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Breaking News  - A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline
 
06:31
A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline following the results of a groundbreaking new drug trial.For the first time, scientists have been able to correct the defect that is responsible for the devastating neurodegenerative disease.The results, hailed as the 'biggest breakthrough in 50 years', saw 46 patients of the incurable disease given an experimental drug.University College London researchers discovered the pill lowered their levels of toxic proteins in the brain.The drug, dubbed a 'tremendous step forward', was also found to be safe - despite fears it could lead to meningitis.Professor Sarah Tabrizi, lead researcher told the BBC: 'I've been seeing patients in clinic for nearly 20 years, I've seen many of my patients over that time die.'For the first time we have the potential, we have the hope, of a therapy that one day may slow or prevent Huntington's disease.'Professor Tabrizi, director of UCL's Huntington's Disease Centre, added: 'This is of groundbreaking importance for patients and families.'Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that affects the central nervous system and leads to involuntary movements, difficulty talking and memory loss.The condition, which affects 8,500 adults in the UK and around 30,000 in the US, occurs as a result of a fault in the huntingtin gene.On average, patients live for between 10 and 20 years after their diagnosis.The huntingtin protein itself is vital for the development of the brain, but the genetic error leads to it instead killing brain cells.Huntington’s disease is an illness caused by a faulty gene in your DNA (the biological ‘instructions’ you inherit which tell your cells what to do).  If you have Huntington’s, it affects your body’s nervous system – the network of nerve tissues in the brain and spinal cord that co-ordinate your body’s activities. Huntington’s can cause changes with movement, learning, thinking and emotions.  Once symptoms begin, the disease gradually progresses, so living with it means having to adapt to change, taking one day at a time. Living with Huntington’s disease can be very challenging. Getting the right information and support is vital and we’re here to help. Huntington’s is not something you can catch; it is inherited. Every child conceived naturally to a parent who carries the Huntington’s gene has a 50% chance of inheriting it.The new drug works by silencing the faulty huntingtin gene - stopping the creation of damaged proteins in the brain, the BBC reports.Having proved successful on animals, the British researchers looked to investigate the drug's effects on human patients.For the trial, the patients were injected with the drug into their spinal fluid at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.Alongside its benefits at reducing the amount of huntingtin, the volunteers were found to tolerate the drug well.However, the team remain adamant that more research is needed to prove that lowering levels of huntingtin could lead to a possible AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5167335/Could-cure-Huntingtons.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2018 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Taino Native American DNA found in modern Puerto Ricans
 
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A 1,000-year-old tooth has provided genetic evidence that the first natives to meet Columbus in the New World have living descendants in the Caribbean.DNA from the Taino people, who were thought to have been wiped out after Europeans arrived in the Bahamas in 1492, has been found in modern-day Puerto Ricans.The new research provides the first concrete proof that indigenous ancestry in the Caribbean has survived to the present day.Previously, it was thought the 'handsome' Taino people were wiped out shortly after Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean.The tooth used in the new study was found on the island of Eleuthera in the Bahamas, and marks the first complete ancient human genome from the Caribbean.It belonged to a Taino woman who lived sometime between the 8th and 10th centuries, at least 500 years before Columbus's arrival.Comparing the ancient genes to those of contemporary Puerto Ricans, scientists found they were more closely related to the ancient Taíno than any other indigenous group in the Americas.However, the researchers, from Cambridge and Copenhagen Universities, argue that this characteristic is unlikely to be exclusive to Puerto Ricans alone.When Columbus arrived in the New World the 15th Century, he described the Taino as a generous people.'They will give all that they do possess for anything that is given to them, exchanging things even for bits of broken crockery,' he noted upon meeting them in the Bahamas in 1492.'They were very well built, with very handsome bodies and very good faces....They do not carry arms or know them....They should be good servants.'Few of the Taíno were left a half-century later, wiped out by European disease and the slave trade, and it was thought for centuries they had gone extinct.The new findings are likely to be significant for people who have long claimed indigenous Taíno heritage.While historians, archaeologists and descendant communities had claimed the Taíno weren't extinct for decades, until now they lacked clear genetic evidence to support their case.Lead author Dr Hannes Schroeder, from the University of Copenhagen, said: 'It's a fascinating finding.'Many history books will tell you that the indigenous population of the Caribbean was all but wiped out, but people who self-identify as Taíno have always argued for continuity.'Now we know they were right all along: There has been some form of genetic continuity in the Caribbean.'Study co-author Professor Eske Willerslev, from the, University of Cambridge, said: 'It has always been clear that people in the Caribbean have Native American ancestry, but because the region has such a complex history of migration, it was difficult to prove whether this was specifically indigenous to the Caribbean, until now.'The researchers were also able to trace the genetic origins of the Taíno people.They showed that they were most closely related to Arawakan-speaking groups who live in parts of northern South America today.This suggests that the origins AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5409119/Taino-Native-American-DNA-modern-Puerto-Ricans.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1772 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - China set for 2018 mission to the far side of the moon
 
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China is set to send a radical probe to the far side of the moon this year, it has been claimed.The mission is the latest in a string of space breakthrough for China.The new Chang'e 4 space mission will launch in June, when a Long March 4C rocket will carry a 425kg relay satellite and place it 60,000km behind the moon.According to the Chongqing Morning Post, a container filled with seeds and insect eggs will be attached to Chang'e 4, China's second lunar lander, and will be sent to the Moon in 2018.  The container, which is made from special aluminium alloy, will demonstrate the growing process of plants and animals on the Moon.  It will also provide valuable data and experience for the future establishment of eco-bases on other planets. 'The container will send potatoes, arabidopsis seeds and silkworm eggs to the surface of the Moon. The eggs will hatch into silkworms, which can produce carbon dioxide, while the potatoes and seeds emit oxygen through photosynthesis. Together, they can establish a simple ecosystem on the Moon,' Zhang Yuanxun, chief designer of the container, told the Chongqing Morning Post.A second launch later in the year will send a lander and rover to the far side of the moon, which will be guided to a safe landing by the satellite.It will be the first ever landing on the lunar far side, an unexplored region of the Moon called South Pole-Aitken Basin, a vast basin in the southern hemisphere of the far side which extends from the South Pole to Aitken crater.The rover will also contain a 'gardening kit' to pave the way for a human outpost by examining how plants grow on the lunar surface.'The Chinese are pushing back the frontier with such a technically challenging mission,' says Brian Harvey, space analyst and author of China in Space: The Great Leap Forward, told The Guardian.China also announced plans to launch a space probe to bring back samples from the moon, in what state media cast as competition to U.S. President Donald Trump's ambitions to revitalise U.S. space exploration.The Chang'e-5 lunar probe is undergoing a final round of tests and is expected to be on standby for launch from August, the official People's Daily said last year, citing the China National Space Administration.The launch will involve new challenges for China in sample collection, taking off from the moon and high-speed reentry to the Earth's atmosphere, making it 'one of China's most complicated and difficult space missions', Hu Hao, an official from China's Lunar Exploration Programme, told the paper.Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for China to become a global power in space exploration.'Not long ago, the United States' Trump Administration revealed an ambition to return to the moon.'Our country also announced a series of deep space exploration plans,' said the official Science and Technology Daily.'The moon is the first stop for humanity's march towards deep space,' the paper said.In February, the Trump administration asked the National Aer AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5226529/China-set-2018-mission-far-moon.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3321 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - HEALTH NOTES: MARTIN CLUNES on his 5:2 weight-loss plan
 
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When Martin Clunes, the star of TV’s Doc Martin, dramatically lost weight five years ago, it was assumed he was suffering from an illness. But the actor, left, has revealed that his slimmer frame was the result of adopting the fashionable 5:2 diet.‘I was fat – and while I was getting heavy, I had tired knees and stuff,’ he admits.‘So I thought I’d try that diet and the weight came off. I lost about three stone in as many months. It’s great – and it’s supposed to be good for cholesterol, too.’Clunes, 55, currently starring in the penultimate series as the grumpy Cornwall GP, explains: ‘Now I do 6:1 and that seems to work fine. I eat anything I want on the other days. It’s easy and seems to keep the weight off me.’He adds that his working farm in Dorset helps to keep him in good physical shape.‘I have a couple of big horses and ride them. I’m very healthy. This is a difficult age, obviously, but I’m doing fine – I’m not on any medication.‘The only bad thing about being a farmer is that I stink!’Omega fatty acids are a ‘safe and effective treatment’ for children with ADHD, a major review of clinical trials has concluded.Omegas, found in oily fish and evening primrose plants, are important for brain health and cognition – and low intakes have been linked with poor social behaviour and communication.In the new review, published in the Journal Of Lipids, 16 studies were analysed, including those where omega fatty acids had been a standalone treatment and others where they’d been used alongside prescription drugs.The majority of the studies – 13 – reported significant improvements in ADHD symptoms, including reduced hyperactivity and impulsivity, better attention, and improved working and short-term memory.The research also found that supplements with a specific ratio of certain essential fatty acids were the most beneficial.Researcher Dr Emma Derbyshire said: ‘It is well-known that children with ADHD have lower fatty-acid levels in their blood than those without the condition.‘Now we know supplements which provide a 9:3:1 ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and gamma linolenic acid, such as Equazen, are the most effective at improving blood levels of these acids.’Stress – not food – is the main trigger for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), a survey has found. The condition, estimated to affect up to one in five in the UK, causes a variety of unpleasant symptoms that stopped those questioned from socialising (88 per cent) and going to work (50 per cent).While stress (34 per cent) and food (28 per cent) were identifed as the most common triggers, nearly a quarter of people stated that they didn’t know what caused their IBS.The poll was conducted by Enterosgel – a gel drink that claims to help those with the condition by ‘protecting the intestinal wall’.Good news for those who like crooning to the guitar or tinkling the ivory keys – music has an age-protecting effect on the brain, especially for amateurs. Researchers from Harvard University compared the brains of three groups of people: professional and amateur musicians and non-musicians. Based on the results, ‘brain ages’ were calculated – and compared to peoples’ chronological age.Non-musical people had the highest brain-age scores, suggesting that ‘music-making has an age-decelerating effect’, the researchers reported.Amateur musicians had the youngest brains. One theory is that concentrating on one activity might not be as beneficial as having the wider interests of an amateur musicians. Intense music-making activities of a professional could also lead to stress, they say, reducing the positive effect of music-making. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4958592/HEALTH-NOTES-MARTIN-CLUNES-5-2-weight-loss-plan.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3323 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Humans have TWICE as much Neanderthal DNA as first thought
 
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Some modern humans have more Neanderthal DNA in their genetic make-up than first thought, a new study has found.Research shows that between 1.8 and 2.6 per cent of the genomes of modern, non-African human populations is made up of Neanderthal DNA.This is far higher than previous estimates of 1.5 to 2.1 per cent.These genes play roles in our cholesterol levels, eating disorders, arthritis and other diseases today, the researchers claim.The study follows separate research, published yesterday, which found that Neanderthal DNA can drive our smoking habits, mood swings, and skin tone.Neanderthals are the closest extinct relatives of humans, migrating to Europe from Africa thousands of years before our Homo Sapien ancestors.Early humans migrating from Africa interbred with Neanderthals in Europe roughly 100,000 years ago, and this DNA mixing still contributes to several modern traits.Researchers believe the genes from our extinct cousins could have helped our ancestors to thrive as they adapted to the European continent.In the new study, experts from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, analysed billions of DNA fragments sampled from the remains of a female Neanderthal.It is only the second genome of the species to be fully sequenced with a high level of quality.The ancient female lived 52,000 years ago, and her remains were found in Vindija Cave, Croatia in the 1980s.Previous work has shown that Neanderthals lived in the cave until late in their history, with the species predicted to have gone extinct roughly 45,000 years ago.Compared to other sequenced remains, the researchers found their Croatian Neanderthal - dubbed Vindija 33.19 - was more closely related to the Neanderthals who interbred with the ancestors of modern humans living outside Africa.This closer relation meant the team identified 10 to 20 per cent more Neanderthal DNA in modern humans than previously thought.These newly discovered gene variants contribute to human blood vitamin D levels, LDL cholesterol counts,  as well as body fat levels.The DNA also plays a role in arthritis, schizophrenia and responses to antipsychotic drugs, the study found.'This adds to mounting evidence that Neanderthal ancestry influences disease risk in present-day humans, particularly with respect to neurological, psychiatric, immunological, and dermatological phenotypes,' the authors wrote in their paper.But not all of the Neanderthal DNA is negative, the researchers claims.'Variants from Neanderthals are not necessarily bad for your health,' said study lead author Dr Kay Prüfer told Live Science.'We find one variant that is associated with LDL cholesterol, and the variant we got from Neanderthals is associated with lower LDL cholesterol.'The team compared the genomes of the Vindija Neanderthal with that of a specimen found in Russia's Altai mountains.They found that the two were surprisingly similar, suggesting that the European population of Neanderthals around 52,000 years ago was very small.'The two Neanderthals were separated by thousands of kilometers and probably lived tens of thousands of years separated in time as well,' Dr Prüfer said.'That is why it is so surprising to find them to be so similar.'The new research follows a separate Neanderthal DNA study published yesterday, also from the Max Planck Institute.Scientists studying British DNA found our Neanderthal inheritance affects our skin tone, hair colour, height, sleep patterns, mood, and even a 1
Views: 14636 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - property development scam
 
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A former public schoolboy has been named as the alleged mastermind behind a multi-million pound property development fraud, according to High Court papers.Charles Cunningham, whose time at Eton overlapped with Prince William’s, has been identified in court papers as controlling a series of companies used to defraud Asian investors of millions of pounds by enticing them with UK developments that were never completed.The son of a City financier, Mr Cunningham, whose brother Rupert is friends with some of Prince Harry’s inner circle, lives in a large country estate in North Wales with his wife. The couple boast a who’s who of society contacts.Mr Cunningham, 38, flatly denies all the allegations and has said that he is confident that a High Court hearing will overturn the freezing order which was brought by the liquidator of Absolute Living Developments.He has been accused of being one of the masterminds behind ALD, which offered five large development projects in northern England that were marketed to investors in the Far East and South-East Asia.But in April 2016 the company, which boasted developments in Runcorn, Manchester and Bradford, went into liquidation.ALD is one of a raft of UK property companies that have become mired in controversy in Asia. Hong Kong investors and politicians have accused the UK authorities and police of turning a blind eye to multi-million pound ‘fraud’.Hong Kong politicians have reported ALD to the Serious Fraud Office and have also asked the Chinese government to protect the interests of Chinese investors in UK property projects. The news comes as Beijing attempts to slow down the outflow of capital from the country.Liquidator Louise Brittain was recently granted a £14.5 million freezing order in the High Court, designed to prevent ‘steps to dissipate or secrete assets’ from ALD by Mr Cunningham and a business partner.In her High Court affidavit in support of the order, the liquidator said she had discovered that ‘a substantial proportion of the monies owed and/or paid to ALD…had been wrongfully diverted’ to three companies, named as DS7, Gozon and EPG Manlet.Brittain states that the ‘three companies form part of a complex structure of entities under the control’ of Mr Cunningham and his alleged business partner, which, she claims, ‘has been used to defraud investors (most of whom are based in Hong Kong and Malaysia)’.Mr Cunningham told The Mail on Sunday: ‘These monies were not wrongfully diverted and a forensic report is currently being prepared which will establish the exact payments and the legitimacy of those payments made by these companies.’ ALD, set up in 2013 to market properties, is linked to a Salford-based company called Fresh Start Living. In 2011, Mr Cunningham was brought in as the face of FSL, but the firm went bankrupt in 2013 with debts of more than £2 million.Mr Cunningham, whose ancestors include baronets and a Founding Father of the American constitution, has a social media profile showing that he is Facebook friends with Ben Vestey, a close friend of Prince William, and Edward Guinness, a scion of the brewing family.In April 2016, Mr Cunningham bought a large Georgian country house in North Wales for more than a million pounds. It has played host to visiting literary giants Lord Byron, William Wordsworth and Sir Walter Scott. Mr Cunningham told The Mail on Sunday: ‘The freezing order is a cynical abuse of power. DS7 categorically refutes all claims and allegations made by Louise Brittai1
Views: 272 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A weekly HIV pill may be on the way
 
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A new weekly HIV treatment was shown to work in animals in a new study, prompting its manufacturer to begin development of a pill for humans.HIV medications can now keep levels of the virus so low in people with the disease that they are undetectable and cannot be transmitted.But traditional therapies require taking many potent drugs, or getting frequent injections, so there has been a recent push in the medical community to develop therapies that need to be taken less frequently and from home.Massachusetts-based drug manufacturer Lyndra's most recent test of its treatment found that effective, oral doses of three HIV-fighting compounds could stay in the systems of animals for sustained periods of time, as proof of concept for the drug they are developing.Progress in medications for as well as social awareness and destigmatization of HIV have greatly improved quality of life for those living with it.In September of last year, that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that those with undetectable viral loads - or levels of the infection - in their systems are now at 'effectively no risk' of transmitting the disease.The announcement was celebrated by the HIV positive community and put a sort of seal of approval on the efficacy of modern treatments.But, even as life spans continue to stretch for HIV positive people, the disease remains incurable, requiring a lifetime of treatment.Perhaps the biggest advancement in HIV treatment to come to market has been a single pill that combines the three key drug compounds used that combat the virus.The oral medication has to be taken every day, however, some studies have suggested that missing even two days of the pill can give the virus a window of opportunity to return to detectable levels.It is nearly impossible to accurately monitor how well HIV patients stick to their medication regimens, but a National Institutes of Health study done last year linked adherence to visits to care providers, and estimated that only about 57 percent of those who were diagnosed and connected with a provider kept with up with their appointments, suggesting they may not keep up with their medications either.'Because people with HIV require life-long antiretroviral therapy, a long-acting oral option that could be taken at home would make it easier for patients to adhere to their treatment regimen,' said Dr Andrew Bellinger, co-founder and chief scientific officer of Lyndra.He and his team hope that 'by fitting into a patient's regular routine, an ultra-long-acting therapy would be taken consistently, improving therapeutic success and helping avoid viral resistance.'In the proof of concept study, published in Nature Communications, the researchers simulated a variety of adherence levels in mice, meaning that they gave different groups of mice their single antiretroviral pill at varying degrees of frequency.They found that even the mice that were given just one pill a week maintained undetectable levels of the HIV v AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5250975/A-weekly-HIV-pill-way.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 983 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Stunning video footage shows how vitamin B1 cured the tremors of two patients
 
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Super-strength doses of vitamin B1 could cure the shakes, scientists claim.The 'remarkable' treatment worked on two patients in their 70s - and stopped their tremors from playing havoc on their lives.Stunning video footage showed how thiamine, or vitamin B1, changed the lives of the patients, who were both plagued by the shakes.The life-changing injections – which provide 100 times more of the vitamin than recommended - gave one man the ability to drink a cup of tea again.Italian researchers at a nursing home, who tested the high doses of thiamine, believe it could offer hope of a new way of combating essential tremors.Medics, led by Dr Antonio Constantini, published the results of the ongoing three-year long trial in the prestigious BMJ Case Reports.He wrote: 'High-dose thiamine has led to a rapid, remarkable and persistent improvement of the symptoms in two patients with essential tremor.'This result suggests the possibility that high doses of intramuscular thiamine may be an affordable alternative.' He added it was 'highly effective'.No side effects have been noted so far – unlike that of the current drugs given to patients with essential tremor to combat tremors, or the shakes.The neurological disease, which can greatly affect life quality, strikes between four and 10 per cent of the population, according to estimates.Dr Costantini, of the Villa Immacolata in Viterbo, added: 'We deem necessary a lifelong use of high-dose thiamine in affected subjects.'The man, who was 70 when he started treatment four years ago in 2014, suffered from the shakes for five years before seeking help.It initially affected his handwriting but it eventually robbed him of his ability to use a spoon, pour items and even carry trays.Doctors in Viterbo – 50 miles (80km) north of Rome – gave him two doses of 100mg of thiamine weekly. Adults are advised to have 1mg each day.He scored 17 on a points scale designed to measure symptoms of essential tremor before treatment. This dropped to just 6.5 three months after.The woman, who also suffered from essential tremor, realised that she had a slight shake while decorating objects with her tools.She sought help at the same clinic and in November 2014 was started on 100mg injections of thiamine twice a week.Before the treatment she scored 21 points on the ADLS tremor score. This dropped to seven after three months of the injections. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5573807/Stunning-video-footage-shows-vitamin-B1-cured-tremors-two-patients.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 433 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Fisker patents battery that can charge a car in a minute
 
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Electric car-maker Fisker has filed patents for flexible solid-state battery technology that could slash charging times and improve range.In an announcement this week, the firm claimed the new battery could charge a car in just one minute, and allow for a range of over 500 miles.The battery is expected to be ready for mass production by 2023, and will be displayed at the upcoming Consumer Electronics Show in January.The new technology attempts to overcome the challenges of solid-state batteries using a three-dimensional structure. This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs. According to Fisker, the structure will allow for more versatile voltage and form factors.  They may be wound in cylindrical cells with higher voltage output, Fisker says. This could allow for usage of current tooling and machinery for battery packs, along with thermal management and safety requirements, to reduce costs.According to Fisker, the radical new battery would deliver 2.5 times the energy density of typical lithium ion batteries.Solid-state batteries are known to have a number of limitations, such as low power and low rate capability as a result of the layered electrode structure, and issues arising from cold temperatures, the firm explains.But, the new technology attempts to overcome the challenges using a three-dimensional solid-state structure.This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs.'This breakthrough marks the beginning of a new era in solid-state materials and manufacturing technologies,' said Dr. Fabio Albano, VP of battery systems at Fisker Inc.'We are addressing all of the hurdles that solid-state batteries have encountered on the path to commercialization, such as performance in cold temperatures; the use of low cost and scalable manufacturing methods; and the ability to form bulk solid-state electrodes with significant thickness and high active material loadings.'We are excited to build on this foundation and move the needle in energy storage.'According to the firm, the battery could allow electric cars to drive more than 500 miles on a single charge.Fisker plans to show off the solid-state battery and fast-charging technology at CES.They'll also be launching the Fisker EMotion luxury electric vehicle, alongside a battery module equipped with advanced thermal management.And, they'll have on display fast-charging technology that will allow for a 127-mile range in just nine minutes.'Our aggressive vision for the entire EV and automotive industry, not just for Fisker Inc., revolves around making the impossible, possible – and this global solid-state battery breakthrough is reflective of our utmost seriousness in making that vision a reality,' said Henrik Fisker, chairman and CEO of Fisker Inc.'It used to be about the efficiency of the gasoline engine. Now, it's all about who breaks the code and smashes the barriers to future battery technologies that will enable mass market electrification.'Our scientists have been working tirelessly to deliver. We've done it, and this is just the beginning.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5083367/Fisker-patent-solid-state-battery-charges-MINUTE.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 15462 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Israeli scholars decipher Dead Sea Scroll
 
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Israeli scholars have pieced together and deciphered one of two previously unread manuscripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls more than half a century since their discovery.The 60 or more tiny fragments of parchment bearing encrypted Hebrew writing had previously been thought to come from a variety of different scrolls.But now academics have found the pieces all fit together to make just one scroll.The document makes reference to a unique 364-day calendar and a festival that marks the changing of the seasons celebrated by an ancient, celibate Jewish sect.WHAT DOES IT SAY? The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today. The scroll identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.   The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism.  Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons. Annotations in the margin from a scribe correcting the author's original work helped them decipher its meaning. Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The Dead Sea Scrolls have fascinated scholars and historians since the ancient texts were found around 70 years ago scattered within a series of caves in the West Bank.Eshbal Ratson and Jonathan Ben-Dov from the University of Haifa's Bible studies department found the pieces all fit together after they started examining them just under a year ago.Some of the fragments they had to decipher were smaller than 1cm² (0.15 inch²).'They put it all together and said it was actually one scroll,' said Ilan Yavelberg a university spokesman.A Haifa University statement said that Ratson and Ben-Dov were now working on deciphering the last remaining scroll.Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The theory says the group either wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls or were caretakers of the legal, philosophical and religious documents.The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today.The scroll also identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism, writes BBC.Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons.The parchment a AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5297167/Israeli-scholars-decipher-Dead-Sea-Scroll.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 4733 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Skylon spaceplane could be a reality by 2025 following new backing
 
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A revolutionary spaceplane that could take tourists into orbit at five times the speed of sound could be ready by 2025 thanks to a funding boost.Dubbed Skylon, the plane will use an 'air-breathing' jet engine capable of sending it to the edge of the Earth’s atmosphere in just 15 minutes.It will then switch to rocket power to stay in orbit, according to Reaction Engines Limited (REL), which is hoping to beat the likes of Nasa in building the world's first 'hypersonic' engine.In a statement today, Oxfordshire-based REL announced a major new joint £26.5 million ($37m) investment in the technology, with contributions from Boeing and Rolls Royce.The investment puts the aircraft's first flight on track for 2025 provided ground tests of REL's engine - set to begin in 2020 - are successful.REL's latest funding boost takes the total capital it has raised over the past three years to £100 million ($140m).'Rolls Royce and Boeing - these are really big names, and it's fantastic to be in this position,' REL CEO Mark Thomas told BBC News.'Rolls are super-positive about the technology. They want us to be independent and innovative, and to push our technology as hard as possible.'And Boeing - that's amazing. They are the world's biggest aerospace company, have decades of expertise and future plans that, for us I'm sure, will be really exciting.'REL is developing what it calls the Sabre engine, a turbine designed to fire aircraft from the runway to orbit in a single step.It would work like a jet engine up to Mach 5.5 (5.5 times the speed of sound or 1.9 km per second) before switching to a rocket mode for the rest of the ascent.In its rocket flight configuration the aircraft could reach speeds of Mach 25, or around 5.3 miles per second (8.5 km per second).Sabre works by burning atmospheric air in combustion chambers, creating heat that then  turbo-charges the engine.At the moment, rockets and spaceplanes have to carry liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen to power them, a heavy and therefore expensive burden.The new engine creates its own liquid oxygen by cooling air entering the engine from 1,000°C to minus 150°C in a hundredth of a second – six times faster than the blink of an eye – without creating ice blockages.The technology could be used in vehicles designed to deliver communications satellites or tourists to orbit at rapid speeds before returning to Earth.Aircraft that fly at hypersonic speeds from point to point on Earth's surface may also employ the technology - an application that clearly interests Boeing.The firm's investment arm, Horizon X Ventures, is fronting the new joint fund in what is its first investment in a UK-based company.'As Reaction Engines unlocks advanced propulsion that could change the future of air and space travel, we expect to leverage their revolutionary technology to support Boeing's pursuit of hypersonic flight,' said HorizonX vice president, Steve Nordlund.Rolls-Royce has invested in the project before, part-funding research into AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5607485/Skylon-spaceplane-reality-2025-following-25m-backing-Boeing-Rolls-Royce.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1190 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Marmite can curb symptoms of stress and anxiety
 
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You either love it or hate it.But new research suggests you should have no qualms about Marmite - the spread famed for its bitterly divisive taste.Starting the day with a slice of toast covered in the dark brown paste can help to battle stress and anxiety, scientists found.Marmite's supposed benefits stem from its abundance of vitamin B - deemed to be 'important' in alleviating mental pressure.The findings, made by researchers at the University of Victoria, Australia, are the latest in a long-line of Marmite's supposed benefits.It follows a disputed British study in April which discovered the vitamin B-packed spread may help prevent you getting dementia.While over recent years, other scientists have claimed it can help to prevent birth defects and even cure blood problems.The new research, published in the Journal of Functional Foods, was based on the answers of a survey of 520 participants.Starting the day with a slice of toast covered in Marmite boosts a chemical vital to ‘calm’ the brain, York University researchers said in April. Eating a teaspoon of Marmite a day for a month was found to tone down the brain’s response to visual stimuli by 30 per cent – a sign of a healthy mind that is not hyperactive and overreacting. That is because it contains vitamin B12 at more than 100 times the level found in another popular spread, peanut butter. When 28 people were given the spreads, although some hated Marmite, it appeared far better for their brain than the peanut butter – even eight weeks after eating it.Writing in the journal, the scientists said: 'Vitamin B supplementation appears to be an important additive supplementary source to improved stress and anxiety.'Volunteers were quizzed about their consumption of yeast-based spreads, dietary habits and symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression.Researchers found a 'significant improvement' in anxiety and stress for those who consumed yeast-based spreads.However, no beneficial effect was discovered for those with depressive symptoms.The results also found vitamin B12 fortified yeast-based spreads, such as Marmite, packed a stronger punch.Invented in 1902, Marmite was discovered by a German scientist called Justus von Liebig who found that brewer's yeast could be concentrated, bottled and eaten.The results follow a study published in September that revealed whether someone likes the taste of marmite is based on their genes.Data obtained by the makers of the spread made the conclusion after testing 260 people. It found 15 genes can predict if someone will like the paste. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5174961/Marmite-curb-symptoms-stress-anxiety.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 632 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Could cannabis be a CURE for psychosis?
 
06:13
A cannabis compound could hold promise as a treatment for psychosis - despite the drug being a known cause, 'promising' research suggests.Cannabidiol, subject to an array of research in recent years, is widely considered to have therapeutic benefits for dozens of ailments, including multiple sclerosis.And a new medical trial, led by Kings College London scientists, has now found it can ease symptoms of psychosis - such as hallucinations and hearing voices.The British study, which involved 88 patients, offers sufferers hope of a drug that doesn't trigger any serious side effects.However, the findings dispute the substantial body of evidence that links smoking cannabis to the mental health condition that drives some to suicide.Campaigners have long been concerned that super-strength skunk, flooding the illegal market at a worrying rate, is actually fuelling rates of psychosis.But these high potency strains, often purposely created by criminals, are abundant in tetrehydrocannabinol (THC) - responsible for marijuana's high.Researchers believe CBD, which doesn't cause a high, has quite the opposite effect - and has been touted as a cure for various conditions.How was the study carried out?Volunteers in the trial either received CBD or a placebo for six weeks on top of their traditional medication.Before and after treatment, researchers assessed how bad their symptoms were. A psychiatrist evaluated their overall mental state.Patients treated with CBD had lower levels of psychotic symptoms than those who received a placebo, the scientists concluded.They were also more likely to have been rated as 'improved' by their psychiatrist, according to the study in the American Journal of Psychiatry.Professor Philip McGuire, lead researcher, found that treatment with CBD was not associated with any significant side effects.He said this was important because 'patients may be reluctant to take anti-psychotic medication because of concerns about side effects'.'Although it is still unclear exactly how CBD works, it acts in a different way to anti-psychotic medication, and thus could represent a new class of treatment.'Anti-psychosis drugs have been used as a first-line treatment for 60 years - but are worryingly linked to heart attacks.Figures estimate that around one per cent of the population suffer from psychosis, which can cause delusions, such as hearing voices, and lead to severe distress.Ian Hamilton, a lecturer in mental health at York University, welcomed the findings, which he described as 'timely'.He told MailOnline: 'Traditional medicines are not tolerated well by patients as they have a range of side effects which can put people off taking them.'Mr Hamilton suggested that the medicines using CBD could be effective at treating the symptoms of the condition.Is there a risk of psychosis?He was behind research in April that found the risk of developing psychosis as a result of smoking cannabis is much lower than first thought.A review of existing studies pub AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5180317/Could-cannabis-CURE-psychosis.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 435 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Seven-day 'Pioppi diet' plan that extends life by 10 years
 
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From starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to eating eggs for breakfast, this seven-day Pioppi diet plan will extend your life by 10 years.Pioppi, in southern Italy, has been dubbed the 'world's healthiest village', with its residents frequently living 10 years longer than elsewhere to 100 years old.Despite bacon and chocolate being a staple of their diet, its inhabitants' love of vegetables, oily fish and nuts is thought to prevent them from developing heart disease or type 2 diabetes.To adapt the diet of Pioppi, which UNESCO has protected as the home of the Mediterranean diet, into that which suits the average western urban-dweller, cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra and former athlete Donal O’Neill have created the below seven-day meal plan.As well as consuming lots of olive oil for its heart-health benefits, the diet also involves starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, which is thought to aid acid reflux, lower blood pressure and boost weight loss.The diet also includes eggs most days, which are a good source of protein for keeping hunger pangs at bay. It also recommends intermittent fasting by limiting your 'eating window' to just eight-to-nine hours a day. Red wine is permitted providing it is good quality.In a piece for Get The Gloss, Dr Aseem and Donal feature an extract from their book 'The Pioppi Diet: A 21-day Lifestyle Plan'  that explains how to incorporate the life-extending plan into your everyday life.Afternoon snack: Tinned oysters; full-fat Greek yoghurt with berries; a handful of nuts and cinnamonDinner: Picanha steak (a superb Brazilian cut) served with creamed spinach and avocado side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids); a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Halloumi and fried tomato; vegetable soup made using chicken bone broth; a small portion of oily fish (anchovies, sardines, pilchards); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Grilled salmon fillet with vegetables and sauerkraut; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Full-fat Greek yoghurt mixed with coconut cream and berries with a handful of nuts, a sprinkle of cinnamon and a pinch of turmeric; coffee with coconut creamAfternoon snack: Bacon nut-butter sliders – crispy, grilled bacon strips, topped generously with almond butter and a sprinkle of raw cacaoDinner: Grilled lamb chops with lots of mixed vegetables and a side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Two or three eggs any style, with smoked salmon and avocado; coffee with coconut creamBrunch: Smoothie with kefir and/or coconut milk, berries, a handful of nuts, some avocado; a tablespoon of coconut oil, a sprinkle of ground cinnamon, turmeric and fresh mintDinner: Chicken bone broth to start, with one tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil and salt to taste, followed by fresh pan-fried hake and vegetables; cacaonut bombs (raw cacao, cinnamon, coconut oil, cream and nuts heated, blended and frozen into bite-size pieces); a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Bacon and two or three eggs, any style, with avocado (optional); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Roast chicken with sweet potato and mixed vegetables; cacaonut bombs, a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Smoked salmon with three scrambled eggs on very high-quality sourdough (the only bread I eat, thanks to the fermentation process and taste), avocado and crème fraiche; coffee with coconut creamThis article was originally published by Get The Gloss and reproduced with their permission. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4962346/Seven-day-Pioppi-diet-plan-helps-people-reach-100.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2811 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Is 1997 Isle of Man TT 50p coin rare and what's it worth?
 
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Recently, I received an unusual 50p coin in my change, which I had never seen before. It shows two motorcyclists racing with a wreath-style pattern on either side.The coin is dated 1997 on the back, with the usual effigy of the Queen and says Isle of Man on it.I have tried to research it to see if it is rare but cannot find much about it. I'm hoping that I have struck gold.Lee Boyce, consumer affairs editor at This is Money, replies: In the last two years, we have seen a glut of readers get in touch with coins they believe could be rare.Many that land in my inbox tend to be common coins. For example, I receive around a dozen e-mails a week about the Lord Kitchener £2 coin (which gives you the answer to whether it is rare or not).The coin in question that you have sent in is a normal 50p shape seen in Britain – and 1997 was the year in which the coin was downsized to the smaller, lighter coin we are familiar with today.As a Crown Dependency, the Isle of Man issues its own banknotes and coins, which feature the Queen.Isle of Man coins and notes are not legal tender in the UK, but UK coins and notes are accepted on the island.This means you could have rejected the 50p you received in your change and shops may not accept it (although it will be easy to spend unless you have an eagle-eyed cashier).Before this year, Isle of Man coins and notes were made by a firm called Pobjoy based in Surrey.The Royal Mint, which makes UK coins, publishes a list of mintage figures. This means we can determine how rare a coin is – for example, with only 210,000 Kew Gardens 50p coins minted, they are reasonably rare and can therefore fetch up to £50 online.The Isle of Man is synonymous with the TT racing which takes place every May or June.The first race was in 1907 – exactly 90 years before your coin.To determine if it is rare or not, we need to know the circulation figures - and a search around online doesn't throw up the answer.I contacted Pobjoy and it said: 'Unfortunately, we do not share mintage figures on our commemorative coins, let alone our circulating coins.'Our circulating coins depend on how many the Government demand, in which case the issue limit is unlimited.'This means we do not know how many were minted. A quick search online on marketplaces such as eBay throw up examples of the coin for around £3-5 – or six to ten times its true value in the Isle of Man.Many listings describe the coins as 'rare' - but they have no real way of knowing.Like any of these coins, it is only worth what someone is willing to pay.Given the popularity of motorsports and the fact marks 90 years of the first race, it makes a good keepsake – but don't expect to be able to buy a motorbike with any profit you may make with it. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5205387/Is-1997-Isle-Man-TT-50p-coin-rare-whats-worth.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2990 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Stress during pregnancy does affect a baby's brain, scans confirm
 
05:30
Scientists have found the first concrete evidence that a mother's stress during pregnancy changes the brain connections of her unborn child.Newly-developed scanning techniques allowed a team at Wayne State University to examine neural activity of 47 fetuses between 30 and 37 weeks gestation.They showed for the first time that babies of mothers in high-stress setting were developing differently to those whose mothers did not have high levels of stress, anxiety or depression.The findings, presented today at a conference in Boston, mark a breakthrough in neuroscience, confirming a long-held theory that no technology has been able to confirm or refute until now.'The major thrill is that we have demonstrated what has long been theorized, but not yet observed in a human, which is that the stress of a mother during her pregnancy is reflected in connectional properties of her child's developing brain,' said lead author Moriah Thomason, of the perinatal research department who today presents her work at the annual Cognitive Neuroscience Society meeting.Beyond the huge implications for mental health, Thomason's findings also suggest that the brain may not develop in the sequence that we have always assumed.It is widely-held that first the simplest systems such as vision, balance and motor functions develop first, before the most complex systems, such as stress response.However, Thomason's study showed that the differences between stress-exposed babies' brains and their peers emerge almost immediately.And those differences are most clearly seen in the stress response center (the cerebellum), suggesting this region is one of the first to develop.New technology was crucial to make this breakthrough, to understand prenatal influences independent of environmental factors.Using fetal resting-state fMRI, they examined functional connectivity in 47 human fetuses scanned between the 30 and 37 weeks gestation.Conducting in-utero brain scans are challenging, mainly because it is near-impossible to keep the baby from moving about, but the new technology provides a clearer image than ever possible, making the small movements more manageable.All of the mothers involved in the study came from poor, urban areas fraught with stress, with many reporting high levels of depression, anxiety, and worry for themselves and their loved-ones.Above anything, Thomason said, these mothers wanted to join the study to help others like them.'A lot of our moms are interested in being part of this research, not because of concerns they have in their pregnancy,' she explained, 'but because they appreciate the heightened vulnerability of budding human life, and this is an opportunity to help other women that may not have the same fortune in their circumstances.''It has long been thought that the stress of a mother during her pregnancy may imprint on the brain of her developing child.'[But] despite the clear importance of this time frame, we presently possess very little understanding of how AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5545121/Stress-pregnancy-DOES-affect-babys-brain-scans-confirm.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 1178 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Time capsule Ford Escort RS Cosworth sells for £91,000
 
05:03
A Ford Escort RS Cosworth dubbed a 'time capsule' car after covering just 837 miles since 1996 has sold for £91,125 at auction.The rally-influenced Escort RS Cosworth was considered the king of the boy racers in its day and was famous for both its huge wing and immense power.Now the Escort Cosworth is considered a fully-fledged modern classic car and the two previous owners' decision to forgo driving this one and wrap it in cotton wool instead has been celebrated with the astonishing price fetched at Silverstone Auctions' NEC Classic Motor Show sale.The 1996 Ford Escort RS Cosworth had been described by auctioneers as a unique opportunity for a classic car collector.It said: 'This is without doubt one of the finest Fords Silverstone Auctions has ever offered and this car presents a unique opportunity for an astute buyer to complete the ‘full set’. Form an orderly queue here, please.'We highlighted the incredibly low mileage Escort Cosworth and its £85,000 to £95,000 estimate just over a week ago.There were just 7,145 examples of the cars built between 1992 and 1996 and many were heavily used, modified and driven hard.While it might have looked like any normal Escort of the generation - albeit one with a body kit and huge rear wing - the Cosworth was an entirely different beast.Instead of being based on the family-friendly model it shared its name with, the Escort Cosworth was underpinned by a shortened version of the Sierra RS Cosworth and used the same 2.0-litre turbocharged engine producing a then mind-bending 227bhp that sent this version to 60mph in 6.1 seconds.This is one of the latter cars to come off the assembly line in February 1996, and is the higher-spec Lux model, featuring upgrades that include Recaro seats, electric windows and mirrors, central locking, a heated rear windscreen and a sunroof.The Lux was slightly pricier too, retailing at around £1,000 more expensive than the £21,380 standard car just over 20 years ago.It was originally supplied by Dees Ford of Croydon in Diamond White with a Raven Black leather interior - the stereotypical Essex Boy's specification. But that's not what makes it so valuable today.Locked away and barely used, it has covered an average of just under 40 miles each year. Even the original Pirellis it came with are there - and the spikes you get on a fresh set of rubber remain today.The auctioneer's description details the 'like-new' condition, saying: 'Open the driver's door and the waft of new car smell still remains, whilst the Recaro seats are in A1 condition and barely look like they've been sat in, which they haven't much.'To guarantee that the car runs as smoothly as it did when it left the factory 21 years ago, it was fully serviced by a Ford main dealer, with new cambelts and given a new MOT prior to the auction. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/cars/article-5073013/Time-capsule-Ford-Escort-RS-Cosworth-sells-91-000.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 495 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - World's first 'negative emissions' power plant in Iceland
 
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A radical new  'negative emissions' power plant has begun operations in Iceland.The EU-backed project at one of the world's largest geothermal power plants in Hellisheidi, Iceland, will capture CO2 from ambient air for permanent storage underground.Although still at pilot scale, researchers hope the scheme could be scaled up across the globe.The CO2 reacts with the basaltic bedrock and forms solid minerals, creating a permanent storage solution.The team behind it this week confirmed a testing phase has started during which the CO2 is captured from ambient air, bound to water, and sent to more than 700 meters underground.Currently the pilot system captures only 50 metric tons CO2, each year, about the same emitted by a single US household.However, its inventors hope it can be scaled up.'The potential of scaling-up our technology in combination with CO2 storage, is enormous,' said Christoph Gebald, Founder and CEO at Climeworks.'Our plan is to offer carbon removal to individuals, corporates and organizations as a means to reverse their non-avoidable carbon emissions.'Edda Sif Aradóttir, CarbFix project leader at Reykjavik Energy said: 'We have developed CarbFix at a unique location here in Iceland and proved that we can permanently turn this greenhouse gas into rock.'By imitating natural processes this happens in less than two years.'The firm is also pursuing other projects.In the countryside near Zurich, Swiss company Climeworks began to suck greenhouse gases from thin air in May with giant fans and filters in a $23 million project that it calls the world's first 'commercial carbon dioxide capture plant'.Worldwide, 'direct air capture' research by a handful of companies such as Climeworks has gained tens of millions of dollars in recent years from sources including governments, Microsoft founder Bill Gates and the European Space Agency.If buried underground, vast amounts of greenhouse gases extracted from the air would help reduce global temperatures, a radical step beyond cuts in emissions that are the main focus of the Paris Agreement.Climeworks reckons it now costs about $600 to extract a tonne of carbon dioxide from the air and the plant's full capacity due by the end of 2017 is only 900 tonnes a year.That's equivalent to the annual emissions of only 45 Americans.And Climeworks sells the gas, at a loss, to nearby greenhouses as a fertiliser to grow tomatoes and cucumbers and has a partnership with carmaker Audi, which hopes to use carbon in greener fuels.Jan Wurzbacher, director and founder of Climeworks, says the company has planet-altering ambitions by cutting costs to about $100 a tonne and capturing one percent of global man-made carbon emissions a year by 2025.'Since the Paris Agreement, the business substantially changed,' he said, with a shift in investor and shareholder interest away from industrial uses of carbon to curbing climate change.Scientists are sucking carbon dioxide from the air with giant fans and preparing to release chemicals from a balloon to dim the sun's rays as part of a climate engineering push to cool the planet.Backers say the risky, often expensive projects are urgently needed to find ways of meeting the goals of the Paris climate deal to curb global warming that researchers blame for causing more heatwaves, downpours and rising sea levels.The United Nations says the targets are way off track and will not be met simply by reducing emissions for example from factories or cars - particularly after U.S. Pre1
Views: 520 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Brain scans of toddlers reveal impact of childhood neglect
 
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These two scans are of the brains of two toddlers of the same age – yet one is significantly bigger.The image on the left is of a three-year-old brought up in a nurturing environment, while the one on the right is of child who has suffered extreme emotional trauma and neglect.The pictures provide a hard-hitting visual insight into how an abusive or neglectful childhood can impact the brain structures of youngsters.They have been shared by Professor Bruce Perry, the chief of psychiatry at Texas Children's Hospital.This child in the right scan is suffering from 'severe sensory-deprivation neglect', he said, and as a result the brain is far smaller and has far more blurry structures.It is believed the child lacked any experiences of sound, smell or touch and as a result will have been subjected to an extreme level of abuse.He wrote: 'These images illustrate the negative impact of neglect on the developing brain.'In the CT scan on the left is an image from a healthy three-year-old with an average head size.'The image on the right is from a three-year-old child suffering from severe sensory-deprivation neglect.'This child's brain is significantly smaller than average and has enlarged ventricles and cortical atrophy.'There were over 58,000 children identified as needing protection from abuse in the UK in 2016, according to the NSPCC. In the US, child abuse reports involved 7.2 million children.Such structural damage to the brain means that a child will likely suffer developmental delays and memory problems.Cortical atrophy is something that is more commonly seen in older people with from Alzheimer's disease as degeneration progresses.It is well known that some cases of physical abuse can cause immediate direct structural damage to a child’s brain, leading to permanent complications and even fatalities.For example, according to the National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome, shaking a child can destroy brain tissue and tear blood vessels.This can lead to seizures, loss of consciousness, or even death.In the long-term, shaking can damage the fragile brain so that a child develops a range of sensory impairments, as well as cognitive, learning, and behavioral disabilities.Abuse early on can have long-lasting effects on children's emotional development.Dr Perry explains that children who have suffered emotional neglect can struggle to form healthy relationships.They may end up with attachment disorders, in which they become overly dependent on others, or they may find it difficult to get close to people.Previous research has found that a child's upbringing can impact on their brain structure.A study by US scientists last year suggested youngster's brains grow at twice the rate of those who are 'neglected'.Brain scans showed that nurturing provided the most benefit to under-sixes – and even if a mother became more caring when a child was a bit older, those neglected when very young fail to catch up.A team had analysed 127 children from when they started school until they were teenagers.To assess their upbringing, their mothers were videoed as they tried to carry out a stressful task in the presence of their child.Researcher Joan Luby, a child psychiatrist at Washington University, said: 'This study suggests there's a sensitive period when the brain responds more to maternal support.'Other studies have linked childhood abuse to heart disease and obesity later in life.Professor Perry concluded in his paper: 'Healthy development of the neural systems which allow optimal social and emotional functioning depends upon attentive, nurturing caregiving in infancy and opportunities to form and maintain a diversity of relationships with other children and adults throughout childhood.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5043215/Brain-scans-toddlers-reveal-impact-childhood-neglect.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 546 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Russian firm reveals plans for five seater flying taxi
 
04:25
The makers of the world's first hoverbike have revealed plans for a self flying air taxi that seats five.Hoversurf, whose hoverbikes are used by police in Dubai, is launching a new product known as 'The Formula Project'.It uses fold-away wings and 52 tiny turbine Venturi propulsion units - and its makers say experience is not necessary to navigate the skies.The company also said that the device will help with traffic jams and it will be a 'solution' for people's daily commutes.'Do you know the problem with all projects of flying cars?,' it said'They are all made for the future, and are impossible to park at the store or put in a garage.'FORMULA - is created for the present day.'Hoversurf announced that the drone taxis, which they call the 'transport of the future', will be available as early as next year, and they said the taxis are safer than ground transportation.The new product is called an ATAAS (Air Transport As A Service), and it features a computer, a security system and a drone signal.It monitors all ground and flying vehicles.ATAASs can take off from and land in a parking space, and they also feature a digital map of the city and GPS.They can be fueled at an electric charging station or a regular gas station with a hybrid power plant FPE.Hoversurf is also responsible for the Scorpion-3, the single-seat aircraft capable of lifting a person in the sky with full passenger control.The Scorpion-3 merges a standard motorbike design with drone quad-copter technology to allow riders to maneuver in the air as if they were riding a bike.Creators say the Scorpion-3 can carry 266 pounds in weight while hitting 30 miles an hour and reaching 33 feet.It can stay airborne for up to 27 minutes.The quad-copter is available for a whopping $150,000.An inbuilt safety mechanism limits the maximum speed and altitude of the aircraft in order to prevent accidents.Hoversurf creators want to provide flight to the hands 'of amateur and professional navigators'.While it is currently seen as an 'extreme sports' incident the company hopes that the mode of transportation will one day realize its full potential and replace cars as the go to mode.The growing trend and developments in the world of drone-technology could lead to a revolution in everyday transportation. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5033113/Russian-firm-reveals-plans-five-seater-flying-taxi.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 2019 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - New Glaxo boss axes 50 of her top team in under a year
 
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A ruthless reshuffle at Glaxosmithkline has seen boss Emma Walmsley replace nearly half of her senior executives in less than a year.The radical overhaul of the top tier of Britain’s eighth biggest company has seen Walmsley, 48, replace 50 of the 125 top managers in just 283 days in charge.It is the biggest shake-up at the pharmaceutical giant in years, as the most powerful woman in British business transforms the firm into a global pioneer of drugs research.It is part of plans set out by Walmsley, who took over as chief executive last April, to shift Glaxo’s focus back towards making blockbuster drugs.She has said its pharmaceuticals arm and research and development are top priorities as it seeks to build a pipeline of new medicines.A source close to the company yesterday said Walmsley was seeking to bring in talent and ideas from world-leading firms to boost sales, development technologies and utilise new ways of using reams of clinical data.High profile hires from outside the FTSE 100 giant include former Walmart chief information officer Karenann Terrell, Google digital chief Marc Speichert, Unilever executive Tamara Rogers and Novartis finance chief Tobias Hestler.She also poached GSK’s global pharmaceuticals president Luke Miels from arch-rival Astrazeneca and appointed Tony Mills, from Pfizer, as her head of platform technology and science.Meanwhile, she has also promoted internally, with Kate Knobil going from chief medical officer of pharmaceuticals to chief of the entire group.US commercial chief Deborah Waterhouse is also boss of ViiV, Glaxo’s HIV business.The reshuffle comes after Walmsley vowed to make major changes last year.At the time she said up to 200 bosses at the company could be changed. So far the company has confirmed 40 per cent of a 125 ‘subset’ of that number have been replaced. Further changes are seen as likely. The overhaul is the latest example of Walmsley putting her own stamp on Glaxosmithkline.In July she revealed plans to jettison 30 clinical trials and 130 non-core brands, re-focus the company’s attention on the US, embark on a £1billion cost-cutting drive and plough 80pc of spending into four areas of research.She said the business had previously spread itself too thinly and should focus on researching respiratory, HIV, oncology and immune-inflammation drugs.‘We need to bring more edge, more of a performance focus, more accountability, more pace into our decision making and definitely more cost and cash consciousness,’ she said.‘We need to have the right kind of discipline on whether something is truly going to be competitive and bring in a commercial voice much earlier than we have done before.’Ahead of a new pipeline of medicines the firm hopes will come through in the 2020s, Walmsley has said a vaccine for shingles, a three-in-one inhaler for chronic lung disease and a two-drug treatment to combat HIV will be Glaxo’s main focus in the next few years.Shares fell 0.5 per cent, or 6.6p, to 1346.8p. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5251683/New-Glaxo-boss-axes-50-team-year.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 419 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Type 2 diabetes breakthrough
 
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Scientists have created a new pill that can halt type 2 diabetes in its tracks and help patients shed pounds from their waistlines, a major study has revealed.Results from a human trial of 632 patients found semaglutide allowed 71 per cent of them to shed pounds - it is believed this is the first type 2 diabetes pill to instigate weight loss.Researchers hope semaglutide will offer a better way to control the hidden killer, as some treatments currently available can trigger unexpected weight gain which fuels type 2 diabetes.Results from the phase II trial carried out by the Leicester Diabetes Centre were published in the prestigious JAMA. Semaglutide could be available on the NHS within three years.The pill was handed as an add-on to patients already taking Metformin - the drug is the first line of defence to control the preventable condition.Researchers discovered semaglutide stopped type 2 diabetes in its tracks, slashed blood sugar levels and prevented patients from needing insulin.Type 2 diabetes can lead to heart failure, blindness and leg amputations and is deemed a global time bomb.Spiraling obesity rates have fuelled a 65 per cent rise in diagnoses in a decade, with more than 4 million people now living with the condition, UK data shows. Globally there are 380 million patients.Charities have warned the NHS will become crippled by the burden of the condition without urgent action to make changes to today’s lifestyles.Professor Melanie Davies, lead author, dubbed the results 'hugely promising' and said they show 'semaglutide’s ability to lower HbA1c and support weight loss'.Lead author Professor Melanie Davies said taking semaglutide as a pill may provide relief to some diabetics who 'struggle injecting themselves'.She told MailOnline: 'For some patients injectable therapies are a problem, so having something available orally makes it more accessible to some patients.'We know that it is a bit of a barrier to people and anything that makes treatment more accessible and easier has got to be seen as good.Professor Davies added: 'Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition with potentially devastating complications which is posing a major challenge to health services across the world because of the increasing numbers of people developing it.'These results demonstrating semaglutide’s ability to have a significant impact on lowering HbA1c and support weight loss when taken orally therefore are hugely promising.'Worldwide, there are believed to be around 380 million sufferers. In Britain this has topped 3.8 million, a figure that continues to rise. The World Health Organization issued a warning to say the world is facing 'a growing diabetes epidemic of potentially devastating proportions' in 2004. Since 1996, the number of people living with diabetes has more than doubled. The rapid escalation remains of great concern to health bodies. Type 2 diabetes is caused by having too much glucose in the blood because the body's way of turning it into energy is not working properly. As the condition progresses, sufferers often need to maintain a healthy diet, exercise and a combination of medications to manage it. Controlling blood sugar levels are also considered to be the key to reducing the risk of life-changing complications for those already diagnosed. Someone's life expectancy with type 2 diabetes is likely to be reduced as a result of the condition, by up to 10 years, it is believed.Oliver Jelley, editor of The Diabetes Times, told MailOnline: 'T1
Views: 501 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Former GKN boss stands to make £9m from takeover
 
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The former boss of GKN stands to make £9 million from a takeover of the car and plane parts manufacturer.Nigel Stein – who left the FTSE 100 company last month after more than five years in charge – could receive the windfall from his shares after turnaround specialist Melrose Industries made a £7 billion bid for the business.GKN’s shares jumped 26 per cent on Friday following the approach. They had previously been slowly recovering from a shock profit warning in October which Stein said had left him feeling ‘mugged’.GKN, which traces its roots back to 1759, rejected the bid which it described as ‘opportunistic’ because the terms ‘fundamentally undervalue’ the business.But Melrose, a London-listed firm with a reputation for turning around ailing industrial businesses, is expected to push ahead with a hostile bid.In response, GKN laid out plans to split its automotive business, which makes driveshafts for Ford and Volkswagen cars, and its aerospace arm, which makes parts for Boeing.Investors have long been calling for their separation.Melrose’s offer is partly in cash but mainly in shares. It means Stein would cash in £1.7 million from a sale at the amount offered and would be sitting on another £7 million in shares in the merged company.Liberal Democrat leader Sir Vince Cable said he would ask Business Secretary Greg Clark to intervene, arguing that the takeover would be a ‘massive blow to our industrial strategy’. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/news/article-5266231/Former-GKN-boss-stands-make-9m-takeover.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 833 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Isaac Newton 2018 50p set to be a rare collector's coin
 
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Most eager numismatists know that the rarest 50p in circulation is the Kew Gardens one, minted in 2009, with a run of just 210,000.Featuring the pagoda, one can sell for a tidy sum online – up to £50, thanks to its rarity.However, this year could see an even rarer coin than that Kew Gardens one – making it worth a mint in the near future - and some are already selling online for more than £80, or 160 times face value.Last year, the Royal Mint launched a 50p coin featuring Sir Isaac Newton. It has confirmed that it will offer a 2018 version of the coin – but the only place collectors can get their mitts on one is via the Royal Mint Experience in Llantrisant, Wales.Importantly, no 2018 Sir Isaac Newton coins will be released into circulation, meaning the likelihood is that these will become rarer than the Kew Gardens coin.This is Money visited the Mint last year and struck our own 12-sided £1 coin ahead of its launch.Early birds appear to have also visited this year, as some 2018 dated 50ps are already selling on websites such as eBay for £80.That's profit of around £60 factoring in the cost to strike one and the Royal Mint Experience entry fee, a better short-term return than even cryptocurrencies which have seen a boom in the last six months.The Royal Mint adds that this only available for a 'limited time only and subject to availability'.According to the Royal Mint Experience website, striking your own coin experience is limited to one coin per person per tour, again, adding to the exclusivity. It costs £5 to do on top of the entry ticket of £13.The coin is of 'brilliant uncirculated' standard. This is described by the Mint as having a higher standard than circulating and bullion coins.An expert at blog Change Checker said: 'We're predicting that due to the short time frame and visitor numbers, there could well be substantially less than 210,000 of these coins struck, meaning the 2018 Sir Isaac Newton 50p coin could well have a lower mintage figure than even the Kew Gardens 50p.'Sir Isaac Newton enjoyed a long association with the Royal Mint – he is perhaps the most famous 'Master of the Mint.'Although the coins are only available in Wales, some may come into ownership and accidentally spend them in the future.So if you do get a coin featuring the astronomer and mathematician, check the date on the reverse.After the Kew Gardens 50p, the next lowest minted 50p coins in circulation are from the Olympic coin range, but even these have mintage figures of 1million or more.The Royal Mint recently revealed its mintage figures for 2017, which showed that the Sir Isaac Newton coin had a mintage of 1.8million, making it the second rarest 50p behind the Kew Gardens coin (excluding 2012 Olympic ones).It even has a lower mintage figure than the 2016 Jemima Puddle-Duck coin, part of the Beatrix Potter collection.This had a mintage of 2.1million and changes hands for tidy sums online as people look to complete the set of characters. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5247211/Isaac-Newton-2018-50p-set-rare-collectors-coin.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 7395 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Anglo Saxon treasure found in Norfolk valued at £145,000
 
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Last year, one lucky student discovered a gold necklace and pendants in an Anglo Saxon grave while out metal-detecting in Winfarthing, Norfolk.Now, Thomas Lucking's discovery has been valued at a staggering £145,000 ($195,000).The incredible discovery is just one of 1,120 treasure finds made by the public in 2016 - the highest figure for 20 years.Thomas Lucking was a 23-year-old history student when he found the items while out metal-detecting in Norfolk. The items, which Norwich Castle Museum wants to acquire and which includes a gold cross pendant, were previously declared treasure but their value has only just come to light.  Much of the gold jewellery was still on the skeleton of the woman, who would have been of extremely high status, buried between around 650 and 675 AD, and one of the earliest Anglo-Saxon converts to Christianity. One of the large pendants, found lower down on the skeleton's chest, was made of gold and inlaid with hundreds of tiny garnets and in itself is valued at £140,000 ($188,000).Mr Lucking was a 23-year-old history student when he found the items while out metal-detecting in Norfolk.The items, which Norwich Castle Museum wants to acquire and which includes a gold cross pendant, were previously declared treasure but their value has only just come to light.Mr Lucking said that any money he receives after the landowner and his metal detecting partner get their share 'will probably end up as a deposit on a house in some way.'It's going to make things a lot easier,' he added.Much of the gold jewellery was still on the skeleton of the woman, who would have been of extremely high status, buried between around 650 and 675 AD, and one of the earliest Anglo-Saxon converts to Christianity.One of the large pendants, found lower down on the skeleton's chest, was made of gold and inlaid with hundreds of tiny garnets and in itself is valued at £140,000 ($188,000).'We could hear this large signal. We knew there was something large but couldn't predict it would be like that,' Mr Lucking said of the discovery.'When it came out the atmosphere changed.'The ex-student is now an archaeologist and still uses a metal detector, mostly at weekends.'I had found the run-of-the-mill stuff, medieval coins a few Roman coins, smaller treasure, but another league really,' he said.Treasures announced on Monday also include a Roman coin hoard found in 2016 in Piddletrenthide, Dorset, by another metal detectorist, Brian Read.The coins - more than 2,000 were found in a pottery vessel - include the earliest products of the newly established Roman mint of London.Another man, Dave Haldenby, discovered two late Bronze Age hoards, which experts believe may have been buried for ritual purposes, near to one another in Driffield, East Yorkshire, dating to around 950-850 BC.One hoard contained 158 axes and ingots and is the largest of its kind discovered in Yorkshire, while the other consisted of 27 axes and ingots.The finds were announced at the launch of the P AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5144445/Anglo-Saxon-treasure-Norfolk-valued-145-000.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 212 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Methane ecosystem found in caves of the Yucatan Peninsula
 
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Researchers have discovered a methane-fueled ecosystem that feeds bacteria in the underground rivers and flooded caves of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.In these caves, which Mayan lore describes as a fantastical underworld, methane and the bacteria that feed off it form a vital part of an ecosystem that is similar to what's been found in deep ocean cold seeps and some lakes.This explains how cave adapted animals are able to survive without any visible evidence of food, and more broadly, the research could help researchers understand how sea level rise and seaside development could impact these ecosystems.The researchers, who are trained in cave diving in addition to their other expertise, had to use techniques that had previously been used by deep-sea subs to be able to study the environment.The study, conducted by researchers at Texas A&M University at Galveston, the US Geological Survey and a team of collaborators from Mexico, The Netherlands, Switzerland and other US institutions, claims to be the most detailed ecological study ever for a coastal cave ecosystem that is always underwater.'The opportunity to work with an international team of experts has been a remarkable experience for me,' said David Brankovits, who is the study's lead author and conducted the research during his Ph.D. studies at TAMUG.HOW THEY DID THE STUDY  Researchers have discovered a methane-fueled ecosystem that feeds bacteria in the underground rivers and flooded caves of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula.  In these caves, which Mayan lore describes as a fantastical underworld, methane and the bacteria that feed off it form a vital part of an ecosystem that is similar to what's been found in deep ocean cold seeps and some lakes.  Between 2013 and 2016, five field campaign were conducted to investigate cave networks through Cenor bang, the primary study site within the Ox Bel Ha Cave System and secondary locations. The researchers collected water samples as well as shrimp samples in the caves.   (a) Entrance pool of Cenote Bang (b) Subsurface vantage of Cenote bang entrance pool, the primary locations where particulate organic detritus enters the system without being filtered The researchers, who are trained in cave diving in addition to their other expertise, had to use techniques that had previously been used by deep-sea submergence vehicles to be able to study the environment. The freshwater portion of the caves and the sinkholes, which are used to access the caves and are referred to locally as cenotes, are important sources of freshwater for communities throughout the Yucatan.  After entering the cave, the divers used a guideline to provide a continuous route to the surface is one of many safety standard the divers follow.'Finding that methane and other forms of mostly invisible dissolved organic matter are the foundation of the food web in these caves explains why cave-adapted animals are able to thrive in the water column in a habitat without visible evidence of food.'The s AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5126697/Methane-ecosystem-caves-Yucatan-Peninsula.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 459 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - University College London scientists find possible blindness cure
 
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A revolutionary medical technique that harnesses the power of stem cell therapy has restored the vision of two patients.A man in his 80s and women in her 60s suffered from age-related macular degeneration - the most common form of blindness - and were unable to read even with glasses.However, they regained their vision and could read normally after a team of British doctors inserted a patch of stem cells into their retinas.The groundbreaking trial, conducted at Moorfields Eye Hospital, offers hope of a cure for the condition, which strikes 600,000 adults in the UK and less than two million in the US.It is the first time an engineered piece of tissue has been successfully used to treat people with sudden severe sight loss.Researchers believe it could lead to an 'off-the-shelf' treatment within five years and could become as commonplace as cataract surgery.Scientists at University College London created the procedure with the help of experts at the National Institute for Health Research.How is the procedure carried out?The stem cell procedure, which can take as little as 45 minutes, is carried out under local anaesthetic.It involves taking a single embryonic stem cell and growing it into a 6mm patch of 100,000 retinal pigment cells.That patch is then rolled into a thin tube, which is injected through a tiny slit in the eye.Once unfurled, it is placed behind the retina where scientists claim it replaces the faulty cells.The new findings, which saw the two patients monitored for 12 months, are a major milestone for the London Project to Cure Blindness.The movement was established ten years ago with the aim of curing vision loss in patients with age-related macular degeneration.The study was published in the journal Nature Biotechnology.Professor Lyndon da Cruz, consultant ophthalmologist at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust said: 'The results suggest that this new therapeutic approach is safe and provides good visual outcomes.'The patients who received the treatment had very severe AMD, and their improved vision will go some way to enhance their quality of life.'We recognise that this is a small group of patients, but we hope that what we have learned from this study will benefit many more in the future.'How was the study carried out?The study investigated whether the diseased cells at the back of the patients' affected eye could be replenished using a stem cell patch.A specially engineered surgical tool was used to insert the patch under the retina in the eye of each patient in an operation lasting one to two hours.The patients - who went from not being able to read at all, even with glasses, to reading 60-80 words per minute with normal reading glasses - were monitored for 12 months and reported improvements to their vision.Professor Pete Coffey from the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology said: 'This study represents real progress in regenerative medicine and opens the door on new treatment options for people with age-related macular degener AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5519093/Could-cure-blindness.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 205 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Red wine could HELP you get pregnant
 
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If you’re trying to get pregnant the current NHS advice is to abstain completely from alcohol.But a moderate amount of red wine – no more than five glasses a month – could actually boost the chances of conceiving, research suggests.The study found a link between drinking red wine and healthy ovaries that produce more eggs.White wine, beer, spirits or more than five glasses of red a month did not have the same effect.Doctors have said alcohol should be avoided when trying for a baby to prevent harming development on conception.Researchers at the Washington University School of Medicine in the US set out to examine the effect of alcohol on fertility because previous findings were ‘conflicting’.They studied 135 women aged 18 to 44 and measured their ovarian reserve.This is the ovaries’ capacity to make healthy egg cells, which is measured by counting the antral follicles that produce them.Antral follicle count (AFC) is the standard way of assessing a woman’s fertility.The typical number for a woman in her 30s is around 12 or 13, but this decreases over time.Women who drank moderate amounts of red wine were found to have the highest ovarian reserve.The researchers, led by Dr Ashley Eskew, wrote: ‘The impact of lifestyle factors including dietary patterns and alcohol intake on ovarian reserve are conflicting.‘The objective of this study was to determine if alcohol intake is associated with ovarian reserve as determined by AFC.Red wine intake is associated with ovarian reserve as measured by AFC.’ They were unsure about how exactly red wine might boost ovary health, but said it could be that it contains the anti-inflammatory compound resveratrol.The findings will be presented at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine in San Antonio, Texas, next week. However, other experts urged caution, saying that a larger-scale study was needed before any conclusions could be drawn.Head of the British Fertility Society Adam Balen said: ‘This is an interesting study, albeit with a small sample size which means that it doesn’t reach statistical significance.It is an interesting idea that a small amount of red wine might be positively associated with ovarian reserve.‘However we have to remember that the exposure of the developing foetus to alcohol may cause irreversible developmental damage and so alcohol consumption should be less than six units per week for women wishing to conceive.’And Dr Channa Jayasena, a lecturer in reproductive endocrinology at Imperial College London, warned women not to ‘rush out’ and drink red wine.He said: ‘There is a lot of interest in whether anti-oxidants could improve fertility in men and women. It is tempting to tell women to rush out and drink red wine, which contains anti-oxidants, but this study does not support that.’Debate has long raged over whether pregnant women should abstain from alcohol once they are pregnant – as recommended by the NHS.But last month Bristol University researchers found there was ‘surprisingly limited’ evidence that drinking up to four units a week caused birth defects. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5025753/Red-wine-HELP-pregnant.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 550 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Martina Rando reveals the basic mistakes most Yoga beginners make
 
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A yoga teacher has taken it upon herself to educate beginners about the simple mistakes most of them make during their practice thanks to comparative Instagram pictures.Martina Rando, of Milan, Italy is an accredited yoga teacher with 252,000 followers on the platform, where she shares her illustrated tips.Many of her posts consist in side-by-side photos of Martina performing the same yoga pose, once with classic mistakes and once with correct posture.The goal is to show people the pitfalls they might encounter, and how they can remedy them to fully reap the benefits from their practice and avoid injuring themselves.Recently, she demonstrated the wheel pose, highlighting the importance of keeping an open chest and engaging the muscles of the inner thighs.Martina, who divides each of her photos into an 'avoid' and a 'try' or 'yes' category, advised her followers to steer clear from bent elbows and dropping shoulders, while opening their chest and keeping their toes and knees from splaying out.She told them to pay attention to their spine and engage the muscles in their inner thighs.In her post, Martina also highlighted how using blocks can help beginners to ease into the wheel pose, pointing out how being patient can lead to the best results.Yogis who cannot perform an asana, rather than trying to force their body into the posture, are encouraged to find intermediate options while slowly working towards the full pose.Martina has also detailed the secrets of an optimal downward dog, telling her followers to avoid pushing their hips up and to keep their shoulders from moving forward.To beginners, she recommended bending their knees and pushing their chest towards their thighs.More advanced yogis, meanwhile, can push their heels towards the ground and aim to form a straight line with their upper body from their wrists to their hips while pushing their navel in and gazing at it, Martina indicated in one of her posts.The yoga teacher, who was born in 1991, explained on her website that she started exercising regularly in the summer of 2015 and tried yoga while pursuing a more balanced lifestyle.She immediately loved the practice and after getting her master's degree, became qualified as a yoga teacher, determined to invest more time into her passion.In addition to her comparative photos, she also regularly shares videos of her own practices, as relaxing yoga sequences and photos of herself performing poses in various settings. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5456167/Yogi-reveals-basic-mistakes-beginners-make.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 463 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Half-price generic version of Viagra to hit the shelves
 
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Viagra is getting a cheaper, generic makeover from Pfizer in an effort to preempt competitors.Pfizer has repackaged its famous little blue impotence pill in a white tablet, called sildenafil, and will slash the$65-a-pill retail price of its blockbuster drug by half starting Monday.The pharmaceutical giant's patent for Viagra is set to expire next week, opening the flood gates for competitors to jump into the market with their cheaper generic versions.Rather than lose most of its sales to other companies, Pfizer is banking on the lower price point of and the 40 percent of its customer base that claims to be loyal to Viagra to help the company ride the wave of generics slated to undercut Viagra's prices by as much as 90 percent.'Patients are paying fortunes. When generic Viagra comes out, they will be very happy,' said Dr Nachum Katlowitz, a urologist at New York's Staten Island University Hospital.Launched in 1998, Viagra was the first pill for impotence. It transformed a private frustration for many aging men into a publicly discussed medical condition with an easy treatment, far more appealing than options like penile injections and implants. Pfizer's early TV ads for the little blue pill even coined the term erectile dysfunction, ED for short.Eli Lilly's Cialis came out in 2003 and now dominates the U.S. market with on-demand pills and daily, low-dose ones. Viagra is a close second.Pfizer says its market research shows 20 percent of customers are loyal to Viagra. So rather than give up sales to generic makers as brand-name drug makers once routinely did, the company is selling its own generic and also fighting to keep men on its blue pills.'We believe that the story for Viagra isn't done. It's just going to be a new chapter,' said Jim Sage, president of U.S. brands for Pfizer Essential Health, which sells its older medicines.In January, the drug maker will offer two new discount programs and increase its co-payment card discounts. Uninsured men can get brand-name Viagra half off through an innovative online home delivery program, Pfizer Direct. Many insured patients will be able to get a month's prescription - typically six to 10 pills, depending on plan limits - for as little as a $20 co-payment.'This is the most comprehensive pricing and marketing response I've seen to a generic,' said Erik Gordon, a pharmaceuticals analyst at the University of Michigan's business school. 'It's unprecedented.'Gordon thinks Pfizer's reduced prices will retain some patients and attract others who buy pills, often counterfeits, from the internet.Dr. Matthias Hofer, a urologist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, said some of his insured patients who take Viagra wouldn't want a generic. 'They will be ecstatic if they can save money and get the brand product from Pfizer,' he said.Last year, more than 12 million prescriptions for Viagra and Cialis were filled in the US, generating a combined $3 billion in sales, according to health data and clinical resea AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5152483/Viagra-goes-generic-Pfizer-launch-little-white-pill.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 621 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Research sheds light on how HIV virus 'hides' from treatments
 
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A cure for HIV could be in the pipeline, scientists claim.Experiments have today revealed exactly how the killer virus hides away, preventing antiviral drugs from flushing it out.Researchers haven long been baffled as to why some infected cells can go dormant and evade detection for years.But the new findings, made by University of California, San Francisco researchers, finally offer the medical community an answer.They discovered the cells can spontaneously become 'latent' - or dormant - by refusing to make the virus like a normally infected cell.The experts behind the trial, derived from 18 HIV patients, claim they can 'now start developing drugs' to allow the body to kill the dormant cells.There are currently no treatments that exist that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating in the future.Typically, the virus infects CD4 T cells, a type of immune cell, and uses the cell's DNA to produce viral RNA - which transports genetic messages for making proteins.These new virus bodies then leave the cell to infect more.However, the latency phase, in which an HIV-infected cell stops making the virus for a long period of time, has remained a mystery.Because they are not reproducing the virus, they are difficult to target using current treatments. And they can be deadly when they become active.'We can't even separate out uninfected from infected cells, let alone latently infected cells,' said Dr Steven Yukl, from the University of California, San Francisco.'Latently-infected cells are extremely rare - one in one million CD4 T cells - and we don't know how to identify them.'Why they sometimes become active again is poorly understood. There are currently no treatments that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating.WHAT IS AN 'UNDETECTABLE VIRAL LOAD' OF HIV?  A person with HIV becomes 'undetectable' when treatment suppresses the virus to a level so low in their blood that it cannot be detected by measurements. If a person is undetectable and stays on treatment, they cannot pass HIV on to a partner. No study has ever shown HIV transmission from someone with an undetectable viral load. To date, an undetectable load is almost always achieved with daily doses of antiretroviral drugs. But a number of clinical trials - including PRO-140 by CytoDyn, which Charlie Sheen is involved in - hope to be developing treatments that could be administered on a weekly or fortnightly basis. Roughly 30 percent of America's 1.2 million people with HIV have reached an undetectable viral load which underscores the need for expanded access to testing, treatment, and care. For more information and resources, visit the Prevention Access Campaign website.To try and understand how they work better, the San Francisco team performed a series of tests on the latent HIV-infected cells.They discovered bits and pieces of viral RNA, showing the virus was attempting to reproduce unsuccessfully.'It's not that the cells aren't making viral RNA, but that the RNA isn't fin AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5464459/Research-sheds-light-HIV-virus-hides-treatments.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 609 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Researchers claim we are NOT living in a simulation
 
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AutoNews- It’s a question that has persisted in science fiction and philosophical discussion alike: are we living in a computer simulation?Scientists have long argued both sides of the theory, with some even suggesting if we did live in a simulated reality, we’d never know the truth.But now, a new study could finally put the debate to rest.Theoretical physicists have discovered that it is impossible, by principle, to simulate a quantum phenomenon that occurs in metals – and, ultimately, something as complex as the entire universe.In a new study published to the journal Science Advances, the team from the University of Oxford and the Hebrew University used a technique known as Monte Carlo simulation to investigate a phenomenon said to be a gravitational anomaly.The effect, called thermal Hall conductance, can be seen in systems with high magnetic fields and low temperatures.But in their work, the researchers found that the simulation is unable to capture a system with gravitational anomalies, such as the quantum Hall effect.As the number of particles required for the simulation increased, the researchers found the simulation itself became far more complex.If the particles increased in a linear way, the number of computational resources to simulate the system would have to as well; for a system twice as large, for example, the number of required resources, including processors and memory, would have to double.But, if the system grew exponentially, this effect would be far more extreme.To store the information of a few hundred electrons on a computer, the simulation would require memory built from more atoms than exist in the entire universe, the researchers note.‘Our work provides an intriguing link between two seemingly unrelated topics: gravitational anomalies and computational complexity,’ said co-author Zohar Ringel, a professor at Hebrew University.Last summer, when asked at the Code Conference in southern California if the answer to the question of whether we are in a simulated computer game was 'yes', Elon Musk said the answer is 'probably'. Musk believes that computer game technology, particularly virtual reality, is already approaching a point that it is indistinguishable from reality. But, according to Sabine Hossenfelder, a theoretical physicist at the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, the simulation scenario ignores the laws of nature. Such a universe that would either have to ‘overthrow quantum mechanics’ or rely on qubits, which have yet to tie in with general relativity. Elon Musk is one of many who have suggested reality may not be as we think. Last summer, when if the answer to the question of whether we are in a simulated computer game was 'yes', Elon Musk said the answer is 'probably' Essentially, the researcher argues, ‘our presently best theories are the standard model and general relativity, and whatever other explanation you have for our observations must first be able to reproduce these theories’ achievements.’ So far, no one has been able to do this.   Hossenfelder considers a scenario in which the universe is composed of bits, like a computer, relying on ordered time-series encoded by an algorithm.  Such a thing could not be done using classical bits, as there would be no quantum effects. But, even if you were to attempt to build the universe from quantum bits (qubits), there ‘are good reasons to believe it’s not possible,' the physicist argues, as no one has yet succeeded in recovering general relativity and the standard model of particle physics from qubits.‘It also shows that the thermal Hall conductance is a genuine quantum effect: one for which no local classical analogue exists.’According to the researchers, the study shows that systems with gravitational anomalies will bring about a ‘sign problem’ within the Monte-Carlo approach.If the problem could be solved, large-scale quantum simulations could be possible, they say – but the work provides proof that it cannot be solved for some systems.While the computer simulation theory continues to gnaw at the minds of many, with people such as Elon Musk backing the idea, the new study suggests it would be impossible to generate the illusion of reality in this way.
Views: 938 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Fears that a Yellowstone supereruption is on the way are growing
 
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Hidden beneath Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming is a supervolcano capable of blasting thousands of miles of rock and ash into the air.While the supervolcano hasn't erupted for 631,000 years, scientists have been working to understand the last eruption to predict when one will happen again.Now, a spate of four mini-tremors in the area following a period of 'rest' has raised fears among the public that the supervolcano is about to blow.The most recent quake came on March 11 when a 1.5 tremor shook the volcano just hours after a 1.8 quake was also detected nearby.But experts claim this is a relatively quiet period for tremors in the area. Normally, there are 50 minor earthquakes around the volcano every week.They say that concerns of an eruption in the area are unfounded, and the current resurgence in activity is nothing to be concerned about.Yellowstone is one of the most seismically active areas in the world and there are regular earthquakes detected in and around the supervolcano.Tom Skilling, a meteorologist for WGN News, a local news site in Chicago, explains that is it normal for the volcano to have less active weeks.He said: 'Minor earthquakes occur in the Yellowstone area 50 or more times per week, but a major eruption is not expected in the foreseeable future.'Despite experts trying to calm nerves, concerned citizens have taken to Twitter to voice their concern about a potential eruption.Rygy said on the social media site: 'Yellowstone's gonna blow up and get us all.'This latest spate of tremors follows a period in February where more than 200 small tremors detected were detected over a period of 10 days.According to experts with the US Geological Survey, that swarm began on February 8 in a region roughly eight miles northeast of West Yellowstone, Montana – and increased dramatically in the days following.Much like now, scientists said there's no reason to worry.Earthquakes are very common in the area and are likely caused by a combination of processes beneath the surface.The current activity is said to be 'relatively weak,' and the alert level at the supervolcano remains at 'normal.'According to the USGS, the February swarm occurred in about the same location as the Maple Creek swarm last summer, which brought roughly 2,400 earthquakes in a four-month span.The University of Utah Seismograph Stations picked up the quakes, counting more than 200 as of February 18.'The present swarm started on February 8, with a few events occurring per day,' the USGS said at the time.'On February 15, seismicity rates and magnitudes increased markedly. As of the night of February 18, the largest earthquake in the swarm is M2.9, and none of the events have been felt. All are occurring about 8 km (5 miles) beneath the surface.'Yellowstone is home to several faults, and has a long history of seismic activity.As natural processes occur beneath the surface and 'stress effects' from past events continue to maintain their hold, the area remains a 'hotbed of seis AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5494285/Fears-Yellowstone-supereruption-way-growing.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3002 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Workhorse to test electric vans in California, Ohio
 
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Electric delivery van maker Workhorse Group Inc said on Tuesday it will test its new lightweight N-Gen electric van in cities in Ohio and California as the race to develop mass-market electric delivery vehicles heats up.Workhorse's customers already include package delivery groups United Parcel Service Inc and FedEx Corp.Chief Executive Officer Steve Burns told Reuters the company has signed up a new customer but said he could not disclose the name.Workhorse will test two versions of the van, including one carrying a drone in the roof for remote deliveries, he added.The company is already testing van-based drone deliveries with UPS.Burns did not disclose the exact locations for the tests, but said they would take place in several cities in Ohio and California.Cincinnati-based Workhorse is also in the running for a contract to replace the delivery vans in the United States Postal Service's fleet, in partnership with a unit of Singapore Technologies Engineering Ltd.The N-Gen has a similar frame to the vehicle the USPS is evaluating.Workhorse said the tests will begin in the first quarter of 2018.The market for medium- and heavy-duty electric trucks is in its infancy and the distance they can travel before recharging is still limited.They tend to cost more than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles, but as battery costs come down they should become more competitive.Vehicle manufacturers such as Daimler AG and Navistar International Corp, as well as Tesla Inc and a host of other new entrants, are racing to overcome the challenges of substituting batteries for diesel engines as regulators crack down on carbon dioxide and soot pollution.Some manufacturers argue that with their short, largely predictable daily routes, delivery vehicles are a natural market for electrified versions.Cutting the high cost associated with last-mile delivery as ecommerce has grown has become a major priority for the likes of Amazon Inc, which runs its own delivery service in some cities and has leased cargo planes to reduce expenses.Daimler said in September that UPS will be the first U.S. commercial customer for its new battery-powered eCanter truck.U.S. truck leasing and rental company Ryder System Inc is a strategic service partner with Workhorse and last week also ordered 125 all-electric delivery vans from Chanje, a unit of FDG Electric Vehicles Ltd.Workhorse's Burns said the N-Gen van has a lightweight carbon frame, weighs 5,500 lbs (2,495 kg) when empty - 5,000 lbs lighter than comparable vehicles - and its load space measures 500 cubic feet (14 cubic meters).He said Workhorse vans cost more than conventional vehicles, but gas and fuel savings make up the difference in less than three years.'The premium that we charge is made back very quickly,' he said.'Fleets that look at total cost of ownership understand that and that's how we sell our vehicles.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5058411/Workhorse-test-electric-vans-new-customer-California-Ohio.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3742 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Royal Navy reveals its second Type 26 warship
 
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AutoNews- The Royal Navy has revealed the name of the second of eight new Type 26 warship – the HMS Belfast.The enormous warship will be used to protect the UK's nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers, and can travel at speeds of up to 26 knots (30mph).Both the HMS Belfast and the HMS Glasgow – which was revealed in July – will enter service in the mid 2020s.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet. The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage. On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour). The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns. Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon made the announcement as he visited Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, where the Navy's last HMS Belfast was built prior to World War Two.The ship will be one of eight new Type 26 frigates joining the Navy's fleet.'I'm hugely proud that the second name announced of our eight cutting-edge new Type 26 frigates will be HMS Belfast,' said Sir Michael.'She and her sister ships will form the backbone of our Navy well into the 2060s, keeping us safe by protecting the country's nuclear deterrent and new aircraft carriers.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet.The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage.On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour).The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns.Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.The original HMS Belfast, which took part in the Arctic campaign and the Normandy landings, is now a floating museum permanently docked in London.It will now be renamed 'HMS Belfast 1938' to avoid confusion.Diane Lees, director general at Imperial War Museums, said: 'IWM is delighted that the name HMS Belfast will return again to the Royal Navy's front line as a major warship.'We welcome the opportunity this will bring for our internationally significant museum to have a close affiliation with the new Belfast, enabling a powerful link between the Royal Navy's past and present.'
Views: 2422 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Yellowstone National Park was struck by 153 earthquakes in July
 
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Yellowstone National Park was struck by 153 mini earthquakes in July, according to scientists. Pictured is a general view of the Norris Geyser Basin at Yellowstone National Park Share this article Share Last month, a fissure opened up in Grand Tenton National Park just 60 miles (100km) from the Yellowstone volcano, prompting officials to immediately close the area  The Hidden Falls (pictured) is 100-foot (30-metre) waterfall near the eastern end of Cascade Canyon.  The area is not far from the potentially devastating Yellowstone Volcano Inspiration Point (pictured) is a stop on a trek near Jenny Lake. Vast eruptions from the Yellowstone Volcano occurred 2.2 million, 1.3 million and 630,000 years ago Scientists have devised a new way to find out how quickly magma is building up beneath the Yellowstone supervolcano. The technique allows them to accurately estimate the amount of magma entering the volcano. Pictured is Yellowstone National Park's Grand Prismatic Pool Researchers 'spiked' several hot springs in Yellowstone National Park with the stable radioactive isotope deuterium (pictured). The deuterium was harmless to the environment and approved for use by park officials When it last blew the supervolcano produced one of the largest known blasts on Earth, spewing more than 2,000 times as much ash as Mount St. Helens did when it erupted in 1980 (pictured), killing 57 people in the most disastrous eruption in US history  AutoNews- Source:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6042715/Yellowstone-National-Park-struck-153-earthquakes-July-seismologists-reveal.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 90 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Women should not clean their vaginas with Vicks' VapoRub
 
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Experts are urging women not to clean their vaginas with Vicks' Vaporub after a bizarre internet trend has spurred many to experience tingling in their genitalia.Online forums and blogs claim the ointment, intended to soothe an irritating cough, can boost women's sex lives, clean the intimate area, cure thrush and even maintain a pleasant odour on the vagina.VapoRub, which gives users a tingling sensation when applied on the chest, apparently elicits the same gentle tickling feeling when put on intimate areas, leading blogs to suggest women smear it on their clitoris or men's penises.Some forums also claim the ointment could cure vaginal thrush, however, experts argue applying such products could introduce infections or make them worse by disrupting the intimate area's bacteria.The need to apply VapoRub as a fragrance to the vagina, which is self-cleaning, is also concerning, as genitalia should not have a strong odour.WHY YOU SHOULDN'T CLEAN VAGINAS WITH CUCUMBERS: TREND INCREASES RISK OF INFECTIONS  A doctor warned women earlier this month not to use a cucumber as a douche for the vagina in a bizarre and dangerous trend that is sweeping the web. Dubbed the 'vagina facial', the craze involves inserting the peeled salad staple into your intimate parts before twisting it around for approximately 20 minutes. Bloggers claim the fruit's high vitamin content sanitises genitals and gives vagina's a pleasant odour. Certain forums add cucumbers can even reduce a woman's chances of contracting sexually transmitted infections. Yet an expert has warned the practice could actually leave women at a greater risk of infections, like gonorrhoea and even HIV. Canadian gynaecologist Dr Jen Gunter says washing with a cucumber upsets the natural pH balance of intimate areas.The trend to apply VapoRub as a cleanser or fragrance could lead to women developing vaginal thrush or bacterial vaginosis, with experts arguing vaginas are self-cleansing via naturally-occurring discharge.The need to apply a fragrance to combat an odour is a sign something is wrong and should be checked by a doctor.Contrary to what some blogs suggest, VapoRub, which remains on the skin for hours, will also not cure an existing thrush infection and could even make it worse by further disrupting the vagina's bacteria.Dr Vanessa Mackay, a gynaecologist and spokeswomen for the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, told The Sun: 'It [the vagina] contains good bacteria, which are there to protect it from infections.'Disturbing the natural flora through extensive cleaning can lead to infection, such as bacterial vaginosis or thrush, and inflammation.'Use plain, unperfumed soaps to wash the area around the vagina [the vulva], not inside it, gently every day.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5008585/Women-not-clean-vaginas-Vicks-VapoRub.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 858 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - World's fastest charger gives electric cars full power in minutes
 
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Swiss engineering firm ABB claims to have created the world's fastest electric vehicle charger.Called the Terra High Power DC fast charger, the device can give the average electric car 120 miles of range in a mere eight minutes.The 350 kilowatt charger can recharge vehicles almost three times faster than the rate of Tesla's Supercharger charging stations, according to New Atlas.ABB says its DC fast chargers are best suited for use at highway rest stops and petrol stations.So far, the firm has installed over 6,500 fast charging stations in 60 countries.As more and more advanced charging technology is developed, it should help incentivize the adoption of electric vehicles.Current chargers are significantly slower than the machines ABB has proposed.CHAdeMO chargers, which were recently adopted by Volkswagen, only provide about 62.5 kilawatts of charge.Tesla Superchargers put out about 120 kilawatts, despite Elon Musk recentlyjoking that 350 kW would only power a 'children's toy'.There are few cars capable of handling up to 350 kW charging, as many try to preserve battery life and can take an upwards of 200 kW, New Atlas noted.For now, ABB's super fast chargers are only likely to work when multiple cars are plugged in at once.Meanwhile, Tesla has been steadily ramping up the number of Supercharger stations it has set up around the country.Last September, the firm said it would expand its Supercharger network into city centers and downtown areas, starting with Chicago and Boston.To support high usage and accommodate for having less space for the stations, Tesla is also developing a brand new smaller Supercharger specifically for cities.While a lot of talk about Tesla has been its move toward allowing for longer drives with Supercharge stations along highways and popular driving routes, it has installed 'Destination Charging' connectors at hotels, resorts, restaurants, and more.The company will do the same in urban areas, opening Supercharger stations at supermarkets, malls, and other busy destinations.'Supercharger stations in urban areas will be installed in convenient locations, including supermarkets, shopping centers and downtown districts, so it’s easy for customers to charge their car in the time it takes to grocery shop or run errands,' Tesla said.To fit their chargers into cities, Tesla has developed a new smaller Supercharger design.'Superchargers in urban areas have a new post design that occupies less space and is easier to install, making them ideal for dense, highly populated areas,' Tesla said.These chargers will be the same price as the current Superchargers, but they will work a little differently.Each will have 72 kilowatts dedicated to power each car, which means charging speeds won't be affected if multiple cars at charging at once.This will result in more consistent charging times around 45 to 50 minutes.The existent stations charge with up to 145 kilowatts of power that is distributed between two adjacent cars and can get a Tesla AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5662739/Worlds-fastest-charger-electric-cars-battery-power-just-eight-minutes.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 226 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Two-thirds of baby food on the market contains arsenic
 
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Two-thirds of baby food in the United States tested positive for arsenic and other dangerous toxins, a study claims.Also, 80 percent of baby formula analyzed had levels of arsenic in the mixture.The Clean Label Project, a non-profit organization advocating for transparent product labels in Denver, tested more than 500 baby foods sold in United States stores.The researchers found that 65 percent tested positive for arsenic, including products from popular brands such as Gerber, Parent's Choice and Sprout.Arsenic is a metalloid and experts warn it can affect a child's motor skills, cognition and heart as they are growing.The Clean Label Product tested the baby food products on what contained arsenic, lead and other dangerous chemicals.Each product was then ranked from one to five stars based on the toxins and how nutritious the product was for a child.The study showed that not only did more than half the products have arsenic, but also 35 percent tested positive for lead and 58 percent for cadmium.These chemicals can pose potential risks for the infants when consumed such as neurological deficiencies and problems to the immune system.Rice-based products such as puffs are most likely to contain arsenic, according to the study.The US Food and Drug Administration has previously looked into the impact of arsenic on rice in food products such as rice-based baby cereals.In April 2016, the administration proposed a limit of 100 parts per billion of inorganic arsenic in rice cereal for infants.This was proposed to potentially eliminate risk that an infant could consume large amounts of the dangerous metalloid.The European Food and Safety Authority has already enforced limitations of inorganic arsenic in rice, but the US is still in the discussion phase of the possible regulation.The study also found that 60 percent of products that were labeled as 'BPA free' actually tested positive for bisphenol A, an industrial chemical used to make some plastics.This chemical can seep into food and cause an increased risk of a child developing high blood pressure and disrupt the hormones.Experts warn that some products that have this 'BPA free' label could still have traces that have seeped into the food.They recommend for people to pay attention to what products they are buying for their infants to prevent these toxins from being consumed.Daily Mail Online reached out to Gerber, and the company said the study is causing unnecessary alarm and all their food meets US government standards.They said in a statement: 'We regularly test our foods and formulas and work closely with our suppliers and farmers to find ways to do even better.'Daily Mail Online has contacted all the other companies for a comment. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5017827/Two-thirds-baby-food-market-contains-arsenic.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 901 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Russia unveils SKYF heavy lift drones
 
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A new drone designed by Russian researchers is the hulk of the quadcopter world - and can carry a 400-pound (181-kg) payload and fly for up to eight hours.The multi-rotor, autonomous drone, called SKYF, was designed with logistics and agribusinesses companies in mind to create a air freight platform to help business carry out tasks.The vertical take-off and landing drone has applications in areas such as the aerial application of pesticides and fertilizers, seed planting for forest restoration and emergency situations for food and medicine delivery.The drone, designed by Russian company ARDN technology, has a maximum flight speed of 70 kilometers per hour (43.5 miles per hour) and is 5.2 meters (17 feet) by 2.2 meters (7.2 feet).It can fly at a maximum height of 3,000 meters (9,843 feet) and has a positional accuracy of 30 centimeters (11.8 inches).According to ARDN, although it's fairly large in size, it can fold down and two can fit into a 20-foot (6-meter) cargo container.In addition, it required 10 minutes of setup before it can fly, ARDN says.Currently, prototypes of the drone are receiving encrypted instructions from a flight dispatch center.SKYF relies on gasoline-powered engines for lift and electric motors for stabilization to transport heavy loads up to 350 kilometers away (when carrying loads of 110 pounds, or 50 kg).Specifically, the drone uses the gasoline-powered engines for its two primary lift props, and uses all four sets of twin props with electric motors to help stabilize and steer it.According to ARDN, this dual-advantage separation of features is what allows the unmanned drone to to carry heavy loads.The patented, heavy-duty drone is also able to hover and move at low speeds, making it ideal for package delivery tasks.According to ARDN, it can operate under a wide range of weather conditions at any time of day.The drone's design is also modular, meaning versions can be modified for added fuel range and other features.SKYF it able to directly use the energy of its internal combustion engine without the need for an electrical hybrid system, enhancing its reliability and also driving down its price, maintenance costs and total weight, according to ARDN.ARDN says that the drone has applications in a wide range of fields, including delivering postal items to hard to reach places, delivering cargo to ships at sea and even weather management, for example extinguishing fires and preventing the accumulation of snow in fields.It's not yet clear how much the drone costs or when it will be released, but it could have a major impact on a wide range of industries. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5115609/Russia-unveils-SKYF-heavy-lift-drones.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 9640 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Video shows a baby's parasitic twin being removed
 
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Shocking video footage reveals the moment a baby boy, born with his twin attached to his stomach, successfully undergoes separation surgery.In 2016, Hemlata Singh, from Jodphur, India, gave birth to a healthy baby named Sonni, but attached to his stomach was his partially formed, parasitic twin, putting the infant's life at risk.At just nine days old, Sonni was separated from his parasitic twin via the liver they shared before disconnecting the artery that carried blood from Sonni's heart to his twin's deformed one.As expected, the twin died shortly after surgery, with Sonni going home 12 days later.Ms Singh said: 'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.'Parasitic twins occur when a baby is born with the attached tissue of an undeveloped twin who died in the womb. The parasitic twin's tissues are dependent upon the 'host'.  It is unclear why this occurs, but may be due to a restricted blood supply during pregnancy, which leads to the death and partial absorption of one of the twins. The condition occurs in around one in a million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent'Parasitic twins occur when an embryo develops inside the mother's womb but the pair do not separate, resulting in just one embryo developing fully.Unlike conjoined twins, a parasitic twin is not completely formed and is dependent on the bodily functions of the healthier baby.Sonni's twin's brain was underdeveloped, with the infant having no intestine or stomach, meaning the baby had no way of surviving on its own and was putting his brother's life at risk.Dr Anurag Singh from Saroj Hospital in Delhi, said: 'When we saw this baby one of the children was just like any other normal child, the only abnormality was that from his whole abdomen there was another small baby sitting on it.'The two had a common skin and they were joined together. So it was as if one small child was sitting on another child.'The is the first case I've seen and the literature has reported one in one million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent, so this is a very high risk surgery.''He will get better'Ms Singh said: 'When I first saw my kids, I felt anxious and awful.'They told me that they will be operated on then we can give you one child but we can't save the other.'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.Body Bizarre is on Thursdays at 10pm on TLC UK. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5088537/Video-shows-baby-s-parasitic-twin-removed.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 328 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - The woman who can ONLY eat rice and vegetables!
 
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A 25-year-old woman has revealed how her life is blighted by an allergy to all food - except rice and vegetables.Sophie Willis has mast cell activation syndrome (MCAS) - which causes blood cells to inappropriately react with certain foods and fragrances.The rare condition, which strikes around one in 150,000 people, means she can go into life-threatening anaphylactic shock, break out in a rash or have swollen lips if she has a reaction.The wedding veil designer, from London, cannot consume yeast, meat, fish, diary and preservatives. She is also affected by sunlight and thunder.One doctor refused to believe her bizarre symptoms - and sent her for counselling, while another assumed her seizures were due to Lyme disease.Miss Willis, who now takes 60 pills a day to combat her condition, said: 'I cannot eat anything but vegetables and rice, if I eat any other food I collapse and go into anaphylactic shock.'Before I knew about my condition I would end up suffering an allergic reaction up to seven times a day.'Miss Willis used to lead an active lifestyle, running half marathons and regularly dining out with friends, before falling ill in 2014.She said: 'I started blacking out several times a day. My throat would close up and my face would swell up. It was terrifying.'Her condition baffled doctors and, over the next two years, she visited more than 30 hospitals across the country desperate for a diagnosis.Miss Willis said: 'I endured countless tests. Doctors thought I had Lyme disease because I kept having seizures.'They discovered I had two underlying conditions, a connective tissue disorder called EDS and a heart condition called POTTS, which are common in people who suffer from MCAS.'One doctor told me that it was all in my head and even sent me to counselling. It was frustrating.'Finally, in August 2016, doctors diagnosed her with MCAS.Mast cells, a type of blood cell, react to foreign bodies and injury by releasing a variety of chemical mediators, such as histamine, in order to fight infections.In a person with MCAS, the same chemicals are inappropriately triggered causing allergy-like symptoms.Miss Willis said: 'When I eat certain foods, the mast cells in my body react badly- this combined with my other two conditions causes me to pass out.'I am now essentially allergic to every food, other than vegetables and rice.'If I eat any other food my throat, eyes and lips swell up, and I can be in excruciating pain all over my body.'Once, before my diagnosis, I was out shopping on my own when I collapsed on the floor.'She added: 'I couldn't even shout out for help because one of the side affects of MCAS is brain fog, where I am unable to think or speak properly.'After that I avoided going out with friends in fear of having a reaction.'Thankfully, I quickly realised that foods were a trigger for my allergic reactions.'It's boring, but allows me to live my life with some normality, so I have stopped blacking out.'Miss Willis claims that sunlight and loud noi AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5581213/The-woman-eat-rice-vegetables.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 4420 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Mystery of how birds navigate is solved: Scientists discover proteins in birds' eye
 
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Migrating birds appear to have a 'sixth sense' which means they always manage to find their nesting grounds - a talent that has long mystified scientists.Now researchers have found the secret to this skill is down to a protein in the bird's eyes that is sensitive to blue light.This protein lets them 'see' Earth's magnetic field as an overlay on their normal field of view, two studies suggest.Scientists from Lund University in Sweden looked at zebra finches, while researchers from Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg in Germany studied European robins.For a bird to know roughly where it is in the world, and correct itself if it goes off course, it needs what is known as 'true navigation'.They do this by using the magnetic field to plot their migratory routes.Scientists believe the Earth's core is responsible for creating its magnetic field.As molten iron in the Earth's outer core escapes it creates convection currents. These currents generate electric currents which create the magnetic field.Experts knew that birds could only sense magnetic fields if certain wavelengths of light were available, but they did not know why this was the case.According to researchers a protein called Cry4, which is present 24 hours a day and means birds can still navigate during night, is responsible for this.Cryptochromes are sensitive to blue light, which have wavelengths between 400 and 495 nanometres.They are involved in the circadian rhythms of plants and animals and are believed to be associated with sensing magnetic fields in a number of species.Researchers found levels of Cry1 and Cry2 varied in zebra finches studied but levels of Cry4 remained constant.'We also found that Cry1a, Cry1b, and Cry2 mRNA display robust circadian oscillation patterns, whereas Cry4 shows only a weak circadian oscillation', researchers, led by Dr Atticus Pinzon-Rodriguez from the University of Lund, wrote in the study.'We assume that birds have microscopic compasses and they use them any time of day or night,' added co-author Rachel Muheim from the University of Lund.This finding was supported by the team looking at robins, which found the same thing.They also found European robins had increased Cry4 expression during the migratory season.Although the evidence is strong it is not definitive according to researchers, who say Cry1 and Cry2 could also help with magnetoreception.The study on the zebra finch was published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface while the robin study was published in Current Biology.Last year, researchers did a similar study looking at bird navigation with Eurasian Reed Warblers.They found reed warblers  use a neat trick to navigate – by somehow measuring the variation between true north, and magnetic north.The little brown birds take advantage of a natural phenomenon called declination.While a compass needle points to the magnetic north, this is not the true north – the North Pole.Depending on where you are, magnetic north is either one or more de AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5577421/Mystery-birds-navigate-solved-Scientists-discover-proteins-birds-eyes.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 152 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A common sex injury women might not know about
 
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There's a sex injury that's common, painful - but poorly understood.A bruised cervix can occur during vigorous sex, or sex with a well-endowed partner when a woman is not sufficiently aroused through foreplay.Cervical bruising is painful, can lead to bleeding, and can make later intercourse painful and unpleasant. It can also lead to other problems, like vaginismus, an involuntary muscle spasm that closes the vagina prior to penetration.The cervix is the channel between the vagina and the uterus. Symptoms of bruising include feeling unusually sensitive for a few days after sex, or experiencing cramping. In rare cases, there may be bleeding.Cervical bruising in sex is most likely caused by a penis too large for the vaginal canal, bumping repeatedly against the cervix wall and causing some superficial damage.Thankfully, bruising does not lead to long-term damage. But it is painful, and there are steps you can take to make this experience less likely.The cervix grows when aroused, similar to a penis, and it also softens.This reduces the potential for damage. If a woman isn't aroused, her cervix remains small and hard: the average cervix when not aroused is between 3 and 4 inches, which is significantly smaller than the average penis.Foreplay therefore is important. Nicole Lane at Ravishly writes that 20 to 30 minutes is a good period for foreplay in order to help avoid cervical bruising - as well as having fun, of course.Foreplay also triggers natural lubricants, which make sex easier and less likely to cause pain and bruising.Doctor Catherine Hansen, an obstrtrician and educator, notes that different women have different bodies, and this will contribute to their chance of bruising.The cervix may, for instance, lie closer to the vagina in some women more than others, and therefore is more likely to be hit during sex.Hansen recommends experimenting with positions to find the one that feels the best.'[You should] re-position, or stop, if there is pelvic pressure or pain during sex so that any ongoing pain would be completely avoided,' she says.You might also want to try things other than penetrative sex. Lane writes: 'Sex doesn't have to involve PIV intercourse for hetero couples: handwork, oral, foreplay, and anal are all other amazing ways to achieve an orgasm.'Cervical bruising will heal of its own accord, from a few days up to a week after intercourse.If pain persists after that time, it's important to visit a doctor.'Ibuprofen 400-800mg can help with the cramping. For women who anticipate that they will have pain, they can take the ibuprofen dose prior to intercourse (approximately 30 minutes prior to sex would be best),' says Dr Hansen.'Any pelvic pressure or pain that results from cervical 'trauma' (tapping or touching the cervix during sex) is temporary and should be resolved with a couple of hours (max 24 hours),' she says. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5409189/A-common-sex-injury-women-not-know-about.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 637 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - 4,000-year-old lost city and pits filled with skulls found in China
 
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Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a lost city in China that thrived more than 4,000 years ago. The pyramid was build out of a loess hill, with 11 massive steps tapering as they ascend, as shown above Share this article Share Thousands of years ago when it flourished, from about 2300 BC to 1800 BC, the city spanned about 988 acres On a ridge above China’s Tuwei River, researcher found a massive stepped pyramid that once served as a palace center, along with defensive stone walls, tool-making debris, and a pit filled with sacrificial human skulls It’s thought that the ruling elites lived atop the pyramid complex, which was likely also the site of artisanal or industrial craft production According to the researchers, palaces were built atop the huge pyramid out of rammed earth with wooden pillars and roofing tiles WHAT HAVE RESEARCHERS FOUND AT THE SHIMAO RUINS?  The Bronze Age discoveries challenge our understanding of early Chinese civilization and settlement, suggesting the loess highland was home to a complex society long before the traditionally assumed ‘centers’ emerged in the Central Plains  AutoNews- Source:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6096439/Remains-4-000-year-old-lost-city-230ft-pyramid-pits-filled-SKULLS-China.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 377 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Massive killer whale geoglyph found in the Peru Desert
 
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The remarkable depiction of a killer whale spans more than 200 feet, and is thought to date back more than 2,000 years, making it older than even the famous Nazca Lines that sit nearby.Experts say the people who once inhabited the region considered the orca a powerful marine deity, and this particular geoglyph may be among the oldest in the area – but today, the site is threatened by ‘land traffickers.’Experts say the people who once inhabited the region considered the orca a powerful marine deity. It was created in a method similar to that used by the Nazca people, who created the famous 'Nazca Lines.' The experts say the killer whale was likely created by removing a layer of stones along the landscape in the outline of its figure. But, the eyes of the orca, and other parts of the design, were made by piling up stones. The researchers say this was a trademark of the Paracas culture, who inhabited the area from 800 BC to 200 BC.The orca geoglyph was discovered in the 1960s by a team of German archaeologists – but, for decades after, it was considered lost, according to the Bradshaw Foundation.Few traces of it existed in the records, but, it was finally found again during efforts led by Johny Isla, of the Ica branch of Peru’s Ministry of Culture.The 230-foot-long (70 meter) orca etching was found in the Palpa region of southern Peru.The team first attempted to find it by scouring Google Earth, Live Science reports.But, its location and size were not well described.Eventually, the archaeologists set out on foot, and found it after months of searching in January 2015.Palpa is situated near the province of Nazca – home to the sprawling expanse of ‘Nazca Lines’ drawn by the Nazca people between 100 BC and AD 800.The experts say the killer whale was likely created by removing a layer of stones along the landscape in the outline of its figure, according to Live Science.While this is similar to the method used by the Nazca culture, the researchers say there are differences between the two, indicating that the Palpa orca is much older.The eyes of the orca, and other parts of the design, were made by piling up stones.The researchers say this was a trademark of the Paracas culture, who inhabited the area from 800 BC to 200 BC.According to the Bradshaw Foundation, the Paracas culture was an Andean society known to have extensive knowledge of irrigation and water management.Most of the lines are formed by a shallow trench with a depth of between four inches (10cm) and six inches (15cm), made by removing the reddish-brown iron oxide-coated pebbles that cover the surface of the Nazca desert and exposing the light-coloured earth beneath. This sublayer contains high amounts of lime which has down the years hardened to form a protective layer that shields the lines from winds and prevents erosion. An aerial view of a spiral-tailed monkey figure in Peru's mysterious Nazca Lines, located some 240 miles south of Lima, Nov. 3, 2003. No one knows why the Pre-Inca Nazca AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5138097/Massive-killer-whale-geoglyph-Peru-Desert.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Twitter users explode over photo of mother-of-five with young-onset dementia cuddli
 
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When mother-of-five Phyllis Feener started fumbling on simple tasks at work in 2012, she put it down to side effects from menopause.At 52, she was used to unexpected symptoms like hot flashes and forgetfulness, so just tried to work through it.But this time, it wasn't coming and going in phases, it was just getting worse, and she was let go from her job in Mount Juliet, Tennessee.Panicked, she went to her doctor for help.After a few tests, in early 2013, Phyllis received a verdict she had never expected: she had young-onset dementia.Five years later, Phyllis is in the final stages of the disease, which is incurable and terminal.But her family has remained strong, inspiring thousands of people online after her daughter Kelli posted a photo of Phyllis and husband of 34 years Stan cuddling on an armchair.'She doesn't always remember his name but she knows she is safe with him. If that's not true love, I don't know what is,' Kelli wrote.The tweet, posted on April 25, exploded: within a week it was shared 120,000 times, with 622,000 likes and more than 5,000 responses.Phyllis was diagnosed with a subtype of dementia that particularly affects speech.Logopenic Variant PPA makes it particularly difficult to find words, meaning sufferers speak slowly and often hesitate.They usually maintain their memory of what words mean, but it affects their fluency.It means that, as time goes on, it can make it harder for sufferers to understand sentence structures and fluid speech.There is no cure for any form of PPA, and while there are some treatments that are thought to slow the progression in certain types of dementia, this is not one of them.Nonetheless, some patients have seen progress working with speech therapists, so Phyllis's family got her straight into a program.'We have no way of knowing how much time we will have with Phyllis,' the family wrote last week on the GoFundMe page.'It just depends on how quickly her disease progresses. It could be two years, it could be twenty years. Either way, this will be an ongoing journey and we will need help in the years to come.'According to her speech therapist, there may be a few years left but she urged the family to start looking into care facilities.'I don't know how the next few months and years will be for Phyllis but I'm hopeful that she can maintain where she is for a while,' the therapist said on the GoFundMe page.'I do worry about her future safety because I know some progressions of dementia involve loss of muscle movement. She does a lot of things from muscle memory like feeding herself and walking but I don't know how long that will last.'I'm hoping she has many more years but I think it is important for [the family] to prepare [themselves] for that. I remember [Stan] saying that [he was] looking into long term care facilities and I think that will be so important for the future.'I'm greatly impressed at [Stan's] ability to care for her. I know 24-7 can't be easy but [he is] doing an excellent job!'Now, t AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5683423/Twitter-users-explode-photo-mother-five-young-onset-dementia-cuddling-husband.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Liquid water found on Mars
 
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Scroll down for video A hidden lake of liquid water has been found on Mars for the first time in a landmark discovery that bolsters the possibility of life on the red planet. Pictured is the lake uncovered by radar readings (left), as well as its position on the Martian south pole (right) Share this article Share 6.2k shares Pictured are radar readings (coloured) and the outline of the feature they uncovered (black) As it stands, current space exploration technologies would not allow for drills to penetrate deep enough to reach the lake. Pictured is an image taken by Mars Express probe of the Martian southern polar ice cap This artist's impression shows the Mars Express probe investigating the southern hemisphere of Mars over a radar cross section of the craft's readings. The blue spots are areas of high reflectivity - thought to be liquid water The discovery is the first evidence of a lake of liquid water on Mars that still exists today. The study combined radar reflection data (top image shows data as a cross section of Mars) from the planet's surface (red in bottom image) and the lake's base (blue in bottom image) Scientists at the Italian National Institute for Astrophysics in Rome uncovered the subsurface lake using data from the European Space Agency's Mars Express probe (artist's impression)   Researchers had previously found dried up ancient lakes on the red planet, like the one pictured AutoNews- Source:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5990367/Scientists-discover-12-mile-lake-hidden-Mars-fuelling-possibility-life-planet.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - 95% of plastic in oceans comes from just TEN rivers
 
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Up to 95 per cent of plastic polluting the world's oceans pours in from just ten rivers, according to new research.The top 10 rivers - eight of which are in Asia - accounted for so much plastic because of the mismanagement of waste.About five trillion pounds is floating in the sea, and targeting the major sources - such as the Yangtze and the Ganges - could almost halve it, scientists claim.Massive amounts of plastic bits that imperil aquatic life are washing into the oceans and even the most pristine waters.But how it all gets there from inland cities has not been fully understood.Now a study shows the top 10 rivers - eight of which are in Asia - accounted for 88 to 95 per cent of the total global load because of the mismanagement of waste.The team calculated halving plastic pollution in these waterways could potentially reduce the total contribution by all rivers by 45 per cent.Dr Christian Schmidt, a hydrogeologist at Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) in Leipzig, Germany, said: 'A substantial fraction of marine plastic debris originates from land-based sources and rivers potentially act as a major transport pathway for all sizes of plastic debris.'His team analysed data on debris from 79 sampling sites along 57 rivers - both microplastic particles measuring less than 5 mm and macroplastic above this size.They said microplastics in particular can damage the health of marine life but cleaning it all up would be impossible. However stemming the tide could help reduce the potential harm.Dr Schmidt said to do this, researchers need a better understanding of how plastic makes its way into the oceans in the first place.Rivers which flow from inland areas to the seas are major transporters of plastic debris but the concentration patterns aren't well known.The findings could help fill in this knowledge gap.Dr Schmidt pooled data from dozens of research articles and calculated the amount in rivers was linked to the 'mismanagement of plastic waste in their watersheds.'He said: 'The 10 top-ranked rivers transport 88-95 per cent of the global load into the sea.'The study follows a recent report that pointed the finger at China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam for spewing out most of the plastic waste that enters the seas.The Yangtze has been estimated in previous research to dump some 727 million pounds of plastic into the sea each year. The Ganges River in India is responsible for even more - about 1.2 billion pounds.A combination of the Xi, Dong and Zhujiang Rivers (233 million lbs per year) in China as well as four Indonesian rivers: the Brantas (85 million lbs annually), Solo (71 million pounds per year), Serayu (37 million lbs per year) and Progo (28 million lbs per year), are all large contributors.Previous research has also suggested two-thirds of plastic comes from the 20 most contaminated rivers. But Dr Schmidt reckons this can be narrowed down even further.He said: 'The rivers with the highest estimated plastic loads are characterised by high population - for instance the Yangtze with over half a billion people.'These rivers are also in countries with a high rate of mismanaged plastic waste (MMPW) production per capita as a result of a not fully implemented municipal waste management including waste collection, dumping and recycling.'The data shows large rivers are particular efficient in transporting plastic debris. Large rivers like the Yangtze transport a higher fraction of the MMPW that is generated 1
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Breaking News  - Has Tutankhamun's tragic teenage wife finally been found?
 
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The mystery of the final resting place of the wife of Ancient Egypt's most famous ruler has moved a step closer to being solved.Egyptologists previously discovered what they believe is the burial chamber of Ankhesenamun, Tutankhamun's wife, in the Valley of The Kings.If confirmed, it could help to unravel the final fate of the boy king's wife, who suddenly disappeared from historical records after her second marriage.The teen bride is believed to have had a tragic life, marrying her father, her grandfather and her half-brother Tutankhamun.Archaeologists have now begun to excavate an area near a tomb at the World Heritage Site, which they believe contains her body.Archaeologist and former Egyptian minister for antiquities, Zahi Hawass, announced the start of the dig on his website.He discovered the suspected burial plot near the tomb of the pharaoh Ay in July 2017, using ground penetrating radar.In a written statement, a spokesman for Hawass' research team said: 'In January 2018, Zahi Hawass launched his own excavations at the Valley of the Monkeys, a side valley in the area of the Valley of the Kings.'The focus of the excavations is in the area in close proximity to the tomb of Ay, Tutankhamun's successor.'The radar scans in the area detected the presence of a possible entrance to a tomb at a depth of five metres (16 feet).'It is believed that the location of the tomb of Ankhsenamun, Tutankhamun's widow, who married Ay after Tutankhamun's death, is still hidden somewhere in the Valley of the Monkeys.'Ankhesenamun, who was married to Tutankhamun, who reigned from 1332 to 1327 BC, was wed with Ay after Tutankhamun's sudden death.Ay ruled immediately after King Tut, from 1327 to 1323 BC.Evidence of foundation deposits, caches of pottery, food remains and other tools, suggest the construction of a tomb at the site.Hawass' team plan to excavate the newly discovered chamber to determine exactly who is inside.Speaking to LiveScience at the time of its discovery, Hawass said: 'We are sure there is a tomb there, but we do not know for sure to whom it belongs.'We are sure there is a tomb hidden in that area because I found four foundation deposits.'The ancient Egyptians usually did four or five foundation deposits whenever they started a tomb's construction.'[And] the radar did detect a substructure that could be the entrance of a tomb.'Ankhesenamun was the third child of Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti and was born in around 1348BC.She was originally called Ankhesenpaaten, but her change of name reflects changes in Ancient Egyptian religion during her lifetime.She was the half sister and cousin of Tutankhamun, with the pair sharing the same father.Tutankhamun's mother, believed to have been Nefertiti, is thought to have been Ankhesenamun's aunt.The queen is said to have married King Tut when he took the throne at the age of nine, when she was just a few years older.After their marriage the pair changed their names in honour of the old monotheistic religio AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5279643/Has-Tutankhamuns-tragic-teenage-wife-finally-found.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 198 US Sciencetech