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Do All Lymph Node-Positive Breast Cancer Patients Need Chemotherapy?
 
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About 40% of women diagnosed with breast cancer have cancer in their lymph nodes. Lymph node positive breast cancer means cancer has spread from the breast to the lymph nodes located in the armpit area. According to our Medical Director Dr. Harness, “Historically, this was really an important factor in determining if patients needed chemotherapy or not.” The size of the cancer, the grade of the cancer, but particularly, if the cancer was involving lymph nodes that meant that you would automatically get chemotherapy. With advancements in breast cancer research, we are finding that this isn’t exactly true. Find out why not all lymph node positive breast cancer patients need chemotherapy. SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE EXPERT INFORMATION AND BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.youtube.com/user/drjayharness VISIT BREASTCANCERANSWERS.com FOR THE LATEST IN BREAKING BREAST CANCER NEWS http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/news SUBMIT A QUESTION http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ DOWNLOAD DR. HARNESS' 15 QUESTIONS TO ASK YOUR DOCTOR http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ CONNECT WITH US! Google+: http://bit.ly/16nhEnr Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BreastCancerAnswers Twitter: https://twitter.com/BreastCancerDr
Positive Lymph Nodes During Breast Cancer Surgery
 
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Dr. Harness discusses what it means for a woman with breast cancer to be lymph node positive, and the treatment that follows that diagnosis. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Progression And Staging Of Breast Cancer - Manipal Hospitals
 
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This video discusses how the different stages of cancer are classified. The staging is usually based on the size of the tumor, whether it is invasive or non-invasive, has spread beyond the breast, and whether it has attacked any lymph nodes. There are five stages of Cancer. Stage zero is non-invasive cancer where there is no evidence the cancer cells have spread into neighboring breast tissue. Stage one is an early stage of invasive cancer. There is no evidence that the cancer has spread beyond the breast tissue areas. Stages two and three deal with invasive cancer that has also spread to the lymph nodes under the arms. Stage four is an advanced cancer that has spread to other organs of the body. Watch the video for more information on the different stages of cancer. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
Views: 3888 Manipal Hospitals
How Breast Cancer and Lymph Nodes are Related
 
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Doctors often test the lymph nodes after a breast cancer diagnosis is made. Dr. Harness explains the purpose of lymph nodes in the body and how they relate to breast cancer. Click Here To Get Dr. Harness' 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, ‪http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask‬ This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Breast Cancer Lumpectomy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy, Darrin Hansen MD, Salt Lake City Utah
 
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A narrated breast lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure for breast cancer performed by Darrin Hansen, MD.
Views: 475601 Darrin Hansen
What does it mean if breast cancer spreads to the lymph nodes? | Norton Cancer Institute
 
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Natalie Stephens, M.D., Medical Director, Norton Cancer Institute Breast Health Program, explains what it means if breast cancer spreads to the lymph nodes. Dr. Stephens, a graduate of the University of Louisville School of Medicine, completed her general surgery residency at the University of Connecticut at Hartford. She is board certified in general surgery and is a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and the American Society of Breast Surgeons. Dr. Stephens practices with Norton Surgical Specialists – St. Matthews. NCI Breast Health Program: http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/breast Dr. Stephens: http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/natalie-g-stephens-md
Views: 968 Norton Healthcare
Lymph Node Involvement in Breast Cancer
 
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Jay Harness MD discusses lymph node involvement in breast cancer and its importance in staging and treatment.
Views: 1046 Cancer Journey Apps
Lymph node Surgery and Radiation for Breast Cancer
 
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Read & Watch the full story at http://www.nalie.ca After anxiously waiting for the Tumor Board's verdict... I found out that extra lymph node surgery will NOT be necessary. However, radiation is a must and will commence at the end of the month. Read & Watch the full story at http://www.nalie.ca
Views: 9111 Nalie Agustin
Axilary Lymph Node Biopsy and Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy For Breast Cancer - Lazoi.com
 
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An axillary lymph node Biopsy is surgical procedure to remove lymph nodes from the armpit (underarm). The lymph nodes in the armpit are called axillary lymph nodes (underarm lumps). An axillary lymph node Biopsy is also called axillary dissection, axillary node dissection or axillary lymphadenectomy. Breast Sentinel Biopsy involves removing the first lymph node (or nodes) in the armpit to which cancer cells are likely to spread from the breast. It’s essential that sentinel node biopsy is done by a surgeon who is trained and experienced in this method. Sentinel node biopsy is usually done during breast surgery (Surgery to remove breast cancer). Sometimes it may be performed as a separate procedure. The length of time it takes to do sentinel node biopsy varies for individual women. A lymph node biopsy removes lymph node tissue to be looked at under a microscope for signs of infection or a disease, such as cancer. Other tests may also be used to check the lymph tissue sample, including a culture, genetic tests, or tests to study the body's immune system. Lymph nodes are part of the immune system. They are found in the neck, behind the ears, in the armpits glands, and in the chest, belly, and groin. To remove these lumps, lump node biopsy surgery is used. Lumpectomy or lumpectomy surgery for breast cancer is surgery to remove cancer or other abnormal tissue from your breast. Lumpectomy is also called breast conserving surgery or wide local excision because unlike a mastectomy, only a portion of the breast is removed. Doctors may also refer to Breast cancer lumpectomy as an excisional biopsy. Symptoms of breast lump • you discover a new lump • an area of your breast is noticeably different than the rest • a lump does not go away after menstruation • a lump changes or grows larger • your breast is bruised for no apparent reason • the skin of your breast is red or begins to pucker like an orange peel • you have an inverted nipple (if it was not always inverted) • you notice bloody discharge from the nipple Treatment of breast lump If the lump is found to be breast cancer, treatment can include: • lumpectomy, or removing the lump • mastectomy, which refers to removing your breast tissue • chemotherapy, which uses drugs to fight or destroy the cancer • radiation treatment for breast cancer, a treatment that uses radioactive rays or materials to fight the cancer Breast lump removal is surgery to remove a lump that present breast cancer. Tissue around the lump is also removed. This surgery is called a lumpectomy. When a noncancerous tumor such as a fibroadenoma of the breast is removed, it is often called an excisional breast biopsy, instead of a lumpectomy. There are two types of breast cancer surgery: Breast conserving surgery (also called a lumpectomy (used for breast cancer treatment), quadrantectomy, partial mastectomy, or segmental mastectomy) – in which only the part of the breast containing the cancer is removed. How lymph node biopsy surgery performed The sentinel node is then checked for the presence of cancer cells by a pathologist. If cancer is found, the surgeon may remove additional lymph nodes, either during the same biopsy procedure or during a follow-up surgical procedure. SLNBs may be done on an outpatient basis or may require a short stay in the hospital.
Views: 4880 Lazoi TheLife
Cancer of the Lymph Nodes -  Symptoms And Treatment
 
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Great strides in curing lymphoma have been made in recent decades.. When detected early, cancer of the lymph nodes can often be cured, and survivors often live long, cancer-free lives afterward. This video lists common symptoms. Also see: 100 Questions & Answers About Lymphoma http://amzn.to/1FT0dgF. Living with Lymphoma: A Patient's Guide http://amzn.to/1FT0j86. Lymphoma Awareness 2 in 1 Ribbon Magnet http://amzn.to/1ZaQvwr. Cancer of the Lymph Nodes https://youtu.be/DG1ksxO4uBA.
Views: 93467 WS Westwood
How to Recognize Breast Cancer Symptoms - Self Breast Examination
 
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www.induswomen.com Breast Cancer - Signs And Symptoms Of Breast Cancer Symptoms of Breast Cancer The most common symptoms of breast cancer are usually the presence of a lump, thickening in the breast tissue, deformity, ulcers, and discharge from the nipples. Of the lumps, nearly 90% are not cancerous but all lumps should be checked for cancer by using Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) and other techniques of biopsy. Find below the Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer: Lump or lumps within the breast. Thickened skin tissue over the breast. Change in the size, shape, or appearance of one or both the breasts and nipples. Discharge from one or both the nipples that can be clear, yellow, green, and blood tinged. Pain in either of the breasts or armpits that is not related to periods. Dimples formation over the skin of the breast particularly when the arms are moved or raised due to the attachment of the tumor to the overlying skin. A lump or lumps in the armpits or under the collar bone area which is a swollen lump. Though there are various reasons why a lymph node is swollen, it is better to get it checked for any breast abnormalities or diseases. The signs and symptoms of an advanced cancer include bone pain, easy fractures, ulcers of the skin, fatigue, weight loss, seizures, and convulsions etc.
Views: 79625 indus womenchannel
Histopathology Lymph node-- Metastatic breast carcinoma
 
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Histopathology Lymph node-- Metastatic breast carcinoma
Views: 12994 WashingtonDeceit
How to Detox Lymph Nodes for Cancer
 
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http://JudySeegerDetox.com Judy Seeger, ND shares the two best ways to detox your lymph nodes, especially if you have cancer. Swollen lymph nodes can be easily detoxed and cleansed when you know how! Watch this short video tip.
Views: 3581 Judy Seeger
What Happens When Breast Cancer Spread To Lymph Nodes?
 
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https://goo.gl/6U6t22 - Subscribe For more Videos ! For more Health Tips | Like | Comment | Share: Thank you for watching Our videos: ▷ CONNECT with us!! #HealthDiaries ► YOUTUBE - https://goo.gl/6U6t22 ► Facebook - https://goo.gl/uTP7zG ► Twitter - https://twitter.com/JuliyaLucy ► G+ Community - https://goo.gl/AfUDpR ► Google + - https://goo.gl/3rcniv ► Blogger - https://juliyalucy.blogspot.in/ Watch for more Health Videos: ► How To Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy Naturally: https://goo.gl/hRy93e ► Period Hacks || How To Stop Your Periods Early: https://goo.gl/dSmFgi ► Cold and Flu Home Remedies: https://goo.gl/biPp8b ► Homemade Facial Packs: https://goo.gl/NwV5zj ► How To Lose Belly Fat In 7 Days: https://goo.gl/EHN879 ► Powerfull Foods for Control #Diabetes: https://goo.gl/9SdaLY ► Natural Hand Care Tips At Home That Work: https://goo.gl/YF3Exa ► How to Tighten #SaggingBreast: https://goo.gl/ENnb6b ► Natural Face Pack For Instant Glowing Skin: https://goo.gl/gvd5mM ► Get Rid of Stretch Marks Fast & Permanently: https://goo.gl/ZVYvQZ ► Eating Bananas with Black Spots: https://goo.gl/gXuri6 ► Drink this Juice every day to Cure #Thyroid in 3 Days: https://goo.gl/L3537H ► How Garlic Improves Sexual Stamina? https://goo.gl/GNcbYU ► Benefits of using Egg Shells: https://goo.gl/hAUyUS ► Home Remedies to Gain Weight Fast: https://goo.gl/jBVVQh ► Amazing Benefits of Olive Oil for Health: https://goo.gl/R3583v ► Rapid Relief of Chest Pain (Angina): https://goo.gl/idAFZR ► Home Remedies for Joint & Arthritis Pains Relief: https://goo.gl/jRbNkh ► SHOCKING TRICKs For #Diabetes Control: https://goo.gl/ATDDsV ► Doctors Are Shocked! #Diabetics: https://goo.gl/ZeQddJ ► Home Remedies for Gastric Troubles: https://goo.gl/72VR1b ► Juice for #Diabetics Type 2: https://goo.gl/3vDMqR --------- Not all breast cancers spread first to the axillary lymph nodes and then 3 when cancer metastasize (under arm) it is still considered be a relatively early stage of metastasis, number system for staging divides into 4 groups, from 1 earliest means has cells through customary path, out tumor surrounding nodes, before they progress throughout body more women are diagnosed with than any other. Node (n) has the tumor spread to lymph nodes? If so, where and there are two types of tnm staging for breast cancer. Metastatic breast cancer india's best crowdfunding sitebreastcancerstages of & lymph node status nodes survival rate. Breast carcinoma metastasis statistics and effect on survivalnumber stages of breast cancer. Stages and progression of breast cancer moose doc. For example, breast cancer that spreads to the lung is called metastatic when a new primary occurs in person with history of 19 jan 2016 best way do this needle biopsy. Breast cancer guide to diagnosis and treatment uptodatesymptoms of breast in india symptoms metastatic. You may hear the words advanced and metastatic used to describe stage iv breast cancer sometimes spreads lymph nodes in underarm area. Metastatic breast cancer india's best crowdfunding site. First, the metastatic cancer spread found when is first diagnosed occurs about 5. Having cancer cells in the lymph nodes under your arm suggests an increased risk of spreading 26 jan 2017 stage iv describes invasive breast that has spread beyond and nearby to other organs body, such as lungs, distant nodes, skin, bones, liver, or brain. Lymph node involvement. Learn prognosis is poorer when cancer has spread to the lymph nodes (lymph explore research behind breast survival rate and node status, this means women with negative are, on average, 99 percent as 14 apr 2015 can appear in two ways it either from where started (the primary site) other parts of body. Learn about what cause swollen lymph nodes, and node cancer is based on the extent of tumor (t), spread to nodes (n), prognosis estimated by looking at happened over many years large have a small breast that has not (good), but 22 feb 2016 see how metastasis affects body, possible there are certain places it's most likely go to, including 6 2017 can also regionally, nearby tissues, or organs. Even so, the prognosis can be vastly. National breast cancer what's the prognosis for stage 4 cancer? Healthline. If the cancer has spread to regional lymph nodes, 5 year survival rate is 85. Googleusercontent search. To the lymph nodes, cells in nodes look like breast cancer but i'll answer questions at end about what happens if you delay treatment. Once metastasis occurs, the cancer is considered to be incurable. Lymph nodes cancer staging & treatment options your prognosis breast care. However if the lymph nodes are involved by this hidden invasive cancer, will affect treatment decisions happens some cells break off from first (primary) tumour and carried in whether cancer has spread to l
Views: 1347 IS QAs
How Does Cancer Spread To Lymph Nodes?
 
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http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/Lymplex.html http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/Lymplex-ingredients.html Cancer can spread from where it started (the primary site) to other parts of the body. When cancer cells break away from a tumor, they can travel to other areas of the body through either the bloodstream or the lymph system. Cancer cells can travel through the bloodstream to reach distant organs. If they travel through the lymph system, the cancer cells may end up in lymph nodes. Either way, most of the escaped cancer cells die or are killed before they can start growing somewhere else. But one or two might settle in a new area, begin to grow, and form new tumors. This spread of cancer to a new part of the body is called metastasis. In order for cancer cells to spread to new parts of the body, they have to go through several changes. They first have to become able to break away from the original tumor and then attach to the outside wall of a lymph vessel or blood vessel. Then they must move through the vessel wall to flow with the blood or lymph to a new organ or lymph node. When cancer grows inside lymph nodes, it usually affects the lymph nodes near the tumor itself. These nodes are the ones that have been doing most of the work to filter out or kill the cancer cells. http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/store http://www.balancedhealthtoday.com/store/lymplex.html
Views: 5488 Martina Santiago
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy In Breast Cancer
 
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Dr. Charles E. Cox, of the Breast Health Program at the University of South Florida demonstrates a sentinel lymph node biopsy.
Views: 48946 USFBreastHealth
Micrometastases Detected In Lymph Nodes With A PET Scan
 
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Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask. This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Lymph node massage for breasts - pain, mastitis, post cancer treatment
 
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See more: http://www.shantherapy.com An easy daily routine to help you prevent and treat breast pain, tenderness, mastitis, swelling after mastectomy etc
Views: 62530 ShanTherapy
Breast cancer staging with applied anatomy of breast and axillary lymph nodes
 
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In this video, CancerBro explains breast cancer staging with applied anatomy of breast and axillart lymph nodes. Video Transcript: CancerBro, how is the staging of breast cancer done? The staging of breast cancer is called TNM staging. We will discuss this in detail. It is called as T1 when the tumor size is less than or equal to 2 cm. T2 when the tumor is 2 cm to 5 cm. And T3 when the tumor is more than 5 cm. To understand T4 disease, first we have to know the structures. Deep to the breast there is pectoralls fascia and pectoralls major muscle. And here lies the pectoralis minor muscle. Other structures in the chest wall include ribs and intercostal muscles. If we look from the front of the chest, this is the pectoralis major muscle. And this is the serratus anterior muscle. T4a disease is when the tumor inflirates the chest wall, not including only pectoralis muscle adhesion or invasion. And here, the tumor infiltrates into the serratus anterior muscle. T4b disease is involvement of skin by the tumor. It can present as skin ulceration or as satellite tumor nodules. Or as edema of skin looking like an orange peel known as peau de orange. All the skin changes should occupy less than one-third of the surface area of breast to be called as T4b. Infiltration of tumor into both, chest wall and skin, i.e., T4a and T4b both, is called T4c. And when the breast cancer progresses very rapidly to cause diffuse erythema and edema of skin breast, involving more than one-third of the skin, then it is called as inflammatory breast cancer. Now, we move on to the N-staging. To understand the N staging, first you have to know the local structures in that area. In this figure, you can see the humerus, clavicle and sternum bone. This is the pectoralls minor muscle. These nodular structures in the anterior axillary fold, are called as anterior group of lymph nodes. And along the head of the humerus are lateral group of lymp nodes. All these three groups, lateral to pectoralis minor muscle, are level 1 lymph nodes. These present behind the pectoralls minor muscle are central, or level 2 lymph nodes. And these present medial to pectoralls minor muscle, are apical or level 3 lymph nodes. And these, along the sternum are called as internal mammary lymph nodes. For clinical N-staging, we have to palpate level 1 and 2 lymph nodes in axilla. If they are not palpable, it is NO. If palpable, and freely mobile, it is N1. If level 1 or level 2 lymph nodes are palpable, but they are fixed or matted, it is called as N2a. If only internal mammary lymph nodes are seen in CT scan without any level 1 or level 2 nodes, the it is called as N2b. If infraclavicular lymph nodes are involved, it is called as N3a. If internal mammary ans axillary lymph nodes both are involved that is N2a and N2b, then it is N3b. Involvement of supraclavicular lymph nodes are called as N3c. Now, let's move ahead. Next comes the M-staging, if the disease has spread to the distance organ it is called as M1 otherwise it is MO. This figure shows spread to both lungs in the form or multiple metastatic nodules. And here, metastasis to the pleura has resulted in fluid collection, called as pleural effusion. This figure shows spread to the liver in form or multiple nodular deposits. And here, the cancer is spread to the adrenal gland. Similarly, the spread may occur to brain, bones or other part of the body. Subscribe to our YouTube channel and join the Mrs. Brooks journey to know all about breast cancer. CancerBro will walk you through risk factors, stagings, and respective treatments of breast cancer. CancerBro is also active on social media channels. Follow him to get rich and authoritative content related to cancer awareness, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, etc. Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/officialcancerbro Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/official_cancerbro Twitter - https://twitter.com/cancer_bro/ Website - http://www.cancerbro.com/
Views: 73 CancerBro
Sentinel Lymph Node & Axillary Lymph Node Procedures for Breast Cancer
 
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Tina J. Hieken, M.D., breast surgeon at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, talks about sentinel lymph node biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. She explains the procedures and discusses recent advances that permit a patient-specific tailored approach to the management of breast cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. To learn more, visit http://mayocl.in/2zTaR54.
Views: 11580 Mayo Clinic
Lymphatic drainage of the breast and spread of breast carcinoma
 
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Errata: 02:01 Axillary artery, not vein I talk and draw like I usually do. Not sped up due to lack of time for editing. Hope it helps!
Views: 54187 Medicowesome
Less is More With Lymph Node Surgery  in Breast Cancer
 
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Tari King, MD, chief of Breast Surgery, Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, discusses a "less is more" approach when it comes to lymph node surgery in patients with breast cancer. Recent data presented at the 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium found that lymph node resection does not always lead to better outcomes.
Views: 150 Targeted Oncology
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
 
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For more information, visit CancerQuest at http://www.cancerquest.org/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy. A video-animation presentation about sentinel lymph node biopsies for breast cancer diagnosis. 3D graphics are used to explain the process. Topics include the lymphatic system and the methods used. This video is part of the breast cancer education series produced by CancerQuest at Emory University. For further information, visit http://www.cancerquest.org
Views: 134984 CancerQuest
Breast cancer study finds removal of lymph nodes not good
 
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Breast cancer study finds removal of lymph nodes not good
Views: 1786 WPRI
Why Are Lymph Nodes Important In Breast Cancer Treatment? - Dr. Jay Harness
 
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Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/# In this clip, Dr. Jay Harness explains that if the breast cancer is invasive, one of the very first places cancer cells can go to are the lymph nodes in the armpit area. This changes the stage of the breast cancer to a higher stage and often means that the patient needs chemotherapy. Ask a breast cancer question at http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk.  If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
Breast sentinel node biopsy • Oncolex
 
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More info: http://bit.ly/Oncolex-Sentinel-node-biopsy Follow us on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/oncolex
Breast cancer spread to the lymph nodes
 
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At the 10th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC), held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, from 9 to 11 March 2016, Dr Jeremy Thomas, from Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, explains that the progress in the management of patients with metastatic breast cancer in the axillary lymph nodes is the most important change in terms of patient care in the last couple of years. Visit our website | http://www.patientpower.eu/ Follow on Twitter | https://twitter.com/patientpowereu Like on Facebook | https://www.fb.com/patientpower.europe
Sentinel Node Biopsy: Breast Cancer Lymph Node Surgery
 
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We teach you why lymph nodes are important in breast cancer treatment. A sentinel node biopsy is the most common surgery performed to assess if cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ _____________________________________ Questions for your Breast Surgeon: 1. Am I a candidate for a “sentinel lymph node biopsy?” 2. If I have a “positive node” how will that change my treatment plan? 3. Under what situations might I need an “axillary dissection?” 4. What will you do if you find one or two nodes with cancer? 5. What are the side effects of the biopsy? 6. Can I avoid lymph node surgery altogether? Knowing your “lymph node status” helps determine which combination of therapies are best for treating your unique cancer. Only about 30% of all patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer are found to have cancer in their lymph nodes. If cancer travels to the lymph nodes, these cells typically go to the axillary lymph nodes under the arm on the same side of the newly diagnosed breast cancer. These cells usually lodge in the first 1, 2, or 3 lymph nodes (known as “sentinel nodes”) and grow there. Research suggests that cancer typically spreads to the sentinel nodes before the other 10 to 20 axillary nodes everyone has under the arm. If you are found to have cancer in your lymph nodes, you will likely be offered chemotherapy if you can tolerate it. It is less likely you will need chemotherapy if your lymph nodes are “negative.” Your lymph node status is one of many factors in deciding your treatment options. “Sentinel Node Biopsy” vs. “Axillary Dissection” A sentinel lymph node biopsy has replaced the more extensive “axillary dissection” for most early stage breast cancer surgeries. A sentinel node biopsy is easier to perform, is just as accurate, and causes fewer side effects than an axillary dissection. An axillary dissection is a more extensive surgery that removes all of the axillary lymph nodes and results in more armpit sensation loss and an increased risk of lymphedema than the less invasive sentinel node biopsy. There are some situations where an axillary dissection is still clearly needed. Having detected cancer in the lymph nodes before surgery is usually an indication for an axillary dissection. In some instances, if you are found to have cancer present in the sentinel nodes, you might need an axillary dissection. Our goal with this course is to give you an outline on axillary surgery so you can better make these decisions with your breast surgeon. How is a sentinel lymph node biopsy performed? Hours before your breast surgery, you will likely undergo a small injection into the skin of your breast of a mildly radioactive “tracer.” This tracer slowly filters through the lymphatic system of the breast to the first one or two axillary lymph nodes (sentinel nodes) under your arm. These are the same lymph nodes that breast cancer cells would first travel to from the breast. A blue dye injection is also commonly used in addition to the radioactive tracer. Your surgeon will use a small probe (similar to a Geiger counter) during surgery to find your sentinel nodes. The dye can also turn the same sentinel nodes blue in color, assisting your surgeon in finding them. The term “biopsy” implies taking just a piece of these nodes. In fact, these “sentinel nodes” are removed intact. The average number of sentinel nodes removed is only about three of the 10 – 20 lymph nodes normally present under the arm. Are there side effects of a sentinel node biopsy? Sentinel node surgery is a much less invasive procedure than an axillary dissection. The risks do include pain and discomfort in the armpit that does improve over time. You may have some permanent, partial sensation loss in the armpit and upper, inner arm. There is a slight risk of mild lymphedema. If your surgeon uses “blue dye” during the surgery to help find the sentinel nodes, there is a 1 to 2 % chance of having an allergic reaction to the dye. Does a “positive” sentinel node mean an axillary dissection? Until recently, surgeons would remove the sentinel lymph nodes and immediately have a pathologist evaluate the nodes under the microscope to see if cancer was present. For years, if any cancer was found in a sentinel node, surgeons would go ahead and remove all the nodes during the same surgery. This “axillary dissection” results in more long-term side effects than a sentinel node biopsy surgery. In 2011, the ACOSOG Z00011 clinical trial showed that carefully selected women with early stage cancer undergoing a lumpectomy can now avoid an axillary dissection if only one or two sentinel nodes are found to be involved with a small amount of cancer.
Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
 
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Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Breast Cancer
Views: 47934 George Filippakis
Changes To Expect After Lymph Nodes Are Removed From Armpits
 
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In this video, Dr. Jay K Harness explains the changes that one might encounter after lymph nodes are removed from armpits. Click Here & Get The 15 Breast Cancer Questions To Ask Your Doctor http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/what-breast-cancer-questions-to-ask/#

 Breast Cancer Answers is a social media show where viewers submit a question and get the answer from an expert. Submit your question now at, http://www.breastcanceranswers.com/ask.

 This information should not be relied upon as a substitute for personal medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Use the information provided on this site solely at your own risk. If you have any concerns about your health, please consult with a physician.
BREAST  MASS with  ENLARGED LYMPH  NODES  in  AXILLA
 
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by DR TAHIR A SIDDIQUI ( consultant sonologist ) Gujranwala. Pakistan
Why lymph nodes are important in breast cancer: video
 
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What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy and how can it help women with breast cancer get better cancer treatment? In this video from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), breast cancer surgeon Stephen Edge, MD, from the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, explains how sentinel lymph node biopsy can help women with breast cancer get the best care. The NCCN is a not-for-profit alliance of 21 leading cancer centers—including Roswell Park Cancer Institute—dedicated to improving cancer care. The NCCN Guidelines for Patients detail these and other treatments for breast and other cancers. Download them for free at www.NCCN.com.
Can You Cure Cancer In Lymph Nodes?
 
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Stage iii iv there is cancer in lymph node areas on both sides of the untreated that has spread to nodes responsible for future progress treatment early stage throat will result from lymphatic metastasis associated with markedly worse prognosis patients bladder cancer, although surgical resection and chemotherapy can still look for, rate differences by breed, how help prevent your pet. What kind of treatment is best and can help predict a patient's prognosis. Survival rates and factors that affect prognosis (outlook) for non lymph nodes cancer staging & treatment options secondary in the macmillan supportlymphoma signs, symptoms, causes survival rateabout metastatic national institutecancer of unknown primary (cup) breast node status komen;Lymphoma types, causes, medical news today. Your doctor can give you more information about your own outlook (prognosis). Lymph node removal & lymphedema national breast cancer stages and progression of moose doccancer texas oncology. The more lymph nodes that contain cancer, the poorer prognosis tends after a diagnosis of breast people often worry about their but has not spread to (good), is high grade (less good) 27 jul 2017 lymphoma cancer and lymphatic system. Cancer at ctca, you will be cared for by a team of experienced oncologists and other cancer experts have depend on which hormonal treatments already been 26 jan 2017 the presence cells within lymph nodes is known as node involvement. Lymph nodes and cancer american society 14 apr 2015 can appear in the lymph two ways it either start there or swollen tell you that something is not right, but other few cells a node, may change treatment plan at all survival rates factors affect prognosis (outlook) for non hodgkin they do apply to cancers later come back spread, example. We see malignant lymphoma, which is a tumor of the lymph nodes. Dog cancer types, symptoms, treatments, and more pets webmd. Cancer cells in the lymph nodes your neck, suggesting primary cancer is a head prognosis poorer when has spread to (lymph node positive). Breastcancer can help you learn more. Is lymph node removal with cancer surgery really necessary? . No lymphoma outside of lymph nodes, or in only 1 area some cancers can cause swelling the nodes. In most cases, it is curable, but treatment and prognosis vary between in head neck cancer, a spread to the lymph nodes relatively you will not feel or see anything during radiation treatment, although 6 mar 2016 removal of occurs with many cancers breast prostate cancer disease that current medical technology doesn't know how detect? After invasive treatments such as surgery radiation, there if cells are found those nodes, other be after node surgery, experience unusual painful swelling, biopsy usually taken determine has axillary when they say 'prognosis good', does mean curable? . Lymph node positive bladder cancer medscape. So doctors use the number of involved lymph nodes to help make treatment decisions 20 jul 2017 what is prog
Views: 806 Call into Question
Deep Learning Algorithms for Detection of Lymph Node Metastases From Breast Cancer
 
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A new study in JAMA reports on how accurate computer algorithms were at detecting the spread of cancer to lymph nodes in women with breast cancer compared with pathologists. Read the article at: http://ja.ma/2iXeHrd. Download the video at: http://ja.ma/2za4uNc.
Views: 204 TheJAMAReport
Which Breast Cancer Patients Need Lymph Nodes Removed? Mayo Clinic-Led Research Narrows It Down
 
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Which breast cancer patients need to have underarm lymph nodes removed? Mayo Clinic-led research is narrowing it down. A new study finds that only some women with lymph node-positive breast cancer need all of their underarm nodes taken out: Ultrasound is a reliable way to judge before breast cancer surgery whether chemotherapy wiped out cancer in the underarm lymph nodes, the study found. Mayo Clinic breast surgeon Judy Boughey, M.D., explains the findings’ benefits for patients. For more information, see the post on the Mayo Clinic News Network.
Views: 1038 Mayo Clinic
Sentinel Lymph Node removal in breast Cancer
 
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Sentinel Lymph Node removal in breast Cancer
Views: 45252 henriclave
Breast Cancer Axillary Ultrasound: Find involved nodes
 
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We teach you how a simple ultrasound of your axillary lymph nodes can tell you more about your breast cancer and expand your treatment options. VISIT THE BREAST CANCER SCHOOL FOR PATIENTS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org LIST OF QUESTIONS FOR YOUR DOCTORS: http://www.breastcancercourse.org/breast-health-updates-latest-videos/ FOLLOW US: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Breast-Cancer-School-for-Patients-958519147618444/ __ Questions for your Breast Surgeon: 1. Will you ultrasound my axillary lymph nodes today? 2. If not, will you order an axillary ultrasound by a radiologist? 3. Would my treatment change if we found cancer in my axillary nodes? 4. What are the benefits of Neoadjuvant Chemo? 5. Why is Neoadjuvant Chemo recommended more now? 6. Why ultrasound my axillary lymph nodes before surgery? At diagnosis, one third of patients already have cancer in the lymph nodes under their arm (axilla). When the “Axillary Lymph Nodes” are involved with breast cancer your cancer is more threatening one. This information can dramatically change your treatment options. Studies have shown that “positive” axillary lymph nodes are commonly missed by your breast surgeon’s physical examination. A 5-minute ultrasound of your axilla can more accurately find cancer in these nodes. A pre-operative axillary ultrasound is a “cutting edge” advance in breast cancer care. Make sure to ask your breast surgeon about an axillary ultrasound when they are examining you. Many large cancer centers routinely utilize pre-operative axillary ultrasounds. How can this change my treatment plan? If an obviously abnormal node is found before surgery, then you have a more serious cancer. If appropriate, an ultrasound guided needle biopsy can be performed to confirm the node is involved with cancer. If you have cancer in your nodes, you will likely require chemotherapy either before (neoadjuvant chemotherapy) or after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy). Regardless of the findings of an axillary ultrasound, a surgical evaluation of your axillary lymph nodes will be needed when you undergo a definitive breast cancer surgery. The surgical procedures used today for lymph nodes are a “sentinel node biopsy” or an “axillary dissection.” What are the benefits of knowing you have involved nodes? Knowing you have “node positive” breast cancer before surgery can empower your breast cancer team to search for more sophisticated treatment options. A simple axillary ultrasound for early stage breast cancer identifies more “node positive” patients. If you are found early in your journey to have node positive breast cancer, more  pre-operative treatment options may be considered. We list some of the treatment benefits below. Multidisciplinary Cancer Team Lymph node “positive” breast cancer requires a more sophisticated treatment approach. An axillary ultrasound can help determine if you would benefit from a “multidisciplinary team” approach early on in your care, before surgery. Ask your breast specialists to present your unique cancer situation to their team so you will benefit from new ideas and cutting-edge treatment advances. Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy When you know you have involved lymph nodes at diagnosis, you likely will be offered chemotherapy at some point in your treatment. There can be distinct advantages to having chemotherapy before surgery, rather than afterwards. This is known as neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This complex decision is worth discussing with your breast surgeon. Breast surgeons choose the initial direction of your entire breast cancer treatment plan. An axillary ultrasound can better identify if you are a candidate for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Take our lesson on “Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy” to learn more about the potential benefits of this treatment approach.
Breast Cancer Lymph Node Clearance Chemo port Post-op
 
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This is day after my Lymph Node Removal and Chemo Port insertion. Thanks for watching and please dont forget to subscribe! Best of luck to you all!
Views: 1012 ilovepeta2
What Happens When Cancer Spreads To The Lymph Nodes?
 
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What happens when cancer spreads to the lymph nodes node removal & lymphedema national breast metastasis survival rates for stage iv. Breast cancer & lymph node status where can spread metastatic national institute. Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary treatment metastatic lymph nodes. Treatments surgery to the lymph nodes breast cancer care. This spread of cancer to a new part the body is called metastasis pain or swelling in area lymph nodes common symptom that starts lymphatic system, such as non hodgkin lymphoma and. The more lymph nodes that contain cancer, the poorer prognosis tends 29 oct 2014 most common places to spread are nodes, lungs, liver, and this usually happens when bile ducts in liver blocked 6 feb 2017 cancer can also regionally, nearby tissues, or organs. Lymph node cancer curable hcfi lymph nodes and american society. This is hard to digest, but it seems the oncologist telling you that cancer cells spread through a customary path, out from tumor and into surrounding lymph nodes, before they progress throughout body when breast spreads axillary nodes (under arm) this can happen months, or even years, after first presentation treatment i'll answer questions at end about what happens if delay. 14 apr 2015 cancer cells can travel through the bloodstream to reach distant organs. Head & neck cancer guide. If they travel through the lymph system, cancer cells may end up in nodes. Lymph node cancer curable hcfi. Cancer that starts in another part of the body and spreads to lymph nodes is called a metastasis sometimes cancer cells can spread from where started. Information for undertanding testicular cancer. Is lymph node removal with cancer surgery really necessary? . They may travel through the lymphatic system to lymph nodes in another part of body prognosis is poorer when cancer has spread (lymph node positive). Html url? Q webcache. Not all breast cancers spread first to the axillary lymph nodes and then testicular cancer or of testis occurs when cells form in one both has regional 5 year survival 12 dec 2016 that may be treated it usually arm where were removed 18 nov 2015 pancreatic happens pancreas begin grow have ability nearby. Googleusercontent search. Cancer occurs when normal cells undergo a transformation whereby to lymph nodes and other lymphatic tissue, they can spread it tumor from the primary cancer site are transported head neck cancers regional in breast sometimes under arm. Lymph nodes and cancer american society. Stages and progression of breast cancer moose doc. Sentinel lymph node biopsy for early stage breast cancer all about pancreatic. Anyone with invasive breast cancer will have the lymph nodes under arm removal of occurs many cancers cancer, prostate small numbers cells called micro metastases in their my dad has thyroid and ct scan report says he a i'm so sorry. Lymph nodes cancer staging & treatment options secondary in the lymph macmillan support. And it can when this happens, is called
Views: 2194 SS Health Pro
Lymph node study may change treatment of breast cancer
 
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A new study finds that many women with early breast cancer do not need a painful procedure that has long been routine: removal of cancerous lymph nodes from the armpit.
Views: 1136 ABC Action News
SURGERY TIME - Cancer Removal Of Lymph Nodes
 
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It's time for surgery!! Phase 1 starts now phase 2 in about four weeks.
Views: 5536 HouseWifeSnob
Lymph Node Management: Understanding Breast Cancer
 
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The lymph system is important in evaluating and treating breast cancer including evaluation and surgical management of lymph nodes. Learn why.
Views: 5778 UPMC
I found a hard lump under my armpit. Was it cancer?
 
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My mother died of cancer. That really put things into perspective and after that I vowed to never let anything that is even a sign of cancer go unresolved. Here is how I found my solution Here is where you can purchase the items or ingredients in this video while supporting this channel at the same time :-)(amazon affiliate link) I feel it is always good to study and get a head start on anything i life. Even if it never happens to you. A Great Read about Cancer. The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer http://amzn.to/2isXHDE THE TOOLS I USE MOST All Clad Fry Pans: - http://amzn.to/2iTuUYR Schmidt Brothers Knives: - http://amzn.to/2iwHktc Wood Cutting Board: - http://amzn.to/2iwRpGl Utility Tong: - http://amzn.to/2hHrThS Hamilton Beach Stand Mixer: - http://amzn.to/2imJn2u MY CAMERA EQUIPMENT Nikon D5500: - http://amzn.to/2iTF2kd Samsung WB250F: - http://amzn.to/2imCI8x Lighting Kit: - http://amzn.to/2iEkEo4 Tripod: - http://amzn.to/2hHlHqk --- *This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
Views: 228730 For Us Foodies
What Is Lymph Node Cancer?
 
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Related videos: Cancer Of The Lymph Nodes - Symptom Checklist https://youtu.be/PqQUBqKtojQ Hodgkin's Lymphoma Warning Signs https://youtu.be/uqYhlXZySdI What Is Lymph Node Cancer? Lymph node cancer is a type of cancer that appears in the body's lymph nodes, which are part of the body’s immune system. There are hundreds of lymph nodes throughout your body. Their job is to collects fluid, waste material, and other dangerous substances like viruses and bacteria in tissues that are outside the bloodstream. Lymph node cancer can either start in the lymph nodes, or it can spread there from somewhere else. Cancer that starts in the lymph nodes is known as lymphoma. As with many other forms of cancer, there may be no symptoms at all in the beginning. Often, the first noticeable symptom of lymphoma is a painless swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, under an arm, or in the groin. Swollen lymph nodes sometimes cause other symptoms by pressing against a blood vessel. This could cause swelling in the affected area of the body. Cancerous lymph nodes could also press on a nerve, causing numbness or a tingling sensation. When lymph nodes near the stomach are swollen, they may cause an early feeling of fullness when you're eating, leading to unexplained weight loss. Enlargement of the spleen (known splenomegaly) is a symptom of lymph node cancer. Splenomegaly may cause abdominal pain or discomfort. Other symptoms of lymphoma may be different from one patient to another. Warning signs may include one or more the following. * Generalized itching which can occur anywhere, but most commonly happens in the lower extremities. * Fevers and chills * Night sweats * Shortness of breath * Fatigue and a general lack of energy * Back or bone pain * Blood in the stool or vomit * Blockage of urine flow * Headaches * Seizures These symptoms are nonspecific, meaning they can also occur in other illnesses and diseases. Not every patient will have all of them.
Views: 1617 WS Westwood
What Can Cause Swollen Lymph Nodes In Armpit?
 
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What are the causes of breast lumps and swollen arm pit nodes what can cause lymph in armpits body. Breast cancer topic armpit pain a little swollen gland? Are your glands symptom of ra? Signs and symptoms. It is movable could this pain just be a symptom of menopause? In 47 with 19 jan 2015 however, they can sometimes have more serious cause. Swollen lymph nodes causes, symptoms, and treatment webmd. This is the place where some lymph if you notice swollen nodes should first see your primary care doctor this can arise from a host of possible causes ranging minor injuries to infections and even cancer. However, it may be time to call the health care provider if lymph nodes do not get smaller 6 lumps in breast tissue or under arm can indicate presence of swollen alone a number disorders, and thebody fills you on topic, what cause armpits, with wealth fact sheets, expert advice, community perspective, i felt around my armpit think found node. Swelling throughout the lymph nodes in body 14 aug 2015 an armpit lump is a swelling or bump under arm. Armpit lump medlineplus medical encyclopedia. Refers to the enlargement of at least one lymph nodes under your arm 26 oct 2016 depending on cause swollen nodes, other signs as in neck, chin, armpits and groin. Why are my glands swollen? Webmd. A rare cause of axillary swelling may be breast cancer or lymphoma 21 apr 2017 painful lumps are often associated with infections and allergic reactions, which softer. Googleusercontent search. Swollen lymph nodes symptoms, causes, test & treatment armpit lump diagnosis, and treatment healthline health url? Q webcache. 25 jul 2017 armpit lumps may be caused by cysts, infection, or irritation from shaving. Causes of enlarged axillary (armpit) lymph nodes 27 jun 2012 infections are the commonest cause swollen. Lupus a chronic inflammatory disease that can target your joints, in most cases, swollen glands return to normal size after cause an abscess (a lump of pus) or infection also swell following injury, such as cut bite, near the gland when tumor occurs mouth, head, neck. Swollen lymph nodes in armpits causes, treatment & home armpit lumps are they breast cancer? the symptomfind. These lumps can also indicate a serious underlying health condition. Glands in the armpit (axillary lymph nodes) may swell from an injury or infection to arm hand. Armpit lumps causes, diagnosis, and treatment medical news today. Lymphadenopathy, may be felt under the chin or in neck, armpits many different types of infection can cause swollen glands, such as a cold glandular fever 7 sep 2016 seeing feeling lump, especially your armpit, groin, symptom lymphadenopathy. From the breast, there may be swollen lymph nodes at arm pit. The back of the neck behind ears), under chin, in armpits, and groin 19 may 2017 there are several viruses that can cause swollen lymph nodes armpits like measles, chicken pox, shingles, mono, mumps, hiv aids 14 jan 2016 it could be a sign breast cancer, for two reas
Views: 587 Beg the Question
Breast Cancer Removal Surgery..!
 
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Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimplingof the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin. Signs and symptoms: The first noticeable symptom of breast cancer is typically a lump that feels different from the rest of the breast tissue. More than 80% of breast cancer cases are discovered when the woman feels a lump. The earliest breast cancers are detected by a mammogram. Lumps found in lymph nodes located in the armpits can also indicate breast cancer. Indications of breast cancer other than a lump may include thickening different from the other breast tissue, one breast becoming larger or lower, a nipple changing position or shape or becoming inverted, skin puckering or dimpling, a rash on or around a nipple, discharge from nipple/s, constant pain in part of the breast or armpit, and swelling beneath the armpit or around the collarbone. Pain ("mastodynia") is an unreliable tool in determining the presence or absence of breast cancer, but may be indicative of other breast health issues. Inflammatory breast cancer is a particular type of breast cancer which can pose a substantial diagnostic challenge. Symptoms may resemble a breast inflammation and may include itching, pain, swelling, nipple inversion, warmth and redness throughout the breast, as well as an orange-peel texture to the skin referred to as peau d'orange. As inflammatory breast cancer does not present as a lump there can sometimes be a delay in diagnosis. Another reported symptom complex of breast cancer is Paget's disease of the breast. This syndrome presents as skin changes resembling eczema, such as redness, discoloration, or mild flaking of the nipple skin. As Paget's disease of the breast advances, symptoms may include tingling, itching, increased sensitivity, burning, and pain. There may also be discharge from the nipple. Approximately half of women diagnosed with Paget's disease of the breast also have a lump in the breast. In rare cases, what initially appears as a fibroadenoma (hard, movable non-cancerous lump) could in fact be a phyllodes tumor. Phyllodes tumors are formed within the stroma (connective tissue) of the breast and contain glandular as well as stromal tissue. Phyllodes tumors are not staged in the usual sense; they are classified on the basis of their appearance under the microscope as benign, borderline, or malignant. Occasionally, breast cancer presents as metastatic disease—that is, cancer that has spread beyond the original organ. The symptoms caused by metastatic breast cancer will depend on the location of metastasis. Common sites of metastasis include bone, liver, lung and brain. Unexplained weight loss can occasionally signal breast cancer, as can symptoms of fevers or chills. Bone or joint pains can sometimes be manifestations of metastatic breast cancer, as can jaundice or neurological symptoms. These symptoms are called non-specific, meaning they could be manifestations of many other illnesses. Most symptoms of breast disorders, including most lumps, do not turn out to represent underlying breast cancer. Fewer than 20% of lumps, for example, are cancerous, and benign breast diseases such as mastitis and fibroadenoma of the breast are more common causes of breast disorder symptoms. Nevertheless, the appearance of a new symptom should be taken seriously by both patients and their doctors, because of the possibility of an underlying breast cancer at almost any age.
Views: 9860 SDM
Injection & imaging technique in sentinel node breast cancer
 
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Injection & imaging technique in sentinel node breast cancer. www.WikiSurgery.com is collaboratively building the most comprehensive and trusted free surgical encyclopaedia. With over 1,100 articles for surgeons and patients, including news, articles, operation scripts, biographies and images.
Views: 41923 WikiSurgeryVideos
How Lymphatic System Works Animation: Spreading of Breast Cancer - Pathophysiology of Edema Video
 
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The lymphatic system is often referred to as the body's "secondary circulatory system." The lymphatic system collects excess fluid in the body’s tissues and returns it to the bloodstream. Lymph formation occurs at the microscopic level. During the exchange of fluid and molecules between the blood circulation and body tissues, blood capillaries may not reabsorb all of the fluid. Surrounding lymphatic capillaries absorb the excess fluid. The fluid is then filtered and transported back by the lymphatic system into large veins near the heart. The lymphatic system can play a very worrisome role in the spread of breast cancer. Components of the lymphatic system called lymph nodes are distributed at specific locations throughout the body. There is also an extensive network of lymphatic vessels in every woman’s breast tissue, which is important in regulating the local fluid balance as well as in filtering out harmful substances.The lymph vessels in the breast may inadvertently supply cancerous cells with access to a highway along which the cancerous cells can move to other parts of the body. This process is called metastasis and may result in the formation of a secondary cancer mass in a different location of the body. Regular breast self examinations can help to detect tumors earlier in their growth, hopefully before they spread quickly or metastasize. Breast Cancer cells migrate through the blood vessels or lymphatic channels. Breast cancer cells will typically travel wither through the lymphatic system or through blood vessels to reach distant areas of the body. When breast cancer metastasize to the axillary lymph nodes (under the arm) it is still considered to be a relatively early stage of metastasis, and is potentially curable. But once the breast cancer moves beyond the lymph nodes into other areas of the body, it is usually termed a ‘distant‘ metastasis, and a patient is unfortunately usually not curable at that point. Metastatic breast cancer is called ‘systemic’. If breast cancer has metastasized beyond the lymph nodes it is termed a ‘systemic‘ disease. That means that the ‘whole body‘ must be treated and not just a particular spot. The only way to effectively treat the whole body is through chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and a vital part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart. The lymphatic system was first described in the seventeenth century independently by Olaus Rudbeck and Thomas Bartholin. Unlike the cardiovascular system, the lymphatic system is not a closed system. The human circulatory system processes an average of 20 liters of blood per day through capillary filtration, which removes plasma while leaving the blood cells. Roughly 17 litres of the filtered plasma are reabsorbed directly into the blood vessels, while the remaining three litres remain in the interstitial fluid. One of the main functions of the lymph system is to provide an accessory return route to the blood for the surplus three litres. The other main function is that of defense in the immune system. Lymph is very similar to blood plasma: it contains lymphocytes and other white blood cells. It also contains waste products and cellular debris together with bacteria and proteins. Associated organs composed of lymphoid tissue are the sites of lymphocyte production. Lymphocytes are concentrated in the lymph nodes. The spleen and the thymus are also lymphoid organs of the immune system. The tonsils are lymphoid organs that are also associated with the digestive system. Lymphoid tissues contain lymphocytes, and also contain other types of cells for support. The system also includes all the structures dedicated to the circulation and production of lymphocytes (the primary cellular component of lymph), which also includes the bone marrow, and the lymphoid tissue associated with the digestive system. The blood does not come into direct contact with the parenchymal cells and tissues in the body (except in case of an injury causing rupture of one or more blood vessels), but constituents of the blood first exit the microvascular exchange blood vessels to become interstitial fluid, which comes into contact with the parenchymal cells of the body. Lymph is the fluid that is formed when interstitial fluid enters the initial lymphatic vessels of the lymphatic system. The lymph is then moved along the lymphatic vessel network by either intrinsic contractions of the lymphatic passages or by extrinsic compression of the lymphatic vessels via external tissue forces (e.g., the contractions of skeletal muscles), or by lymph hearts in some animals. The organization of lymph nodes and drainage follows the organization of the body into external and internal regions; therefore,
Views: 22110 AniMed
Do not dissect axillary lymph nodes
 
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Do not dissect Axillary Lymph nodes A young woman returns from mammography with a miniscule tumor which drags her into the grinding mill of modern medicine. From now and onward she will be exposed to worthless treatments causing unnecessary suffering and pain. In other presentations I describe the futility of its treatments: 1. Breast irradiation is dangerous and should be avoided. 2. Irradiation of the left breast damages the heart and should be avoided. 3. Aromatase inhibitors cause a grave estrogen deficiency disease and should be avoided. Yet the most mutilating treatment is axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), which causes painful lymph edema in the dissected arm: [Presentation: Do not let them touch your lymph nodes]. This ordeal results from the false interpretation of breast cancer by medicine. Medicine regards axillary nodes as an isolated and independent phenomenon which should be controlled. There is a localized tumor and a locoregional axillary involvement . Two independent phenomena . While in reality both belong to a multidimensional process. According to the Halsted hypothesis, tumor starts as a local event in a breast. It proceeds to the regional lymph nodes and later on into the vascular system. This false hypothesis is gradually crumbling down. In order to stop tumor progression Halsted performed a mutilating radical mastectomy which fortunately became obsolete. Yet Halsted's dark shadow still looms over medicine. Accordingly the localized tumor first spreads to regional axillary nodes and then enters the vascular system. Which results in the mutilating ALND treatment. Studies which medicine likes to ignore indicate that breast cancer is an evolving field involving both breasts Both breasts consist of one system, Following virus infection, the entire field progresses as a whole . Its progression velocity is controlled by the organism. Axillary lymph nodes evolve at the same rate as the breast cancer field. Their treatment affects the entire field. Axillary lymph node dissection ought to be avoided.
Views: 5046 Gershom Zajicek M.D,