Bladder Cancer is a type of cancer that affects the urinary bladder. The most common type of bladder cancer, known as urothelial cell carcinoma or transitional cell carcinoma, affects the cells lining the bladder.
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If the cancer is superficial, it indicates a good prognosis and the chances of survival are high. If it is invasive, then the survival rate declines
The main function of the bladder is to collect and store urine produced by the kidneys. Its muscular walls stretch as the urine fills up. When it reaches its capacity, the bladder wall contracts, while the sphincter muscles in the urethra relax and the urine is expelled. This process is known as urination or micturition.
Smoking is the major risk factor for bladder cancer. It increases the risk by 2 to 4 fold
Treatment of Bladder Cancer is usually through cystoscopic removal of tumor called transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) or by radical surgery such as removal of the bladder (cystectomy) followed by chemotherapy
Bladder cancer prognosis varies with the stage of the disease and the general health of the affected individual.
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