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Progression And Staging Of Breast Cancer - Manipal Hospitals
 
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This video discusses how the different stages of cancer are classified. The staging is usually based on the size of the tumor, whether it is invasive or non-invasive, has spread beyond the breast, and whether it has attacked any lymph nodes. There are five stages of Cancer. Stage zero is non-invasive cancer where there is no evidence the cancer cells have spread into neighboring breast tissue. Stage one is an early stage of invasive cancer. There is no evidence that the cancer has spread beyond the breast tissue areas. Stages two and three deal with invasive cancer that has also spread to the lymph nodes under the arms. Stage four is an advanced cancer that has spread to other organs of the body. Watch the video for more information on the different stages of cancer. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
Просмотров: 5294 Manipal Hospitals
Positive Lymph Nodes During Breast Cancer Surgery
 
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Dr. Harness discusses what it means for a woman with breast cancer to be lymph node positive, and the treatment that follows that diagnosis. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 34013 Breast Cancer Answers®
Do All Lymph Node-Positive Breast Cancer Patients Need Chemotherapy?
 
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About 40% of women diagnosed with breast cancer have cancer in their lymph nodes. Lymph node positive breast cancer means cancer has spread from the breast to the lymph nodes located in the armpit area. According to our Medical Director Dr. Harness, “Historically, this was really an important factor in determining if patients needed chemotherapy or not.” The size of the cancer, the grade of the cancer, but particularly, if the cancer was involving lymph nodes that meant that you would automatically get chemotherapy. With advancements in breast cancer research, we are finding that this isn’t exactly true. Find out why not all lymph node positive breast cancer patients need chemotherapy. SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/user/drjayharness VISIT BREASTCANCERANSWERS.com FOR THE LATEST IN BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/news SUBMIT A QUESTION http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ DOWNLOAD DR. HARNESS' 15 QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR DOCTOR http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ CONNECT WITH US! Google+: http://bit.ly/16nhEnr Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BreastCancerAnswers Twitter: https://twitter.com/BreastCancerDr
Просмотров: 27677 Breast Cancer Answers®
Sentinel Lymph Node & Axillary Lymph Node Procedures for Breast Cancer
 
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Tina J. Hieken, M.D., breast surgeon at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, talks about sentinel lymph node biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. She explains the procedures and discusses recent advances that permit a patient-specific tailored approach to the management of breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. To learn more, visit http://mayocl.in/2zTaR54.
Просмотров: 13606 Mayo Clinic
Sentinel Node Biopsy: Breast Cancer Lymph Node Surgery
 
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We teach you why lymph nodes are important in breast cancer treatment. A sentinel node biopsy is the most common surgery performed to assess if cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ _____________________________________ Questions for your Breast Surgeon: 1. Am I a candidate for a “sentinel lymph node biopsy?” 2. If I have a “positive node” how will that change my treatment plan? 3. Under what situations might I need an “axillary dissection?” 4. What will you do if you find one or two nodes with cancer? 5. What are the side effects of the biopsy? 6. Can I avoid lymph node surgery altogether? Knowing your “lymph node status” helps determine which combination of therapies are best for treating your unique cancer. Only about 30% of all patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer are found to have cancer in their lymph nodes. If cancer travels to the lymph nodes, these cells typically go to the axillary lymph nodes under the arm on the same side of the newly diagnosed breast cancer. These cells usually lodge in the first 1, 2, or 3 lymph nodes (known as “sentinel nodes”) and grow there. Research suggests that cancer typically spreads to the sentinel nodes before the other 10 to 20 axillary nodes everyone has under the arm. If you are found to have cancer in your lymph nodes, you will likely be offered chemotherapy if you can tolerate it. It is less likely you will need chemotherapy if your lymph nodes are “negative.” Your lymph node status is one of many factors in deciding your treatment options. “Sentinel Node Biopsy” vs. “Axillary Dissection” A sentinel lymph node biopsy has replaced the more extensive “axillary dissection” for most early stage breast cancer surgeries. A sentinel node biopsy is easier to perform, is just as accurate, and causes fewer side effects than an axillary dissection. An axillary dissection is a more extensive surgery that removes all of the axillary lymph nodes and results in more armpit sensation loss and an increased risk of lymphedema than the less invasive sentinel node biopsy. There are some situations where an axillary dissection is still clearly needed. Having detected cancer in the lymph nodes before surgery is usually an indication for an axillary dissection. In some instances, if you are found to have cancer present in the sentinel nodes, you might need an axillary dissection. Our goal with this course is to give you an outline on axillary surgery so you can better make these decisions with your breast surgeon. How is a sentinel lymph node biopsy performed? Hours before your breast surgery, you will likely undergo a small injection into the skin of your breast of a mildly radioactive “tracer.” This tracer slowly filters through the lymphatic system of the breast to the first one or two axillary lymph nodes (sentinel nodes) under your arm. These are the same lymph nodes that breast cancer cells would first travel to from the breast. A blue dye injection is also commonly used in addition to the radioactive tracer. Your surgeon will use a small probe (similar to a Geiger counter) during surgery to find your sentinel nodes. The dye can also turn the same sentinel nodes blue in color, assisting your surgeon in finding them. The term “biopsy” implies taking just a piece of these nodes. In fact, these “sentinel nodes” are removed intact. The average number of sentinel nodes removed is only about three of the 10 – 20 lymph nodes normally present under the arm. Are there side effects of a sentinel node biopsy? Sentinel node surgery is a much less invasive procedure than an axillary dissection. The risks do include pain and discomfort in the armpit that does improve over time. You may have some permanent, partial sensation loss in the armpit and upper, inner arm. There is a slight risk of mild lymphedema. If your surgeon uses “blue dye” during the surgery to help find the sentinel nodes, there is a 1 to 2 % chance of having an allergic reaction to the dye. Does a “positive” sentinel node mean an axillary dissection? Until recently, surgeons would remove the sentinel lymph nodes and immediately have a pathologist evaluate the nodes under the microscope to see if cancer was present. For years, if any cancer was found in a sentinel node, surgeons would go ahead and remove all the nodes during the same surgery. This “axillary dissection” results in more long-term side effects than a sentinel node biopsy surgery. In 2011, the ACOSOG Z00011 clinical trial showed that carefully selected women with early stage cancer undergoing a lumpectomy can now avoid an axillary dissection if only one or two sentinel nodes are found to be involved with a small amount of cancer.
Просмотров: 3655 Breast Cancer School for Patients
Lymph Node Involvement in Breast Cancer
 
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Jay Harness MD discusses lymph node involvement in breast cancer and its importance in staging and treatment.
Просмотров: 1253 Cancer Journey Apps
Lymph Node Management: Understanding Breast Cancer
 
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The lymph system is important in evaluating and treating breast cancer including evaluation and surgical management of lymph nodes. Learn why.
Просмотров: 7159 UPMC
Breast Cancer TRUTH: DO NOT Remove Your Lymph Nodes (The Lymphatic System)
 
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Got Breast Cancer? Doctor told you to remove your lymph nodes? DON’T! A guide to the lymphatic system and how to improve your overall health. Get that garbage out of the body! Your lymph nodes are your friend helping you get rid of toxins. Three quick tips for a healthy lymphatic system and prevention of breast cancer: Get a simple trampoline - Start a daily rebounding routine. Stop using antiperspirants. Women, wear a loose-fit bra and try to reduce bra usage overall. https://thetruthaboutcancer.com https://www.foodmatters.com
Просмотров: 215 Information Warfare
Breast Cancer Type and Stage: What You Need to Know
 
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We teach you how "stage" and "type of breast cancer" is determined. Learn how stage can guide treatment decisions. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ __________________________________ Questions for your Breast Cancer Specialists: 1. What type of breast cancer do I have? 2. Can you explain my breast cancer stage and what it means? 3. How much of a threat to my life is my stage of cancer? Breast Cancer Type: Breast cancer “type” is a general reference to the unique features of breast cancer cells. Most important is if the tumor is considered invasive or non-invasive. “Cell type” and “receptors” are also important. These are some of the puzzle pieces that you and your breast specialists must put together to fully understand your breast cancer and how to best treat it. Invasive breast cancer: Invasive breast cancer cells may have the ability to spread beyond the breast to the lymph nodes and other organs of the body. Although this is the type of cancer that can threaten one’s life, 90% of all invasive breast cancers are cured by modern day cancer treatment. “Invasive Breast Cancer“ is covered in great detail with our video lesson (here). The two most common “cell types” of invasive breast cancer are Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma (IDC) (70%) and Infiltrating Lobular Carcinoma (ILC) (20%). They both are treated in almost the same fashion with a combination of surgery, possibly chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and radiation therapy. There are other less common cell types of invasive breast cancer which are not covered in this course. These include papillary, mucinous, colloid, tubular, and phyllodes to name a few. Non-invasive breast cancer: Non-invasive breast cancer is generally defined as DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ). It does not spread to the lymph nodes or beyond. Think of DCIS as a “pre-cancerous” area of the breast. An invasive cancer may evolve from an area of DCIS over time if it is untreated and left in the body to grow. Learn more about “Non-Invasive DCIS“ with our video lesson (here). Breast Cancer Stage: Stage is a way of estimating how life-threatening a cancer is based on the “size” of the tumor, if cancer involves the lymph nodes, and if it has spread to other parts of the body. There are many other important cancer factors beyond stage that determine how a breast cancer should be treated. The term “stage” is often confused with tumor “grade.” Tumor grade is a reference to how abnormal the cancer cells appear under the microscope. Stage of cancer is a reference to how extensive the breast cancer was at the time of diagnosis. Non-Invasive Breast Cancer: (Stage 0) This refers to the presence of DCIS without evidence of invasive breast cancer. The size of the tumor can be small or large. A lumpectomy, followed by radiation to the breast, is the most common treatment approach. A mastectomy may be required to remove a large area of DCIS in some situations. Surgery is the first treatment for Stage 0 breast cancer. Early Stage Invasive Breast Cancer: (Stage I) The invasive cancer tumor is smaller than 2 cm and there is no evidence that cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes. Surgery is usually the first treatment. Infrequently, chemotherapy before or after surgery is sometimes needed. (Stage II) The most common scenario is that the tumor is larger than 2 cm but smaller than 5 cm without evidence of spread to the axillary lymph nodes. Another scenario is that the tumor is less than 5 cm in size and there is evidence of cancer in a few axillary lymph nodes. Surgery or chemotherapy are often the first treatment options. Later Stage Breast Cancer: (Stage III) These cancers are generally much larger tumors and in a few situations have grown into the skin or the chest wall. Many have already spread to the axillary lymph nodes. The cancer can grow in a way that involves other tissue around the tumor that makes it difficult to remove surgically. Stage III cancer also includes “inflammatory breast cancer.” There is no evidence of cancer spreading to other body sites yet in Stage III breast cancer. Chemotherapy is usually the first treatment. (Stage IV) Any breast cancer that is found to have spread to other parts of the body (distant metastasis) is Stage IV. The size of the tumor and involvement of the lymph nodes is still important information for treatment decisions. The fact that cancer has spread elsewhere reflects the life-threatening nature of Stage IV breast cancer. Chemotherapy or hormonal therapy is usually the first treatment.
Просмотров: 25496 Breast Cancer School for Patients
How To Detect Breast Cancer Early and causes of breast cancer
 
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in this video i am going to tell you about how can you check breast cancer Breast self-checks vital to detect cancer early! Early detection of breast cancer is crucial in enhancing positive outcomes from treatment. Unfortunately, according to National Cancer Society Malaysia, 43% of breast cancer cases in this country are only discovered when in the late stages, namely the third and fourth stages. “This is unfortunate because breast cancer is highly treatable if detected early. “We urge our women to be aware and be proactive in seeking medical advice if they find any abnormalities (on their breast),” NCSM medical director Dr M. Murallitharan told Bernama recently. Breast cancer is the top cancer afflicting women worldwide. In Malaysia, one in every 30 women is at risk of this disease. Early detection practices like mammograms (a screening tool to detect breast cancer in women), clinical breast examinations and breast self-examinations remain some of the most important ways to detect breast cancer early and increase survival rates. The size of the detected tumour determines which cancer stage a patient is at and, according to the American Cancer Society, the five-year survival rate declines quickly as breast cancer proceeds to the next stage. The five-year survival rate refers to the percentage of people who live at least five years after being diagnosed with cancer. At stage zero, the abnormal cancerous cells are non-invasive which means they are still within the original location of the breast where they started. Stage one occurs when the cancer cells break through the original site and invade the surrounding tissue. At this stage, the tumour is just under or at two centimetres and it is still within the boundaries of the breast. There are two subcategories or conditions for this stage: the first condition is there is no lymph node involvement and the second, there is micro-metastases or very small spreading out of one to three lymph nodes. Stage two breast cancer has two subcategories as well. In the first subcategory, the tumour is more than two centimetres but smaller than five centimetres with lymph node involvement. The second subcategory is where the tumour is larger than two centimetres but without lymph node involvement or larger than five centimetres but not attached to the chest wall and without lymph node involvement. “When a tumour is discovered between stages one and two, the chances for a successful treatment is at its highest as it is still contained locally,” said Dr Murallitharan, a public health physician. Stage three has three subcategories. The first subcategory is where the tumour is less than five centimetres and has spread to five to nine lymph nodes but has not spread to distant sites. The second subcategory has two conditions – first, the tumour has grown into the chest wall or skin but without lymph node involvement and second, the tumour has not grown but up to nine axillary (armpit area) lymph nodes are involved. The third subcategory is where the tumour can be at any size, spread to 10 or more lymph nodes in areas such as under the clavicle or collarbone or above the clavicle, and the cancer has enlarged the mammary lymph nodes. At this level, the cancer cells are beginning to reach out beyond the breast with some lymph nodes invaded, while the tumour may or may not have attached itself outside the breast. Stage four is the advanced stage where the cancer has spread beyond the breast and its adjacent lymph nodes to other organs of the body that may include the brain, lungs or liver. “It is also called metastatic cancer and if cancer reoccurs it is often at this stage,” Dr Murallitharan explained. Stressing the importance of regular breast self-checks that can be done while showering and would take less than a minute, he said: “Symptoms to look out for during breast self-checks include swelling of all or part of the breast, skin irritation or dimpling, breast or nipple pain, nipple retraction or nipple turning inward, redness, scaliness or thickening of nipple or breast skin. Facebook: https://goo.gl/yRvBC5 Twitter: https://goo.gl/XPSPze #Breast #Cancer #Woman
Просмотров: 195 Herbs cures
How Breast Cancer and Lymph Nodes are Related
 
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Doctors often test the lymph nodes after a breast cancer diagnosis is made. Dr. Harness explains the purpose of lymph nodes in the body and how they relate to breast cancer. Click Here To Get Dr. Harness' 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, ‪http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask‬ This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 15675 Breast Cancer Answers®
What does it mean if breast cancer spreads to the lymph nodes? | Norton Cancer Institute
 
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Natalie Stephens, M.D., Medical Director, Norton Cancer Institute Breast Health Program, explains what it means if breast cancer spreads to the lymph nodes. Dr. Stephens, a graduate of the University of Louisville School of Medicine, completed her general surgery residency at the University of Connecticut at Hartford. She is board certified in general surgery and is a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American Society of Breast Surgeons. Dr. Stephens practices with Norton Surgical Specialists – St. Matthews. NCI Breast Health Program: http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/breast Dr. Stephens: http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/natalie-g-stephens-md
Просмотров: 1148 Norton Healthcare
Deep Learning Algorithms for Detection of Lymph Node Metastases From Breast Cancer
 
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A new study in JAMA reports on how accurate computer algorithms were at detecting the spread of cancer to lymph nodes in women with breast cancer compared with pathologists. Read the article at: http://ja.ma/2iXeHrd. Download the video at: http://ja.ma/2za4uNc.
Просмотров: 301 TheJAMAReport
Enlarged lymph node? Cancer?
 
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Thanks for watching TO CREEP / CONTACT ME: Come say Hi: Instagram: @sgoodzgirl https://www.instagram.com/sgoodzgirl/ Facebook: @sgoodzgirl https://www.facebook.com/sgoodzgirl Email: Sgoodz.business@gmail.com
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How to Recognize Breast Cancer Symptoms - Self Breast Examination
 
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www.induswomen.com Breast Cancer - Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer Symptoms of Breast Cancer The most common symptoms of breast cancer are usually the presence of a lump, thickening in the breast tissue, deformity, ulcers, and discharge from the nipples. Of the lumps, nearly 90% are not cancerous but all lumps should be checked for cancer by using Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and other techniques of biopsy. Find below the Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer: Lump or lumps within the breast. Thickened skin tissue over the breast. Change in the size, shape, or appearance of one or both the breasts and nipples. Discharge from one or both the nipples that can be clear, yellow, green, and blood tinged. Pain in either of the breasts or armpits that is not related to periods. Dimples formation over the skin of the breast particularly when the arms are moved or raised due to the attachment of the tumor to the overlying skin. A lump or lumps in the armpits or under the collar bone area which is a swollen lump. Though there are various reasons why a lymph node is swollen, it is better to get it checked for any breast abnormalities or diseases. The signs and symptoms of an advanced cancer include bone pain, easy fractures, ulcers of the skin, fatigue, weight loss, seizures, and convulsions etc.
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Which Breast Cancer Patients Need Lymph Nodes Removed? Mayo Clinic-Led Research Narrows It Down
 
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Which breast cancer patients need to have underarm lymph nodes removed? Mayo Clinic-led research is narrowing it down. A new study finds that only some women with lymph node-positive breast cancer need all of their underarm nodes taken out: Ultrasound is a reliable way to judge before breast cancer surgery whether chemotherapy wiped out cancer in the underarm lymph nodes, the study found. Mayo Clinic breast surgeon Judy Boughey, M.D., explains the findings’ benefits for patients. For more information, see the post on the Mayo Clinic News Network.
Просмотров: 1209 Mayo Clinic
Axilary Lymph Node Biopsy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy For Breast Cancer - Lazoi.com
 
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An axillary lymph node Biopsy is surgical procedure to remove lymph nodes from the armpit (underarm). The lymph nodes in the armpit are called axillary lymph nodes (underarm lumps). An axillary lymph node Biopsy is also called axillary dissection, axillary node dissection or axillary lymphadenectomy. Breast Sentinel Biopsy involves removing the first lymph node (or nodes) in the armpit to which cancer cells are likely to spread from the breast. It’s essential that sentinel node biopsy is done by a surgeon who is trained and experienced in this method. Sentinel node biopsy is usually done during breast surgery (Surgery to remove breast cancer). Sometimes it may be performed as a separate procedure. The length of time it takes to do sentinel node biopsy varies for individual women. A lymph node biopsy removes lymph node tissue to be looked at under a microscope for signs of infection or a disease, such as cancer. Other tests may also be used to check the lymph tissue sample, including a culture, genetic tests, or tests to study the body's immune system. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. They are found in the neck, behind the ears, in the armpits glands, and in the chest, belly, and groin. To remove these lumps, lump node biopsy surgery is used. Lumpectomy or lumpectomy surgery for breast cancer is surgery to remove cancer or other abnormal tissue from your breast. Lumpectomy is also called breast conserving surgery or wide local excision because unlike a mastectomy, only a portion of the breast is removed. Doctors may also refer to Breast cancer lumpectomy as an excisional biopsy. Symptoms of breast lump • you discover a new lump • an area of your breast is noticeably different than the rest • a lump does not go away after menstruation • a lump changes or grows larger • your breast is bruised for no apparent reason • the skin of your breast is red or begins to pucker like an orange peel • you have an inverted nipple (if it was not always inverted) • you notice bloody discharge from the nipple Treatment of breast lump If the lump is found to be breast cancer, treatment can include: • lumpectomy, or removing the lump • mastectomy, which refers to removing your breast tissue • chemotherapy, which uses drugs to fight or destroy the cancer • radiation treatment for breast cancer, a treatment that uses radioactive rays or materials to fight the cancer Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a lump that present breast cancer. Tissue around the lump is also removed. This surgery is called a lumpectomy. When a noncancerous tumor such as a fibroadenoma of the breast is removed, it is often called an excisional breast biopsy, instead of a lumpectomy. There are two types of breast cancer surgery: Breast conserving surgery (also called a lumpectomy (used for breast cancer treatment), quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy, or segmental mastectomy) – in which only the part of the breast containing the cancer is removed. How lymph node biopsy surgery performed The sentinel node is then checked for the presence of cancer cells by a pathologist. If cancer is found, the surgeon may remove additional lymph nodes, either during the same biopsy procedure or during a follow-up surgical procedure. SLNBs may be done on an outpatient basis or may require a short stay in the hospital.
Просмотров: 10374 Lazoi TheLife
Why Are Lymph Nodes Important In Breast Cancer Treatment? - Dr. Jay Harness
 
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Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# In this clip, Dr. Jay Harness explains that if the breast cancer is invasive, one of the very first places cancer cells can go to are the lymph nodes in the armpit area. This changes the stage of the breast cancer to a higher stage and often means that the patient needs chemotherapy. Ask a breast cancer question at http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 15015 Breast Cancer Answers®
Breast cancer staging with applied anatomy of breast and axillary lymph nodes
 
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In this video, CancerBro explains breast cancer staging with applied anatomy of breast and axillart lymph nodes. Video Transcript: CancerBro, how is the staging of breast cancer done? The staging of breast cancer is called TNM staging. We will discuss this in detail. It is called as T1 when the tumor size is less than or equal to 2 cm. T2 when the tumor is 2 cm to 5 cm. And T3 when the tumor is more than 5 cm. To understand T4 disease, first we have to know the structures. Deep to the breast there is pectoralls fascia and pectoralls major muscle. And here lies the pectoralis minor muscle. Other structures in the chest wall include ribs and intercostal muscles. If we look from the front of the chest, this is the pectoralis major muscle. And this is the serratus anterior muscle. T4a disease is when the tumor inflirates the chest wall, not including only pectoralis muscle adhesion or invasion. And here, the tumor infiltrates into the serratus anterior muscle. T4b disease is involvement of skin by the tumor. It can present as skin ulceration or as satellite tumor nodules. Or as edema of skin looking like an orange peel known as peau de orange. All the skin changes should occupy less than one-third of the surface area of breast to be called as T4b. Infiltration of tumor into both, chest wall and skin, i.e., T4a and T4b both, is called T4c. And when the breast cancer progresses very rapidly to cause diffuse erythema and edema of skin breast, involving more than one-third of the skin, then it is called as inflammatory breast cancer. Now, we move on to the N-staging. To understand the N staging, first you have to know the local structures in that area. In this figure, you can see the humerus, clavicle and sternum bone. This is the pectoralls minor muscle. These nodular structures in the anterior axillary fold, are called as anterior group of lymph nodes. And along the head of the humerus are lateral group of lymp nodes. All these three groups, lateral to pectoralis minor muscle, are level 1 lymph nodes. These present behind the pectoralls minor muscle are central, or level 2 lymph nodes. And these present medial to pectoralls minor muscle, are apical or level 3 lymph nodes. And these, along the sternum are called as internal mammary lymph nodes. For clinical N-staging, we have to palpate level 1 and 2 lymph nodes in axilla. If they are not palpable, it is NO. If palpable, and freely mobile, it is N1. If level 1 or level 2 lymph nodes are palpable, but they are fixed or matted, it is called as N2a. If only internal mammary lymph nodes are seen in CT scan without any level 1 or level 2 nodes, the it is called as N2b. If infraclavicular lymph nodes are involved, it is called as N3a. If internal mammary ans axillary lymph nodes both are involved that is N2a and N2b, then it is N3b. Involvement of supraclavicular lymph nodes are called as N3c. Now, let's move ahead. Next comes the M-staging, if the disease has spread to the distance organ it is called as M1 otherwise it is MO. This figure shows spread to both lungs in the form or multiple metastatic nodules. And here, metastasis to the pleura has resulted in fluid collection, called as pleural effusion. This figure shows spread to the liver in form or multiple nodular deposits. And here, the cancer is spread to the adrenal gland. Similarly, the spread may occur to brain, bones or other part of the body. Subscribe to our YouTube channel and join the Mrs. Brooks journey to know all about breast cancer. CancerBro will walk you through risk factors, stagings, and respective treatments of breast cancer. CancerBro is also active on social media channels. Follow him to get rich and authoritative content related to cancer awareness, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, etc. Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/officialcancerbro Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/official_cancerbro Twitter - https://twitter.com/cancer_bro/ Website - http://www.cancerbro.com/
Просмотров: 641 CancerBro
Breast sentinel node biopsy • Oncolex
 
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More info: http://bit.ly/Oncolex-Sentinel-node-biopsy Follow us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/oncolex
Просмотров: 12651 Institute for Cancer Genetics and Informatics
Lymph node Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer
 
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Read & Watch the full story at http://www.nalie.ca After anxiously waiting for the Tumor Board's verdict... I found out that extra lymph node surgery will NOT be necessary. However, radiation is a must and will commence at the end of the month. Read & Watch the full story at http://www.nalie.ca
Просмотров: 9891 Nalie Agustin
My Breast Cancer Surgery Lumpectomy & Lymph Node Dissection
 
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In July 2018 I was diagnosed with stage 3 Breast Cancer in my left breast and lymph nodes. I chose to have a lumpectomy and they also removed 18 lymph nodes from under my arm. This was the first surgery I have ever had so I was pretty nervous. I am 41 year old single mom of 3 boys who breast fed, eat a healthy and NEVER thought I'd get cancer. I am 9 weeks post surgery and have decided AGAINST 5 months of chemo and 6 weeks of radiation. I am going to heal my cancer naturally and have started taking RSO (Rick Simpson Oil) so stay tuned for my updates on this healing journey. xoxo Michelle
Просмотров: 305 Michelle Marie Sripranaratanakul
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy In Breast Cancer
 
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Dr. Charles E. Cox, of the Breast Health Program at the University of South Florida demonstrates a sentinel lymph node biopsy.
Просмотров: 53907 USFBreastHealth
Breast cancer spread to the lymph nodes
 
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At the 10th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC), held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, from 9 to 11 March 2016, Dr Jeremy Thomas, from Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, explains that the progress in the management of patients with metastatic breast cancer in the axillary lymph nodes is the most important change in terms of patient care in the last couple of years. Visit our website | http://www.patientpower.eu/ Follow on Twitter | https://twitter.com/patientpowereu Like on Facebook | https://www.fb.com/patientpower.europe
Просмотров: 512 Patient Power Europe
Will I need Chemotherapy for My Breast Cancer?
 
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We teach you how your tumor receptors, lymph nodes, genomic assays, and breast cancer stage indicates if you would benefit from chemotherapy. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ ____________________________________ Questions for your Medical Oncologist and Breast Surgeon: 1. Would I benefit from chemotherapy? 2. What factors suggest I will benefit from chemotherapy? 3. What is the risk to my life if I do not undergo chemotherapy? 4. What are the advantages of “Neoadjuvant Chemo” before surgery? 5. Would a “Genomic Assay” help determine if I need chemotherapy? 6. What is chemotherapy? Chemotherapy is the use of certain medications to treat cancer systemically, meaning throughout the whole body. If needed, chemotherapy is usually given after surgery for invasive breast cancer. It is a more intense cancer treatment than hormonal therapy (usually pills). Only a minority of breast cancer patients will ever need it. These complex decisions are ones you will make with your medical oncologist. You will make better treatment choices when you are informed about chemotherapy and hormonal therapy before meeting with your medical oncologist. General indications for chemotherapy We outline below some of the more common indications for needing chemotherapy. The decision to undergo chemotherapy also involves being healthy enough to tolerate the treatment. Deciding who needs chemotherapy and what type of chemotherapy to administer is one of the most difficult decisions made in medicine. Your medical oncologist will guide you. Do my “receptors” suggest I need chemotherapy? Once a breast biopsy is found to be cancerous, the pathologists will automatically run more tests on the same tissue to determine what “receptors” are expressed. Your receptor pattern is a key piece of information that comes early in your breast cancer journey. In about 30% of patients with an invasive breast cancer, the receptor pattern alone can strongly suggest that chemotherapy will be needed regardless of what is found at surgery. The key points regarding receptors are outlined below. Estrogen Receptor Negative (ER -) tumors (20%) do not respond to anti-estrogen oral medications that are essential in treating estrogen receptor positive (ER +) tumors. Quite simply, patients with ER negative tumors will benefit from chemotherapy if they are healthy enough to tolerate it. ER negative tumors are more aggressive cancers, but respond more favorably to chemotherapy than ER positive breast cancers. HER2 Receptor Positive (HER2+) tumors (20%) are very responsive to chemotherapy when paired with new breakthrough drugs that target these tumors, such as Herceptin and Perjeta. The same holds true even if a HER2-positive tumor is also Estrogen Receptor positive (ER+). HER2+ tumors are more aggressive cancers, but we now can treat them more effectively with chemotherapy and new drugs that are “targeted” to destroy HER2-positive cancers. “Triple Negative” (ER-)(PR-)(HER2-) tumors are fast growing tumors that are usually treated with a specific chemotherapy regimen. These tumors are not responsive to hormonal therapy at all, but may be sensitive to chemotherapy. What if cancer is detected in the lymph nodes? If you have “lymph node positive” breast cancer, it is likely you will be offered chemotherapy. Premenopausal women and those with multiple “positive” lymph nodes generally benefit from chemotherapy. If your breast surgeon detects cancer in your lymph nodes before surgery, there may be specific advantages to undergoing “neoadjuvant chemotherapy.” “Inflammatory Breast Cancer” requires chemotherapy If you have been diagnosed with inflammatory breast cancer, the first step is neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery. This type of cancer has a high likelihood of spreading to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body. Starting chemotherapy as soon as possible is essential to treating this aggressive breast cancer. A mastectomy is performed after chemotherapy, followed by radiation to the area of the mastectomy to lessen the chance of cancer growing back in that area. What are the advantages of “neoadjuvant chemotherapy”? Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is when chemotherapy is given before surgery, not afterwards. There are specific advantages to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in appropriately selected patients. How can a genomic “Oncotype DX” test be helpful? Patients who have a small, estrogen receptor positive, HER2 receptor negative tumor and no evidence of cancer in their lymph nodes may benefit from an Oncotype DX genomic assay. This cutting-edge test looks deeper into breast cancer cells to better identify people who may benefit from chemotherapy with ER+, HER2 – breast cancers.
Просмотров: 3934 Breast Cancer School for Patients
BREAST  MASS with  ENLARGED LYMPH  NODES  in  AXILLA
 
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by DR TAHIR A SIDDIQUI ( consultant sonologist ) Gujranwala. Pakistan
Просмотров: 16386 Tahir Ultrasound Center
Sentinel Lymph node biopsy in breast cancer by Dual technique
 
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A technique of Sentinel lymph node biopsy by using Tc99m and methylene blue.
Просмотров: 477 Nikhil Gulavani
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
 
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For more information, visit CancerQuest at http://www.cancerquest.org/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy. A video-animation presentation about sentinel lymph node biopsies for breast cancer diagnosis. 3D graphics are used to explain the process. Topics include the lymphatic system and the methods used. This video is part of the breast cancer education series produced by CancerQuest at Emory University. For further information, visit http://www.cancerquest.org
Просмотров: 139985 CancerQuest
Breast Cancer Axillary Ultrasound: Find involved nodes
 
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We teach you how a simple ultrasound of your axillary lymph nodes can tell you more about your breast cancer and expand your treatment options. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ __ Questions for your Breast Surgeon: 1. Will you ultrasound my axillary lymph nodes today? 2. If not, will you order an axillary ultrasound by a radiologist? 3. Would my treatment change if we found cancer in my axillary nodes? 4. What are the benefits of Neoadjuvant Chemo? 5. Why is Neoadjuvant Chemo recommended more now? 6. Why ultrasound my axillary lymph nodes before surgery? At diagnosis, one third of patients already have cancer in the lymph nodes under their arm (axilla). When the “Axillary Lymph Nodes” are involved with breast cancer your cancer is more threatening one. This information can dramatically change your treatment options. Studies have shown that “positive” axillary lymph nodes are commonly missed by your breast surgeon’s physical examination. A 5-minute ultrasound of your axilla can more accurately find cancer in these nodes. A pre-operative axillary ultrasound is a “cutting edge” advance in breast cancer care. Make sure to ask your breast surgeon about an axillary ultrasound when they are examining you. Many large cancer centers routinely utilize pre-operative axillary ultrasounds. How can this change my treatment plan? If an obviously abnormal node is found before surgery, then you have a more serious cancer. If appropriate, an ultrasound guided needle biopsy can be performed to confirm the node is involved with cancer. If you have cancer in your nodes, you will likely require chemotherapy either before (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) or after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy). Regardless of the findings of an axillary ultrasound, a surgical evaluation of your axillary lymph nodes will be needed when you undergo a definitive breast cancer surgery. The surgical procedures used today for lymph nodes are a “sentinel node biopsy” or an “axillary dissection.” What are the benefits of knowing you have involved nodes? Knowing you have “node positive” breast cancer before surgery can empower your breast cancer team to search for more sophisticated treatment options. A simple axillary ultrasound for early stage breast cancer identifies more “node positive” patients. If you are found early in your journey to have node positive breast cancer, more  pre-operative treatment options may be considered. We list some of the treatment benefits below. Multidisciplinary Cancer Team Lymph node “positive” breast cancer requires a more sophisticated treatment approach. An axillary ultrasound can help determine if you would benefit from a “multidisciplinary team” approach early on in your care, before surgery. Ask your breast specialists to present your unique cancer situation to their team so you will benefit from new ideas and cutting-edge treatment advances. Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy When you know you have involved lymph nodes at diagnosis, you likely will be offered chemotherapy at some point in your treatment. There can be distinct advantages to having chemotherapy before surgery, rather than afterwards. This is known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This complex decision is worth discussing with your breast surgeon. Breast surgeons choose the initial direction of your entire breast cancer treatment plan. An axillary ultrasound can better identify if you are a candidate for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Take our lesson on “Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy” to learn more about the potential benefits of this treatment approach.
Просмотров: 1166 Breast Cancer School for Patients
Lymphatic drainage of the breast and spread of breast carcinoma
 
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Errata: 02:01 Axillary artery, not vein I talk and draw like I usually do. Not sped up due to lack of time for editing. Hope it helps!
Просмотров: 65983 Medicowesome
Sentinel Lymph Node removal in breast Cancer
 
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Sentinel Lymph Node removal in breast Cancer
Просмотров: 45659 henriclave
Lymph node massage for breasts - pain, mastitis, post cancer treatment
 
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See more: http://www.shantherapy.com An easy daily routine to help you prevent and treat breast pain, tenderness, mastitis, swelling after mastectomy etc
Просмотров: 66463 ShanTherapy
How to Prepare for Breast Surgery: Lumpectomy and Lymph Node Surgery
 
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How to Prepare for Breast Surgery: Lumpectomy and Lymph Node Surgery Section one explains what you should and should not do before your surgery. Section two tells you what to expect during and after your surgery. The information within this video is not intended to replace any advice provided to you by your health care team. For your safety, we ask that you do not act on the information within these videos without first discussing your treatment or healthy living plan with your qualified health care providers. For more information about UHN Patient & Family Education, visit http://www.uhnpatienteducation.ca.
Просмотров: 7424 UHN Patient Education
Do not dissect axillary lymph nodes
 
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Do not dissect Axillary Lymph nodes A young woman returns from mammography with a miniscule tumor which drags her into the grinding mill of modern medicine. From now and onward she will be exposed to worthless treatments causing unnecessary suffering and pain. In other presentations I describe the futility of its treatments: 1. Breast irradiation is dangerous and should be avoided. 2. Irradiation of the left breast damages the heart and should be avoided. 3. Aromatase inhibitors cause a grave estrogen deficiency disease and should be avoided. Yet the most mutilating treatment is axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), which causes painful lymph edema in the dissected arm: [Presentation: Do not let them touch your lymph nodes]. This ordeal results from the false interpretation of breast cancer by medicine. Medicine regards axillary nodes as an isolated and independent phenomenon which should be controlled. There is a localized tumor and a locoregional axillary involvement . Two independent phenomena . While in reality both belong to a multidimensional process. According to the Halsted hypothesis, tumor starts as a local event in a breast. It proceeds to the regional lymph nodes and later on into the vascular system. This false hypothesis is gradually crumbling down. In order to stop tumor progression Halsted performed a mutilating radical mastectomy which fortunately became obsolete. Yet Halsted's dark shadow still looms over medicine. Accordingly the localized tumor first spreads to regional axillary nodes and then enters the vascular system. Which results in the mutilating ALND treatment. Studies which medicine likes to ignore indicate that breast cancer is an evolving field involving both breasts Both breasts consist of one system, Following virus infection, the entire field progresses as a whole . Its progression velocity is controlled by the organism. Axillary lymph nodes evolve at the same rate as the breast cancer field. Their treatment affects the entire field. Axillary lymph node dissection ought to be avoided.
Просмотров: 5336 Gershom Zajicek M.D,
Breast Cancer Lymph Node Clearance Chemo port Post-op
 
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This is day after my Lymph Node Removal and Chemo Port insertion. Thanks for watching and please dont forget to subscribe! Best of luck to you all!
Просмотров: 1066 ilovepeta2
Changes To Expect After Lymph Nodes Are Removed From Armpits
 
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In this video, Dr. Jay K Harness explains the changes that one might encounter after lymph nodes are removed from armpits. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/#

 Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask.

 This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 49372 Breast Cancer Answers®
"Axillary Dissection for Breast Cancer" by Prof. Chintamani
 
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Prof. Chintamani MS, FRCS(Ed.), FRCS(Glas.),FRCS (Irel.), FACS, FICS(Surg Oncol), FIMSA President Association Of Breast Surgeons Of India Hon. Secretary, Association Of Surgeons Of India-2012 Governing Council Member- Association Of Surgeons Of India Fellow The Royal Society Of Medicine UK Editor in Chief- Surgical Clinics of India Editor in Chief- New Indian Journal of Surgery Joint Editor- Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology Associate Editor: Indian Journal of Surgery Vardhman Mahavir Medical College Safdarjang Hospital New Delhi
Просмотров: 48503 ProfChintamani
Micrometastases Detected In Lymph Nodes With A PET Scan
 
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Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 13720 Breast Cancer Answers®
Why lymph nodes are important in breast cancer: video
 
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What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy and how can it help women with breast cancer get better cancer treatment? In this video from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), breast cancer surgeon Stephen Edge, MD, from the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, explains how sentinel lymph node biopsy can help women with breast cancer get the best care. The NCCN is a not-for-profit alliance of 21 leading cancer centers—including Roswell Park Cancer Institute—dedicated to improving cancer care. The NCCN Guidelines for Patients detail these and other treatments for breast and other cancers. Download them for free at www.NCCN.com.
Lymph node study may change treatment of breast cancer
 
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A new study finds that many women with early breast cancer do not need a painful procedure that has long been routine: removal of cancerous lymph nodes from the armpit.
Просмотров: 1159 ABC Action News
Lymph Node Removal During Breast Cancer Surgery
 
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The removal of the lymph nodes, as Dr. Harness explains in this video, is part of the local control of the cancer. Because cancer can spread to the lymph nodes, they play an important role in treating breast cancer and are used to determine staging as well as treatment. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Просмотров: 13400 Breast Cancer Answers®
How Lymphatic System Works Animation: Spreading of Breast Cancer - Pathophysiology of Edema Video
 
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The lymphatic system is often referred to as the body's "secondary circulatory system." The lymphatic system collects excess fluid in the body’s tissues and returns it to the bloodstream. Lymph formation occurs at the microscopic level. During the exchange of fluid and molecules between the blood circulation and body tissues, blood capillaries may not reabsorb all of the fluid. Surrounding lymphatic capillaries absorb the excess fluid. The fluid is then filtered and transported back by the lymphatic system into large veins near the heart. The lymphatic system can play a very worrisome role in the spread of breast cancer. Components of the lymphatic system called lymph nodes are distributed at specific locations throughout the body. There is also an extensive network of lymphatic vessels in every woman’s breast tissue, which is important in regulating the local fluid balance as well as in filtering out harmful substances.The lymph vessels in the breast may inadvertently supply cancerous cells with access to a highway along which the cancerous cells can move to other parts of the body. This process is called metastasis and may result in the formation of a secondary cancer mass in a different location of the body. Regular breast self examinations can help to detect tumors earlier in their growth, hopefully before they spread quickly or metastasize. Breast Cancer cells migrate through the blood vessels or lymphatic channels. Breast cancer cells will typically travel wither through the lymphatic system or through blood vessels to reach distant areas of the body. When breast cancer metastasize to the axillary lymph nodes (under the arm) it is still considered to be a relatively early stage of metastasis, and is potentially curable. But once the breast cancer moves beyond the lymph nodes into other areas of the body, it is usually termed a ‘distant‘ metastasis, and a patient is unfortunately usually not curable at that point. Metastatic breast cancer is called ‘systemic’. If breast cancer has metastasized beyond the lymph nodes it is termed a ‘systemic‘ disease. That means that the ‘whole body‘ must be treated and not just a particular spot. The only way to effectively treat the whole body is through chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and a vital part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart. The lymphatic system was first described in the seventeenth century independently by Olaus Rudbeck and Thomas Bartholin. Unlike the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system is not a closed system. The human circulatory system processes an average of 20 liters of blood per day through capillary filtration, which removes plasma while leaving the blood cells. Roughly 17 litres of the filtered plasma are reabsorbed directly into the blood vessels, while the remaining three litres remain in the interstitial fluid. One of the main functions of the lymph system is to provide an accessory return route to the blood for the surplus three litres. The other main function is that of defense in the immune system. Lymph is very similar to blood plasma: it contains lymphocytes and other white blood cells. It also contains waste products and cellular debris together with bacteria and proteins. Associated organs composed of lymphoid tissue are the sites of lymphocyte production. Lymphocytes are concentrated in the lymph nodes. The spleen and the thymus are also lymphoid organs of the immune system. The tonsils are lymphoid organs that are also associated with the digestive system. Lymphoid tissues contain lymphocytes, and also contain other types of cells for support. The system also includes all the structures dedicated to the circulation and production of lymphocytes (the primary cellular component of lymph), which also includes the bone marrow, and the lymphoid tissue associated with the digestive system. The blood does not come into direct contact with the parenchymal cells and tissues in the body (except in case of an injury causing rupture of one or more blood vessels), but constituents of the blood first exit the microvascular exchange blood vessels to become interstitial fluid, which comes into contact with the parenchymal cells of the body. Lymph is the fluid that is formed when interstitial fluid enters the initial lymphatic vessels of the lymphatic system. The lymph is then moved along the lymphatic vessel network by either intrinsic contractions of the lymphatic passages or by extrinsic compression of the lymphatic vessels via external tissue forces (e.g., the contractions of skeletal muscles), or by lymph hearts in some animals. The organization of lymph nodes and drainage follows the organization of the body into external and internal regions; therefore,
Просмотров: 30708 AniMed
Self Lymphatic Drainage for the Breast
 
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A quick walk through as to how to do self drainage for the breast. (Not cancer related!!) Massage & more videos like this: www.stillpointri.com Power & Pain (ebook): http://www.kettlebella.com/power-and-pain-ebook/ 5 Parts to Fat Burning: https://michaelafoulkes.us12.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=38212d3dc0e1b21f3f68f02f1&id=fe062fa981 Still Point Massage on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/stillpointmassageri/ Kettlebella on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Kettlebella-271975751973/ Michaela Foulkes (fat burning) on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Michaela-Foulkes-685637371472575/
Просмотров: 8170 Michaela Foulkes
What is a Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy?
 
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With so many breast cancer terms, men and women are often overwhelmed, especially when there's a term like sentinel lymph node biopsy. Although the term may sound quiet confusing and intimidating, this technique can help clarify the stage of your cancer. Medical Director Dr. Jay Harness explains, “A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a selective biopsy of one up to may be four lymph nodes in the armpit area.” This procedure can be used to see if a known cancer has spread from the original cancer site. There are couple of different ways of doing the sentinel lymph node technique. Find out from Dr. Jay Harness what a sentinel lymph node biopsy is and the different ways of performing this technique. SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/user/drjayharness VISIT BREASTCANCERANSWERS.com FOR THE LATEST IN BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/news SUBMIT A QUESTION http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ DOWNLOAD DR. HARNESS' 15 QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR DOCTOR http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ CONNECT WITH US! Google+: http://bit.ly/16nhEnr Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BreastCancerAnswers Twitter: https://twitter.com/BreastCancerDr
Просмотров: 5147 Breast Cancer Answers®
Breast cancer study finds removal of lymph nodes not good
 
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Breast cancer study finds removal of lymph nodes not good
Просмотров: 1830 WPRI
Less is More With Lymph Node Surgery  in Breast Cancer
 
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Tari King, MD, chief of Breast Surgery, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, discusses a "less is more" approach when it comes to lymph node surgery in patients with breast cancer. Recent data presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium found that lymph node resection does not always lead to better outcomes.
Просмотров: 193 Targeted Oncology
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
 
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Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Breast Cancer
Просмотров: 50292 George Filippakis
Ultrasound Evaluation of Regional Lymph Nodes as an Extension of the Breast Ultrasound Exam
 
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Ultrasound Evaluation of Regional Lymph Nodes as an Extension of the Breast Ultrasound Exam
Просмотров: 1993 Radiology Video
Is presence of painful lump in armpit & breast predictive of Breast Cancer? - Dr. Nanda Rajaneesh
 
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Presence of lump in axilla always does not mean it is cancer. If there is a lump in the breast and axilla that means the lump in the breast has spread to the axilla. Breast cancer can isolately present as a lump in the axilla. Most commonly it is because of fatty tissue or accessory breast in the axilla which is very common in women. Because the milk ducts extends from the axilla to the abdomen the milk ducts disappear in many areas except in the axilla and the nipple area. Some women will have some residual milk ducts left in the axilla which leads to a lump in the axilla. Specially during breast feeding they can increase in size. Biggest problem with accessory breast is cosmetic reasons. Sometimes they can get very painful and tender and can get infected. Other lumps are lymph nodes in the axilla which can be infected and very painful and they can cause severe pain and they can also increase in size. The lump in the axilla in the presence of breast cancer can also be very painful. If they become bid they infiltrate the nerves around the axilla, lead to severe pain. Lumps can also be because of any increased lymph nodes in the axilla. There are many groups of lymph nodes in the axilla. Any nodal disease that we see in different parts of the body can come in the axillary nodes also. Whenever there is an enlargement of axillary lymph nodes alone you have to take biopsy or further evaluate it to find out diseases like tuberculosis, tubercular lymphadenitis as we call it or lymphoma of the lymph nodes in the axilla or any pyogenic infection in the axillary nodes.