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Hypercalcemia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is hypercalcemia? Hypercalcemia's a condition in which there are higher than normal levels of free ionized calcium in the blood. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Просмотров: 156604 Osmosis
Hypercalcemia - Too Much Calcium, Animation
 
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Hypercalcemia: calcium metabolism, hormonal control, etiology, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, prognosis. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia This video and other related images/videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here : https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/all-animations/endocrine-system-videos ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Voice by: Ashley Ottesen All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The amount of calcium in circulation is MAINLY regulated by 2 hormones: parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitriol. PTH is produced in the parathyroid gland while calcitriol is made in the kidney. When serum calcium level is low, PTH is UP-regulated. PTH acts to PROMOTE calcium release from bones and REDUCE calcium loss from urine. At the same time, it stimulates production of calcitriol, which promotes absorption of calcium in the small intestine while also INcreases RE-absorption in the kidney. Together, they bring UP calcium levels back to normal. The REVERSE happens when calcium level is high. This feedback loop keeps serum calcium concentrations within the normal range. HYPERcalcemia is generally defined as serum calcium level GREATER than 2.6 mmol/L. Because the total serum calcium includes albumin-bound and free-ionized calcium, of which only the LATTER is physiologically active, calcium levels must be corrected to account for albumin changes. For example, INcreased albumin levels produce HIGHER serum calcium values but the amount of FREE calcium may STILL be normal. On the other hand, in conditions with low blood pH, albumin binds LESS calcium; releasing MORE FREE calcium while the total serum calcium may appear normal. Most symptoms of hypercalcemia can be attributed to the effect it has on action potential generation in neurons. High levels of extracellular calcium INHIBIT sodium channels, which are essential for DEpolarization. Hypercalcemia therefore REDUCES neuronal excitability, causing confusion, lethargy, muscle weakness and constipation. In most cases, excess calcium in the blood is a direct result of calcium release from bones as they break down, becoming weak and painful. As the kidneys try to get rid of the extra calcium, MORE water is also removed, resulting in dehydration, excessive thirst and kidney stones. Extremely high extracellular calcium may also affect cardiac action potentials, causing arrhythmias. Typical ECG findings include short QT interval, and in severe cases, presence of Osborn waves. While hypercalcemia may result from a variety of diseases and factors, HYPERparathyroidism and cancers are responsible for about 90% of cases, with the former being by far the most common cause. In HYPERparathyroidism, PTH is OVERproduced due to benign or malignant growths within the parathyroid gland. An existing cancer elsewhere in the body can cause hypercalcemia in 2 major ways. First, some cancer cells produce a protein similar to PTH, called PTHrP, which acts like PTH to increase serum calcium. Unlike PTH, however, PTHrP is NOT subject to negative feedback; consequently, calcium levels may keep rising unchecked. Second, cancers may spread to bone tissues, causing bone resorption or osteolysis, and subsequent calcium release into the blood. Hypercalcemia treatment consists of lowering blood calcium levels with a variety of drugs, and addressing the underlying cause. While treatment outcome for hyperparathyroidism is generally excellent, prognosis for malignancy-related hypercalcemia is poor, possibly because it usually occurs in later stages of cancer.
Просмотров: 14270 Alila Medical Media
Hypercalcaemia of malignancy
 
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This video will cover a bit of the pathophysiology of cancer related hypercalcaemia, the common symptoms, and management. It forms part of a series on common oncological emergencies.
Просмотров: 938 Oncology for Medical Students
Hypercalcemia in Malignancy
 
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This is part of the Oncological Emergencies in Critical Care series. This talk covers causes and management of hypercalcemia of malignancy. This video assumes a basic understanding of calcium metabolism.
Просмотров: 762 Darren Hudson
Oncologic Emergencies: Hypercalcemia
 
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Explanation of the pathophysiology of hypercalcemia in cancer patients, and a description of common signs and symptoms. Includes a quick overview of common treatments.
Просмотров: 28164 Andrew Wolf
What type of cancer causes hypercalcemia
 
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What type of cancer causes hypercalcemia - Find out more explanation for : 'What type of cancer causes hypercalcemia' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Просмотров: 17 atunakai7b
Hypercalcemia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology ( HD )
 
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Thanks To OSMOSIS hypercalcemia treatment hypercalcemia causes hypercalcemia symptoms hypercalcemia cancer hypercalcemia symptoms nhs hypercalcemia levels hypercalcemia definition hypercalcemia
Просмотров: 95 Nursing Centre
Causes of excess calcium in the blood and how to treat it | Natural Health
 
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Causes of excess calcium in the blood and how to treat it | Natural Health Hypercalcemia is the excess of calcium in the blood, and occurs when the value of this mineral is greater than 10.5mg / dl in the blood test, which can be caused by alterations of the parathyroid glands, tumors, endocrinological diseases, or by side effect of certain medicines, for example. This change usually does not cause symptoms, or causes only mild symptoms such as poor appetite and motion sickness. However, when levels of calcium rise excessively, staying above 12mg / dl, it can cause symptoms with constipation, increased urine, drowsiness, fatigue, headache, arrhythmias and even coma. .... For more watch a video in detail. Don't forget to subscribe For more recipes and tips, subscribe to the channel! Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/nhealth64 Follow us on Tumblr: https://nhealth64.tumblr.com/ Follow us on Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/u/0/105904658669748534934 Disclaimer: The materials and the information contained on Natural Health channel are provided for general and educational purposes only and do not constitute any legal, medical or other professional advice on any subject matter. None of the information on our videos is a substitute for a diagnosis and treatment by your health professional. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new diet or treatment and with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. _ Images licensed under CC: www.pixabay.com www.flickr.com www.pexels.com en.wikipedia.org commons.wikimedia.org www.publicdomainpictures.net Some images downloaded from shutterstock.com.
Просмотров: 3028 Natural Health
Hypercalcemia Symptoms -- A Condition that is Like Putting a Frog in Hot Water!
 
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http://utahtexans.com/ Click on the link above for a free guide on choosing and buying dietary supplements. Calcium gets stored in our bones and teeth, where it supports their strength. Without calcium are bones would turn to jelly, and we would be big globs of goo rather than be standing and walking. Besides keeping bones strong this mineral helps control muscle contraction and this includes your heart, so you can use your muscles. If you ever get a cut or a wound on your skin your body makes blood harden around the area, which not only prevents blood loss, but keeps out germs. This blood clotting ability is created by vitamin k as well as calcium. With no calcium it will take much longer for blood to clot resulting in more blood loss, and more harmful substances to enter the body. If that wasn't enough calcium has a role with creating hormones and enzymes. The most common way someone gets Hypercalcemia is by having an overactive parathyroid gland. This lies behind the thyroid gland, behind the neck close to where the jaw is. Not surprisingly it controls the amount of calcium in someone's blood and bones. The way it does this is that it makes a hormone, which is a messenger called PTH. If you're wondering how someone's gland becomes hyperactive it usually occurs when a tumor gets on it. This makes it so the gland creates more of this hormone, and it actually tells cells in the bone to eat the bone, and put it in the bloodstream. This weakens the bones leading to more fractures and falling down. What happens next is the calcium builds up in the bloodstream and this narrows the arteries, leading to high blood pressure and an increased risks of heart disease and strokes. Also the calcium builds up inside the kidneys leading to kidney stones and sometimes brings about kidney failure. Also high calcium build up leads to a slower nervous system bringing about someone feeling more tired. Lastly it increases the risk of many cancers, and treatment usually consists of surgical removal of the gland. Health experts are not exactly sure what causes this tumor on the gland, but it comes down to a damaged cell, similar to cancer. One way to prevent damaged cells is to take your vitamins and minerals. There are vitamins that play key roles in the health of cells, and if you're deficient in these vitamins it could bring about some trouble. Next would be to eat healthy. Don't eat Tran's fats because instead of good fats being used in cell membranes this stuff is used, and it's weaker resulting in damaged cells. Antioxidants also play a key role in the health of cells by eliminating free radicals. Another way someone can get too much calcium in their blood stream is by being dehydrated. Certain types of cancer, too much calcium in a supplement form, a disease, as well as prescription drugs can bring about this health problem. The bad news with this disease is that sometimes there will be no symptoms especially if it's mild. This is why it's important for someone to get regular checkups to ensure all their body parts are running smoothly. If someone has way too much calcium in their blood stream they could experience frequent urination, excessive thirst and vomiting as the body tries to eliminate the calcium. When it comes to preventing this health problem a good multi-vitamin can be of great help, since it supports cell health. Another option would be resveratrol. Resveratrol, which is found in red wine is a potent antioxidant and has anti-cancer abilities. In 1997 researchers found that topical resveratrol prevented skin cancer growth on mice. Besides fighting cancer growth and improving the health of cells it could extend life, which is what resveratrol is most famous for. The great news with dietary supplements is that they can provide a ton of benefits, be inexpensive and fairly easy to take. Plus it can improve the health of cells, which could potentially reduce the chance of this illness. For starters they can be relatively inexpensive, easy to take and offer tons of advantages. The negative part about them is that in many countries the laws and regulations are very loose. This means that nobody checks to ensure that the supplement your about to buy is safe and provides the ingredients listed. There are some third party organizations that help and if you're interested in the world of dietary supplements, I highly recommend you view a guide about this. This guide can share what someone should be looking for when buying supplements, so they don't get a crappy brand. It will go over various herbal remedies as well as how government agencies protect consumers. The best part is that it's completely free and you can view this guide by clicking on the link http://utahtexans.com/.
Просмотров: 13413 kwhitsitt1
Hypercalcemia of malignancy and new treatment options - Video abstract 83681
 
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Video abstract of review paper "Hypercalcemia of malignancy and new treatment options" published in the open access journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management by Hillel Sternlicht and Ilya G Glezerman. Abstract: Hypercalcemia of malignancy affects up to one in five cancer patients during the course of their disease. It is associated with both liquid malignancies, commonly multiple myeloma, leukemia, and non-Hodgkins lymphoma and solid cancers, particularly breast and renal carcinomas as well as squamous cell carcinomas of any organ. The clinical manifestations of hypercalcemia are generally constitutional in nature and not specific to the inciting malignancy. Such physical manifestations can range from malaise to lethargy and confusion. Constipation and anorexia are common. Acute kidney injury is likely the most frequently encountered manifestation of end organ damage. Symptomatology is closely linked to both the absolute elevation of serum calcium levels and the rapidity of calcium rise. The majority of cases are humoral in etiology and related to parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). Approximately 20% of cases are the result of direct bone metastasis with extra-renal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol) and ectopic parathyroid hormone production likely accounting for less than 1% of cases. The diagnosis of hypercalcemia of malignancy is confirmed either by an elevated PTHrP or by an evidence of bone metastasis in the appropriate clinical setting. Treatment is predicated on the patient’s symptoms and absolute serum calcium level. Interventions are aimed at lowering the serum calcium concentration by inhibiting bone resorption and increasing urinary calcium excretion, the former accomplished via bisphosphonate therapy and the latter with aggressive hydration. Novel therapies for refractory disease include denosumab, a monoclonal antibody against the receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand, and the calcimimetic cinacalcet. Finally, anti-PTHrP antibodies have been successfully deployed in animal models of disease. Despite the efficacy of the above therapies, hypercalcemia of malignancy portends an ominous prognosis, indicating advanced and often refractory cancer with survival on the order of months. Read the original article here: https://www.dovepress.com/hypercalcemia-of-malignancy-and-new-treatment-options-peer-reviewed-article-TCRM
Просмотров: 837 Dove Medical Press
Is high calcium levels a sign of cancer
 
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Is high calcium levels a sign of cancer - Find out more explanation for : 'Is high calcium levels a sign of cancer' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Просмотров: 55 datunakai1a
Is hypercalcemia cancer
 
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Is hypercalcemia cancer - Find out more explanation for : 'Is hypercalcemia cancer' only from this channel. Information Source: google
Просмотров: 16 atunakai7b
Causes of Hypercalcemia of Malignancy (11-2017) by Dr Khaled A Abulfadle
 
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Educational video for medical students Download link for pdf file: http://khafadle.ahlamontada.net/t5938-topic#7392 Join my Facebook group (SOK Physiology by Dr Khaled A Abulfadle): https://www.facebook.com/groups/16512... نسألكم صالح الدعاء لوالدى يرحمهما الله و لموتى المسلمين
Просмотров: 117 Dr Khaled A Abulfadle
What Causes Tumors, Polyps, Moles & Pimples
 
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Find Your Body Type: http://bit.ly/BodyTypeQuiz Dr. Eric Berg, DC teaches you the mechanism behind tumors, polyps, moles and pimples. Low calcium is most likely "hypercalcemia (high calcium in the blood), which clogs up the tissues, which is unavailable calcium to the deeper tissues. In other words, low calcium is "calcium that is not able to be transported through the body". So we are not recommending adding calcium, but taking the fat soluble vitamins to mobilize calcium (fish oils, DHA, D3, K2). Calcium deficiencies can trigger cancer and tumors in the colon and other body parts. Vitamin D deficiencies can also trigger cancer and fibroids (tumors). This is another good reason why getting your daily dose of sun is beneficial. But it all starts with a loss of communication within the cells and this occurs with calcium. Vitamin D and vitamin F help transport calcium. Vitamin K2 also a fat soluble vitamin helps controls abnormal cell growth. Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio: Dr. Berg, 50 years of age is a chiropractor who specializes in weight loss through nutritional and natural methods. His private practice is located in Alexandria, Virginia. His clients include senior officials in the U.S. government and the Justice Department, ambassadors, medical doctors, high-level executives of prominent corporations, scientists, engineers, professors, and other clients from all walks of life. He is the author of The 7 Principles of Fat Burning, published by KB Publishing in January 2011. Dr. Berg trains chiropractors, physicians and allied healthcare practitioners in his methods, and to date he has trained over 2,500 healthcare professionals. He has been an active member of the Endocrinology Society, and has worked as a past part-time adjunct professor at Howard University. DR. BERG'S VIDEO BLOG: http://www.drberg.com/blog FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/DrEricBergDC TWITTER: http://twitter.com/DrBergDC YOUTUBE: https://www.youtube.com/user/drericbe... ABOUT DR. BERG: http://www.drberg.com/dr-eric-berg/bio DR. BERG'S SEMINARS: http://www.drberg.com/seminars DR. BERG'S STORY: http://www.drberg.com/dr-eric-berg/story DR. BERG'S CLINIC: https://www.drberg.com/dr-eric-berg/c... DR. BERG'S HEALTH COACHING TRAINING: http://www.drberg.com/weight-loss-coach DR. BERG'S SHOP: http://shop.drberg.com/ DR. BERG'S REVIEWS: http://www.drberg.com/reviews The Health & Wellness Center 4709 D Pinecrest Office Park Drive Alexandria, VA 22312 703-354-7336 Disclaimer: Dr. Eric Berg received his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in 1988. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” in relation to himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Berg is a licensed chiropractor in Virginia, California, and Louisiana, but he no longer practices chiropractic in any state and does not see patients. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Berg and you. You should not make any change in your health regimen or diet before first consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The Health & Wellness, Dr. Berg Nutritionals and Dr. Eric Berg, D.C. are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this video or site.
Просмотров: 589470 Dr. Eric Berg DC
Cancer Metastasis in the Bones - All Symptoms
 
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This video of "Cancer Metastasis in the Bones - All Symptoms" will deal extensively with the phenomenon of metastasis that appear in any of the bones of the body, which is one of the sites where the cells of many cancers are going to live in people with advanced cancer. We will see what symptoms the person who has metastasis in one or more of their bones can perceive, regardless of the origin of the same in the form of cancer of any organ of the body. We will learn why these symptoms occur, learning what happens inside the body Do not miss it! Subscríbase to this channel! http://www.youtube.com/user/danielgonzalezMD?sub_confirmation=1
Просмотров: 102789 Daniel González M.D.
Hypercalcemia of Malignancy - Medical Presentation
 
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http://www.medicaldump.com - Please visit the site for FREE medical PowerPoints, medical PowerPoint templates, medical pdfs related to all specialties including ophthalmology, cardiology, neurology, nephrology, GI, etc. This is a PowerPoint Presentation about Hypercalcemia of malignancy which falls under hematology or oncology, nephrology and endocrinology.
Просмотров: 1495 medicaldump
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERCALCEMIA
 
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Thanks For Watching Subscribe to become a part of #TeamHealthApta SUBSCRIBE for awesome videos every day!: LIKE us on FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/healthapta FOLLOW us on TWITTER: https://twitter.com/healthapta Want to live forever on the internet? Submit your video to us: Rate, Comment, Share... Thanx and Enjoy the videos.
Просмотров: 268 Health Apta
Hypercalcemia
 
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A review of the clinical manifestations, etiologies, diagnostic approach, and treatment of hypercalcemia. Major included topics are hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia of malignancy, milk-alkali syndrome, and bisphosphonates.
Просмотров: 67944 Strong Medicine
9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer
 
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9 Warning Signs of bonee Marrow Cancer: 1. Exhaustion One of the earliest signs of multiple myeloma is a general feeling of exhaustion that fails to go away, even when one gets lots of rest and follows a healthy diet. These feelings of fatigue are usually related to the way multiple myeloma attacks the healthy cells of the bonee marrow, which in many cases can result in anemia or inconsistent cytokine production. Because feelings of fatigue are fairly common, this symptom should be considered in combination with other signs of multiple myeloma on this list. For example, someone who has a family history of cancer, and especially bonee marrow cancer, will want to be tested for multiple myeloma if they suddenly experience a long, generally unbreaking wave of exhaustion lasting several days or weeks. 2. Anemia Anemia, which occurs when the number of red blood cells reaches critically low levels, results from multiple myeloma because it causes the suppression or crowding out of healthy red blood cells. The most common side effect of anemia is an overpowering feeling of fatigue that may not break even with healthy diet, ample rest, fluids, or stimulants like caffeine. This feeling of general exhaustion can last for days or even weeks at a time. However, it should be noted that anemia is not only related to multiple myeloma and the development of bonee marrow cancer. It can result from a number of other health conditions, from pregnancy to menstruationn and iron and vitamin deficiency. Simply failing to get enough iron in the diet can cause anemia. 3. Pain in the bonees One of the more obvious and distinct signs of multiple myeloma is feelings of pain in the bonees. This is because multiple myeloma forms in the marrow of the bonee and, as time goes on, its suppression of healthy red blood cells can cause the bonee to thin and weaken, resulting in osteoporosis. Once this stage is reached, the chance of fracturing or completely breaking the affected bonee increases substantially. It also results in mild to moderate feelings of pain in and around the bonee. This pain may be more noticeable if the problem involves particularly critical bonees, such as the spine, which are responsible for supporting multiple parts of the body. This pain tends to increase with movement and may be considerably more noticeable during the evening and early morning hours. If the spine is affected, the patient may experience compression fractures that cause slumping; over time, this could even result in a patient losing a few inches from their height. 4. Numbness Because multiple myeloma targets the healthy red blood cells of the bonee marrow, in time it can cause the patient’s bonees to weaken. While this often results in the affected bonees becoming frailer and painful, it can also lead to general feelings of numbness. This sensation of numbness is most pronounced when multiple myeloma invades the vertebrae of the spine. As the problem spreads through the spine, it causes the bonees to weaken, resulting in vertebrae coming into contact with each other and the nerves spiraling around the spine. In touching upon these highly sensitive nerves, multiple myeloma effectively scrambles the signal traveling between the brain and spine, leaving the area feeling numb. 5. Kidney problems If not caught early on, multiple myeloma can eventually lead to significant problems in the kidney. This is because the development of multiple myeloma results in the emergence of proteins that, when produced to excess — as they often are when multiple myeloma takes hold — can put undue pressure on the kidneys, resulting in damage or even kidney failure. Ideally, the patient would recognize other signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma — such as excessive fatigue or bonee pain — and be able to take action prior to reaching the stage where kidney problems emerge. However, should those signs not raise flags, the emergence of kidney-related issues should be identified as a possible sign of multiple myeloma. 6. Hypercalcemia Over time, multiple myeloma results in the production of cancerous cells that effectively push healthy cells out of the bonee marrow. This makes the bonee feel weak, painful, and potentially numb. In time, it could cause the bonee to fracture or completely break. This wearing down of the bonees through multiple myeloma also results in a condition known as hypercalcemia, which emerges when there is an excessive amount of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia is often found in people with multiple myeloma, because their bonees, which contain calcium, are effectively breaking down. Hypercalcemia introduces its own, rather significant health problems, from exhaustion to constipation and kidney issues. 7. Weight loss 8. Mental confusion 9. Frequent illnesses
Просмотров: 35434 HEALTH AREA
What is PARATHYROID CARCINOMA? What does PARATHYROID CARCINOMA mean?
 
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What is PARATHYROID CARCINOMA? What does PARATHYROID CARCINOMA mean? PARATHYROID CARCINOMA meaning - PARATHYROID CARCINOMA definition - PARATHYROID CARCINOMA explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm resulting in parathyroid adenoma to carcinoma progression. It forms in tissues of one or more of the parathyroid glands (four pea-sized glands in the neck that make parathyroid hormone, which helps the body store and use calcium). It is rare, and much less common than parathyroid adenoma. It can be difficult to excise. Parathyroid cancer occurs in midlife at the same rate in men and women. Conditions that appear to result in an increased risk of parathyroid cancer include multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, autosomal dominant familial isolated hyperparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (which also is hereditary). Parathyroid cancer has also been associated with external radiation exposure, but, most reports describe an association between radiation and the more common parathyroid adenoma. Most patients experience moderate to severe hypercalcemia and high parathyroid hormone levels. A large mass in the neck is often seen, and renal and bone abnormalities are common. Parathyroid carcinoma is sometimes diagnosed during surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism. If the surgeon suspects carcinoma based on severity or invasion of surrounding tissues by a firm parathyroid tumor, aggressive excision is performed, including the thyroid and surrounding tissues as necessary. Agents such as calcimimetics (for example, cinacalcet) are used to mimic calcium and are able to activate the parathyroid calcium-sensing receptor (making the parathyroid gland "think" we have more calcium than we actually do), therefore lowering the calcium level, in an attempt to decrease the hypercalcemia.
Просмотров: 303 The Audiopedia
9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer
 
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9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer 1. Exhaustion One of the earliest signs of multiple myeloma is a general feeling of exhaustion that fails to go away, even when one gets lots of rest and follows a healthy diet. These feelings of fatigue are usually related to the way multiple myeloma attacks the healthy cells of the bone marrow, which in many cases can result in anemia or inconsistent cytokine production. Because feelings of fatigue are fairly common, this symptom should be considered in combination with other signs of multiple myeloma on this list. For example, someone who has a family history of cancer, and especially bone marrow cancer, will want to be tested for multiple myeloma if they suddenly experience a long, generally unbreaking wave of exhaustion lasting several days or weeks. 2. Anemia Anemia, which occurs when the number of red blood cells reaches critically low levels, results from multiple myeloma because it causes the suppression or crowding out of healthy red blood cells. The most common side effect of anemia is an overpowering feeling of fatigue that may not break even with healthy diet, ample rest, fluids, or stimulants like caffeine. This feeling of general exhaustion can last for days or even weeks at a time. However, it should be noted that anemia is not only related to multiple myeloma and the development of bone marrow cancer. It can result from a number of other health conditions, from pregnancy to menstruation and iron and vitamin deficiency. Simply failing to get enough iron in the diet can cause anemia. 3. Pain in the bones One of the more obvious and distinct signs of multiple myeloma is feelings of pain in the bones. This is because multiple myeloma forms in the marrow of the bone and, as time goes on, its suppression of healthy red blood cells can cause the bone to thin and weaken, resulting in osteoporosis. Once this stage is reached, the chance of fracturing or completely breaking the affected bone increases substantially. It also results in mild to moderate feelings of pain in and around the bone. This pain may be more noticeable if the problem involves particularly critical bones, such as the spine, which are responsible for supporting multiple parts of the body. This pain tends to increase with movement and may be considerably more noticeable during the evening and early morning hours. If the spine is affected, the patient may experience compression fractures that cause slumping; over time, this could even result in a patient losing a few inches from their height. 4. Numbness Because multiple myeloma targets the healthy red blood cells of the bone marrow, in time it can cause the patient’s bones to weaken. While this often results in the affected bones becoming frailer and painful, it can also lead to general feelings of numbness. This sensation of numbness is most pronounced when multiple myeloma invades the vertebrae of the spine. As the problem spreads through the spine, it causes the bones to weaken, resulting in vertebrae coming into contact with each other and the nerves spiraling around the spine. In touching upon these highly sensitive nerves, multiple myeloma effectively scrambles the signal traveling between the brain and spine, leaving the area feeling numb. 5.Kidney problems If not caught early on, multiple myeloma can eventually lead to significant problems in the kidney. This is because the development of multiple myeloma results in the emergence of proteins that, when produced to excess — as they often are when multiple myeloma takes hold — can put undue pressure on the kidneys, resulting in damage or even kidney failure. Ideally, the patient would recognize other signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma — such as excessive fatigue or bone pain — and be able to take action prior to reaching the stage where kidney problems emerge. However, should those signs not raise flags, the emergence of kidney-related issues should be identified as a possible sign of multiple myeloma. 6. Hypercalcemia Over time, multiple myeloma results in the production of cancerous cells that effectively push healthy cells out of the bone marrow. This makes the bone feel weak, painful, and potentially numb. In time, it could cause the bone to fracture or completely break. This wearing down of the bones through multiple myeloma also results in a condition known as hypercalcemia, which emerges when there is an excessive amount of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia is often found in people with multiple myeloma, because their bones, which contain calcium, are effectively breaking down. Hypercalcemia introduces its own, rather significant health problems, from exhaustion to constipation and kidney issues. 7. Weight loss Many people struggle with their weight, particularly 8. Mental confusion Feelings of general confusion can result from
Просмотров: 255 Tamam Health
9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer
 
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Like, Comment, Subscribe and invite all your friends to see our videos. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUOF1_1_fY50PVN0TtItbDQ?sub_confirmation=1 9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer 1. Exhaustion One of the earliest signs of multiple myeloma is a general feeling of exhaustion that fails to go away, even when one gets lots of rest and follows a healthy diet. These feelings of fatigue are usually related to the way multiple myeloma attacks the healthy cells of the bone marrow, which in many cases can result in anemia or inconsistent cytokine production. Because feelings of fatigue are fairly common, this symptom should be considered in combination with other signs of multiple myeloma on this list. For example, someone who has a family history of cancer, and especially bone marrow cancer, will want to be tested for multiple myeloma if they suddenly experience a long, generally unbreaking wave of exhaustion lasting several days or weeks. 2. Anemia Anemia, which occurs when the number of red blood cells reaches critically low levels, results from multiple myeloma because it causes the suppression or crowding out of healthy red blood cells. The most common side effect of anemia is an overpowering feeling of fatigue that may not break even with healthy diet, ample rest, fluids, or stimulants like caffeine. This feeling of general exhaustion can last for days or even weeks at a time. However, it should be noted that anemia is not only related to multiple myeloma and the development of bone marrow cancer. It can result from a number of other health conditions, from pregnancy to menstruation and iron and vitamin deficiency. Simply failing to get enough iron in the diet can cause anemia. 3. Pain in the bones One of the more obvious and distinct signs of multiple myeloma is feelings of pain in the bones. This is because multiple myeloma forms in the marrow of the bone and, as time goes on, its suppression of healthy red blood cells can cause the bone to thin and weaken, resulting in osteoporosis. Once this stage is reached, the chance of fracturing or completely breaking the affected bone increases substantially. It also results in mild to moderate feelings of pain in and around the bone. This pain may be more noticeable if the problem involves particularly critical bones, such as the spine, which are responsible for supporting multiple parts of the body. This pain tends to increase with movement and may be considerably more noticeable during the evening and early morning hours. If the spine is affected, the patient may experience compression fractures that cause slumping; over time, this could even result in a patient losing a few inches from their height. 4. Numbness Because multiple myeloma targets the healthy red blood cells of the bone marrow, in time it can cause the patient’s bones to weaken. While this often results in the affected bones becoming frailer and painful, it can also lead to general feelings of numbness. This sensation of numbness is most pronounced when multiple myeloma invades the vertebrae of the spine. As the problem spreads through the spine, it causes the bones to weaken, resulting in vertebrae coming into contact with each other and the nerves spiraling around the spine. In touching upon these highly sensitive nerves, multiple myeloma effectively scrambles the signal traveling between the brain and spine, leaving the area feeling numb. 5. Kidney problems If not caught early on, multiple myeloma can eventually lead to significant problems in the kidney. This is because the development of multiple myeloma results in the emergence of proteins that, when produced to excess — as they often are when multiple myeloma takes hold — can put undue pressure on the kidneys, resulting in damage or even kidney failure. Ideally, the patient would recognize other signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma — such as excessive fatigue or bone pain — and be able to take action prior to reaching the stage where kidney problems emerge. However, should those signs not raise flags, the emergence of kidney-related issues should be identified as a possible sign of multiple myeloma. 6. Hypercalcemia Over time, multiple myeloma results in the production of cancerous cells that effectively push healthy cells out of the bone marrow. This makes the bone feel weak, painful, and potentially numb. In time, it could cause the bone to fracture or completely break. This wearing down of the bones through multiple myeloma also results in a condition known as hypercalcemia, which emerges when there is an excessive amount of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia is often found in people with multiple myeloma, because their bones, which contain calcium, are effectively breaking down. Hypercalcemia introduces its own, rather significant health problems, from exhaustion to constipation and kidney issues. 7. Weight loss 8. Mental confusion 9. Frequent illnesses 9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer By styH
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Chronic fatigue, aches and pain from parathyroid tumor and high calcium
 
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High blood calcium is usually a sign of a parathyroid tumor that causes chronic fatigue, tiredness, insomnia and many other symptoms that take the joy out of life. See how Jane figured out she had a tumor on her parathyroid gland that was making her blood calcium high and was ruining her life. Learn more at http://www.parathyroid.com. See great video of the world's most experienced parathyroid surgeon removing two parathyroid tumors in less than 13 minutes at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xaTXVSmvEJI
Просмотров: 5890 Norman Parathyroid Center
Hypercalcemia for USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2
 
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Handwritten Video Lecture on Hypercalcemia for USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step2. Hypercalcemia is defined as a serum calcium level greater than 10.5 PHYSIOLOGY OF HYPERCALCEMIA Calcium is absorbed in duodenum and absorbed into ECF. The 55 percent ionized calcium is metabolically active. Bones store approximately 98 percent of calcium and acts as a reservoir. Calcium is primarily excreted from the kidney. Influences of calcium. In hypocalcemia the CaSR detects this within the parathyroid gland. Parathyroid stimulates bone to increase osteoclastic activity which breakdown bone and increase calcium leading to hypercalcemia. Alaos works on kidney to reabsorb more calcium and increase vitamin D to increase reabsorption in duodenum. CAUSES OF HYPERCALCEMIA Hyperparathyroidism is a very common cause of hypercalcemia. This can be due to adenoma (Primary) or secondary to renal failure. Tertiary causes of hypercalcemia is due to autonomous PTH secretion. Malignancy can be osteolytic which leads to hypercalcemia. Ectopic parathyroid hormone production. PTH related peptide which activates PTH hormone, but is not PTH itself. This can also lead to hypercalcemia with low PTH. Some cancers release vitamin D which increase reasborption in duodenum and leads to hypercalcemia. Granulomatous disorders have macrophages that release vita mind D. Hormons such as thyroid, acrogmegaly, Pheo, Adrenal insufficieny which also cause hypercalcemia. Drugs such as thiazides and theophyline can cause hypercalcemia. Familial Hypotkinetic Hypercalcemia which leads to inhibit PTH and increase CaSR. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERCALCEMIA If less than 12 then usually asymtompatic. If calcium is between 12 to 14 it can be symptomatic if acute. Kidney stones due to RTA Type 1, Nephrogenic Diabestes Insipidus. Hypercalcemia can also cause muscular pain and neuropsychological symptoms. GIT symptoms such as constipation and abomdinal pain. Hypercalcemia can lead to short QT interval and increase vessel deposition. TREATMENT OF HYPERCALCEMIA If hypercalcemia s less than 14 than avoid aggravating factors. If greater than 14 then give hydration, calcitonin, and bisphosphonates. Denosumab if chronic kidney disease. Glucocorticoids if hypercalcemia is caused by granulomatous diasese. Dialysis is the last resort if they have renal insufficiency.
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Familial Hypocalcuric Hypercalcemia (FHH)
 
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► Right Now! You can get access to all my hand-written hematology video notes (the notes that I use on my videos) on Patreon...There is a direct link through which you can view, download, print and enjoy! Go to https://www.patreon.com/medicosis CaSR gene defect, leading to Hypercalcemia and Hypocalcuria. My FAVORITE BOOK to study Pathology and pathophysiology for step 1 USMLE is Goljan, you can check it out here: https://goo.gl/9ojg6M My favorite book for internal medicine is Harrison's, check it out here: http://amzn.to/2A7UEdj My favorite book for surgery is this one, which contains notes and vignettes of Dr. Pestana, here: https://goo.gl/UdDGHq My favorite book for Ob.GYN is Hacker and Moore: https://goo.gl/umFsjc For a review book for USMLE step 1, check First Aid here: http://amzn.to/2zOU7w2 For a review book to study USMLE step 2CK, I recommend: http://amzn.to/2iI6zue For a review book to study USMLE step 2CS, check http://amzn.to/2z24RtR Check this pharmacology book, really easy to read, and inexpensive: Pharmacology made incredibly easy: https://goo.gl/or3DzB If you would like a good pharmacology textbook, try Lippincott illustrated: https://goo.gl/PYEUP2 (Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for physician medical licensing exam review purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should consult your physician or seek immediate medical attention.) Disclaimer: these links are affiliate links, so that I get paid a percentage of the sale, to support the channel, however, the customer is not affected as they pay the same price. Get ready for your USMLE, NCLEX or COMLEX Click the Subscribe button to get new videos every week. Like my page on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/medicosisperfectionalis/ Follow us on twitter: https://www.twitter.com/medicosis Follow us on instagram here: https://www.instagram.com/medicosisperfectionalis/ ----My website will launch next year, so stay tuned… My dream is to do white board classroom teaching, audio podcast and live online webinars. But, I need your support to do this. To help support me and keep my videos available on youtube, visit me on Patreon,https://www.patreon.com/medicosis The funniest thing is that I have a playlist containing only mnemonics, yes, MEDICAL MNEMONICS, here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYcLrRDaR8_c4yXU3bwjIUNUk7C684ngd
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Thyroid cancer - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is thyroid cancer? Thyroid cancer is a type of cancer affecting the thyroid gland. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
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Hypercalcemia
 
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A stepwise approach to Hypercalcemia will be discussed including causes, diagnosis and management.
Просмотров: 41 Internal Medicine
Multiple Myeloma - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim
 
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Dr. Ebraheim’s educational animated video describes multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is cancer of the plasma cells. It is malignant proliferation of the plasma cells. Plasma cells are a type of blood cells that produce antibodies. Antibodies are an important part of the immune system that fights infection. Multiple myeloma cells produce a single protein – Monoclonal protein, M protein. Multiple myeloma occurs more often in males and twice as often in African Americans. It usually occurs in patients older than 40 years of age. Multiple myeloma is the most common primary malignant bone tumor. The plasma cells secrete osteoclast activating factors such as interleukin 6, macrophages and inflammatory factors in addition to RANKL. Osteoclasts are recruited, activated and they multiple. Osteoclasts absorb the bone. The osteoblast bone formation is suppressed by the tumor necrosis factor (why there is a cold bone scan in multiple myeloma). In about 30%, the bone scan is negative. Get a skeletal survey. Clinical features: Useful mnemonic to help remember the most common features of multiple myeloma is CRAP, which stands for hypercalcemia, Renal failure, Anemia, and back Pain. Clinical features will be insidious presentation. Bone pain, especially back pain with possible fractures, weakness and fatigue, cord compression, infections and fever. Multiple myeloma can occur in any bone although it occurs more in the hematopoietic bone marrow! Labs: Sedimentation rate may be elevated. May find renal insufficiency, hypercalcemia, and anemia. Electrophoresis will find a spike in the serum, in the urine, or in both. Serum Protein ElectroPhoresis (SPEP) detects monoclonal elevation of the immunoglobulin and identifies the protein types that are present. Urine Protein ElectroPhoresis (UPEP) – bence jones proteinuria (urine) and light chains (about 95% sensitivity). What are the tumor markers that indicate a bad prognosis? Increased serum beta1-microglobulin level and a decreased serum albumin. How do you establish the diagnosis? One major and one minor criteria is needed or three minor criterion. What are the major criteria? The major criteria are plasmacytoma tissue diagnosis on biopsy, more than 30% plasma cells in the bone marrow, SPEP with great value for IgG or IgA and/or UPEP (Bence Jones Proteinuria). The minor criteria are 10% - 30% plasma cells in the bone marrow, monoclonal protein in the serum or the urine (SPEP/UPEP – these values are usually lower than in the major criteria), multiple “punched-out” lytic bone lesions, end-organ damage (renal insufficiency, hypercalcemia, and anemia), and lower than normal IgG levels. Images: Images will usually show “punched-out” lytic lesions throughout the skeleton. Radiolucent lesions or destructive lesions with no sclerosis (skull lesions and vertebral fractures). Osteopenia is common. There will be a negative bone scan. Minimal osteoblastic activity with multiple myeloma due to the tumoral necrosis factor. Skeletal survey can be used. Sometimes a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET) scan may be used. Bone scans are generally not done in cases of multiple myeloma (bone scans will be cold). Pathology: Sheets of plasma cells, Eccentric nucleus (clock faced), Signet-ring appearance, Perinuclear clearing, Abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Treatment: Usually high-dose chemotherapy. Radiation treatment for progressive lesions, structurally important lesions, or radiation is used to decrease pain. Bone marrow transplant (usually in younger patients). Bisphosphonate decreases bone pain, calcium and the number of lesions. Surgical stabilization is used for prophylactic fixation or prevention of pathological fractures. It can also be used for the treatment of fractures. Become a friend on facebook: http://www.facebook.com/drebraheim Follow me on twitter: https://twitter.com/#!/DrEbraheim_UTMC Donate to the University of Toledo Foundation Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Endowed Chair Fund: https://www.utfoundation.org/foundation/home/Give_Online.aspx?sig=29
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Hypercalcemia - what to look for and what to do
 
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Your typical patient with hypercalcemia is a dehydrated, confused patient with constipation. In this video we fly through the symptoms and causes, and focus on treatment. Be sure to check out my other videos on calcium! Other videos on calcium! ◆ ECG changes in Hypercalcemia: https://youtu.be/J12XUBOb8lA ◆ Hypocalcemia: https://youtu.be/zBkA_XH92A8 ◆ ECG changes in Hypocalcemia: https://youtu.be/icUesUkTY_Q ◆ Calcium & Albumin: https://youtu.be/1d5Q_YinaFE Related videos: ◆ Hyperkalemia: https://youtu.be/622hj0rWyKI ◆ Hypokalemia: https://youtu.be/ous3RN7MKgo ◆ Hyponatremia: https://youtu.be/dmM2K50bnKw Related playlists: ◆ ABCDE assessment + example: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Y4s45Xh6cQ&list=PLN4mLNb7L4Ve4wzJ3qFnVeL5gZl8RZRSe ◆ Electrolyte and acute metabolic disorders: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLN4mLNb7L4VdJZUHj5BgqP2PPQK0NFPq9 Get it touch! Website ▸ http://www.crit-ic.com Twitter ▸ http://www.twitter.com/Crit_IC Facebook ▸ http://www.facebook.com/critic.medicine Instagram ▸ http://www.instagram.com/crit.ic
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What are the causes of high calcium levels?
 
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Dr Simon Aylwin of London Endocrinology reveals the relationships between high calcium levels and the risk of kidney stones or symptoms such as tiredness and feeling run-down
Просмотров: 2192 AnswerCast Health
Signs And Symptoms Of Liver Cancer? - Manipal Hospital
 
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Some other symptoms can include fever, enlarged veins on the belly that can be seen through the skin, and abnormal bruising or bleeding. People who have chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis may feel worse than usual or just have changes in lab test results, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels. Some liver tumors make hormones that act on organs other than the liver. These hormones may cause: High blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia), which can cause nausea, confusion, constipation, weakness, or muscle problems Low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), which can cause fatigue or fainting Breast enlargement (gynecomastia) and/or shrinkage of the testicles in men High counts of red blood cells (erythrocytosis) which can cause someone to look red and flushed High cholesterol levels Many of the signs and symptoms of liver cancer can also be caused by other conditions, including other liver problems. Still, if you have any of these problems, it's important to see your doctor right away so the cause can be found and treated, if needed. Best Hospital in India: Manipal Hospitals is one of the top multi speciality hospital in India located at all major cities like Bangalore, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Goa, Salem, Jaipur, Mangalore. Provides world class 24/7 Emergency services. Our top surgeons are expertise in offering best treatment for Heart, Brain, Cancer, Eye, Kidney, Joint replacement surgery & all major surgeries at affordable cost. Health Check up packages are also available. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
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Multiple Myeloma - Natural Symptoms and Common Causes of this Myeloma Cancer Disease
 
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Multiple myeloma is a myeloma cancer Disease. It has some symptoms and stages. Moreover, it is known as #Myeloma. It is maximum cancer bobbing up from plasma cells, a type of white blood cell this is made in the bone marrow. To know detail subscribe this channel: https://goo.gl/gQL0cj The bone marrow is wherein all blood cells are made. Plasma cells shape a part of your immune machine. Normal plasma cells produce antibodies, additionally called immunoglobulins, to help fight infection. You can know here about multiple myeloma and myeloma cancer. Myeloma, plasma cells turn out to be super, multiply uncontrollably and release most effective one form of antibody called paraprotein, which has no beneficial function. It's miles frequently thru the scale of this paraprotein that myeloma is identified and monitored. Multiple Myeloma Signs and Symptoms: Myeloma can have an effect on the body in numerous strategies. Most of the signs and symptoms and complications of myeloma are because of the construct-up of the peculiar plasma cells inside the bone marrow and the presence of the paraprotein in the blood or in the urine. • Ache: the principle motive of pain for it patients is myeloma bone sickness. • Bone ailment: the center or decrease again, the rib cage and the hips are the maxima frequently affected places. • Fatigue: due to the myeloma itself, to one or greater of its headaches, or it could be an aspect-impact of remedy. • Habitual contamination: commonplace in myeloma sufferers due to the fact the myeloma and its remedies interfere with the immune system. • Anemia: a discount within the extensive sort of purple blood cells. It could arise due to the myeloma or as a thing impact of treatment and can cause fatigue. • Kidney damage: can be resulting from the myeloma itself or as an aspect-effect of remedy. • Hypercalcemia: the quantity of calcium within the blood is truly too excessive. It may occur because of it. • Peripheral neuropathy: harm to the nerves that make up the peripherally involved machine. It may be because of the remedies for it. Multiple Myeloma Reasons: The reason is commonly unknown. Danger factors include consuming alcohol and weight issues. The underlying mechanism includes odd plasma cells generating first-rate antibodies that might motive kidney problems and overly thick blood. The plasma cells also can shape a mass within the bone marrow or gentle tissue. When handiest one mass is a gift, it is called a plasmacytoma whilst more than one is referred to as more than one myeloma. Multiple Myeloma is recognized primarily based on blood or urine exams locating weird antibodies, bone marrow biopsy locating cancerous plasma cells, and scientific imaging locating bone lesions. Source: 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_myeloma 2. http://newswebbd.com/blood-cancer-causes-symptoms-treatment/ Watch More: 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2l2GcIblOq4 2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mW2uCzc9Jus #################################### This Youtube channel associated with a website. You can visit this website and can know more detail about your asking topic. Website: http://newswebbd.com ************************************ There is the all social profile link of this Youtube channel. You can visit and stay with us. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/newswebbd/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/newswebbd24 Google Plus: https://plus.google.com/+MotasimBillah Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/newswebbd/ Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/user/NewsWebBD
Просмотров: 10662 Sumon Info Point
Hypercalcemia (Elevated level of calcium) : causes, symptoms, treatment
 
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Please visit: http://www.diseasesandtreatment.com for more information about diseases and treatment option.
Просмотров: 211 Dr. Warraich Health Channel
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)
 
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What is syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)? Well, SIADH is a condition where too much ADH hormone is released, which causes an increase in blood volume and ultimately leads to a series of complications related to the blood osmolality and osmolarity. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Просмотров: 236723 Osmosis
Introduction to Oncological Emergencies
 
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Oncological emergencies are complications of either the disease process of a cancer itself, or side effects of the treatment that have potentially serious or life threatening consequences. There are many complications that can be included under the banner of oncological emergencies and often people like to arrange them into these three categories, which are – mass effects of the tumour (or tumours), metabolic or hormonal effects, and treatment related effects. In the following videos in this series, I'll introduce the most important oncological emergencies - namely superior vena cava syndrome, spinal cord compression, hypercalcaemia, tumour lysis syndrome and neutropenic sepsis.
Просмотров: 1984 Oncology for Medical Students
Cushing Syndrome - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is Cushing syndrome? Cushing syndrome is a condition characterized by long-term exposure to high cortisol levels. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Просмотров: 282293 Osmosis
Cancers of the lung
 
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This is a short video describing the four most common carcinomas of the lung. I created this presentation with Google Slides. Image were created or taken from Wikimedia Commons I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor. ADDITIONAL TAGS: Cancers of the lung The most common carcinomas that originate in the lung parenchyma Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma Non-small-cell carcinomas Squamous cell carcinoma Smokers (98%) Often arises centrally/proximally in larger bronchi more than peripheral lung Occurs in bronchi more than larynx and trachea bc flow more turbulent Associated with hypercalcemia (secretes PTH-like cmpd); causing weakness, dehydration, AMS Might see desmosomes and/or keratin accumulation (keratin pearls) Can cause obstruction of airway, atelectasis, collapse of lung Can invade lymphatics Can cause clubbing Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Most common carcinoma in nonsmokers (but 80% are smokers) More likely to be peripheral than central/proximal Might see glands and/or mucin production on histology Hypertrophic osteoarthritis (HPO) triad has clubbing, long bone swelling, and arthritis Adenocarcinoma in situ (formerly: "Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma" (BAC)) Lepidic growth pattern, replaces type I pneumocytes, but no invasion of interstitium Can be solitary nodule, multiple nodules (multifocal, bilateral) Presents as cough and dyspnea, again +/- mucinous Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma Large-cell undif. carcinoma Large cells with prominent nuclei No desmosomes, no keratin, no mucin staining Expression analysis on cDNA microarray Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma Exclusively smokers Paraneoplastic syndromes: Secretes hormones: ACTH (can cause Cushing’s), ADH (Na abnormality) Eaton-Lambert (neurologic disorder) Fast-growing, rapid progression, early metastases, often high stage at presentation Highly responsive to chemo/rad treatment Limited → Extensive staging as metastasis outside of hemithorax High N/C ratios, frequent mitotic figures, high percentage of cells in division, salt and pepper chromatin, cells aren’t that small Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma Large-cell undifferentiated carcinoma Small-cell carcinoma
Просмотров: 13853 MedLecturesMadeEasy
Aarogyamastu | Hypercalcemia | 22nd November 2016 | ఆరోగ్యమస్తు
 
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Highly appealing medical documentary program Explaining in detail every ailment From Cardiology to Eye Care For latest updates on ETV Channels - http://www.etv.co.in Follow us on - http://www.fb.com/etvlifeindia Follow us on - http://www.twitter.com/etvlifeindia
Просмотров: 573 ETV Life India
Elevated Calcium Levels (Hypercalcemia) : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment, Prognosis
 
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Please visit: http://www.diseasesandtreatment.com for more information about diseases and treatment option.
Просмотров: 67 Dr. Warraich Health Channel
Mutations in Cancer
 
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How somatic mutations can lead to cancer.
Просмотров: 13872 Andrew Wolf
2_1 Hypercalcemia
 
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Before discussing primary hyperparathyroidism we start by looking at the causes of hypercalcemia.
Просмотров: 535 Juan Klopper
Hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid Cancer Tumor
 
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Просмотров: 77 The Way
Syndromes Paranéoplasiques: 18 Signes peuvent apparaître avant Cancer
 
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Les neuropathies périphériques paranéoplasiques des cancers solides. Syndrome paranéoplasique neurologique: Les SNPs peuvent toucher n'importe quelle région du système nerveux central ou périphérique, de la jonction neuromusculaire et des muscles. Ils peuvent être isolés ou survenir en association: - Syndrome myasthénique de Lambert-Eaton. - Ataxie cérébelleuse subaiguë, - Encéphalopathie limbique, - Syndrome opsoclonie-myoclonie, - Rétinopathies (rétinopathie associée à un cancer et rétinopathie associée à un mélanome), - Syndrome de Stiff-Person, - Pseudo-obstruction gastro-intestinale chronique, - Neuropathie sensorielle, - Encéphalomyélite et la dermatomyosite (voir ces termes). Syndrome paranéoplasique Cutané: 1. L’acanthosis nigricans malin. 2. Acrokératose paranéoplasique de Bazex. 3. Hypertrichose lanugineuse acquise. 4. Glucagonome ou érythème nécrolytique migrateur. 5. Fasciite palmaire avec polyarthralgies. 6. Pemphigus paranéoplasique. 7. Erythema gyratum repens. 8. Dermatomyosite. 9. Certaines néoplasies peuvent être associées à une dermatose neutrophilique: – syndrome de Sweet souvent bullohémorragique; – pyoderma gangrenosum seul ou associé à une pustulose aseptique ou à une autre dermatose neutrophilique. Syndrome paranéoplasique cancer poumon: Syndrome paranéoplasique biologique: - Hypercalcémie. - Hypoglycémie. - Syndrome de Stauffer. Syndrome paranéoplasique rhumatologique: - syndrome POEMS - Ostéo-arthropathie hypertrophiante pneumique (syndrome de Pierre Marie-Bamberger) Syndrome paranéoplasique Endocrinien: - Syndrome de Zollinger-Ellison - Syndrome de Schwartz-Bartter - Syndromes anti-HU et apparentés
Просмотров: 896 POSTERS VISION
Hypermagnesemia - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
 
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What is hypermagnesemia? Hypermagnesemia is an electrolyte condition where too much magnesium builds up in the blood. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.
Просмотров: 45964 Osmosis
9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer
 
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Like, Comment, Subscribe and invite all your friends to see our videos. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCfR3Y90G-fFDYI6i7E7xPBQ 9 Warning Signs of Bone Marrow Cancer: 1. Exhaustion One of the earliest signs of multiple myeloma is a general feeling of exhaustion that fails to go away, even when one gets lots of rest and follows a healthy diet. These feelings of fatigue are usually related to the way multiple myeloma attacks the healthy cells of the bone marrow, which in many cases can result in anemia or inconsistent cytokine production. Because feelings of fatigue are fairly common, this symptom should be considered in combination with other signs of multiple myeloma on this list. For example, someone who has a family history of cancer, and especially bone marrow cancer, will want to be tested for multiple myeloma if they suddenly experience a long, generally unbreaking wave of exhaustion lasting several days or weeks. 2. Anemia Anemia, which occurs when the number of red blood cells reaches critically low levels, results from multiple myeloma because it causes the suppression or crowding out of healthy red blood cells. The most common side effect of anemia is an overpowering feeling of fatigue that may not break even with healthy diet, ample rest, fluids, or stimulants like caffeine. This feeling of general exhaustion can last for days or even weeks at a time. However, it should be noted that anemia is not only related to multiple myeloma and the development of bone marrow cancer. It can result from a number of other health conditions, from pregnancy to menstruation and iron and vitamin deficiency. Simply failing to get enough iron in the diet can cause anemia. 3. Pain in the bones One of the more obvious and distinct signs of multiple myeloma is feelings of pain in the bones. This is because multiple myeloma forms in the marrow of the bone and, as time goes on, its suppression of healthy red blood cells can cause the bone to thin and weaken, resulting in osteoporosis. Once this stage is reached, the chance of fracturing or completely breaking the affected bone increases substantially. It also results in mild to moderate feelings of pain in and around the bone. This pain may be more noticeable if the problem involves particularly critical bones, such as the spine, which are responsible for supporting multiple parts of the body. This pain tends to increase with movement and may be considerably more noticeable during the evening and early morning hours. If the spine is affected, the patient may experience compression fractures that cause slumping; over time, this could even result in a patient losing a few inches from their height. 4. Numbness Because multiple myeloma targets the healthy red blood cells of the bone marrow, in time it can cause the patient’s bones to weaken. While this often results in the affected bones becoming frailer and painful, it can also lead to general feelings of numbness. This sensation of numbness is most pronounced when multiple myeloma invades the vertebrae of the spine. As the problem spreads through the spine, it causes the bones to weaken, resulting in vertebrae coming into contact with each other and the nerves spiraling around the spine. In touching upon these highly sensitive nerves, multiple myeloma effectively scrambles the signal traveling between the brain and spine, leaving the area feeling numb. 5. Kidney problems If not caught early on, multiple myeloma can eventually lead to significant problems in the kidney. This is because the development of multiple myeloma results in the emergence of proteins that, when produced to excess — as they often are when multiple myeloma takes hold — can put undue pressure on the kidneys, resulting in damage or even kidney failure. Ideally, the patient would recognize other signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma — such as excessive fatigue or bone pain — and be able to take action prior to reaching the stage where kidney problems emerge. However, should those signs not raise flags, the emergence of kidney-related issues should be identified as a possible sign of multiple myeloma. 6. Hypercalcemia Over time, multiple myeloma results in the production of cancerous cells that effectively push healthy cells out of the bone marrow. This makes the bone feel weak, painful, and potentially numb. In time, it could cause the bone to fracture or completely break. This wearing down of the bones through multiple myeloma also results in a condition known as hypercalcemia, which emerges when there is an excessive amount of calcium in the blood. Hypercalcemia is often found in people with multiple myeloma, because their bones, which contain calcium, are effectively breaking down. Hypercalcemia introduces its own, rather significant health problems, from exhaustion to constipation and kidney issues. 7. Weight loss 8. Mental confusion 9. Frequent illnesses
Просмотров: 1367 HEALTH ZONE
Did Hulda Clark Die Of Cancer?
 
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Dr. Clark's death certificate states she died of Anemia, not cancer. Because no biopsy or autopsy was performed, the diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma was post mortem, and at best a guess. Anemia can mean many things, so I wonder why they chose a form of blood cancer unless they were looking for some way to discredit Dr. Clark's work. However I would have to say that Dr. Clark did not take her own advice in regards to avoiding solvents and parasites. She surrounded herself everyday with them in order to do her Syncrometer research. If parasites and pollutants cause cancer, Dr. Clark would have to be cleansing and fighting cancer everyday since her work space was full of them. Hulda Clark never suggested to surround yourself with toxins, parasites, solvents, or cancer and AIDs patients, but she did. All I know is that I've used a Hulda Clark Zapper since 1996, seen the Zapper and Herbal Parasite Cleanse work wonders with family members, and I believe in Dr. Hulda Clark's work from seeing it first hand. Notice how everyone against Hulda Clark's methods have never tried Hulda Clark's methods. Inexperience does not make one an expert. It's always best to speak from experience. Build or buy a Zapper, try it yourself every time you feel pain or illness. Then tell others about it. If you are curious about the latest scientific research on Hulda Clark's Zapper read the studies compiled in the PDF: http://huldaclark.com/the-frequency-generation.pdf
Просмотров: 52355 Super Fantastic Ultra
USMLE Respiratory 14: Lung Cancers
 
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Welcome to LY Med, where I go over everything you need to know for the USMLE STEP 1, with new videos every day. Follow along with First Aid, or with my notes which can be found here: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/fa2307zt7970c19/AADE66sTZnvNjYpMR3ueKDhHa?dl=0 This is our last video for our respiratory block! This video will be on the pathology of lung cancers. This is the most common cause of cancer related deaths. Some risk factors for lung cancer, asbestos, arsenic, and radon among others. Physical symptoms include cough, hemoptysis and weight loss. So a patient comes in and you're suspecting lung cancer. What now? Do a chest xray, which will show a nodule. To make sure it's not a hamartoma, biopsy. Once confirmed, stage the lung cancer to measure it's spread. Metastasis is common to the bone, brain, breasts and adrenals. Now there are some secondary complications to lung cancer. Many stem from it's mass effect. It can compress on structures like your superior vena cava, as SVC syndrome. This leads to congestion in the upper limbs, JVD, and blanching. You can also compress your recurrent laryngeal nerve and cause hoarseness. You can also have a cancer at the superior portion of the lung and this is called Pancoast tumor. This can compress on your superior cervical sympathetic ganglion and cause Horner's syndrome - which manifest itself as ptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis. Lastly, you can compress on the first cervical rib and cause thoracic outlet syndrome. This compresses the brachial plexus as well as the blood vessels and leads to atrophy, weakness and pain in the shoulder and arms. Lastly a complication of any tumor is paraneoplastic syndromes. Now what are the specific types of lung cancers? Neoplasms are broken into two categories: small cell and non-small cell tumors. Let's discuss non-small cell first. 1) Squamous cell carcinoma: loves to cavitate. Microscopically shows keratin pearls on histology and intercellular bridges. Paraneoplastic syndromes include hypercalcemia due to it's release of PTHrP. 2) Large cell: shows large pleomorphic cancer cells. Releases b-Hcg and can cause gynecomastia and galactorrhea. 3) Adenocarcinoma: seen in non-smokers and in women. Instead it's due to activating mutations of proto-onco genes like KRAS, EGFR, and ALK. Histologically you'll see the glandular cells and they are mucin positive. There is a special subtype called bronchoalveolar. From your Clara cells, it grows along your alveolar wall, thickens it and CXR looks like interstitial/atypical pneumonia. 4) Bronchial Carcinoid tumor: not only seen in the gut, it can also be seen in your lungs. It is from the neuroendocrine cells of your lungs and will be small blue cells that are chromogranin A+. Grossly they look like a polyp and rarely mets. They release serotonin, causing vasoconstriction and wheezing. Now let's talk about small cell lung cancers. These cancers are associated with smoking as well as a mutation in L-MYC. This is a neoplasm of your neuroendocrine cells, in particular your Kulchitsky cells. Again neuroendocrine cells are chromogranin A+, as well as neuron specific enolase. Small cell lung cancer is related to many paraneoplastic syndromes. They can release ACTH (Cushings), ADH (SIADH), and antibodies against your brain (encephalitis) or presynaptic calcium channels of your neuromuscular junction (Lambert Eaton syndrome). Our last topic is on mesothelioma. Hopefully, you remember that it is associated with asbestos, and that it affects the pleura. It can cause pleural effusion (Exudative), as well as thickening and calcification. You can see this calcification as psammoma bodies. It also has markers calretinin, and cytokeratin. Done with the lungs. Hope you enjoyed!
Просмотров: 1123 LY Med
Lung Cancer (Small Cell Lung Carcinoma and Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma) for USMLE 2
 
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Lung cancers consists of Small Cell Carcinoma, Sqamous Cell Carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma and Large Cell Carcinoma. We will be reviewing Epidemiology, Pathology Pathophysiology, Clinical Signs and Symptoms, Investigations and Treatment/Management of Lung Cancer. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LUNG CANCER Adenocarcinoma is the most common right now and is the most common. It is the third most common cancer and is the most common cause of cancer death. RISK FACTORS OF LUNG CANCER Smoking, Asbestos, Radiation, Arsenic Chromium, Nickel. Genetics, Scar Formation (Wegeners, Fibrosis, Scleroderma) Air pollution, HIV. CLINICAL SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF LUNG CANCER Pulmonary Symptoms, most common is cough, Hemoptysis (which ca lead to asphyxia) Chest Pain (dull achy), Dyspnea (secondary to pneumonia, atelectasis, lymphatic tumor spread, pleural effusion and pneumothorax), hoarsenes (when laryngeal nerve involved), pleural effusion (serous, serosangiounous, bloody) which may be caused by metastasis into pleural fluid. Super Vena Cava Syndrome occurs when central tumor invades SVC which causes red, edematous face, prominent veins throughout the body and this is more common in small cell lung cancer. Pancoast tumor is a lung cancer located in the apex of the lungs. Pancoast tumor may lead to thoracic outlet syndrome (pain weakness in arm and hand). Horner Syndrome causes miosis, anhydrosis and ptosis (MAP) and this is more common in Non Small Cell Lung Cancer. Paraneoplastic syndromes are due to hypercalcemia (PTHrP) bone mets, calcitriol release, cytokine. SIADH causes increase water absorption leading to dilution hyponatremia, cerebral edema, anorexia, nausea vomiting. Resolves with chemo and treatment. Lambert Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome (LEMS) is a condition with auto-antibodies of the calcium channels in the Neuromuscular Junction. Proximal Muscle weakness and rising and standing. Hematologic derangements such as anemia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis and hypercoagulability. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy may lead to digital clubbing, periositis, Arthralgia, Cushings due to release of Ectopic ACTH. Metastasis symptoms occur when metastasis of lung cancer to liver, adrenal gland, Lung, Spine, Brain. Screen with PET-CT. INVESTIGATIONS FOR LUNG CANCER X-Ray may show a coin lesion. First step in management is to look at a previous x-ray and look for a sign of lung cancer on the old x-ray. Cytology of the sputum, bronchoscopy, and percutaneous. CT Scan and PET CT Small Cell Lung Cancer Oat cells look like small cells with little cytoplasm. All are of neuroendocrine origin (feyrter cells) on bronchus. Small Cell Lung Cancer is found central and has limited stage (Lung and 1 lymph node) Extended stage is spread beyond the lungs. Usually has early metastasis. May release ACTH, SIAD, Lambert eaton myasthenic syndrome. Adenocarcinoma Mucin and TTF-1 Positive type of Lung Cancer. Graded from low grade to high grade. Bronchoalverolar carcionma is in situ carcinoma and has better prognosis. Most common in Non-Smokers (BAC) Squamous Cell Lung Cancer Irritation of bronchus causing metaplasia, then dysplasia, then carcinoma in situ and finally lung cancer. Also associated with Keratin pearls and cavitation from central necrosis. Goes into hilar nodes and gets late metastasis. Asymptomatic and can be deteetd with sputum cytology. Large Cell Lung Cancer Lots of cytoplasm, unknown origin and is a waste basket column. Peripheral and has late metastasis and can use cancer. TREATMENT OF LUNG CANCER Small Cell Lung Cancer metastasizes early on and therefore surgery is not an option. Cisplatin, Carboplatin and vincristin is also used. Responds very well to chemotherapy. Prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) to prevent brain metastasis. Surgery is possible if the tumor is very small and no metastsis Non Small Cell Lung Cancer is not responsive to chemotherapy or radiotherapy so surgery is the only option.
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Competence in Cancer Care: Emergencies in Cancer
 
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CE available at www.noep.org. This CNE activity is grant funded by the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, PP120177.
Просмотров: 13716 NurseOEP
What is the treatment of parathyroid cancer?
 
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The most common treatment options for a parathyroid tumor are surgery, radiation therapy and treatment of hypercalcemia. Chemotherapy may also be recommended. Treatment will include efforts to both eliminate the tumor and control the amount of calcium in the patient's bloodstream.
Просмотров: 68 UW Health