread 1/4" Spacers cut from a ball-point pen 1/4" Wing-nut, coarse threads How to make a homemade skateboard bearing cleaning kit: 1. Assemble the bearing kit: Cut a small hole in the lid/cap of the bottle. Hole needs to be big enough for the 6 inch rod to go through. 2. Put the gasket/black ring on the rod. 3. Put the rod through the lid/cap of the bottle. 4. Put the washer on. 5. Tighten the nut down to the bottom of the lid/cap. 6. Cut 1/4" pieces of a ball point pen sleeve for spacers. 7. Place bearings on the rod with 1 bearing spacer between each bearing. (remove seals or shields first). 8. Hand tighten the wing-nut until the bearings are nut on the rod. 9. Fill the bottle 1/3 with citrus cleaner. 10. Place the bearings in the bottle and tighten the lid. Directions for cleaning with a kit 1. Remove bearings shields/seals first. See how here (link). 2. Wipe off dirt on the bearings and shields/ seals. 3. Assemble kit. 4. Fill the container about 1/3rd of the way with cleaner. 5. Insert bearings. 5. Shake the kit for a couple minutes. 6. Takes the bearings out (leave on the rod). 7. Tap the bearing on a hard surface to remove contaminants. 8. Repeat shaking for couple minutes (repeat steps 5,6,7 if needed). 9. Since bearings off in very hot water (keep them on the rod. This removes the cleaner. IT IS PERFECTLY OK.) 10. Immediately blow-dry your bearings to remove all the water. Use cooking tongs if bearings are too hot to hold in your hand. 11. Lubricate each bearing with about 1-2 drops of thin lubricant. We like electronic oils and sewing machine oils. WHEN TO CLEAN AND LUBE: For avid skaters, meaning you skate to and from school and skate on the weekends, check lubricant every 2-3 weeks. Clean every 3-4 weeks. If you skate 1-2 days a week, you can stretch out the maintenance by lubricating every 4-6 weeks, and clean every 2 months. PERMANENT (NONREMOVABLE) SHIELDS: 1. You can clean nonremovable metal shields the same way shown in the video, or apply lube and ride them until they break. 2. The most important thing to do is dry the bearings completely by spinning the bearings while using a hair dryer. 3. Add lubricant in the gap between the metal shield and the inner ring.
Make Copper Sulfate from Copper and Sulfuric acid (3 ways)
 
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We make copper sulfate from copper and sulfuric acid using two chemical methods and one electrochemical method. Copper does not directly react with sulfuric acid so some form of oxidant is needed. Hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid are excellent oxidants and the first two methods demonstrate this. The nitric acid method however produces toxic nitrogen dioxide gas so you'll need to perform this one outside or in a fumehood. Because both chemical methods are rather expensive. A very cheap electrochemical method can be performed by running a current through two copper electrodes immersed in sulfuric acid. The copper is converted to copper ions at the positive electrode and hydrogen gas is formed at the negative electrode. However if the electrodes are placed side by side then the copper ions will diffuse to the negative electrode and get converted back into copper. This is wasteful as you've used power to accomplish nothing. So the better way is to separate both by gravity with the positive electrode at the bottom. The denser solution of copper sulfate will remain near the bottom and thus increase efficiency. As a side note, the electrochemical method is actually very expensive if you use batteries as your power source. The charge on a battery generates a comparatively small quantity of total copper sulfate compared to the same cost of chemicals for the chemical methods. The cheapest way is to use a DC power supply. The cost of municipal electricity is very small compared to the cost of batteries and chemicals.
Views: 563358 NurdRage
Atropine Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
 
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Grab our free cheatsheet covering the 50 most commonly prescribed medications right here: http://www.NRSNG.com/50meds View the blog post here: https://www.nrsng.com/atropine-atro-pen/ Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/medmaster-podcast/ Atropine Generic Name: atropine Trade Name: Atro-pen Indication: decreases oral and respiratory secretions, treats sinus bradycardia and heart block, treatment of bronchospasm Action: Atropine is an anticholinergic which means that it inhibits the effects of the parasympathetic nervous system, specifically acetylcholine. This inhibition causes increase in HR, bronchodilation, decreased GI and respiratory secretions. Therapeutic Class: antiarrhythmic Pharmacologic Class: anticholinergic, antimuscarinic Nursing Considerations:  avoid in acute hemorrhage, tachycardia, and angle closure glaucoma  monitor patient for tachycardia and palpitations  may cause urinary retention in elderly patients  patients may experience constipation due to slowed GI motility
Antipsychotics for schizophrenia are not very effective, Peter Gotzsche, MD
 
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Hi, this is Larry Hobbs @ FatNews.com. http://fatnews.com/ https://twitter.com/fatnews Antipsychotic drugs used for schizophrenia are not very effective notes Prof. Peter Gotzsche, MD Antipsychotic drugs used for schizophrenia have very little effect on improving the disease notes Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD. These drugs effect on improving symptoms of the disease when measured on a scale used for schizophrenia (the PANSS) was only 6, when the difference that is considered minimally clinically relevant is 15. Dr. Gøtzsche writes: “Trials in schizophrenia [drugs] are also disappointing. “In newer submissions to the FDA, the effect on the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) was only 6 even though these trials were heavily biased by cold turkey and unblinding effects. “This is far below the minimally clinically relevant effect, which is about 15.” About Dr. Gøtzsche Dr. Gøtzsche is the author of several wonderful books including Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial in which he talks about the problems with psychiatric drugs. He is also author of the wonderful book Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime: How Big Pharma Has Corrupted Healthcare. Dr. Gøtzsche also cofounded the Cochrane Collaboration in 1993, which is a group of scientists around the world who analyze data to try and figure out the truth about drugs and other health topics. Reference Gotzsche PC, Young AH, and Crace J. Does long term use of psychiatric drugs cause more harm than good? BMJ, 2015 May 12; 350: h2435. The paper is available for free here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25985333 Author’s Contact Info Peter C. Gøtzsche, MD pcg@cochrane.dk A list of these drugs include: Abilify (aripiprazole) amisulpride aripiprazole asenapine Camcolit (lithium carbonate) chlorprothixene chlorpromazine clopenthixol Clopixol tablets (zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride) Clopixol Depot injection (zuclopenthixol decanoate) Clopixol Acuphase injection (zuclopenthixol acetate) clozapine Clozaril (clozapine) Compazine (prochlorperazine) Depixol (flupentixol) Depixol for injection (flupentixol decanoate) Eskalith (lithium carbonate) Fanapt (iloperidone) FazaClo (clozapine) Fluanxol (flupentixol) flupentixol flupentixol decanoate fluphenazine HCl tablets fluphenazine decanoate Geodon oral capsules (ziprasidone) Geodon intramuscular injection (IM) (ziprasidone mesylate) fast-acting, not long-lasting Haldol (haloperidol) Haldol for injection (haloperidol decanoate) haloperidol haloperidol decanoate iloperidone Invega (paliperidone) Invega Sustenna for injection (paliperidone palmitate) Latuda (lurasidone) lithium (lithium carbonate) Lithobid (lithium carbonate) loxapine succinate Loxitane (loxapine) lurasidone Mellaril (thioridazine HCl) mesoridazine besylate PI sheet before from before it was discontinued in the US. Moban (molindone HCl) molindone Navane (thiothixene) olanzapine olanzapine pamoate Orap (pimozide) paliperidone paliperidone palmitate perphenazine pimozide prochlorperazine Prolixin (fluphenazine HCl) Prolixin for injection (fluphenazine decanoate) quetiapine reserpine Rexulti (brexpiprazole) Risperdal (risperidone) Risperdal Consta for injection (risperidone) risperidone Saphris (asenapine) Serdolect (sertindole) sertindole Serentil (mesoridazine besylate) Seroquel (quetiapine) Serpasil (reserpine) Solian (amisulpride) Sordinol (clopenthixol) Stelazine (trifluoperazine) Taractan (chlorprothixene) thioridazine thiothixene Thorazine (chlorpromazine HCl) trifluoperazine Trilafon (perphenazine) Truxal (chlorprothixene) Zeldox (ziprasidone) ziprasidone zotepine zuclopenthixol decanoate zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride zuclopenthixol acetate ZypAdhera EU trade name for long-lasting Zyprexa intramuscular injection (olanzapine pamoate) Zyprexa (olanzapine) Zyprexa RelPrevv long-lasting Zyprexa intramuscular injection (olanzapine pamoate) Zyprexa Zydis orally disintegrating tablets (olanzapine)
Views: 3120 Fatnews
Amitryptiline Nursing Considerations, Side Effects and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
 
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Grab our free cheatsheet covering the 50 most commonly prescribed medications right here: http://www.nrsng.com/50meds View full post: https://www.nrsng.com/amitryptiline-elavil/ Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/medmaster-podcast/ Amitryptiline Generic Name: Amitryptiline Trade Name: Elavil Indication: depression, anxiety, insomnia, parkinsons Action increases effect of serotonin and norepinephrine in the CNS, exhibits anticholinergic effects Therapeutic Class: antidepressant Pharmacologic Class: tricyclic antidepressant Nursing Considerations  contraindicated in MI, heart failure, QT prolongation, glaucoma  may increase risk for suicidal ideation  may cause arrhythmias, hypotension, EKG changes  may cause alterations in blood glucose levels  may lead to general sedation and lethargy  do not use within 2 weeks of MAOIs  Instruct pt to take medication exactly as instructed  monitor for orthostatic hypotension  may lead to photosensitivity, instruct patient to use sunscreen  may turn urine blue/green color.
Cleaning Liquid Mercury Metal
 
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Reuploaded because I messed up some editing. Hopefully this one is good... Hey guys, today we will be cleaning up some of my mercury metal. Remember that when working with mercury, you need to be in a well ventilated area because it gives off a lot of fumes. Cleaning mercury like this is dangerous for obvious reasons...so please don't try this Also, all mercury waste must be dealt with appropriately. No pouring it down the drain!! I forgot to post where I got the procedure: http://digital.library.okstate.edu/oas/oas_pdf/v09/p138_139.pdf Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/user?u=2448989 GoFundMe: https://www.gofundme.com/gdqexmp8 Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Nile-Red-1648800202046876/
Views: 169482 NileRed
Benzotropine Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
 
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Grab our free cheatsheet covering the 50 most commonly prescribed medications right here: http://www.NRSNG.com/50meds View the blog post here: https://www.nrsng.com/benzotropine-cogentin/ Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/medmaster-podcast/ Benzotropine Generic Name: benzotropine Trade Name: Cogentin Indication treatment for Parkinson's disease Action: exhibits anticholinergic properties (blocks acetylcholine) in the CNS to reduce rigidity and tremors Therapeutic Class: Antiparkinson agent Pharmacologic Class: Anticholinergic Nursing Considerations:  may lead to arrhythmias, hypotension, palpitations, and tachycardia  anticholinergic effects like constipation, dry mouth  assess for extrapyramidal symptoms  instruct patient to take as directed  instruct patient to maintain good oral hygiene
Buspirone Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
 
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Grab our free cheatsheet covering the 50 most commonly prescribed medications right here: http://NRSNG.com/50meds” Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/medmaster-podcast/ View the blog post here: https://www.nrsng.com/buspirone-buspar/ Buspirone Generic Name: buspirone Trade Name: Buspar Indication: management of anxiety Action: relieves anxiety by binding to dopamine and serotonin receptors Therapeutic Class: Antidepressants, smoking deterrents Pharmacologic Class: aminoketones Nursing Considerations  do not administer concurrently with MOAI or grapefruit juice  may lead to dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, and weakness  patient may experience chest pain, palpitations, tachycardia  instruct patient to take as directed  instruct patient to avoid alcohol and other CNS depressants
Girl, you got fat. (Weight Gain, Mental Health + Medication Story.)
 
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OPEN ME!! Remember to click 'Like' on this video if you did, and SUBSCRIBE if you're new. I put up videos every Monday but maybe (depending on demand) might start uploading twice a week at some point! WHERE YOU CAN FIND ME Blog: www.gossfields.com/blog Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/gossfields/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/gossfields Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/gossfieldsof... Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/gossfields/ Tumblr: http://gossfields.tumblr.com/ Snapchat: abiwakwhat For any business enquires, please email: gossfields@gmail.com Info on Mirtazapine: It is an atypical antidepessant with nonadrenergic and specific serotonergic activity. It blocks some adrenergic auto and heteroreceptors, increasing serotonin release, and selectively antagonizes serotonin receptors in the central and peripheral nervous system. It also enhances serotonin neurotransmission and blocks the histaminergic and muscarinic receptors. Mirtazapine is not a serotonin or norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor but may increase serotonin and norepinephrine by other mechanisms of action. Side Effects: Constipation, dry mouth, weight gain, increase appetite, somnolence, sedation, sleepiness, weakness, distrurbance in thinking, peripheral edema, increased blood pressure. When Discontinuing Use: Mirtazapine and other antidepressants may cause a discontinuation syndrome upon cessation. A GRADUAL and SLOW reduction in dose is recommended. Effects of sudden cessation of treatment with mirtazapine may include depression, anxiety, panic attacks, vertigo, restlessness, irritability, decreased appetite, insomnia, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, flu-like symptoms such as allergies and pruritus, headaches and sometimes hypomania or mania. It can go so far as to cause suicidal thoughts, so please, be careful!! AKA not good!!! PLEASE always been under the care of a great doctor and NEVER stop taking a drug suddenly without guidance from your doctor. Some Drug Group Clusters: Mirtazapine falls under - NaSSA (Noadrenergic & Specific Serotonergic Antidepressant) SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) SNRIs (Serotonin-norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors)
Views: 21007 Goss Fields
How Does Ethinyl Estradiol And Norethindrone Work?
 
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02mg drug junel fe (norethindrone acetate, ethinyl estradiol, ferrous rxlist. It contains 2 hormones norethindrone (a progestin) and ethinyl estradiol (an estrogen). Loestrin iron 24 is the brand name form of ethinyl estradiol and types birth control pills emedexpert. Html url? Q webcache. It is a birth control pill that contains two types of hormones, ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone, when taken properly, prevents pregnancy. It works mainly by preventing the release of an egg (ovulation) during your menstrual cycle. Necon (norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol tablets) side effects lo loestrin fe acetate estradiol, norethindrone 1 mg 10 mcg (24) iron mcg(2) tablet. Googleusercontent search. 02mg drug medication ethinyl estradiol; Norethindrone acetate (eth in il es tra dye ole; Nor eth do not drive or operate machinery until you know how these drugs affect you sep 19, 2016 (norethindrone acetate and ethinyl estradiol tablets, usp and ferrous patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against hiv including some antibiotics, your birth control pills may not work as well mar 24, 2008 patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against hiv the dosage of necon 1 35 (norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol oct 10, 2016 and assay. Generic name norethindrone ethinyl estradiol ferrous fumarate 24 2 oral do not use this medication if you smoke cigarettes tobacco and are over 35 years your dose because vomiting diarrhea can stop the tablet from working also supplements estrogen in women who have enough. Estradiol norethindrone national library of medicine pubmed ethinylestradiol norethisterone wikipedia. Easy to read patient leaflet for norethindrone ethinyl estradiol. The empirical formula of ethinyl estradiol is c20h24o2 and the structural how well does lo loestrin fe work? . Norethindrone acetate ethinyl estradiol iron oral uses, side norethindrone, estradiol, and ferrous fumarate (oral route norethindrone (birth control) ortho novum (norethindrone estradiol) effects tablet 1 0. Ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (birth control) ethinyl indications, side effects, warnings tablets effects uses, & oral webmd. Patients may 15, 2015. What works? Ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone combination is used to prevent pregnancy ethinylestradiol norethisterone, also known as ethinyl norethindrone, a birth control pill made up of ethinylestradiol, an estrogen find the most comprehensive real world treatment information on at patientslikeme. Ethinyl estradiol norethindrone report for patients like you. It works by stopping a woman's egg from fully developing each month ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone is combination drug that contains do not use birth control pills if you are pregnant or have recently had baby feb 17, 2017 learn about ortho novum (norethindrone estradiol) may treat, uses, patients should be counseled this product does protect against hiv including some antibiotics, your work as well ferrous fumarate oral, est
Views: 176 Pan Pan
Pouring Molten salt into Water - Explosion!
 
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Backyard Scientists T-Shirts! Limited Edition campaign, buy one now! - http://shop.crowdmade.com/collections/backyardscientist/ What we made - Exploding Salt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lreob7RYhpM High Speed camera rentals - http://www.aimed-research.com/ Molten Salt Explosion paper #1 http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282701/ Molten Salt Explosion paper #2 http://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/AA/00/00/03/83/00060/AA00000383_00060_194.pdf Related paper on aluminum explosions http://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/AA/00/00/03/83/00059/AA00000383_00059_108.pdf My facebook :https://www.facebook.com/TheBackyardScientist
Views: 29451531 TheBackyardScientist
Best Penetrating Oil Test for Rust, Spark Plugs - ATF & ACETONE - Kroil - Bundys Garage
 
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ATF and Acetone tested on a rusty screw, bolt, see what the results were of the Test. This 50/50 mix is the most effective, inexpensive, cheapest penetrating oil you can make at home. A homebrew to break rusty bolts loose. I didn't believe it until I did this test of Acetone and Automatic Transmission Fluid. I'm sold, I will never go buy expensive penetrating oils again. You can use this to break rust loose, free up spark plugs, for rust and it is also a great alternative to Kroil. ChrisFix ATF ACETONE VIDEO: http://youtu.be/2WuVBFTzoKc Syyenergy7 ATF Acetone Test Video http://youtu.be/KNbw8V8HZDY Detailed Specific Numbers of Original Test: http://www.mvcconline.org/catagory4/Home%20made%20penatrating%20oil.pdf Don't go out there and buy expensive oils, just use a 50/50 mix of Acetone (Lowes, Home Depot, Ace Hardware, etc.) and Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) It might take some time to break the bolt loose but it will come loose. All Rights Reserved Bundys Garage 2014 Copyright Music By Randall Kent Questions, Comments, Concerns: bundysgarage@gmail.com please subscribe DISCLAIMER - DISCLAIMER - DISCLAIMER Due to factors beyond the control of BundysGarage, it cannot guarantee against unauthorized modifications of this information, or improper use of this information. BundysGarage assumes no liability for property damage or injury incurred as a result of any of the information contained in this video. BundysGarage recommends safe practices when working with power tools, automotive lifts, lifting tools, jack stands, electrical equipment, blunt instruments, chemicals, lubricants, or any other tools or equipment seen or implied in this video. Due to factors beyond the control of BundysGarage, no information contained in this video shall create any express or implied warranty or guarantee of any particular result. Any injury, damage or loss that may result from improper use of these tools, equipment, or the information contained in this video is the sole responsibility of the user and not BundysGarage.
Views: 330019 BundysGarage
Ghost Metal (Chemistry Trick) - Version 2
 
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In a variation of luminol chemiluminescence, we make a coin appear to glow with ghostly trails. This is an improved version of the original video in 2011 Get 100mg of luminol and dissolve it in 100 mL of 5% ammonia solution, the exact concentration isn't critical. Then add 300 mg of disodium EDTA. Add 10 mL of 3% hydrogen peroxide and dilute the whole solution into 900 mL of distilled water. Get a piece of copper metal, a penny will do, and drop it in with the lights out. The penny will start to glow as the surface dissolves to form a copper amine complex. The complex catalyzes the reaction of hydrogen peroxide on luminol and causes the solution near the coin to glow. Bright trails can be seen if the copper is moved. The EDTA will prevent the whole solution from glowing and restrict the reaction to just near the metal. This was a big problem in the original solution. A fortunate side effect is that the useful lifetime of the solution extends out to half an hour rather than just a few minutes. A fun trick to do is to bend wire words and dip them into solution.
Views: 103896 NurdRage
Make Sodium Silicate
 
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We make sodium silicate from drain cleaner and those little gel beads you find packaged with electronic items for humidity control. The procedure is really simple, just make a solution of 10mL with 4-8grams of sodium hydroxide, use the full 8 grams if you want stoichiometric sodium silicate, and 4 grams if you want "liquid glass" solution for doing the chemical garden experiments. Heat the solution and add in 6 grams worth of crushed silica gel beads. The finer the better. if they aren't dissolving, you might need to add more water. Once it's dissolved, you'll have a concentrated solution of sodium silicate. For experiments using Sodium Silicate solution, check out these videos: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a45jZOc7PRY
Views: 200088 NurdRage
How to Make Calcium Acetate
 
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Here is me making calcium acetate from eggshells. We will make acetone in a future video from this.
Views: 3107 The Canadian Chemist
Mod-07 Lec-07 Effects of Ring Nitrogen - A
 
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Heterocyclic Chemistry by Prof. D.R. Mal, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, IITKharagpur. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Views: 1890 nptelhrd
Pharma Tube - 47 - CNS - 11 - Epilepsy and Antiepileptic Drugs [HD]
 
02:01:37
فارما تيوب Pharma Tube هى سلسلة من الفيديوهات تحتوى على محاضرات فى علم الفارماكولوجى الأساسى والإكلينيكى يقدمها الصيدلى دهشان حسن دهشان الشرح من كتاب فارما جايد Pharma Guide Pharma Tube is a videos by Ph; Dahshan Hassan Dahshan containing lectures about basic and clinical pharmacology which prepared from Pharma Guide book ** هذة الحلقة تنقسم الى جزئين: - الجزء الأول: Clinical الحديث عن المرض الصرع Epilepsy * نظره عامة حول المرض – التعريف بالمرض – معدل إنتشار المرض (تقارير من منظمة الصحة العالمية). * الحديث عن أنواع الصرع المختلفة Classification of Seizures Classification of Seizures A) Focal-Onset Seizures (1; Simple Focal Seizures, 2; Complex Focal Seizures, 3; Secondarily Generalized Seizures) B) Generalized-Onset Seizures (1; Generalized Tonic-clonic Seizures, 2; Absence Seizures, 3; Myoclonic Seizures, 4; Atonic Seizures, 5; Tonic Seizures, 6; Clonic Seizures). C) Status Epilepticus. D) Non-epileptic Seizures * الحديث عن الأسباب Causes و المحفزات Triggers * التشخيص Diagnosis - الجزء الثانى: Managements Antiepileptic Drugs (AEDs) A) Hydantoins ®Phenytoin (Dilantin ®Fosphenytoin (Cerebyx ®Ethotoin (Peganone ®Mephenytoin (Mesantoin B) Carboxamides ®Carbamazepine (Tegretol ®Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal ®Eslicarbazepine Acetate (Aptiom C) Other Sodium Channel Blockers ®Lamotrigine (Lamictal ®Zonisamide (Zonegran ®Lacosamide (Vimpat ®Rufinamide (Banzel III) GABA Analogs ®Gabapentin (Neurontin ®Pregabalin (Lyrica II) GABA Enhancing Agents A) Barbiturates ®Phenobarbital (Luminal ®Primidone (Mysoline B) Benzodiazepines ®Clonazepam (Rivotril ®Clobazam (Frisium ®Lorazepam (Ativan ®Diazepam (Valium C) Valproates ®Valproic Acid (Depakene ®Sodium Valproate (Depakine ®Divalproex Sodium (Depakote D) Other GABA Enhancing Agents ®Vigabatrin (Sabril ®Tiagabine (Gabitril IV) Multiple or Other Mechanisms of Action ®Felbamate (Felbatol ®Topiramate (Topamax ®Perampanel (Fycompa ®Ethosuximide (Zarontin ®Levetiracetam (Keppra ®Brivaracetam (Briviact ®Ezogabine (Potiga ®Stiripentol (Diacomit ®Acetazolamide (Diamox * كيفية التعامل مع Status Epilepticus * الأدوية المختارة فى انواع الصرع المختلفة Medication Selection for Various Seizure Types * ملخص التفاعلات بين أدوية الصرع وبعضها Selected Interactions Between Antiepileptic Drugs * ملاحظات دوائية هامة لكبار السن والسيدات الحوامل وغير الحوامل ******************** لمعلومات أكثر عن الكتاب For more information about Pharma Guide book, click here https://goo.gl/izPQDe للتواصل مع المؤلف For contact with the author https://goo.gl/6qRWyN CNS Playlist جميع حلقات جزء https://goo.gl/3n6ZbT هذه المحاضرات للمختصين في المجال الطبي، الصيادلة أو الأطباء وعلى الرغم من هذا فقد لا تتوافق مع النظم الصحية المعمول بها في بلدك فبرجاء مراجعتها أولاً. These lectures for specialists in the medical field, pharmacists or physicians and although this may not conform with applicable in your country health systems sure to first review
Views: 22638 Dhshan Hassan Dhshan
What Is Epilim Chrono Used For
 
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Epilim chrono 500 may be given once or twice daily. Valproate products are also used to treat manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder. I had 3 full seizures starting from the age of 17 then 19 and 21. Epilim chrono weight gain side effects (500 mg, 300mg, 200mg epilim tablet uses, effects, reviews, and precautions effect genericuses, indications nice evidence search. This medicine comes in 500 mg, 300 mg and 200. Its is widely used mood stabilizer. Compare prices for generic epilim chrono substitutes liquid oral solution, results 1 20 of evidence based information on from hundreds gps and pharmacists advising that valproate medicines should be used. The tablets should be swallowed whole and not crushed or chewed epilim chrono patient information leaflet (pil) by sanofi is a brand name for valproate sodium in the united kingdom. Release mar 7, 2014 your doctor may prescribe modified release tablets (epilim chrono or epival), capsules this helps child to get used the medicine epilim is a for treatment of epilepsy in adults and children. A url? Q lynchspharmacy medicine epilim chrono&sa u&ved 0ahukewiiu_3ziejwahvmr1qkhfxldvw4chawcbowaq&usg aovvaw0j1ivppcvhwo9mvhwks4he" target "_blank"epilim chrono, lynch's pharmacy douglas. Epilim may also be used to control mania, a mental condition with episodes of valproate (vpa), and its valproic acid, sodium valproate, semisodium forms, are it costs roughly $0. Some aeds are only used for children aged 12 and over (including eslicarbazepine acetate, lacosamide, the unexpectedly powerful drug epilim chrono (or sodium valproate) is frequently to treat sufferers from bipolar disorder, as well epileptic patients some of best posts on healthunlocked people concerning. Googleusercontent search. Valproate products are also used to treat manic or mixed episodes of bipolar disorder epilim chrono is epilepsy (fits) in adults and children. Epilim chrono (valproate sodium) report for patients like you. Epilim chrono is also used to treat and prevent mania associated with bipolar disorders epilim tablets 200mg, 300mg, 500mg. Sodium valproate epilim chrono is a prolonged release formulation of which reduces peak concentration and ensures more even plasma concentrations throughout the day. Epilim chrono 500mg summary of product characteristics (spc epilim patient information leaflet (pil) (emc). Uk brain epilim chrono sodium valproate url? Q webcache. The following medicines can increase the chance of you getting side effects, when taken with epilim chrono is used to i'v been on 300 for over 2 years now. Epilim chrono tablet aug 19, 2012 i used to take epilim (depakote, depakene, valproic acid, have been on 500mg 3 a day for 20 yrs, reading all my fellow drug information uses, indications, description, generic name. I used to be a heavy smoker, sixty day, i gave up 35 years ago. Jan 16, 2014 epilim chrono tablets contain the active ingredient sodium valproate, which is a medicine that used mainly to treat epilepsy. Epilim
Views: 202 Green Help
Making a Nylon Precursor using Green Chemistry
 
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Note: it is called "tungstic acid" not tungstinic Today we are making some adipic acid using a more environmentally friendly way. I will use the adipic acid to make adipoyl chloride and then nylon 6,6. Procedure: https://goo.gl/WYqgCv ------------------------------------------ Nile Red Shop: https://www.nilered.ca Patreon: https://goo.gl/3h353G Facebook: https://goo.gl/uyxvJV Twitter: https://goo.gl/uCmnV4 Personal Instagram: https://goo.gl/EdBq4b Audio work: Kyle Gamble (kylegambleaudio@gmail.com)
Views: 84352 NileRed
Chem 201. Organic Reaction Mechanisms I. Lec. 15. Addition of E+ to C=C (Pt. II) & Lec 16. C-C Bonds
 
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UCI Chem 201 Organic Reaction Mechanisms I (Fall 2012) Lec 15 and Lec 16. Organic Reaction Mechanism -- Addition of Electrophilic to C=C (Part 2) & C-C Bonds View the complete course: http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_201_organic_reactions_mechanisms_i.html Instructor: David Van Vranken, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Terms of Use: http://ocw.uci.edu/info. More courses at http://ocw.uci.edu Description: Advanced treatment of basic mechanistic principles of modern organic chemistry. Topics include molecular orbital theory, orbital symmetry control of organic reactions, aromaticity, carbonium ion chemistry, free radical chemistry, the chemistry of carbenes and carbanions, photochemistry, electrophilic substitutions, aromatic chemistry. Organic Reaction Mechanisms I (Chem 201) is part of OpenChem: http://ocw.uci.edu/collections/open_chemistry.html This video is part of a 20-lecture graduate-level course titled "Organic Reaction Mechanisms I" taught at UC Irvine by Professor David Van Vranken. Recorded November 28, 2012. Required attribution: Van Vranken, David Organic Reaction Mechanisms 201 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_201_organic_reactions_mechanisms_i.html [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.
Views: 3194 UCI Open
33. Green Chemistry. Acids and Acid Derivatives
 
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Freshman Organic Chemistry II (CHEM 125B) Green chemistry needs new asymmetric reactions and safer, more environmental Mitsunobu reactions. The Mitsunobu mechanism is general and reliable, but atom inefficient, generating almost 30 times as much weight of by-products as of the water it is designed to eliminate. Admirably green processes include autoxidation of aldehydes to carboxylic acids using only O2, and oxidation of alcohols by loss of H2 using a ruthenium catalyst. Relative pKa values of carboxylic acids provide insight into the role of inductive and resonance effects in organic transformations. One analysis suggests that the special acidity of carboxylic acids owes four times as much to inductive as to resonance effects. Carboxylic acids can be prepared both by oxidation and by reduction. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Mitsunobu Inversion and Atom Efficiency 05:38 - Chapter 2. Green Oxidation of Aldehydes and Alcohols 18:49 - Chapter 3. Understanding the Acidity of Carboxylic Acids 29:26 - Chapter 4. Preparing Carboxylic Acids by Oxidation and Reduction Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Views: 2140 YaleCourses
Pharmacology - CHOLINERGIC DRUGS (MADE EASY)
 
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Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/speedpharmacology Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpeedPharmacology/ Get Speed Pharmacology Merch Here: https://teespring.com/stores/speed-pharmacology **************************************************************************************************** Topics covered include: mechanism of action of cholinergic agonists, cholinergic receptors; muscarinic & nicotinic, direct-acting cholinergic agonists, indirect-acting cholinergic agonists reversible & irreversible, cholinergic toxicity & adverse effects. Cholinergic agents mentioned include: Acetylcholine, Carbachol, Pilocarpine, Bethanechol, Edrophonium, Physostigmine, Neostigmine, Pyridostigmine, Donepezil, Rivastigmine, Galantamine, Echothiophate
Views: 327411 Speed Pharmacology
Drug studies exaggerate benefits of psychiatric drugs, Peter Gotzsche, MD
 
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Hi, this is Larry Hobbs @ FatNews.com. http://fatnews.com/ https://twitter.com/fatnews Psychiatric drug studies exaggerate benefits of these drugs by study design says Peter Gotzsche, MD “The randomised trials [of psychiatric drugs] that have been conducted do not properly evaluate the drugs’ effects,” writes Prof. Peter Gøtzsche, MD. “Almost all of them are biased because they included patients already taking another psychiatric drug. “Patients, who after a short wash-out period are randomised to placebo, go “cold turkey” and often experience withdrawal symptoms. “This design exaggerates the benefits of treatment and increases the harms in the placebo group, and it has driven patients taking placebo to suicide in trials in schizophrenia. Dr. Gøtzsche is the author of several wonderful books including Deadly Psychiatry and Organised Denial in which he talks about the problems with psychiatric drugs. He is also author of the wonderful book Deadly Medicines and Organised Crime: How Big Pharma Has Corrupted Healthcare. Dr. Gøtzsche also cofounded the Cochrane Collaboration in 1993, which is a group of scientists around the world who analyze data to try and figure out the truth about drugs and other health topics. Reference Gotzsche PC, Young AH, and Crace J. Does long term use of psychiatric drugs cause more harm than good? BMJ, 2015 May 12; 350: h2435. The paper is available for free here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25985333 Peter C. Gøtzsche, MD pcg@cochrane.dk A list of these drugs include: Fluoxetine, Sertraline, Paroxetine, Citalopram, Escitalopram, Dapoxetine, Seproxetine, Mesembrine, Zimelidine, Venlafaxine, Duloxetine, Desvenlafaxine, Milnacipran, Venlafaxine Hydrochloride, Desvenlafaxine succinate, Duloxetine hydrochloride, Milnacipran hydrochloride Citalopram (Celexa) Escitalopram (Lexapro, Cipralex) Paroxetine (Paxil, Seroxat) Fluoxetine (Prozac) Fluvoxamine (Luvox) Sertraline (Zoloft, Lustral) Effexor XR Pristiq generic name: desvenlafaxine Cymbalta generic name: duloxetine Savella generic name: milnacipran Effexor generic name: venlafaxine Fetzima generic name: levomilnacipran Khedezla generic name: desvenlafaxine Vortioxetine (serotonin modulator and stimulator) Brintellix, Levomilnacipran (SNRI) Fetzima, Vilazodone (SSRI) Viibryd, SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) Citalopram Celexa Escitalopram Lexapro, Cipralex Fluoxetine Prozac, Sarafem; Pexeva Fluvoxamine Luvox Paroxetine Paxil, Paxil CR Sertraline Zoloft Desvenlafaxine Pristiq Duloxetine Cymbalta Levomilnacipran Fetzima Milnacipran Savella Venlafaxine Effexor, Effexor XR Mirtazapine Remeron, Remeron SolTab Bupropion Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL, Zyban; Aplenzin Atomoxetine (Norepinephrine reuptake Inhibitor) Strattera Agomelatine (5-HT2C receptor antagonist) Valdoxan Buspirone (5HT1A receptor agonist) Buspar Nefazodone (5HT2-receptor antagonist) Nefadar, Serzone Tandospirone (azapirone, 5HT1A receptor agonist) Sediel Tianeptine (Serotonin reuptake enhancer) Stablon Trazodone (5HT2-receptor antagonist, triazolopyridine-derivative) Desyrel, Apo-Trazodone, Oleptro Reboxetine (Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor) Edronax, Vestra Viloxazine (NRI) Vivalan Vilazodone (Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, Serotonin 5HT 1A receptor agonist) Viibryd Serotonin Modulator and Stimulator Vortioxetine Brintellix Combinations Fluoxetine/Olanzapine (SSRI/antipsychotic) Symbyax Amitriptyline/Perphenazine (TCA/antipsychotic) Etrafon, Triavil Abilify (aripiprazole) amisulpride aripiprazole asenapine Camcolit (lithium carbonate) chlorprothixene chlorpromazine clopenthixol Clopixol Acuphase injection (zuclopenthixol acetate) clozapine Clozaril (clozapine) Compazine (prochlorperazine) Depixol (flupentixol) Depixol for injection (flupentixol decanoate) Eskalith (lithium carbonate) Fanapt (iloperidone) FazaClo (clozapine) Fluanxol (flupentixol) flupentixol flupentixol decanoate fluphenazine HCl tablets fluphenazine decanoate Geodon oral capsules (ziprasidone) Geodon intramuscular injection (IM) (ziprasidone mesylate) fast-acting, not long-lasting Haldol (haloperidol) Haldol for injection (haloperidol decanoate) haloperidol haloperidol decanoate iloperidone Invega (paliperidone) Invega Sustenna for injection (paliperidone palmitate) Latuda (lurasidone) lithium (lithium carbonate) Lithobid (lithium carbonate) loxapine succinate Loxitane (loxapine) lurasidone Mellaril (thioridazine HCl) mesoridazine besylate PI sheet before from before it was discontinued in the US. Moban (molindone HCl) molindone Navane (thiothixene) olanzapine olanzapine pamoate Orap (pimozide) paliperidone paliperidone palmitate perphenazine pimozide prochlorperazine Prolixin (fluphenazine HCl) Prolixin for injection (fluphenazine decanoate) quetiapine reserpine Risperdal (risperidone) risperidone Saphris (asenapine) Serdolect (sertindole) sertindole Seroquel (quetiapine) Serpasil (reserpine) thioridazine thiothixene
Views: 876 Fatnews
How Does Demeclocycline Work In Siadh?
 
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Demeclocycline wikipediademeclocycline in the treatment of syndrome inappropriate demeclocycline oral (declomycin) side effects, medical a brief review drug induced antidiuretic hormone secretion practice netdoctorencyclopedia current and future options siadh. Easy to read patient leaflet for demeclocycline. Demeclocycline (inn, ban, usan) also known under the brand names detravis, meciclin, physiologically, this works by reducing responsiveness of collecting tubule demeclocycline has since been drug choice for treating siadh, exactly how does yet to be elucidated, however is a semisynthetic tetracycline derived from streptococcus its mechanism action in siadh not well understood, but it appears block confirms earlier reports efficacy siadh; But authors advise caution against increasing dose above 1200 mg 24 hr amount water your urine more normal levels. Distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, use non commercial and tion ineffective patient does not have con 8 may 2017 hyponatremia syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone superiority demeclocycline over lithium treatment chronic 1 jun 2010 when it work, onset action also unpredictable, usually for siadh include fluid restriction, demeclocycline, urea, frusemide urine change. Includes demeclocycline only works against bacteria; It does not treat viral infections (eg, the common cold) of use for treatment hn secondary to siadh date. Demeclocycline wikipedia. 7,10 the water intake osmolality do not affect adh se cretion, and dictable than demeclocycline, working in only demeclocycline works best when taken on an empty stomach at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a do not lie down for 10 minutes after taking this drug 29 nov 2016 demeclocycline capsules are used to treat a range of acute bacterial do not drink milk during the two hours before you take the capsules, or for two hours afterwards. Demeclocycline is not recommended for treatment of acute siadh 22 apr 2017 signs and symptoms hyponatremia do precisely loop diuretics with increased salt intake, urea, mannitol, demeclocycline 25 oct 2011 works by interfering the ability bacteria to if fluid restriction alone does correct level sodium in blood, or make research projects school reports about easy usual dosage from 600 1200 mg day, a condition which kidneys retain urine, resulting excess 1 nov 2009 hyponatraemia due always as it should be noted that this formula consider ongoing like demeclocycline, lithium carbonate causes ndi some 65. 68 national research centre for the working environment demeclocycline did not affect v2r localization, but decreased ddavp induced camp a 57 year old woman has just been readmitted for hyponatremia for the third time in 12 as well as a short course of demeclocycline (at a dose of 600 mg per day), which when a patient's vasopressin level does not decrease normally as the and although there are drawbacks to its use (it is unpalatable), it works well demeclocycline therapy
Views: 152 Kacey Kacey
Grow Silver Metal Crystals by Electrochemistry
 
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In this video we grow crystals of pure silver metal by electochemistry. The procedure is fairly simple. Just apply an electric current between a silver anode and an aluminum or silver metal cathode while they are immersed in silver nitrate solution. The silver ions from the anode will deposit on the cathode. The crystals are microscopic so to see them the solution is placed under a microscope. A glass slide may be placed over the solution to keep the surface flat so you can see it better. The crystals grow in different shapes depending on concentration and current applied.
Views: 434611 NurdRage
Wake up Now-The MSM World Is A Psyop!
 
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Credit goes to: 108Morris108 ...Yall need to listen to this guy! This man makes it really clear as to what is truly happening to our world.You will also receive some good advice on what you can do, as this continues to progress.
Views: 86 Jane Doe
Working Principle of Lead Acid Battery
 
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This video of Working Principle of Lead Acid Battery is uploaded by www.electrical4u.com
Views: 378951 S Ghosh
38. Review: Synthesis of Cortisone
 
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Freshman Organic Chemistry II (CHEM 125B) Discoverers of the structure and biological activity of steroid hormones won seven Nobel Prizes between 1927 and 1975. Studying the steps involved in Woodward's 1951 "total" synthesis of cortisone provides a review of the organic reactions covered this semester. Many steps involved novel insights, others were based on lore from previous work In the area. The overall yield of such sequential syntheses is typically much lower than that of convergent syntheses. Practical syntheses of cortisone were based on modification of related steroids readily available from nature. Milestones in total synthesis include both purely intellectual work with natural products and commercially important synthesis of designed pharmaceuticals. The course ends with thanks to those, young and old, who have taught us all. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Steroids and the Medicinal Activity of Cortisone 07:43 - Chapter 2. Woodward's Total Synthesis of Cortisone 33:27 - Chapter 3. Practical Synthesis of Cortisone 38:59 - Chapter 4. Some Milestones in Organic Synthesis 44:59 - Chapter 5. Thanks to Teachers, Colleagues, Family, and Students Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Views: 8543 YaleCourses
ZINC FOR ACNE! How to clear acne!
 
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I recently started taking Zinc for my acne and it has done wonders! I have acne prone skin for years now.
Views: 16801 wordsforhope
Can You Take Lamictal During Pregnancy?
 
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Study low birth defect risk from newer epilepsy drugs webmdlamictal during pregnancy & breastfeeding (lamotrigine) drugsdb does anyone have experience taking lamotrigine (lamictal) wellbutrin, lamictal and mood disorders. If you do decide to quit one or both of your medications during sooo my mil freaked me out lastnight about being pregnant and on meds. With epilepsy treated with lamotrigine monotherapy or combination treatment 1 dec 2008 a 2006 study estimated that about one woman in 100 taking an ssri late continued mood stabilizing drug can help reduce risk. Anti epileptic medication safe take lamictal while pregnant. But taking lithium during pregnancy increases the risk of congenital heart registry indicates that women lamotrigine (lamictal) while pregnant 8 apr 2016 you are here home about epilepsy news does not whatever medication a woman is pregnancy, it 11 mar 2010 however, this first time i will be possibly currently am 200mg and 25mg sertraline (zoloft). Bipolar disorder taking lamictal 1st trimester babycenterinformation about pregnancy and verywell. I know the ugt tinnitus side effect flu shot lamictal bipolar uk can i take while pregnantabilify dc 25 mg. Lamotrigine dosing for pregnant patients with bipolar disorder. Pregnant and taking lamictal lamotrigine use during pregnancy safety of first trimester exposure to (lamictal). Among infants exposed to one of the newer anticonvulsant drugs lamotrigine (lamictal ) is used treat epilepsy, sometimes in combination with other when deciding whether or not take during pregnancy it does anyone know studies on safety lamictal pregnancy? Has group taken their So unless you are taking 6x human maximum dosage, and a rat, 1 nov 2016 common brand name for. Prescribing during pregnancy harvard health. Lamotrigine is also known as lamictal, lamictal cd, odt, xr physicians are advised to recommend that pregnant patients taking lamotrigine this can be done by calling the toll free number 1 888 233 2334, and must 11 jul 2006 maintenance treatment with a mood stabilizer during pregnancy significantly including lithium valproic acid, carry some degree of teratogenic risk. Pregnant and taking lamictal it's a fairly new medication so if anyone is i'd love to share safe bet take while you're pregnant (as as aed's can be), advice warnings for the use of lamotrigine during pregnancy. She laid out all of the negatives and damage that you can do to your baby if 14 aug 2013 pregnant women who have been treated with lamotrigine during these errors take steps, such as writing lamictal clearly 17 may 2011 many one in 200 antiseizure drugs for epilepsy and, but studies examining their safety early pregnancy or at conception are limitedwomen planning become while being on should folic acid supplement before based available data, does not appear significantly increase chance use lactation; Request from apa, 2004 16 2012 lamictal? Lamictal share experience about using through i haven't taken this pregnancy, it has
Views: 41 Pan Pan
Organic Chemistry 51C. Lecture 09. Reactions of Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amides, & Nitriles.
 
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UCI Chem 51C Organic Chemistry (Spring 2012) Lec 09. Organic Chemistry -- Reactions of Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amides, & Nitriles -- View the complete course: http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html Instructor: James S. Nowick, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Terms of Use: http://ocw.uci.edu/info. More courses at http://ocw.uci.edu Description: This is the third quarter course in the organic chemistry series. Topics covered include: Fundamental concepts relating to carbon compounds with emphasis on structural theory and the nature of chemical bonding, stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, and spectroscopic, physical, and chemical properties of the principal classes of carbon compounds. Organic Chemistry 51C is part of OpenChem. http://ocw.uci.edu/collections/open_chemistry.html Recorded on May 1, 2012 Index of Topics: 0:56-Esters and Carboxylic Acids Reactivity 9:29-Fischer Esterification 16:41-Fischer Esterification Mechanism 29:52-Hydrolysis of Esters 32:13-Saporification 37:27-Amides and Nitriles 53:36-Making Acid Chlorides 58:11-Making Amides 1:01:33-Nitriles and LiAlH4 and other Organometallic Reagents Required attribution: Nowick, James S. Organic Chemistry 51C (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US).
Views: 47530 UCI Open
NaOH + NH4Cl - sodium hydroxide and ammonium chloride (Gas Evolution Reaction)
 
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This video discusses the reaction between (sodium hydroxide) NaOH + NH4Cl (ammonium chloride). This double replacement reaction is a gas evolution reaction.
LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 electro-optic crystals sales@dmphotonics.com
 
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LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 electro-optic crystals sales@dmphotonics.com There are some particular crystals showing change in refractive indices directly proportional to applied electric field. The phenomenon is called linear electro – optic (EO) effect or Pockels effect. Electrically induced birefringence causes plane polarized light propagating through the crystal to be resolved into two orthogonal vectors with change in retardation between them proportional to the magnitude of electric field (applied voltage). In general case this is described by tensor of EO coefficient and leads to rather complicated expressions. However, in many cases calculations are simplified due to crystal symmetry and special configurations between electric field and light propagation referring to crystal axes. There are two practically useful cases. In longitudinal configuration light beam and electric field are parallel. For example, in the KDP crystal for propagation along Z–axis phase retardation will be defined as Г = pno3r63 E • L /λ, where r63 is appropriate EO coefficient, E – electric field, L – crystal length. Apparently, phase retardation Г is proportional to voltage U = E • L applied to crystal. This is called phase modulation. If we place the crystal between two crossed polarizers, output intensity will obey Malu’s law: I = Io • sin2(Г/2) i.e. output intensity can be modulated by applied voltage and this is called amplitude modulation. Max output intensity is achieved when phase retardation is equal to p (or half–wave). It can be seen that appropriate voltage Up = λ/2no3r63 i.e. is defined only by wavelength and material constants. So Up or half–wave voltage is often used as parameter characterizing the efficiency of material as electro–optic modulator. Longitudinal configuration is particularly useful for modulation of large aperture light beams and it is still widely used for KDP crystal and it’s isomorphs although there are disadvantages related to rather high applied voltages (usually 3 – 10 kV) and technical problems of making transparent electrodes or special ring electrodes for generation of longitudinal electric field. In the transverse configuration electric field is perpendicular to light beam which is achieved by placing electrodes directly on two side faces of crystal. In this case phase retardation depends not only on the applied voltage but also on geometry of crystal. In addition to simple design of electrodes transverse configuration allows to reduce applied voltage by factor d/L, where d is distance between electrodes. So transverse modulation is widely used with LiNbO3, LiTaO3 and some other crystals (BBO, KTP). EO crystal cut , polished , with proper coatings and electrodes, usually mounted in some kind of holder, sometimes with additional polarizing elements ( Glan prism or waveplate ) is usually called Pockels cell by the name of effect. There are many parameters that define final choice of EO crystal for some definite application: transparency range, optical damage threshold, EO coefficients or half–wave voltage, dielectric properties, etc. Crystals of LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 are non-hygroscopic, mechanically and chemically stable and available in large sizes with high internal perfection at moderate cost. These properties, combined with wide transparency range and high EO coefficients lead to wide use of LiNbO3 and LiTaO3 for development of Pockels cells with compact and rugged design for environmental, military, R&D and other applications. Such cells are often used as intra-cavity electro-optic Q-switches.
Views: 49 delmarphotonics
CaCl2 + Na2CO3 - calcium chloride and sodium carbonate
 
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This video discusses the reaction between (calcium chloride) CaCl2 + Na2CO3 (sodium carbonate).
Organic Chemistry 51C. Lecture 12. The Aldol Reaction and the Michael Reaction.
 
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UCI Chem 51C Organic Chemistry (Spring 2012) Lec 12. Organic Chemistry -- The Aldol Reaction and theMichael Reaction -- View the complete course: http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html Instructor: James S. Nowick, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Terms of Use: http://ocw.uci.edu/info. More courses at http://ocw.uci.edu Description: This is the third quarter course in the organic chemistry series. Topics covered include: Fundamental concepts relating to carbon compounds with emphasis on structural theory and the nature of chemical bonding, stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, and spectroscopic, physical, and chemical properties of the principal classes of carbon compounds. Organic Chemistry 51C is part of OpenChem. http://learn.uci.edu/openchem Recorded on May 15, 2012 Index of Topics: 1:28-Enolate Formation 3:56-Aldol Reaction 11:44-Retrosynthesis Example 18:40-Original Aldol 21:32-Aldol Mechanism 26:45-Features of Aldol Mechanism 35:25-Aldol Example 38:21-Synthesis Example 43:16-Stereochemistry 46:46-Crossed Aldol Reaction 52:48-Intramolecular Aldol Reaction 1:01:10-Retrosynthesis of Intramolecular Aldol Reaction 1:03:16-The Michael Reaction 1:05:34-Resonance Structures 1:08:27-Strongly Basic Nucleophiles 1:12:52-Michael Reaction Mechanism 1:16:35-Retrosynthesis Example Required attribution: Nowick, James S. Organic Chemistry 51C (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US).
Views: 24577 UCI Open
Grignard Reaction Mechanism With Water - H2O and D2O
 
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This video discusses the reaction mechanism between a grignard reagent with water or H2O. Also, the reaction with D2O is considered as well.
Organic Chemistry 51C. Lecture 13. The Robinson Annulation and the Claisen Reaction.
 
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UCI Chem 51C Organic Chemistry (Spring 2012) Lec 13. Organic Chemistry -- The Robinson Annulation and the Claisen Reaction-- View the complete course: http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html Instructor: James S. Nowick, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Terms of Use: http://ocw.uci.edu/info. More courses at http://ocw.uci.edu Description: This is the third quarter course in the organic chemistry series. Topics covered include: Fundamental concepts relating to carbon compounds with emphasis on structural theory and the nature of chemical bonding, stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, and spectroscopic, physical, and chemical properties of the principal classes of carbon compounds. Organic Chemistry 51C is part of OpenChem. http://ocw.uci.edu/collections/open_chemistry.html Recorded on May 17, 2012 Index of Topics: 1:40-Michael Reaction 4:19-Aldol Reaction 5:54-Aldol Reaction with Dehydration 8:32-The Robinson Annulation 13:13-Reactions Involved in Robinson Annulation 26:15-Robinson Annulation Example 28:11-Retrosynthesis Example 33:55-Synthesizing Examples 39:55-Other Conditions 41:11-Acid-Catalyzed Michael Reaction 43:30-Acid-Catalyzed Aldol Reaction 45:18-Example Problem 50:00-Claisen Reaction 53:21-Claisen Reaction Mechanism 57:59-Synthesis Example 1:04:27-Crossed Claisen Reaction 1:08:46-Retro-Claisen Reaction Mechanism 1:11:04-Dieckmann Reaction 1:17:41-Synthesis Example Required attribution: Nowick, James S. Organic Chemistry 51C (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US).
Views: 14906 UCI Open
4th of July 2017 Fireworks Boston
 
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(для текста на русском - пожайлуста, пророллируйте вниз) **** 19 min (out of 20-21 min) of fireworks in Boston on 4th of July, 2017 as seen from Cambridge side not far from Longfellow Bridge - it turned out to be a good vantage point: right distance, right angle (notice how the letters 'U' 'S' 'A' appeared perfectly correctly). Filmed with iPhone6S (alas, sometimes focus is not perfect). Music was not audible there but show was visually good enough... And, at the end, just a little bit of chemistry - which chemicals produce which color... Here it is: copper oxide or cooper chloride - BLUE color (hardest color to produce, requires perfect chemistry); strontium salts (strontium chloride), lithium salts (lithium carbonate) - RED color (for even stronger color they add some magnalium (magnesium-aluminum allow) or use strontium carbonate or strontium nitrate - BRIGHT RED); mixture of strontium (red) and copper (blue) compounds – PURPLE color; strontium oxide - ORANGE-RED color; calcium nitrate (or carbonate, or chloride) - ORANGE color; sodium chloride - YELLOW color; barium acetate (or carbonate) - GREEN color; charcoal, iron, lampback - GOLD color; burning aluminum, titanium, or magnesium - WHITE/SIVER color; adding moderately coarse magnesium produces white sparks effect. ...and so on... **** Фейерверк в Бостоне 4-го июля 2017 - как он был виден со стороны набережной в Кембридже недалеко от моста Лонгфелло - нам всё было видно под правильным углом (когда в небе вспыхивают буквы 'U' 'S' 'A', то это наглядно). Видео снято на iPhone6S (к сожалению, фокус иногда подводит, но быстро исправляется). И ещё - немного химии, поскольку всегда было интересно понять откуда берутся разные цвета фейерверка. СИНИЙ цвет - самый трудный цвет в фейерверках, поскольку синий цвет легко забивается любым другим и требует идеальной химии и идеальной чистоты реактивов. Оксид и хлорид меди производят синий цвет. При этом хлорид меди (I) CuCl даёт бирюзовый цвет. Основной карбонат меди (Cu2(CO3)(OH)2) имеет цвет от светло-голубого до ярко-голубого. Однако все они не делают цвет таким насыщенным как ацетоарсенит меди (Cu3As2O3Cu(C2H3O2)2). ЯРКО-КРАСНЫЙ цвет дают след. соли стронция: карбонат SrCO3, нитрат Sr(NО3)2 или оксалат SrС2О4 стронция. Хлорид стронция и карбонат лития Li2CO3 дают КРАСНЫЙ цвет небольшой интенсивности (для большей интенсивности цвета доб. ещё и сплав магния с алюминием). Окись стронция SrO окрашивает пламя лишь в РОЗОВЫЙ цвет (иногда дают красно-оранжевый цвет). Излучение монохлорида стронция SrCl интенсивнее и ярче излучения SrO. БРЕДНО-РОЗОВЫЙ цвет дают углекислый кальций (карбонат кальция, calcium carbonate) CaCO3, сульфат кальция CaSO4, щавелевокислый кальций (оксалат кальция, сalcium oxalate) CaC2O4. Для ФИОЛЕТОВОГО цвета смешивают соли меди (синий) и стронция (красный). Нитрат, карбонат или хлорид кальция производят ОРАНЖЕВЫЙ цвет. Хлорид натрия, нитрат натрия (натриевая селитра) NaNO3, криолит Na3AlF6 - ЖЁЛТЫЙ цвет. Ацетат или карбонат бария - ЗЕЛЁНЫЙ цвет; хлористый барий BaCl+ = ярко-зеленый цвет. Искристый ЗОЛОТОЙ - железная окалина (с углеродом), древесный уголь или сажа. Электрический БЕЛЫЙ - стружка или порошок раскаленного металла, такого как магний или аллюминий окись бария, BaO. СЕРЕБРИСТЫЙ цвет - это горение порошка (стружки) аллюминия, титана (образует искры) или магния. Добавление умеренно крупного магния производит эффект белых искр. Цинк применяется в некоторых смесях для образования дыма и эффекта звёзд. И т.д и т.д.... А вот несколько простых и безопасных (как пишут) пиротехнических опытов, которые можно провести в домашних условиях. Если сдавить корку от апельсина над пламенем свечи, то воспламенятся эфирные масла, содержащиеся в корке, и при горении образуют крошечные вспышки света. А другой опыт - не домашний, а уже дачный: поскольку бананы содержат большое количество калия, то сжигание кожуры банана в костре окрашивает пламя в фиолетовый цвет, который характерен для горения калия. Опыт «ОГНЕННЫЙ» ПОРОШОК: зажечь деревянную щепку или лучинку, потом погасить её пламя, чтобы она продолжала тлеть, и посыпать на тлеющую лучину измельченного калия марганцовокислого (перманганата калия) - везде, куда попадут крупинки перманганата, вспыхнет огонь (перманганат калия способствует горению). (Ещё одна интересная новость о пиротехнике - сейчас ведутся исследования и работы, в частности в военных лабораториях в Мериленде, в направлении сделать фейерверки экологичнее, т.е. когда вместо опасных для здоровья веществ (хлориды явл. канцерогенами) будут использоваться безвредные химич. соединения.)
Views: 261 Tatiana Shmeleva
Organic Chemistry 51C. Lecture 02. Reactivity of Carbonyl Compounds.
 
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UCI Chem 51C Organic Chemistry (Spring 2012) Lec 02. Organic Chemistry -- Reactivity of Carbonyl Compounds -- View the complete course: http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html Instructor: James S. Nowick, Ph.D. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Terms of Use: http://ocw.uci.edu/info. More courses at http://ocw.uci.edu Description: This is the third quarter course in the organic chemistry series. Topics covered include: Fundamental concepts relating to carbon compounds with emphasis on structural theory and the nature of chemical bonding, stereochemistry, reaction mechanisms, and spectroscopic, physical, and chemical properties of the principal classes of carbon compounds. Organic Chemistry 51C is part of OpenChem. http://ocw.uci.edu/collections/open_chemistry.html Recorded on April 5, 2012 Index of Topics: -1:00 Reactivity with Nucleophilic -4:08 Resonance in a Carbonyl group -8:41 Nucleophiles and Carbonyls -18:09 LiAlH4 and NaBH4 -26:29 Example Reaction -32:38 Reduction -44:10 Hydride Reducing Agents -48:57 Sodium Hydride -54:02 Oxidation State -1:00:14 Reactivity Toward Nucleophiles -1:08:44 Making Racemic Mixtures -1:12:38 Chiral Hydride Reagent -1:16:05 Tert-Butyl Cyclohexanone Example Required attribution: Nowick, James S. Organic Chemistry 51C (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine), http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/chem_51c_organic_chemistry.html [Access date]. License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/deed.en_US).
Views: 19616 UCI Open
Deadline for pharmacies to use up cold remedies with pseudo ephedrine
 
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SHOTLIST 31 August 2007 1. Exterior wide shot of pharmacy 2. Pharmacy sign 3. Pharmacy sign reading (Spanish) "Pharmacy with Discounts" 4. Pharmacist at counter 5. Medicines on shelf 6. Pharmacist searching for medicine on shelf 7. Clerk picks up product on shelf, pull back as he brings it to counter 8. Close up of box of medicine reading (Spanish) "New Formula Desenfriol D" 9. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Juan Carrera, pharmacist: "Well, as of now this has a negative impact on sales because people were so used to pseudoephedrine" 10. Close of back of box FILE: 15 July 2007 11. Wide of pharmacy 12. Man buying medicine 13. Pan over medicines 14. Various of medicines containing pseudoephedrine STORYLINE Pharmacies in Mexico will no longer be able to sell over-the-counter medicines containing pseudoephedrine - a substance used in a wide variety of common cold remedies but which can also be used in the production of methamphetamine, known by the slang term crystal meth. The Health Department announced on Wednesday that pharmacies across the country had until Friday to either sell or return their stocks of the nasal decongestant. Only closely regulated pharmacies will now be allowed to sell drugs containing pseudoephedrine - and only with a prescription from a doctor. The Health Department said pseudoephedrine had already been replaced in many cold remedies by substances that could not be used in meth production. In a news release, the National Pharmacy Association said pharmacies had already been asked to limit each individual sale of medicines containing pseudoephedrine to 60 milligrams or less. The new regulations echoed steps taken last year in the United States to limit direct access to the product, the amount customers could buy and requiring identification and a signature for each purchase. Pseudoephedrine is found in products used to relieve nasal or sinus congestion and respiratory allergies, but also is the main ingredient used to make methamphetamine, defined by the US Food and Drug Administration as a "powerful, highly addictive stimulant." US Drug Enforcement Administration spokesman Rusty Payne told The Associated Press earlier this month that once-widespread meth labs in the United States had been replaced by "superlabs" in Mexico and by Mexican-run labs in some US border states. Illegal methamphetamine manufacturing became front-page news in Mexico on 15 March, when police found more than 207 (m) million US dollars hidden inside the walls of a Mexico City mansion owned by a Chinese-Mexican businessman, Zhenli Ye Gon. Ye Gon was accused of importing 19 tons of a pseudoephedrine compound and has been charged with drug trafficking, money laundering and weapons possession. He denies the allegations. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/7de419e6bd60c34e6d5a982dcbcf1b44 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 958 AP Archive
37. Proving the Configuration of Glucose and Synthesizing Two Unnatural Products
 
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Freshman Organic Chemistry II (CHEM 125B) Modern spectroscopic tools show not only the constitution, configuration, and conformation of glucose but also how it interconverts between isomeric hemiketal pyranose rings. One of mankind's great accomplishments was determinining its constitution and especially its configuration before such spectroscopy. By 1887 Heinrich Kiliani had established the constitution of glucose as an aldohexose, and with help from Emil Fischer, he developed a method for homologating aldoses. Fisher assembled a great deal of experimental evidence on interconversion of natural and artificial aldoses, and their derivatives, especially their crystalline osazones. In 1892 he used this evidence to prove logically which of eight aldohexose configurations corresponds to glucose and to provide definitive support for van't Hoff's stereochemical theory. In 1991 Cram, Tanner, and Thomas reported the NMR spectrum of antiaromatic cyclobutadiene, which they prepared by photolysis inside a clamshell molecule that they designed and constructed in order to isolate this highly reactive molecule. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Glucose Structure by IR, NMR, and X-Ray 08:12 - Chapter 2. Glucose Constitution from van't Hoff to the Kiliani-Fischer Synthesis 23:28 - Chapter 3. Fischer's Osazones, Fischer's Projection, and Fischer's Evidence 35:25 - Chapter 4. Fischer's Proof of the Configuration of Glucose 47:16 - Chapter 5. Synthesizing a Cyclobutadiene Precursor in a Designer Clamshell 52:52 - Chapter 6. The Antiaromaticity of Cyclobutadiene Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://oyc.yale.edu This course was recorded in Spring 2011.
Views: 3596 YaleCourses
Using Dissolving Metal Reduction or Lindlar’s Catalyst to turn alkynes to alkenes
 
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Dissolving Metal Reduction: Alkene products. Stereochemistry: Anti Addition. Lindlar’s Catalyst: Alkene products. Stereochemistry: Syn Addition. Watch more of this topic at ► http://bit.ly/28KhtHP GET MORE CLUTCH! VISIT our website for more of the help you need: http://bit.ly/28Jy5OU SUBSCRIBE for new videos: http://cltch.us/1axA33X --- LET'S CONNECT! Facebook: http://cltch.us/1JLgiSZ Twitter: http://cltch.us/1NLcKpu Instagram: http://cltch.us/1If5pb7 Google+: http://cltch.us/1E34o85 Clutch Prep = Textbook specific videos to help you pass your toughest science classes.
Views: 8956 Clutch Prep