Bruise: Pictures, Types
This term is used to describe multiple types of blood cancer that occur when white blood cells in the bone marrow grow out of control.
Leukemias are classified by onset (chronic or acute) and cell types involved (myeloid cells and lymphocytes).
Common symptoms include excessive sweating, especially at night, fatigue and weakness that don't go away with rest, unintentional weight loss, bone pain, and tenderness.
Painless, swollen lymph nodes (especially in the neck and armpits), enlargement of the liver or spleen, red spots on the skin (petechiae), bleeding easily and bruising easily, fever or chills, and frequent infections are also possible symptoms.
Von Willebrand disease
Von Willebrand disease is a bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor (VWF).
If your levels of functional VWF are low, your platelets won’t be able to clot properly, which leads to prolonged bleeding.
The most common symptoms include easy bruising, excessive nosebleeds, prolonged bleeding after injury, bleeding from the gums, and abnormally heavy bleeding during menstruation.
This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.
This is any sort of injury to your brain, skull, or scalp.
Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds.
Head injuries are usually caused by blows to the face or head, or movements that violently shake the head.
It's important to treat all head injuries seriously and have them assessed by a doctor.
Dangerous symptoms that signal a medical emergency include loss of consciousness, seizures, vomiting, balance or coordination problems, disorientation, abnormal eye movements, persistent or worsening headache, loss of muscle control, memory loss, leaking of clear fluid from the ear or the nose, and extreme sleepiness.
This is an injury to the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot.
It typically happens when the foot suddenly twists or rolls, forcing the ankle joint out of its normal position.
Swelling, tenderness, bruising, pain, inability to put weight on the affected ankle, skin discoloration, and stiffness are possible symptoms.
Muscle strains occur when a muscle is overstretched or torn from overuse or injury.
Symptoms include sudden onset of pain, soreness, limited range of movement, bruising or discoloration, swelling, a “knotted-up” feeling, muscle spasms, and stiffness.
Mild to moderate strains can be successfully treated at home with rest, ice, compression, elevation, heat, gentle stretching, and anti-inflammatory medications.
Seek urgent medical attention if the pain, bruising, or swelling doesn’t subside in a week or starts to get worse, if the injured area is numb or bleeding, if you can’t walk, or if you can’t move your arms or legs.
This is an inherited bleeding disorder in which a person lacks or has low levels of certain proteins called clotting factors, and the blood doesn't clot properly as a result.
Disease symptoms are caused by a defect in the genes that determine how the body makes clotting factors VIII, IX, or XI.
Deficiency of these factors causes easy bleeding and trouble with blood clotting in affected individuals.
Spontaneous bleeding, easy bruising, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding after surgery or injury, bleeding into joints, internal bleeding, or bleeding in the brain are other possible symptoms.
Read full article on Hemophilia A.
Factor VII deficiency
This occurs when the body either doesn't produce enough factor VII or something is interfering with the production of factor VII, often another medical condition or medication.
Symptoms include abnormal bleeding after giving birth, having surgery, or being injured; easy bruising; nosebleeds; bleeding gums; and heavy or prolonged menstrual periods.
In more severe cases, symptoms can include destruction of cartilage in joints from bleeding episodes and bleeding in the intestines, stomach, muscles, or head.
Read full article on factor VII deficiency.
Factor X deficiency
Factor X deficiency, also called Stuart-Prower factor deficiency, is a condition caused by not having enough of the protein known as factor X in the blood.
The disorder may be passed down in families through genes (inherited factor X deficiency) but can also be caused by certain medications or another medical condition (acquired factor X deficiency).
Factor X deficiency causes interruptions in blood's normal clotting mechanism.