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Breaking News  - Taino Native American DNA found in modern Puerto Ricans
 
08:02
A 1,000-year-old tooth has provided genetic evidence that the first natives to meet Columbus in the New World have living descendants in the Caribbean.DNA from the Taino people, who were thought to have been wiped out after Europeans arrived in the Bahamas in 1492, has been found in modern-day Puerto Ricans.The new research provides the first concrete proof that indigenous ancestry in the Caribbean has survived to the present day.Previously, it was thought the 'handsome' Taino people were wiped out shortly after Christopher Columbus arrived in the Caribbean.The tooth used in the new study was found on the island of Eleuthera in the Bahamas, and marks the first complete ancient human genome from the Caribbean.It belonged to a Taino woman who lived sometime between the 8th and 10th centuries, at least 500 years before Columbus's arrival.Comparing the ancient genes to those of contemporary Puerto Ricans, scientists found they were more closely related to the ancient Taíno than any other indigenous group in the Americas.However, the researchers, from Cambridge and Copenhagen Universities, argue that this characteristic is unlikely to be exclusive to Puerto Ricans alone.When Columbus arrived in the New World the 15th Century, he described the Taino as a generous people.'They will give all that they do possess for anything that is given to them, exchanging things even for bits of broken crockery,' he noted upon meeting them in the Bahamas in 1492.'They were very well built, with very handsome bodies and very good faces....They do not carry arms or know them....They should be good servants.'Few of the Taíno were left a half-century later, wiped out by European disease and the slave trade, and it was thought for centuries they had gone extinct.The new findings are likely to be significant for people who have long claimed indigenous Taíno heritage.While historians, archaeologists and descendant communities had claimed the Taíno weren't extinct for decades, until now they lacked clear genetic evidence to support their case.Lead author Dr Hannes Schroeder, from the University of Copenhagen, said: 'It's a fascinating finding.'Many history books will tell you that the indigenous population of the Caribbean was all but wiped out, but people who self-identify as Taíno have always argued for continuity.'Now we know they were right all along: There has been some form of genetic continuity in the Caribbean.'Study co-author Professor Eske Willerslev, from the, University of Cambridge, said: 'It has always been clear that people in the Caribbean have Native American ancestry, but because the region has such a complex history of migration, it was difficult to prove whether this was specifically indigenous to the Caribbean, until now.'The researchers were also able to trace the genetic origins of the Taíno people.They showed that they were most closely related to Arawakan-speaking groups who live in parts of northern South America today.This suggests that the origins AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5409119/Taino-Native-American-DNA-modern-Puerto-Ricans.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 5456 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline
 
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A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline following the results of a groundbreaking new drug trial.For the first time, scientists have been able to correct the defect that is responsible for the devastating neurodegenerative disease.The results, hailed as the 'biggest breakthrough in 50 years', saw 46 patients of the incurable disease given an experimental drug.University College London researchers discovered the pill lowered their levels of toxic proteins in the brain.The drug, dubbed a 'tremendous step forward', was also found to be safe - despite fears it could lead to meningitis.Professor Sarah Tabrizi, lead researcher told the BBC: 'I've been seeing patients in clinic for nearly 20 years, I've seen many of my patients over that time die.'For the first time we have the potential, we have the hope, of a therapy that one day may slow or prevent Huntington's disease.'Professor Tabrizi, director of UCL's Huntington's Disease Centre, added: 'This is of groundbreaking importance for patients and families.'Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that affects the central nervous system and leads to involuntary movements, difficulty talking and memory loss.The condition, which affects 8,500 adults in the UK and around 30,000 in the US, occurs as a result of a fault in the huntingtin gene.On average, patients live for between 10 and 20 years after their diagnosis.The huntingtin protein itself is vital for the development of the brain, but the genetic error leads to it instead killing brain cells.Huntington’s disease is an illness caused by a faulty gene in your DNA (the biological ‘instructions’ you inherit which tell your cells what to do).  If you have Huntington’s, it affects your body’s nervous system – the network of nerve tissues in the brain and spinal cord that co-ordinate your body’s activities. Huntington’s can cause changes with movement, learning, thinking and emotions.  Once symptoms begin, the disease gradually progresses, so living with it means having to adapt to change, taking one day at a time. Living with Huntington’s disease can be very challenging. Getting the right information and support is vital and we’re here to help. Huntington’s is not something you can catch; it is inherited. Every child conceived naturally to a parent who carries the Huntington’s gene has a 50% chance of inheriting it.The new drug works by silencing the faulty huntingtin gene - stopping the creation of damaged proteins in the brain, the BBC reports.Having proved successful on animals, the British researchers looked to investigate the drug's effects on human patients.For the trial, the patients were injected with the drug into their spinal fluid at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.Alongside its benefits at reducing the amount of huntingtin, the volunteers were found to tolerate the drug well.However, the team remain adamant that more research is needed to prove that lowering levels of huntingtin could lead to a possible AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5167335/Could-cure-Huntingtons.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 2258 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - China set for 2018 mission to the far side of the moon
 
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China is set to send a radical probe to the far side of the moon this year, it has been claimed.The mission is the latest in a string of space breakthrough for China.The new Chang'e 4 space mission will launch in June, when a Long March 4C rocket will carry a 425kg relay satellite and place it 60,000km behind the moon.According to the Chongqing Morning Post, a container filled with seeds and insect eggs will be attached to Chang'e 4, China's second lunar lander, and will be sent to the Moon in 2018.  The container, which is made from special aluminium alloy, will demonstrate the growing process of plants and animals on the Moon.  It will also provide valuable data and experience for the future establishment of eco-bases on other planets. 'The container will send potatoes, arabidopsis seeds and silkworm eggs to the surface of the Moon. The eggs will hatch into silkworms, which can produce carbon dioxide, while the potatoes and seeds emit oxygen through photosynthesis. Together, they can establish a simple ecosystem on the Moon,' Zhang Yuanxun, chief designer of the container, told the Chongqing Morning Post.A second launch later in the year will send a lander and rover to the far side of the moon, which will be guided to a safe landing by the satellite.It will be the first ever landing on the lunar far side, an unexplored region of the Moon called South Pole-Aitken Basin, a vast basin in the southern hemisphere of the far side which extends from the South Pole to Aitken crater.The rover will also contain a 'gardening kit' to pave the way for a human outpost by examining how plants grow on the lunar surface.'The Chinese are pushing back the frontier with such a technically challenging mission,' says Brian Harvey, space analyst and author of China in Space: The Great Leap Forward, told The Guardian.China also announced plans to launch a space probe to bring back samples from the moon, in what state media cast as competition to U.S. President Donald Trump's ambitions to revitalise U.S. space exploration.The Chang'e-5 lunar probe is undergoing a final round of tests and is expected to be on standby for launch from August, the official People's Daily said last year, citing the China National Space Administration.The launch will involve new challenges for China in sample collection, taking off from the moon and high-speed reentry to the Earth's atmosphere, making it 'one of China's most complicated and difficult space missions', Hu Hao, an official from China's Lunar Exploration Programme, told the paper.Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for China to become a global power in space exploration.'Not long ago, the United States' Trump Administration revealed an ambition to return to the moon.'Our country also announced a series of deep space exploration plans,' said the official Science and Technology Daily.'The moon is the first stop for humanity's march towards deep space,' the paper said.In February, the Trump administration asked the National Aer AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5226529/China-set-2018-mission-far-moon.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 4543 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Stunning video footage shows how vitamin B1 cured the tremors of two patients
 
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Super-strength doses of vitamin B1 could cure the shakes, scientists claim.The 'remarkable' treatment worked on two patients in their 70s - and stopped their tremors from playing havoc on their lives.Stunning video footage showed how thiamine, or vitamin B1, changed the lives of the patients, who were both plagued by the shakes.The life-changing injections – which provide 100 times more of the vitamin than recommended - gave one man the ability to drink a cup of tea again.Italian researchers at a nursing home, who tested the high doses of thiamine, believe it could offer hope of a new way of combating essential tremors.Medics, led by Dr Antonio Constantini, published the results of the ongoing three-year long trial in the prestigious BMJ Case Reports.He wrote: 'High-dose thiamine has led to a rapid, remarkable and persistent improvement of the symptoms in two patients with essential tremor.'This result suggests the possibility that high doses of intramuscular thiamine may be an affordable alternative.' He added it was 'highly effective'.No side effects have been noted so far – unlike that of the current drugs given to patients with essential tremor to combat tremors, or the shakes.The neurological disease, which can greatly affect life quality, strikes between four and 10 per cent of the population, according to estimates.Dr Costantini, of the Villa Immacolata in Viterbo, added: 'We deem necessary a lifelong use of high-dose thiamine in affected subjects.'The man, who was 70 when he started treatment four years ago in 2014, suffered from the shakes for five years before seeking help.It initially affected his handwriting but it eventually robbed him of his ability to use a spoon, pour items and even carry trays.Doctors in Viterbo – 50 miles (80km) north of Rome – gave him two doses of 100mg of thiamine weekly. Adults are advised to have 1mg each day.He scored 17 on a points scale designed to measure symptoms of essential tremor before treatment. This dropped to just 6.5 three months after.The woman, who also suffered from essential tremor, realised that she had a slight shake while decorating objects with her tools.She sought help at the same clinic and in November 2014 was started on 100mg injections of thiamine twice a week.Before the treatment she scored 21 points on the ADLS tremor score. This dropped to seven after three months of the injections. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5573807/Stunning-video-footage-shows-vitamin-B1-cured-tremors-two-patients.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 938 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Treasury suggests 1p and 2p coins could be scrapped
 
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Philip Hammond is facing a backlash after suggesting 1p and 2p coins and £50 notes could be scrapped as part of moves to a cashless society.Treasury documents published alongside the Chancellor's Spring Statement raise questions about the future of the small change, pointing out they are increasingly 'falling out of circulation'.Large numbers of pennies and 2ps are being used just once before being thrown away, according to the assessment.At the other end of the scale, £50 notes are 'rarely used for routine purchases' and can be implicated in money laundering and tax evasion.However, Tory MP Ian Liddell-Grainger said the penny was a part of history and branded the idea of getting rid of small units 'lazy'.The Treasury consultation stops short of proposing the currency be abandoned altogether, but makes clear the government's initial views on the issue.'From an economic perspective, having large numbers of denominations that are not in demand, saved by the public, or in long term storage at cash processors rather than used in circulation does not contribute to an efficient or cost effective cash cycle,' the document says.The paper says six in 10 1p and 2p coins are only used once before 'leaving the cash cycle'.'In the normal course of the cash cycle, many denominations fall out of circulation, for example, by being placed into savings jars,' the consultation says.'Surveys suggest that six in ten 1p and 2p coins are used in a transaction once before they leave the cash cycle. They are either saved, or in 8 per cent of cases are thrown away..'To meet demand created by such losses from circulation, in previous years the government and the Royal Mint have needed to produce and issue over 500 million 1p and 2p coins each year to replace those falling out of circulation.'The decreasing use of cash for small-value transactions, together with the public returning stores of small change to banks, meant the issues were becoming more pronounced.The document adds: 'The cost of industry processing and distributing low denomination coins is the same as for high denomination coins, making the cost high relative to face value and utility.'At the same time the £50 note is 'believed to be rarely used for routine purchases and is instead held as a store of value'.'There is a significant overseas demand for £50 notes, with the notes used for some transactions, but mainly held as a store of value alongside other currencies such as the dollar and euro,' the document says.'There is also a perception among some that £50 notes are used for money laundering, hidden economy activity, and tax evasion.'But Mr Liddell-Grainger told MailOnline: 'A lot of charities live for those pennies.'This is a level of laziness from the Treasury. They just want to stop something, even though people still use it.'It is the same issue we had over cheques.'He added: 'I think the government has got this wrong. They need to have a long think about this. It is a bad mistake.'Sara Coles, personal AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5495799/Treasury-suggests-1p-2p-coins-SCRAPPED.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 1529 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Skylon spaceplane could be a reality by 2025 following new backing
 
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A revolutionary spaceplane that could take tourists into orbit at five times the speed of sound could be ready by 2025 thanks to a funding boost.Dubbed Skylon, the plane will use an 'air-breathing' jet engine capable of sending it to the edge of the Earth’s atmosphere in just 15 minutes.It will then switch to rocket power to stay in orbit, according to Reaction Engines Limited (REL), which is hoping to beat the likes of Nasa in building the world's first 'hypersonic' engine.In a statement today, Oxfordshire-based REL announced a major new joint £26.5 million ($37m) investment in the technology, with contributions from Boeing and Rolls Royce.The investment puts the aircraft's first flight on track for 2025 provided ground tests of REL's engine - set to begin in 2020 - are successful.REL's latest funding boost takes the total capital it has raised over the past three years to £100 million ($140m).'Rolls Royce and Boeing - these are really big names, and it's fantastic to be in this position,' REL CEO Mark Thomas told BBC News.'Rolls are super-positive about the technology. They want us to be independent and innovative, and to push our technology as hard as possible.'And Boeing - that's amazing. They are the world's biggest aerospace company, have decades of expertise and future plans that, for us I'm sure, will be really exciting.'REL is developing what it calls the Sabre engine, a turbine designed to fire aircraft from the runway to orbit in a single step.It would work like a jet engine up to Mach 5.5 (5.5 times the speed of sound or 1.9 km per second) before switching to a rocket mode for the rest of the ascent.In its rocket flight configuration the aircraft could reach speeds of Mach 25, or around 5.3 miles per second (8.5 km per second).Sabre works by burning atmospheric air in combustion chambers, creating heat that then  turbo-charges the engine.At the moment, rockets and spaceplanes have to carry liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen to power them, a heavy and therefore expensive burden.The new engine creates its own liquid oxygen by cooling air entering the engine from 1,000°C to minus 150°C in a hundredth of a second – six times faster than the blink of an eye – without creating ice blockages.The technology could be used in vehicles designed to deliver communications satellites or tourists to orbit at rapid speeds before returning to Earth.Aircraft that fly at hypersonic speeds from point to point on Earth's surface may also employ the technology - an application that clearly interests Boeing.The firm's investment arm, Horizon X Ventures, is fronting the new joint fund in what is its first investment in a UK-based company.'As Reaction Engines unlocks advanced propulsion that could change the future of air and space travel, we expect to leverage their revolutionary technology to support Boeing's pursuit of hypersonic flight,' said HorizonX vice president, Steve Nordlund.Rolls-Royce has invested in the project before, part-funding research into AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5607485/Skylon-spaceplane-reality-2025-following-25m-backing-Boeing-Rolls-Royce.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 2671 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - HEALTH NOTES: MARTIN CLUNES on his 5:2 weight-loss plan
 
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When Martin Clunes, the star of TV’s Doc Martin, dramatically lost weight five years ago, it was assumed he was suffering from an illness. But the actor, left, has revealed that his slimmer frame was the result of adopting the fashionable 5:2 diet.‘I was fat – and while I was getting heavy, I had tired knees and stuff,’ he admits.‘So I thought I’d try that diet and the weight came off. I lost about three stone in as many months. It’s great – and it’s supposed to be good for cholesterol, too.’Clunes, 55, currently starring in the penultimate series as the grumpy Cornwall GP, explains: ‘Now I do 6:1 and that seems to work fine. I eat anything I want on the other days. It’s easy and seems to keep the weight off me.’He adds that his working farm in Dorset helps to keep him in good physical shape.‘I have a couple of big horses and ride them. I’m very healthy. This is a difficult age, obviously, but I’m doing fine – I’m not on any medication.‘The only bad thing about being a farmer is that I stink!’Omega fatty acids are a ‘safe and effective treatment’ for children with ADHD, a major review of clinical trials has concluded.Omegas, found in oily fish and evening primrose plants, are important for brain health and cognition – and low intakes have been linked with poor social behaviour and communication.In the new review, published in the Journal Of Lipids, 16 studies were analysed, including those where omega fatty acids had been a standalone treatment and others where they’d been used alongside prescription drugs.The majority of the studies – 13 – reported significant improvements in ADHD symptoms, including reduced hyperactivity and impulsivity, better attention, and improved working and short-term memory.The research also found that supplements with a specific ratio of certain essential fatty acids were the most beneficial.Researcher Dr Emma Derbyshire said: ‘It is well-known that children with ADHD have lower fatty-acid levels in their blood than those without the condition.‘Now we know supplements which provide a 9:3:1 ratio of eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and gamma linolenic acid, such as Equazen, are the most effective at improving blood levels of these acids.’Stress – not food – is the main trigger for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), a survey has found. The condition, estimated to affect up to one in five in the UK, causes a variety of unpleasant symptoms that stopped those questioned from socialising (88 per cent) and going to work (50 per cent).While stress (34 per cent) and food (28 per cent) were identifed as the most common triggers, nearly a quarter of people stated that they didn’t know what caused their IBS.The poll was conducted by Enterosgel – a gel drink that claims to help those with the condition by ‘protecting the intestinal wall’.Good news for those who like crooning to the guitar or tinkling the ivory keys – music has an age-protecting effect on the brain, especially for amateurs. Researchers from Harvard University compared the brains of three groups of people: professional and amateur musicians and non-musicians. Based on the results, ‘brain ages’ were calculated – and compared to peoples’ chronological age.Non-musical people had the highest brain-age scores, suggesting that ‘music-making has an age-decelerating effect’, the researchers reported.Amateur musicians had the youngest brains. One theory is that concentrating on one activity might not be as beneficial as having the wider interests of an amateur musicians. Intense music-making activities of a professional could also lead to stress, they say, reducing the positive effect of music-making. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4958592/HEALTH-NOTES-MARTIN-CLUNES-5-2-weight-loss-plan.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 3992 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Massive 'plume' cloud spotted on the surface of Mars
 
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Since 13 September 2018, the Visual Monitoring Camera (VMC) on board ESA's Mars Express has been observing the of a curious cloud formation. The cloud can be seen in this VMC image taken 10 October as the white, elongated feature extending 1500 km westward of the volcano.  Left, The water ice cloud, which arises as the volcano slope interacts with the air flow, can be seen as the white, elongated feature in the lower left part of the image, extending westward of the volcano and casting a shadow on the surface. The image was taken on 17 September 2018, from an altitude of 11 000 km. North is up. Right, The cloud began forming near the 20 km-high Arsia Mons volcano, close to the planet’s equator. a comparison, the cone-shaped volcano has a diameter of about 250 km; a view of the region with labels is provided here. The High Resolution Stereo Camera on board ESA’s Mars Express snapped a view of a curious cloud formation that appears regularly in the vicinity of the Arsia Mons volcano. This water ice cloud, which arises as the volcano slope interacts with the air flow, can be seen as the long white feature extending to the lower right of the volcano. The cloud, which measures 915 km in this view, also casts a shadow on the surface. This image was taken on 21 September 2018 from an altitude of about 6930 km. North is up.      AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6330033/Mysterious-900-MILE-long-plume-cloud-spotted-surface-Mars-near-giant-volcano.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
Просмотров: 933 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Humans have TWICE as much Neanderthal DNA as first thought
 
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Some modern humans have more Neanderthal DNA in their genetic make-up than first thought, a new study has found.Research shows that between 1.8 and 2.6 per cent of the genomes of modern, non-African human populations is made up of Neanderthal DNA.This is far higher than previous estimates of 1.5 to 2.1 per cent.These genes play roles in our cholesterol levels, eating disorders, arthritis and other diseases today, the researchers claim.The study follows separate research, published yesterday, which found that Neanderthal DNA can drive our smoking habits, mood swings, and skin tone.Neanderthals are the closest extinct relatives of humans, migrating to Europe from Africa thousands of years before our Homo Sapien ancestors.Early humans migrating from Africa interbred with Neanderthals in Europe roughly 100,000 years ago, and this DNA mixing still contributes to several modern traits.Researchers believe the genes from our extinct cousins could have helped our ancestors to thrive as they adapted to the European continent.In the new study, experts from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, analysed billions of DNA fragments sampled from the remains of a female Neanderthal.It is only the second genome of the species to be fully sequenced with a high level of quality.The ancient female lived 52,000 years ago, and her remains were found in Vindija Cave, Croatia in the 1980s.Previous work has shown that Neanderthals lived in the cave until late in their history, with the species predicted to have gone extinct roughly 45,000 years ago.Compared to other sequenced remains, the researchers found their Croatian Neanderthal - dubbed Vindija 33.19 - was more closely related to the Neanderthals who interbred with the ancestors of modern humans living outside Africa.This closer relation meant the team identified 10 to 20 per cent more Neanderthal DNA in modern humans than previously thought.These newly discovered gene variants contribute to human blood vitamin D levels, LDL cholesterol counts,  as well as body fat levels.The DNA also plays a role in arthritis, schizophrenia and responses to antipsychotic drugs, the study found.'This adds to mounting evidence that Neanderthal ancestry influences disease risk in present-day humans, particularly with respect to neurological, psychiatric, immunological, and dermatological phenotypes,' the authors wrote in their paper.But not all of the Neanderthal DNA is negative, the researchers claims.'Variants from Neanderthals are not necessarily bad for your health,' said study lead author Dr Kay Prüfer told Live Science.'We find one variant that is associated with LDL cholesterol, and the variant we got from Neanderthals is associated with lower LDL cholesterol.'The team compared the genomes of the Vindija Neanderthal with that of a specimen found in Russia's Altai mountains.They found that the two were surprisingly similar, suggesting that the European population of Neanderthals around 52,000 years ago was very small.'The two Neanderthals were separated by thousands of kilometers and probably lived tens of thousands of years separated in time as well,' Dr Prüfer said.'That is why it is so surprising to find them to be so similar.'The new research follows a separate Neanderthal DNA study published yesterday, also from the Max Planck Institute.Scientists studying British DNA found our Neanderthal inheritance affects our skin tone, hair colour, height, sleep patterns, mood, and even a 1
Просмотров: 15197 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - A weekly HIV pill may be on the way
 
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A new weekly HIV treatment was shown to work in animals in a new study, prompting its manufacturer to begin development of a pill for humans.HIV medications can now keep levels of the virus so low in people with the disease that they are undetectable and cannot be transmitted.But traditional therapies require taking many potent drugs, or getting frequent injections, so there has been a recent push in the medical community to develop therapies that need to be taken less frequently and from home.Massachusetts-based drug manufacturer Lyndra's most recent test of its treatment found that effective, oral doses of three HIV-fighting compounds could stay in the systems of animals for sustained periods of time, as proof of concept for the drug they are developing.Progress in medications for as well as social awareness and destigmatization of HIV have greatly improved quality of life for those living with it.In September of last year, that Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced that those with undetectable viral loads - or levels of the infection - in their systems are now at 'effectively no risk' of transmitting the disease.The announcement was celebrated by the HIV positive community and put a sort of seal of approval on the efficacy of modern treatments.But, even as life spans continue to stretch for HIV positive people, the disease remains incurable, requiring a lifetime of treatment.Perhaps the biggest advancement in HIV treatment to come to market has been a single pill that combines the three key drug compounds used that combat the virus.The oral medication has to be taken every day, however, some studies have suggested that missing even two days of the pill can give the virus a window of opportunity to return to detectable levels.It is nearly impossible to accurately monitor how well HIV patients stick to their medication regimens, but a National Institutes of Health study done last year linked adherence to visits to care providers, and estimated that only about 57 percent of those who were diagnosed and connected with a provider kept with up with their appointments, suggesting they may not keep up with their medications either.'Because people with HIV require life-long antiretroviral therapy, a long-acting oral option that could be taken at home would make it easier for patients to adhere to their treatment regimen,' said Dr Andrew Bellinger, co-founder and chief scientific officer of Lyndra.He and his team hope that 'by fitting into a patient's regular routine, an ultra-long-acting therapy would be taken consistently, improving therapeutic success and helping avoid viral resistance.'In the proof of concept study, published in Nature Communications, the researchers simulated a variety of adherence levels in mice, meaning that they gave different groups of mice their single antiretroviral pill at varying degrees of frequency.They found that even the mice that were given just one pill a week maintained undetectable levels of the HIV v AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5250975/A-weekly-HIV-pill-way.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 1162 US Sciencetech
China has brought plants and animals to the moon to cultivate
 
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China's Chang'e 4 spacecraft (left), which landed on the far side of the moon yesterday brought with it potato seeds, silkworm eggs and arabidopsis seeds in a small tin (right)  Scientists hope that the seeds will grow to blossom on the moon in 100 days and the silkworm eggs will hatch and grow into moths. The seeds and eggs are kept in a 'lunar mini biosphere' Share this article Share 20 shares The 0.8L cylindrical tin was designed by experts from south-west China's Chongqing University. It is equipped with insulating layers and a mini air-conditioning system Ouyang Ziyuan (pictured), a chief space scientist, said last month the 'lunar mini biosphere' was an experiment to satisfy humans' curiosity of space and its results would be hard to tell A Chinese rover is making its tracks on the soft surface of the 'dark' side of the moon after touching down on our nearest celestial neighbour. The Yutu-2 - or Jade Rabbit 2 - rover drove off its lander's ramp and onto the snow-like exterior of the moon at 10:22pm local time A never-before-seen 'close range' image taken by the Chinese spacecraft Chang'e-4 of the surface of the far side of the moon. It appears to take on a reddish hue in some of the images released by China, an effect of the lights used by the probe The Lunar explorer touched down at 10.26am local time (2.26am GMT). While stationed on the moon, Chang'e-4 will attempt to recce the Von in the Aitken basin, the largest impact crater in the entire solar system at eight miles (13km) deep and 1,600 miles (2,500km) in diameter This picture of Yutu-2 was taken from the lander as the rover was being released. It shows a close-up of one of Yutu-2's wheels Photographs taken from the Chang'e-4 probe during its landing process, as it became the first rover to ever reach the surface of the dark side of the moon WHY IS THE FAR SIDE OF THE MOON KNOWN AS THE 'DARK SIDE'?  AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6557143/China-brought-plants-animals-moon-cultivate-future-Lunar-Palace.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
Просмотров: 932 US Sciencetech
Breaking News  - Seven-day 'Pioppi diet' plan that extends life by 10 years
 
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From starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar to eating eggs for breakfast, this seven-day Pioppi diet plan will extend your life by 10 years.Pioppi, in southern Italy, has been dubbed the 'world's healthiest village', with its residents frequently living 10 years longer than elsewhere to 100 years old.Despite bacon and chocolate being a staple of their diet, its inhabitants' love of vegetables, oily fish and nuts is thought to prevent them from developing heart disease or type 2 diabetes.To adapt the diet of Pioppi, which UNESCO has protected as the home of the Mediterranean diet, into that which suits the average western urban-dweller, cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra and former athlete Donal O’Neill have created the below seven-day meal plan.As well as consuming lots of olive oil for its heart-health benefits, the diet also involves starting each day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar, which is thought to aid acid reflux, lower blood pressure and boost weight loss.The diet also includes eggs most days, which are a good source of protein for keeping hunger pangs at bay. It also recommends intermittent fasting by limiting your 'eating window' to just eight-to-nine hours a day. Red wine is permitted providing it is good quality.In a piece for Get The Gloss, Dr Aseem and Donal feature an extract from their book 'The Pioppi Diet: A 21-day Lifestyle Plan'  that explains how to incorporate the life-extending plan into your everyday life.Afternoon snack: Tinned oysters; full-fat Greek yoghurt with berries; a handful of nuts and cinnamonDinner: Picanha steak (a superb Brazilian cut) served with creamed spinach and avocado side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids); a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Halloumi and fried tomato; vegetable soup made using chicken bone broth; a small portion of oily fish (anchovies, sardines, pilchards); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Grilled salmon fillet with vegetables and sauerkraut; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBrunch: Full-fat Greek yoghurt mixed with coconut cream and berries with a handful of nuts, a sprinkle of cinnamon and a pinch of turmeric; coffee with coconut creamAfternoon snack: Bacon nut-butter sliders – crispy, grilled bacon strips, topped generously with almond butter and a sprinkle of raw cacaoDinner: Grilled lamb chops with lots of mixed vegetables and a side salad; two squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Two or three eggs any style, with smoked salmon and avocado; coffee with coconut creamBrunch: Smoothie with kefir and/or coconut milk, berries, a handful of nuts, some avocado; a tablespoon of coconut oil, a sprinkle of ground cinnamon, turmeric and fresh mintDinner: Chicken bone broth to start, with one tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil and salt to taste, followed by fresh pan-fried hake and vegetables; cacaonut bombs (raw cacao, cinnamon, coconut oil, cream and nuts heated, blended and frozen into bite-size pieces); a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Bacon and two or three eggs, any style, with avocado (optional); coffee with coconut creamDinner: Roast chicken with sweet potato and mixed vegetables; cacaonut bombs, a cup of Earl Grey teaBreakfast: Smoked salmon with three scrambled eggs on very high-quality sourdough (the only bread I eat, thanks to the fermentation process and taste), avocado and crème fraiche; coffee with coconut creamThis article was originally published by Get The Gloss and reproduced with their permission. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-4962346/Seven-day-Pioppi-diet-plan-helps-people-reach-100.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Fisker patents battery that can charge a car in a minute
 
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Electric car-maker Fisker has filed patents for flexible solid-state battery technology that could slash charging times and improve range.In an announcement this week, the firm claimed the new battery could charge a car in just one minute, and allow for a range of over 500 miles.The battery is expected to be ready for mass production by 2023, and will be displayed at the upcoming Consumer Electronics Show in January.The new technology attempts to overcome the challenges of solid-state batteries using a three-dimensional structure. This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs. According to Fisker, the structure will allow for more versatile voltage and form factors.  They may be wound in cylindrical cells with higher voltage output, Fisker says. This could allow for usage of current tooling and machinery for battery packs, along with thermal management and safety requirements, to reduce costs.According to Fisker, the radical new battery would deliver 2.5 times the energy density of typical lithium ion batteries.Solid-state batteries are known to have a number of limitations, such as low power and low rate capability as a result of the layered electrode structure, and issues arising from cold temperatures, the firm explains.But, the new technology attempts to overcome the challenges using a three-dimensional solid-state structure.This allows the electrodes to cover 25 times more surface area than flat thin-film designs.'This breakthrough marks the beginning of a new era in solid-state materials and manufacturing technologies,' said Dr. Fabio Albano, VP of battery systems at Fisker Inc.'We are addressing all of the hurdles that solid-state batteries have encountered on the path to commercialization, such as performance in cold temperatures; the use of low cost and scalable manufacturing methods; and the ability to form bulk solid-state electrodes with significant thickness and high active material loadings.'We are excited to build on this foundation and move the needle in energy storage.'According to the firm, the battery could allow electric cars to drive more than 500 miles on a single charge.Fisker plans to show off the solid-state battery and fast-charging technology at CES.They'll also be launching the Fisker EMotion luxury electric vehicle, alongside a battery module equipped with advanced thermal management.And, they'll have on display fast-charging technology that will allow for a 127-mile range in just nine minutes.'Our aggressive vision for the entire EV and automotive industry, not just for Fisker Inc., revolves around making the impossible, possible – and this global solid-state battery breakthrough is reflective of our utmost seriousness in making that vision a reality,' said Henrik Fisker, chairman and CEO of Fisker Inc.'It used to be about the efficiency of the gasoline engine. Now, it's all about who breaks the code and smashes the barriers to future battery technologies that will enable mass market electrification.'Our scientists have been working tirelessly to deliver. We've done it, and this is just the beginning.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5083367/Fisker-patent-solid-state-battery-charges-MINUTE.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Could cannabis be a CURE for psychosis?
 
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A cannabis compound could hold promise as a treatment for psychosis - despite the drug being a known cause, 'promising' research suggests.Cannabidiol, subject to an array of research in recent years, is widely considered to have therapeutic benefits for dozens of ailments, including multiple sclerosis.And a new medical trial, led by Kings College London scientists, has now found it can ease symptoms of psychosis - such as hallucinations and hearing voices.The British study, which involved 88 patients, offers sufferers hope of a drug that doesn't trigger any serious side effects.However, the findings dispute the substantial body of evidence that links smoking cannabis to the mental health condition that drives some to suicide.Campaigners have long been concerned that super-strength skunk, flooding the illegal market at a worrying rate, is actually fuelling rates of psychosis.But these high potency strains, often purposely created by criminals, are abundant in tetrehydrocannabinol (THC) - responsible for marijuana's high.Researchers believe CBD, which doesn't cause a high, has quite the opposite effect - and has been touted as a cure for various conditions.How was the study carried out?Volunteers in the trial either received CBD or a placebo for six weeks on top of their traditional medication.Before and after treatment, researchers assessed how bad their symptoms were. A psychiatrist evaluated their overall mental state.Patients treated with CBD had lower levels of psychotic symptoms than those who received a placebo, the scientists concluded.They were also more likely to have been rated as 'improved' by their psychiatrist, according to the study in the American Journal of Psychiatry.Professor Philip McGuire, lead researcher, found that treatment with CBD was not associated with any significant side effects.He said this was important because 'patients may be reluctant to take anti-psychotic medication because of concerns about side effects'.'Although it is still unclear exactly how CBD works, it acts in a different way to anti-psychotic medication, and thus could represent a new class of treatment.'Anti-psychosis drugs have been used as a first-line treatment for 60 years - but are worryingly linked to heart attacks.Figures estimate that around one per cent of the population suffer from psychosis, which can cause delusions, such as hearing voices, and lead to severe distress.Ian Hamilton, a lecturer in mental health at York University, welcomed the findings, which he described as 'timely'.He told MailOnline: 'Traditional medicines are not tolerated well by patients as they have a range of side effects which can put people off taking them.'Mr Hamilton suggested that the medicines using CBD could be effective at treating the symptoms of the condition.Is there a risk of psychosis?He was behind research in April that found the risk of developing psychosis as a result of smoking cannabis is much lower than first thought.A review of existing studies pub AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5180317/Could-cannabis-CURE-psychosis.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Israeli scholars decipher Dead Sea Scroll
 
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Israeli scholars have pieced together and deciphered one of two previously unread manuscripts of the Dead Sea Scrolls more than half a century since their discovery.The 60 or more tiny fragments of parchment bearing encrypted Hebrew writing had previously been thought to come from a variety of different scrolls.But now academics have found the pieces all fit together to make just one scroll.The document makes reference to a unique 364-day calendar and a festival that marks the changing of the seasons celebrated by an ancient, celibate Jewish sect.WHAT DOES IT SAY? The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today. The scroll identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.   The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism.  Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons. Annotations in the margin from a scribe correcting the author's original work helped them decipher its meaning. Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The Dead Sea Scrolls have fascinated scholars and historians since the ancient texts were found around 70 years ago scattered within a series of caves in the West Bank.Eshbal Ratson and Jonathan Ben-Dov from the University of Haifa's Bible studies department found the pieces all fit together after they started examining them just under a year ago.Some of the fragments they had to decipher were smaller than 1cm² (0.15 inch²).'They put it all together and said it was actually one scroll,' said Ilan Yavelberg a university spokesman.A Haifa University statement said that Ratson and Ben-Dov were now working on deciphering the last remaining scroll.Many experts believe the manuscripts of the Dead Sea were written by the celibate Essenes, a dissident Jewish sect that had retreated into the Judaean desert around Qumran and its caves.The theory says the group either wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls or were caretakers of the legal, philosophical and religious documents.The latest deciphered scroll contains references to the 364-day calendar used by the sect, as opposed to the lunar calendar used in Jewish religious practice today.The scroll also identifies the name of a festival that celebrates the changing of the seasons.The festivals included New Wheat, New Wine and New Oil, which are related to the Jewish festival Shavout and no longer observed in Judaism, writes BBC.Researchers also identified a festival observed four times a year called Tekufah - which means 'period' in modern-day Hebrew and marks the transition between the seasons.The parchment a AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5297167/Israeli-scholars-decipher-Dead-Sea-Scroll.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Teenager didn't know she was having a baby until she was in LABOUR
 
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A teenager didn't know she was having a baby until she was in labour because she hadn't shown any signs of pregnancy.Charlotte Thomson, now 21, of Newcastle upon Tyne, had regular periods and was still slipping into her size 8 dresses so had no idea she was expecting.It wasn't until she took herself to hospital with bleeding and painful stomach cramps that medics told her she was about to give birth.Daughter Molly, now two, arrived two hours later.Nursery nurse Charlotte said: 'My stomach was completely flat, and I'd been having regular periods so it was such a shock when I found out.'I didn't believe that I was actually pregnant until I gave birth. It was scary becoming a first-time mum with no warning.'But I wouldn't change Molly for the world, and I feel so lucky.'Charlotte, who fell pregnant with an ex-boyfriend, said she only put on 3lbs during her pregnancy and had felt more tired than usual but put the symptoms down to her party girl lifestyle.'I thought it was from going out all the time,' she said. 'I still managed to get into my clothes so I just ignored it.'In December 2015 Charlotte woke in agony at 2.30am and realised she was bleeding profusly.She said: 'I took some paracetamol and hoped that it would blow over.'Instead, the pain just got worse and I was in agony. An hour later I felt like I was going to be sick so I ran to the toilet and saw that my underwear was full of blood.'I had just finished my period so I was really scared. I knew something was seriously wrong and booked a taxi to the hospital.'Nurses at Northumbria Specialist Emergency Care Hospital examined Charlotte and told her she needed to speak to a midwife.'I told them that there had to be a mistake,' Charlotte said. 'I'd had no symptoms.'But ten minutes later, a midwife performed an ultrasound and told Charlotte she was nine months pregnant and in labour.Charlotte continued: 'I panicked that I wasn't prepared and hadn't bought any baby clothes. I was so worried about what my parents would say when they found out that I was having a baby.'At 4.30am, a nurse phoned Charlotte's parents, Lynne Thomson, 50, a domestic cleaner, and Vincent Thomson, 50, an engineer, and told them their daughter was pregnant.Charlotte said: 'My parents thought that I was only a few weeks along and having a miscarriage.'I burst into tears when they arrived, and told them I had no idea that I was pregnant. They were really supportive and excited about their first grandchild.'Two hours later, Charlotte gave birth to Molly.Charlotte said: 'As soon as I held Molly, I loved her so much. She was perfect and we had an instant bond.'Doctors explained that she'd had no bump because Molly had been tucked up underneath her ribs.Charlotte said: 'It's crazy to think that I'd been carrying a baby all that time.'When Mum called my work to explain that I'd had a baby, they were gobsmacked as they'd seen me the day before with no baby bump at all.'Charlotte and Molly were discharged from hospital two days lat AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5467271/Teenager-didnt-know-having-baby-LABOUR.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - World's fastest charger gives electric cars full power in minutes
 
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Swiss engineering firm ABB claims to have created the world's fastest electric vehicle charger.Called the Terra High Power DC fast charger, the device can give the average electric car 120 miles of range in a mere eight minutes.The 350 kilowatt charger can recharge vehicles almost three times faster than the rate of Tesla's Supercharger charging stations, according to New Atlas.ABB says its DC fast chargers are best suited for use at highway rest stops and petrol stations.So far, the firm has installed over 6,500 fast charging stations in 60 countries.As more and more advanced charging technology is developed, it should help incentivize the adoption of electric vehicles.Current chargers are significantly slower than the machines ABB has proposed.CHAdeMO chargers, which were recently adopted by Volkswagen, only provide about 62.5 kilawatts of charge.Tesla Superchargers put out about 120 kilawatts, despite Elon Musk recentlyjoking that 350 kW would only power a 'children's toy'.There are few cars capable of handling up to 350 kW charging, as many try to preserve battery life and can take an upwards of 200 kW, New Atlas noted.For now, ABB's super fast chargers are only likely to work when multiple cars are plugged in at once.Meanwhile, Tesla has been steadily ramping up the number of Supercharger stations it has set up around the country.Last September, the firm said it would expand its Supercharger network into city centers and downtown areas, starting with Chicago and Boston.To support high usage and accommodate for having less space for the stations, Tesla is also developing a brand new smaller Supercharger specifically for cities.While a lot of talk about Tesla has been its move toward allowing for longer drives with Supercharge stations along highways and popular driving routes, it has installed 'Destination Charging' connectors at hotels, resorts, restaurants, and more.The company will do the same in urban areas, opening Supercharger stations at supermarkets, malls, and other busy destinations.'Supercharger stations in urban areas will be installed in convenient locations, including supermarkets, shopping centers and downtown districts, so it’s easy for customers to charge their car in the time it takes to grocery shop or run errands,' Tesla said.To fit their chargers into cities, Tesla has developed a new smaller Supercharger design.'Superchargers in urban areas have a new post design that occupies less space and is easier to install, making them ideal for dense, highly populated areas,' Tesla said.These chargers will be the same price as the current Superchargers, but they will work a little differently.Each will have 72 kilowatts dedicated to power each car, which means charging speeds won't be affected if multiple cars at charging at once.This will result in more consistent charging times around 45 to 50 minutes.The existent stations charge with up to 145 kilowatts of power that is distributed between two adjacent cars and can get a Tesla AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5662739/Worlds-fastest-charger-electric-cars-battery-power-just-eight-minutes.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Ancient artifacts suggest ALL of Africa was the 'cradle of humankind'
 
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The team discovered archaeological materials in two levels of a geological formation at a site called Ain Boucherit dating to 2.4 million and 1.9 million years ago (pictured) . Later excavations uncovered a trove of tools and cut-marked bones Share this article Share 41 shares The team found stone tools and animal bones bearing the marks of skinning and defleshing, as seen above Sites of ancient hominin presence have been found across the globe, beginning in Africa around 2.8 million years ago. These have included stone tools (blue) and fossils (red). The oldest form of stone tools can be traced as far back to Ethiopia This means human ancestors were in the Northern tip of the continent much earlier than previously thought AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6443587/Ancient-stone-tools-cut-marked-animal-bones-suggest-Africa-cradle-humankind.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
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Breaking News  - Video shows a baby's parasitic twin being removed
 
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Shocking video footage reveals the moment a baby boy, born with his twin attached to his stomach, successfully undergoes separation surgery.In 2016, Hemlata Singh, from Jodphur, India, gave birth to a healthy baby named Sonni, but attached to his stomach was his partially formed, parasitic twin, putting the infant's life at risk.At just nine days old, Sonni was separated from his parasitic twin via the liver they shared before disconnecting the artery that carried blood from Sonni's heart to his twin's deformed one.As expected, the twin died shortly after surgery, with Sonni going home 12 days later.Ms Singh said: 'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.'Parasitic twins occur when a baby is born with the attached tissue of an undeveloped twin who died in the womb. The parasitic twin's tissues are dependent upon the 'host'.  It is unclear why this occurs, but may be due to a restricted blood supply during pregnancy, which leads to the death and partial absorption of one of the twins. The condition occurs in around one in a million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent'Parasitic twins occur when an embryo develops inside the mother's womb but the pair do not separate, resulting in just one embryo developing fully.Unlike conjoined twins, a parasitic twin is not completely formed and is dependent on the bodily functions of the healthier baby.Sonni's twin's brain was underdeveloped, with the infant having no intestine or stomach, meaning the baby had no way of surviving on its own and was putting his brother's life at risk.Dr Anurag Singh from Saroj Hospital in Delhi, said: 'When we saw this baby one of the children was just like any other normal child, the only abnormality was that from his whole abdomen there was another small baby sitting on it.'The two had a common skin and they were joined together. So it was as if one small child was sitting on another child.'The is the first case I've seen and the literature has reported one in one million live births.'The risk of mortality is 80 per cent, so this is a very high risk surgery.''He will get better'Ms Singh said: 'When I first saw my kids, I felt anxious and awful.'They told me that they will be operated on then we can give you one child but we can't save the other.'I am happy to see that my child's condition is improving and he will get better.Body Bizarre is on Thursdays at 10pm on TLC UK. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5088537/Video-shows-baby-s-parasitic-twin-removed.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Isaac Newton 2018 50p set to be a rare collector's coin
 
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Most eager numismatists know that the rarest 50p in circulation is the Kew Gardens one, minted in 2009, with a run of just 210,000.Featuring the pagoda, one can sell for a tidy sum online – up to £50, thanks to its rarity.However, this year could see an even rarer coin than that Kew Gardens one – making it worth a mint in the near future - and some are already selling online for more than £80, or 160 times face value.Last year, the Royal Mint launched a 50p coin featuring Sir Isaac Newton. It has confirmed that it will offer a 2018 version of the coin – but the only place collectors can get their mitts on one is via the Royal Mint Experience in Llantrisant, Wales.Importantly, no 2018 Sir Isaac Newton coins will be released into circulation, meaning the likelihood is that these will become rarer than the Kew Gardens coin.This is Money visited the Mint last year and struck our own 12-sided £1 coin ahead of its launch.Early birds appear to have also visited this year, as some 2018 dated 50ps are already selling on websites such as eBay for £80.That's profit of around £60 factoring in the cost to strike one and the Royal Mint Experience entry fee, a better short-term return than even cryptocurrencies which have seen a boom in the last six months.The Royal Mint adds that this only available for a 'limited time only and subject to availability'.According to the Royal Mint Experience website, striking your own coin experience is limited to one coin per person per tour, again, adding to the exclusivity. It costs £5 to do on top of the entry ticket of £13.The coin is of 'brilliant uncirculated' standard. This is described by the Mint as having a higher standard than circulating and bullion coins.An expert at blog Change Checker said: 'We're predicting that due to the short time frame and visitor numbers, there could well be substantially less than 210,000 of these coins struck, meaning the 2018 Sir Isaac Newton 50p coin could well have a lower mintage figure than even the Kew Gardens 50p.'Sir Isaac Newton enjoyed a long association with the Royal Mint – he is perhaps the most famous 'Master of the Mint.'Although the coins are only available in Wales, some may come into ownership and accidentally spend them in the future.So if you do get a coin featuring the astronomer and mathematician, check the date on the reverse.After the Kew Gardens 50p, the next lowest minted 50p coins in circulation are from the Olympic coin range, but even these have mintage figures of 1million or more.The Royal Mint recently revealed its mintage figures for 2017, which showed that the Sir Isaac Newton coin had a mintage of 1.8million, making it the second rarest 50p behind the Kew Gardens coin (excluding 2012 Olympic ones).It even has a lower mintage figure than the 2016 Jemima Puddle-Duck coin, part of the Beatrix Potter collection.This had a mintage of 2.1million and changes hands for tidy sums online as people look to complete the set of characters. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5247211/Isaac-Newton-2018-50p-set-rare-collectors-coin.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Stress during pregnancy does affect a baby's brain, scans confirm
 
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Scientists have found the first concrete evidence that a mother's stress during pregnancy changes the brain connections of her unborn child.Newly-developed scanning techniques allowed a team at Wayne State University to examine neural activity of 47 fetuses between 30 and 37 weeks gestation.They showed for the first time that babies of mothers in high-stress setting were developing differently to those whose mothers did not have high levels of stress, anxiety or depression.The findings, presented today at a conference in Boston, mark a breakthrough in neuroscience, confirming a long-held theory that no technology has been able to confirm or refute until now.'The major thrill is that we have demonstrated what has long been theorized, but not yet observed in a human, which is that the stress of a mother during her pregnancy is reflected in connectional properties of her child's developing brain,' said lead author Moriah Thomason, of the perinatal research department who today presents her work at the annual Cognitive Neuroscience Society meeting.Beyond the huge implications for mental health, Thomason's findings also suggest that the brain may not develop in the sequence that we have always assumed.It is widely-held that first the simplest systems such as vision, balance and motor functions develop first, before the most complex systems, such as stress response.However, Thomason's study showed that the differences between stress-exposed babies' brains and their peers emerge almost immediately.And those differences are most clearly seen in the stress response center (the cerebellum), suggesting this region is one of the first to develop.New technology was crucial to make this breakthrough, to understand prenatal influences independent of environmental factors.Using fetal resting-state fMRI, they examined functional connectivity in 47 human fetuses scanned between the 30 and 37 weeks gestation.Conducting in-utero brain scans are challenging, mainly because it is near-impossible to keep the baby from moving about, but the new technology provides a clearer image than ever possible, making the small movements more manageable.All of the mothers involved in the study came from poor, urban areas fraught with stress, with many reporting high levels of depression, anxiety, and worry for themselves and their loved-ones.Above anything, Thomason said, these mothers wanted to join the study to help others like them.'A lot of our moms are interested in being part of this research, not because of concerns they have in their pregnancy,' she explained, 'but because they appreciate the heightened vulnerability of budding human life, and this is an opportunity to help other women that may not have the same fortune in their circumstances.''It has long been thought that the stress of a mother during her pregnancy may imprint on the brain of her developing child.'[But] despite the clear importance of this time frame, we presently possess very little understanding of how AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5545121/Stress-pregnancy-DOES-affect-babys-brain-scans-confirm.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Body of a fearsome Chinese warlord Cao Cao is finally found
 
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Archaeologists have found the body of a fearsome Chinese warlord buried in a 1,800-year-old tomb, despite ancient efforts to hide his resting place.The hidden underground tomb dates back to the year 220AD and is believed to belong to Cao Cao, who was one of the most famous warlords at the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty.The huge mausoleum site was hard to find as most of its structure above ground had been demolished.Historians say Cao Cao's outstanding military and political talents enabled him to build the strongest and most prosperous state in northern China.He ruled during the Three Kingdoms period in 208 to 280 AD, when China had three separate rulers.A tomb thought to be his was found in 2009 but a controversy has raged since then over whether it was really Cao Cao in the main chamber.But archaeologists from the Provincial Institute of Cultural Heritage and Archaeology say they are now sure that the remains of a man aged between 60 and 70 are those of the famous warlord.Although Cao Cao was revered at the time of this death, the tomb, found in the village of Gaoxixue in Anyang County in Eastern China's Henan province, has very little information on it.It is thought that Cao Cao forbade any grand tombs but that his son Cao Pi ignored his wishes and built one anyway.However, Cao Pi is believed to have changed his mind later, fearing tomb robbers, and had the upper part of the mausoleum taken down.Archaeologist Zhou Ligang said: 'This means that the demolition was not an act of revenge but was planned.'If the construction was knocked down by his opponents, there would be plenty of debris at the scene, but at Cao Cao's mausoleum that is not in that case.'However, there were still a few signs the site was Cao Caos tomb, including a stone tablet that has the name 'King Wu of Wei' on, ones of Cao Cao's titles.The underground mausoleum is also extremely large.Among the relics found were stone paintings featuring the social life of Cao's time, stone tablets bearing inscriptions of sacrificial objects, and Cao's personal belongings.According to Mr Ligang the identities of two ladies found in the tomb remained mysterious.History records that Cao Cao was buried with his wife, who died aged between 70 and 80, but the two corpses are of one woman in her fifties and one in her twenties.A new museum is now planned at the site.Mr Ligang said it was hoped it would receive its first visitors in around three years.Characters based on Cao are depicted as shrewd and unscrupulous villains in traditional Chinese operas and in one of China's best-loved historical novels, 'Romance Of The Three Kingdoms'.In the fictionalised account, Cao says: 'Better for me to wrong the world than for the world to wrong me.'The common saying in Chinese 'speak of Cao Cao and Cao Cao arrives' is the equivalent of the English expression 'speak of the devil' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5554109/Body-fearsome-Chinese-warlord-Cao-Cao-finally-found.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Stunning watercolour fresco discovered in the ancient ruins of Pompeii
 
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Scroll down for video   The fresco 'Leda e il cigno' (Leda and the swan) discovered in the archeological area in Pompeii. The fresco depicts a story and art subject of Greek mythology, with Leda being impregnated by Zeus - Jupiter in Roman mythology - in the form of a swan  Archaeologists found the fresco depicting a sensual scene between a sensual woman and a swan in an ancient Pompeii bedroom (pictured) Share this article Share The fresco was discovered during ongoing work to consolidate the ancient city's structures after rains and wear-and-tear in past years caused some ruins to collapse Vesuvius destroyed Pompeii, Oplontis, and Stabiae under ashes and rock fragments, and the city of Herculaneum under a mudflow  The discovery of the fresco provides yet more insight into how the residents of the doomed city lived AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6406115/Sensual-goddess-fresco-discovered-ancient-Pompeii-bedroom.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
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Breaking News  - Saver scoops £1m in his FIRST ever Premium Bond draw
 
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A man from Bedfordshire has scooped the £1million jackpot prize just a month after buying Premium Bonds for the very first time.The man invested £7,000 in the popular government-backed savings products and defied mammoth odds to win the jackpot in the first month that his bonds were eligible to win a prize.He was one of March's two jackpot winners, the other being a Wiltshire man who has held Premium Bonds since childhood.Premium Bonds are Britain’s most popular savings product - around 21million people hold almost £72billion worth.Those who invest in the National Savings and Investments run bonds have a typical return of 1.4 per cent. Nearly 3million bonds won prizes of £25 in the March draw.The minimum amount savers can invest is £100 - and the money can be withdrawn anytime.Those who hold bonds, however, have the odds stacked against them and may not win a prize each year - or even during their lifetime, depending on the size of their investment. For instance, there is a 1 in 24,500 chance of a single bond winning £25.The chances of any £1 bond winning the jackpot are an eye-watering one in 36billion, showing just how lucky that bond holder from Bedforshire is to win within one month of investing.In comparison, the chances of winning the Lotto are roughly 1 in 14million per £2 ticket - however, unlike Premium Bonds, the stake is lost unless you win.The man won with bond number 320GM702120 and has since invested a further £500 of bonds that were not eligible for the draw.The other winner was an individual from Wiltshire who has owned a few Premium Bonds since childhood. He is the second person from the county to win one of the jackpots this year.He has held the maximum limit of £50,000 in the account since August 2017.NS&I has offered two £1million jackpot prizes in its draws since January 2016, while the amount savers can hold in them has risen in recent years.The draw is made by Electronic Random Number Indicator Equipment - otherwise known as ERNIE - each month.Jill Waters, retail director at NS&I, said: 'The popularity of Premium Bonds is enriched with the moments ERNIE creates and the great stories that are there to be told.'March’s jackpot winners won with Bonds purchased within the last seven months, and ERNIE has rewarded them with the top prizes in such a short space of time.'In total, over 3million prizes have been paid out in March 2018’s prize draw. This is the first month in which ERNIE has paid out over 3million prizes.'Agent Million - who travels the country to deliver the jackpot news (LINK: 2221468) - will be hand delivering their prizes this month.NS&I says there are currently around 1.4million unclaimed Premium Bonds prizes, worth over £58million.In Wiltshire, there are currently around 9,000 unclaimed prizes worth over £330,000. Bedfordshire currently has around 5,000 unclaimed prizes worth over £200,000.In the March 2018 draw, a total of 3,004,822 prizes worth £85,887,850 will be paid out. There were 73,618,138,796 bonds el AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5446171/Saver-scoops-1m-Premium-Bond-draw.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Half-price generic version of Viagra to hit the shelves
 
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Viagra is getting a cheaper, generic makeover from Pfizer in an effort to preempt competitors.Pfizer has repackaged its famous little blue impotence pill in a white tablet, called sildenafil, and will slash the$65-a-pill retail price of its blockbuster drug by half starting Monday.The pharmaceutical giant's patent for Viagra is set to expire next week, opening the flood gates for competitors to jump into the market with their cheaper generic versions.Rather than lose most of its sales to other companies, Pfizer is banking on the lower price point of and the 40 percent of its customer base that claims to be loyal to Viagra to help the company ride the wave of generics slated to undercut Viagra's prices by as much as 90 percent.'Patients are paying fortunes. When generic Viagra comes out, they will be very happy,' said Dr Nachum Katlowitz, a urologist at New York's Staten Island University Hospital.Launched in 1998, Viagra was the first pill for impotence. It transformed a private frustration for many aging men into a publicly discussed medical condition with an easy treatment, far more appealing than options like penile injections and implants. Pfizer's early TV ads for the little blue pill even coined the term erectile dysfunction, ED for short.Eli Lilly's Cialis came out in 2003 and now dominates the U.S. market with on-demand pills and daily, low-dose ones. Viagra is a close second.Pfizer says its market research shows 20 percent of customers are loyal to Viagra. So rather than give up sales to generic makers as brand-name drug makers once routinely did, the company is selling its own generic and also fighting to keep men on its blue pills.'We believe that the story for Viagra isn't done. It's just going to be a new chapter,' said Jim Sage, president of U.S. brands for Pfizer Essential Health, which sells its older medicines.In January, the drug maker will offer two new discount programs and increase its co-payment card discounts. Uninsured men can get brand-name Viagra half off through an innovative online home delivery program, Pfizer Direct. Many insured patients will be able to get a month's prescription - typically six to 10 pills, depending on plan limits - for as little as a $20 co-payment.'This is the most comprehensive pricing and marketing response I've seen to a generic,' said Erik Gordon, a pharmaceuticals analyst at the University of Michigan's business school. 'It's unprecedented.'Gordon thinks Pfizer's reduced prices will retain some patients and attract others who buy pills, often counterfeits, from the internet.Dr. Matthias Hofer, a urologist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, said some of his insured patients who take Viagra wouldn't want a generic. 'They will be ecstatic if they can save money and get the brand product from Pfizer,' he said.Last year, more than 12 million prescriptions for Viagra and Cialis were filled in the US, generating a combined $3 billion in sales, according to health data and clinical resea AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5152483/Viagra-goes-generic-Pfizer-launch-little-white-pill.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Is 1997 Isle of Man TT 50p coin rare and what's it worth?
 
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Recently, I received an unusual 50p coin in my change, which I had never seen before. It shows two motorcyclists racing with a wreath-style pattern on either side.The coin is dated 1997 on the back, with the usual effigy of the Queen and says Isle of Man on it.I have tried to research it to see if it is rare but cannot find much about it. I'm hoping that I have struck gold.Lee Boyce, consumer affairs editor at This is Money, replies: In the last two years, we have seen a glut of readers get in touch with coins they believe could be rare.Many that land in my inbox tend to be common coins. For example, I receive around a dozen e-mails a week about the Lord Kitchener £2 coin (which gives you the answer to whether it is rare or not).The coin in question that you have sent in is a normal 50p shape seen in Britain – and 1997 was the year in which the coin was downsized to the smaller, lighter coin we are familiar with today.As a Crown Dependency, the Isle of Man issues its own banknotes and coins, which feature the Queen.Isle of Man coins and notes are not legal tender in the UK, but UK coins and notes are accepted on the island.This means you could have rejected the 50p you received in your change and shops may not accept it (although it will be easy to spend unless you have an eagle-eyed cashier).Before this year, Isle of Man coins and notes were made by a firm called Pobjoy based in Surrey.The Royal Mint, which makes UK coins, publishes a list of mintage figures. This means we can determine how rare a coin is – for example, with only 210,000 Kew Gardens 50p coins minted, they are reasonably rare and can therefore fetch up to £50 online.The Isle of Man is synonymous with the TT racing which takes place every May or June.The first race was in 1907 – exactly 90 years before your coin.To determine if it is rare or not, we need to know the circulation figures - and a search around online doesn't throw up the answer.I contacted Pobjoy and it said: 'Unfortunately, we do not share mintage figures on our commemorative coins, let alone our circulating coins.'Our circulating coins depend on how many the Government demand, in which case the issue limit is unlimited.'This means we do not know how many were minted. A quick search online on marketplaces such as eBay throw up examples of the coin for around £3-5 – or six to ten times its true value in the Isle of Man.Many listings describe the coins as 'rare' - but they have no real way of knowing.Like any of these coins, it is only worth what someone is willing to pay.Given the popularity of motorsports and the fact marks 90 years of the first race, it makes a good keepsake – but don't expect to be able to buy a motorbike with any profit you may make with it. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5205387/Is-1997-Isle-Man-TT-50p-coin-rare-whats-worth.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - SHARE PUNT OF THE WEEK: Thin Film Electronics
 
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WHO IS IT? Thin Film Electronics creates smart labels which can be used on food containers to tell shoppers how fresh food is.The labels also allow retailers to control the cost of an item by computer.You can also use them to find out more about items. For example, a number of US breweries use them on their bottles. Pass a phone over the label and you are taken to a website, to learn more about the beer.Norway-based Thin Film, founded in 2005, is listed on the Oslo Stock Exchange and counts GlaxoSmithKline as a client.WHAT’S THE LATEST? In October, it raised £81million, to cover its costs until at least 2019. Thin Film will use the money to buy manufacturing equipment and develop products.WHO BACKS IT? The most recognisable name is Neil Woodford, one of the UK’s leading fund managers. Others include Invesco Perpetual, BNP Paribas and Danske Bank.WHY YOU SHOULD INVEST We are moving to a world where everyday items such as toasters, fridges and watches will be linked to the ‘Internet of Things’ revolution.Firms that develop this technology at a profit should do well in what is tipped to be a £337billion worldwide market by 2020.Encouragingly, Thin Film has signed five new clients since the start of December....AND WHY YOU SHOULDN’T The share price has plummeted dramatically to 21p after hitting 73p in 2015.As it is listed in Norway, an investment can fluctuate as the value of the pound changes against the Norwegian krona.And it’s difficult to pick successful tech firms as innovations can be easily copied and trumped by rivals. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/investing/article-5240045/SHARE-PUNT-WEEK-Film-Electronics.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Research sheds light on how HIV virus 'hides' from treatments
 
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A cure for HIV could be in the pipeline, scientists claim.Experiments have today revealed exactly how the killer virus hides away, preventing antiviral drugs from flushing it out.Researchers haven long been baffled as to why some infected cells can go dormant and evade detection for years.But the new findings, made by University of California, San Francisco researchers, finally offer the medical community an answer.They discovered the cells can spontaneously become 'latent' - or dormant - by refusing to make the virus like a normally infected cell.The experts behind the trial, derived from 18 HIV patients, claim they can 'now start developing drugs' to allow the body to kill the dormant cells.There are currently no treatments that exist that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating in the future.Typically, the virus infects CD4 T cells, a type of immune cell, and uses the cell's DNA to produce viral RNA - which transports genetic messages for making proteins.These new virus bodies then leave the cell to infect more.However, the latency phase, in which an HIV-infected cell stops making the virus for a long period of time, has remained a mystery.Because they are not reproducing the virus, they are difficult to target using current treatments. And they can be deadly when they become active.'We can't even separate out uninfected from infected cells, let alone latently infected cells,' said Dr Steven Yukl, from the University of California, San Francisco.'Latently-infected cells are extremely rare - one in one million CD4 T cells - and we don't know how to identify them.'Why they sometimes become active again is poorly understood. There are currently no treatments that can kill latent cells or stop them from reactivating.WHAT IS AN 'UNDETECTABLE VIRAL LOAD' OF HIV?  A person with HIV becomes 'undetectable' when treatment suppresses the virus to a level so low in their blood that it cannot be detected by measurements. If a person is undetectable and stays on treatment, they cannot pass HIV on to a partner. No study has ever shown HIV transmission from someone with an undetectable viral load. To date, an undetectable load is almost always achieved with daily doses of antiretroviral drugs. But a number of clinical trials - including PRO-140 by CytoDyn, which Charlie Sheen is involved in - hope to be developing treatments that could be administered on a weekly or fortnightly basis. Roughly 30 percent of America's 1.2 million people with HIV have reached an undetectable viral load which underscores the need for expanded access to testing, treatment, and care. For more information and resources, visit the Prevention Access Campaign website.To try and understand how they work better, the San Francisco team performed a series of tests on the latent HIV-infected cells.They discovered bits and pieces of viral RNA, showing the virus was attempting to reproduce unsuccessfully.'It's not that the cells aren't making viral RNA, but that the RNA isn't fin AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5464459/Research-sheds-light-HIV-virus-hides-treatments.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Archeologists discover ancient gym near Egypt's Cairo
 
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Egypt's antiquities ministry says archaeologists have discovered remnants of an ancient gymnasium dating back about 2,300 years, from the Hellenistic period.The discovery was made by a German-Egyptian mission at the site of Watfa in Fayoum province, about 80 kilometers, or 50 miles, southwest of the capital, Cairo.Watfa is the site of the ancient village of Philoteris, founded by King Ptolemy II in the 3rd century BC.This undated photo released by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities shows an ancient dining room dating back about 2,300 years, from the Hellenistic period, a discovery made by a German-Egyptian mission, at the site of Watfa in Fayoum province, about 80 kilometers, or 50 miles, southwest of the capital, Cairo, Egypt. Ayman Ashmawi of the ministry says the gymnasium consists of a large meeting hall, once adorned with statues, a dining hall, a courtyard and a nearly 200-meter-long racetrack.Ayman Ashmawi of the ministry says the gymnasium consists of a large meeting hall, once adorned with statues, a dining hall, a courtyard and a nearly 200-meter-long racetrack.Cornelia Roemer, head of the mission, says the discovery clearly shows the impact of Greek life in Egypt, not only in Alexandria, but also in the countryside.This undated photo released by the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities shows an ancient gymnasium dating back about 2,300 years, from the Hellenistic period, a discovery made by a German-Egyptian mission, at the site of Watfa in Fayoum province, about 80 kilometers, or 50 miles, southwest of the capital, Cairo, Egypt. Ayman Ashmawi of the ministry says the gymnasium consists of a large meeting hall, once adorned with statues, a dining hall, a courtyard and a nearly 200-meter-long racetrack. (Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities via AP) AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5054321/Archeologists-discover-ancient-gymnasium-near-Egypts-Cairo.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Escape to the Chateau couple launch new renovations series
 
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They are the congenial and colourful couple who found television fame renovating a dilapidated 45-room French Chateau bought for just €390,000.And now Dick Strawbridge and his wife Angel, from Channel 4's Escape to the Chateau, are helping others to follow in their footsteps and turn their chateaux into a successful business.They are helping 16 individuals who have also made the decision to move to France and renovate a chateau - including a couple in their 20s.The new series called Escape to the Chateau DIY runs for four weeks every weekday at 4pm on Channel 4 - starting this afternoon.It follows the individuals as they struggle to renovate their derelict French properties, ranging in price from €60,000 to €1,000,050.Dick and Angel are on hand to help them avoid the pitfalls of running a business and turning their new homes into profitable ventures.Dick and Angel spoke exclusively to MailOnline Property about the new TV show and what viewers can expect.They explained how some of the renovations were filmed over the best part of a year, with a range of individuals following their French Chateaux dreams.This includes a couple in their 20s, a British man with a French wife and love of French antiques, and a British singer who found fame in Holland.Angel said: 'A chateau costs a lot of money to maintain. There needs to be a roof fund and a window fund. But the couples we worked with are now making money.'There is some number crunching that needs to be done and it is a lot of hard work. But there needs to be a balance and you need to remember why you are doing it. You need to make time for your family and spend time with the children.'Dick added: 'You also need to remember that there is a different beat to everything in France and once you accept that then life is a little easier.'And he stressed the importance of cashflow in running a business, saying: 'You need to think about revenue stream and the order of things.'But the show isn't all about the serious side of making money, with Dick and Angel bringing some of the colour and entertainment that we know and love from Escape to the Chateau to their new show.Dick enthused: 'I was on the roof of one chateau drinking a bottle of wine that was found in the walls of a dry moat. You don't get to do that every day.'The new show comes on the back of the popularity of Escape to the Chateau, which saw Dick and Angel renovate the rooms and grounds of their property, including a walled garden.The couple spent four years searching for their chateau, eventually buying one called Chateau-de-la-Motte Husson.It cost €390,000, which was not much more than their two-bedroom flat in Essex - the place they swapped for the French property.Chateaux in France are relatively cheap as they often cost more to renovate than to buy.Overseas finance specialist Simon Conn explains: 'Buying is one thing, but the upkeep of an abandoned chateau can be another. Maintenance costs for such a building can be considerable.'Running a suc AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/property/article-5581375/Escape-Chateau-couple-launch-new-renovations-series.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Woman, 52, 'cured' her terminal cancer with cannabis oil
 
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Joy Smith, 52, from Coventry, was given just six weeks to live after being diagnosed with inoperable stomach and bowel cancer in August 2016.Desperate for a solution, Ms Smith reluctantly took cannabis-based tablets, alongside chemotherapy, after reading about a cancer patient in the US who went into remission after producing her own marijuana oil.Nearly two years on, doctors, who described Ms Smith as 'the luckiest woman in the world', are baffled as her scans show just a small amount of the disease is left in her stomach, which she is confident will disappear with continued cannabis use.As well as approaching a miracle remission, Ms Smith has also recently won £84,000 after entering a TV competition while 'under the influence' of cannabis oil.She is speaking out to encourage cannabis' legislation for medical use, saying: 'I'm a walking miracle. The doctors call me Wonder Woman.'Cannabis oil should be legalised for medical purposes - people are dying and chemotherapy isn't curing them.'Ms Smith takes the nutritional supplement cannabidiol, which is derived from cannabis and is legal in the UK, however, her treatment also contains THC, which is what makes users 'high' and is not permitted.She is believed to buy the oil illegally online.'I would not be here without it'Speaking of taking cannabis oil, which she describes as being like eating 'thick black tar' mixed with olive oil, Ms Smith said: 'When you're told you have six weeks to live you'll try anything, trust me.'I was a bit sceptical about the oil at first as I'd never taken drugs or anything like that - but I know I would not be here today without it. I want to tell everybody.'After being diagnosed with terminal cancer, Ms Smith was told chemotherapy would only buy her more time.She started having treatment every two weeks for three days, but had to have the line that delivered her chemotherapy taken out after she developed sepsis.Ma Smith was unaware her friends had been researching an alternative cancer cure online until she was handed a cannabis-based tablet out of the blue.She said: 'I didn't want to take it at first; I didn't know what it was.'Afterwards I felt drunk, all the nurses were looking at me and I was trying to act normal. I couldn't speak, my words just slurred out.'Ms Smith then started researching cannabis oil online and discovered it had worked for other sufferers.She said: 'I was looking for reassurance. I wanted to know if anyone had ever been cured by it.'I was taking it on and off. But when I'd been having it three-to-five times a week, the scans were getting better and then when I stopped taking it the scans showed no change.'At first I was only taking a tiny drop the size of about half a grain of rice.'Sometimes it takes hours to kick in and sometimes it's straight away. You do get stoned and you get very tired. It made me want to sleep so I tend to just stay in bed when I've taken it.'Describing her miraculous discovery, Ms Smith said: 'It's impossible, but I've b AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5489775/Woman-52-cured-terminal-cancer-cannabis-oil.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Vermont becomes 9th state legalize recreational marijuana
 
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Vermont became the the ninth state in the US to legalize recreational marijuana on Monday.Governor Phil Scott privately signed Vermont's marijuana bill into law, making the state the first in the country to authorize the recreational use of the substance by an act of a state legislature.The law, which goes into effect July 1, allows adults to possess up to one ounce of marijuana, two mature and four immature plants.'Today, with mixed emotions, I have signed' the bill, Governor Scott said.'I personally believe that what adults do behind closed doors and on private property is their choice, so long as it does not negatively impact the health and safety of others, especially children,' he added.The Republican governor had until the end of the day Monday to sign the bill. His office issued a statement Monday afternoon saying he had signed the bill.Marijuana is legal in a total of 29 states.The state's law contains no mechanism for the taxation or sale of marijuana, although the legislature is expected to develop such a system.A group that opposed legalizing marijuana sees the law as a compromise since it doesn't provide for selling the drug.The group, Smart Approaches to Marijuana, or SAM, said it will continue to educate Vermonters 'on the dangers that legalization poses to their beautiful state.'While the bill was under consideration, a number of doctors from the Vermont Medical Society wrote a resolution calling for better labeling on medical marijuana and urging caution about its recreational use and the risks it could pose to children.Last year saw the first reported marijuana overdose.A baby in Colorado died of heart failure and doctors said they were unable to find a cause besides the marijuana edibles the infant ingested.As an early adopter, Colorado has served as a bellwether for the impact of legal recreational marijuana on public health.While the state has seen more traffic accidents since legalization, opioid overdoses have decreased.Yet research has shown the positive effects of marijuana for many, including cancer patients and people with mental illnesses, and still other work has claimed it poses no health risks.Vermont's move is an incremental reform that will have little impact for most people in the state, said Matt Simon, New England political director for the pro-legalization Marijuana Policy Project.'I think the vast majority of Vermonters won't notice any change at all,' Simon said. 'It's simply eliminating a fine and eliminating a penalty for growing a small number of plants.'The new law is unlikely to prompt people who don't now smoke marijuana to take it up, said Robert Sand, a professor at the Vermont Law School and former county prosecutor who has advocated for years to change the state's drug laws.'There will be times when people misuse marijuana, and opponents will cite the incidents as evidence that legalization was not a good thing,' he said.'I believe we will end up with a net improvement of public health and safety ev AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5299341/Vermont-governor-signs-pot-bill-mixed-emotions.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Could cannabis help treat eczema and psoriasis?
 
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University of Colorado scientists have begun trials on a compound in the drug to determine if it can combat the common skin conditions.They believe CBD - which doesn't cause a 'high' - could offer hope for millions of eczema and psoriasis sufferers.The anti-inflammatory compound, known officially as cannabidiol, is already backed for its plethora of benefits by the World Health Organization.Global health chiefs gave it a clean bill of health in a report published in December and declared it had no adverse outcomes.Holland & Barrett already stocks an oil form of the compound, which is legal to buy in the UK. Cannabis, however, remains illegal.Researchers, led by Dr Robert Dellavalle, have begun experiments on 40 Parkinson's patients with seborrheic dermatitis, InsideScience reports.Trials of a CBD-based pill have yet to finish - but studies have shown compounds in cannabis can help eczema and psoriasis patients.Dr Dellavelle told the website: 'There’s a large segment of the population that doesn’t like using steroids, even if they are topical steroids on their skin.'This [CBD] would be an alternative, natural product for them to try.'He added that there's a 'potential' of using CBD that may work in a different way to patients who receive no benefits from topical steroids.Ian Hamilton, a drug researcher at York University told MailOnline: 'There is emerging evidence that chemicals within cannabis might offer potential health benefits.'But we will need more than one research trial to be done before we can say whether this works or not.'He added: 'It might be several years before this research produces medicines that can be used for conditions such as eczema.'Psoriasis strikes around 650,000 people in the UK, including former Oasis frontman Liam Gallagher. Kim Kardashian is one of eight million victims in the US.Six million people in the UK have eczema, including singer Adele. Hollywood actor Brad Pitt is one of 31 million sufferers in the US.Current treatments for both conditions revolve around topical steroid creams and emollients to soothe and hydrate patches of red, flaky skin.But the medications are known to have side effects, such as skin thinning. The new Colorado research could pave the way for a better treatment.CBD is, however, widely different to THC - which is the psychoactive compound that causes a high in cannabis and linked to psychosis.Campaigners and charities fighting for multiple sclerosis patients have argued for the UK Government to make the itself legal.They claim thousands of patients are often left with no other options than to turn to weed when conventional drugs fail to dampen their pain.But concerns have been raised that Britain's market of the drug is dominated by super-strength skunk - which is low in CBD and high in THC.Current laws state those caught in possession of the Class B substance face up to five years in prison in the UK.The Home Office declared last July that there was no intention to make cannabis legal - but AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5509647/Could-cannabis-help-treat-eczema-psoriasis.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Mystery of the strange seismic waves that shook the world on Nov 11
 
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Seismic signals originating off the coast of the small French island of Mayott were detected at seismology station ranging from Chile to New Zealand Researchers and earthquake enthusiasts who spotted the signals have narrowed down the origin to a region just off the coast of the island Mayotte (shown), in the Indian Ocean Share this article Share 5.1k shares Experts detected strange earthquake-like readings at seismology stations across the globe. Pictured are seismograph readings produced by three detectors at the FOMA seismology station in Madagascar. The strange seismic waves were picked up around 9:30am GMT (4:30am ET). The thick black lines show normal background noise that could be caused by anything from waves hitting a beach to a strong wind. The thinner, larger back lines show something more significant, and would normally indicate that an earthquake has occurred The strange waves were traced to an origin roughly 15 miles (24 kilometres) off of the French island, Mayotte Earthquake experts on Twitter debated over what could have caused the seismic waves. The Twitter thread pictured first revealed the strange phenomenon on the morning of November 11. Scientists and earthquake enthusiasts alike worked to narrow it down AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6439979/Mystery-strange-seismic-waves-shook-world-November-11th.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490
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Breaking News  - property development scam
 
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A former public schoolboy has been named as the alleged mastermind behind a multi-million pound property development fraud, according to High Court papers.Charles Cunningham, whose time at Eton overlapped with Prince William’s, has been identified in court papers as controlling a series of companies used to defraud Asian investors of millions of pounds by enticing them with UK developments that were never completed.The son of a City financier, Mr Cunningham, whose brother Rupert is friends with some of Prince Harry’s inner circle, lives in a large country estate in North Wales with his wife. The couple boast a who’s who of society contacts.Mr Cunningham, 38, flatly denies all the allegations and has said that he is confident that a High Court hearing will overturn the freezing order which was brought by the liquidator of Absolute Living Developments.He has been accused of being one of the masterminds behind ALD, which offered five large development projects in northern England that were marketed to investors in the Far East and South-East Asia.But in April 2016 the company, which boasted developments in Runcorn, Manchester and Bradford, went into liquidation.ALD is one of a raft of UK property companies that have become mired in controversy in Asia. Hong Kong investors and politicians have accused the UK authorities and police of turning a blind eye to multi-million pound ‘fraud’.Hong Kong politicians have reported ALD to the Serious Fraud Office and have also asked the Chinese government to protect the interests of Chinese investors in UK property projects. The news comes as Beijing attempts to slow down the outflow of capital from the country.Liquidator Louise Brittain was recently granted a £14.5 million freezing order in the High Court, designed to prevent ‘steps to dissipate or secrete assets’ from ALD by Mr Cunningham and a business partner.In her High Court affidavit in support of the order, the liquidator said she had discovered that ‘a substantial proportion of the monies owed and/or paid to ALD…had been wrongfully diverted’ to three companies, named as DS7, Gozon and EPG Manlet.Brittain states that the ‘three companies form part of a complex structure of entities under the control’ of Mr Cunningham and his alleged business partner, which, she claims, ‘has been used to defraud investors (most of whom are based in Hong Kong and Malaysia)’.Mr Cunningham told The Mail on Sunday: ‘These monies were not wrongfully diverted and a forensic report is currently being prepared which will establish the exact payments and the legitimacy of those payments made by these companies.’ ALD, set up in 2013 to market properties, is linked to a Salford-based company called Fresh Start Living. In 2011, Mr Cunningham was brought in as the face of FSL, but the firm went bankrupt in 2013 with debts of more than £2 million.Mr Cunningham, whose ancestors include baronets and a Founding Father of the American constitution, has a social media profile showing that he is Facebook friends with Ben Vestey, a close friend of Prince William, and Edward Guinness, a scion of the brewing family.In April 2016, Mr Cunningham bought a large Georgian country house in North Wales for more than a million pounds. It has played host to visiting literary giants Lord Byron, William Wordsworth and Sir Walter Scott. Mr Cunningham told The Mail on Sunday: ‘The freezing order is a cynical abuse of power. DS7 categorically refutes all claims and allegations made by Louise Brittai1
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Breaking News  - Food Unwrapped: Why chocolate really turns white
 
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There's nothing more comforting than a silky bar of chocolate - but every year, millions of pounds worth of bars go to waste because they become speckled with what looks like white powder.Now it can be revealed that this strange phenomenon is due to the fat particles in the chocolate rising to the surface - and it's all down to the temperature we store our treats at.Keeping chocolate in too cold or too warm a place will make the so-called 'fat bloom' appear, which leads to thousands of customer complaints every year, according to Channel 4's Food Unwrapped.Co-presenter Jimmy Doherty investigates the cause of this white bloom on tonight's show, and finds out that scientists have only recently discovered how the white speckles appear on the chocolate's surface.Using the world's biggest X-ray at a factory in Hamburg, Germany, technicians discovered that the white powder rises to the surface through tiny cracks in the chocolate, which occur when a bar hasn't been stored at the correct temperature.The show later reveals during a visit to the Lindt factory in Switzerland that it's best to keep chocolate stored between 14 and 18 degrees Celsius to protect it from bloom.Fat bloom isn't harmful and a chocolate bar is still edible even if you can see white specks on it.Scientist Dr Stephen Roth explained to Jimmy how fat bloom appears on chocolate.He said: 'Crystalline fat melts and the fat can start moving via the cracks.'This is where the fat can go into and then it goes to the surface.'Fat bloom is the biggest cause of customer complaints and costs the chocolate industry millions of pounds every year.Chocolatiers are working on ways to prevent bloom from occurring.The best solution at the moment is to precisely temper the chocolate which creates the perfect crystalline conditions, making it more difficult for the fat to separate and form bloom.However Lindt's chocolatiers say the ultimate way to prevent bloom is simply to eat the chocolate quickly before it has a chance to form. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/food/article-5510507/Why-chocolate-REALLY-turns-white.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - A common sex injury women might not know about
 
05:16
There's a sex injury that's common, painful - but poorly understood.A bruised cervix can occur during vigorous sex, or sex with a well-endowed partner when a woman is not sufficiently aroused through foreplay.Cervical bruising is painful, can lead to bleeding, and can make later intercourse painful and unpleasant. It can also lead to other problems, like vaginismus, an involuntary muscle spasm that closes the vagina prior to penetration.The cervix is the channel between the vagina and the uterus. Symptoms of bruising include feeling unusually sensitive for a few days after sex, or experiencing cramping. In rare cases, there may be bleeding.Cervical bruising in sex is most likely caused by a penis too large for the vaginal canal, bumping repeatedly against the cervix wall and causing some superficial damage.Thankfully, bruising does not lead to long-term damage. But it is painful, and there are steps you can take to make this experience less likely.The cervix grows when aroused, similar to a penis, and it also softens.This reduces the potential for damage. If a woman isn't aroused, her cervix remains small and hard: the average cervix when not aroused is between 3 and 4 inches, which is significantly smaller than the average penis.Foreplay therefore is important. Nicole Lane at Ravishly writes that 20 to 30 minutes is a good period for foreplay in order to help avoid cervical bruising - as well as having fun, of course.Foreplay also triggers natural lubricants, which make sex easier and less likely to cause pain and bruising.Doctor Catherine Hansen, an obstrtrician and educator, notes that different women have different bodies, and this will contribute to their chance of bruising.The cervix may, for instance, lie closer to the vagina in some women more than others, and therefore is more likely to be hit during sex.Hansen recommends experimenting with positions to find the one that feels the best.'[You should] re-position, or stop, if there is pelvic pressure or pain during sex so that any ongoing pain would be completely avoided,' she says.You might also want to try things other than penetrative sex. Lane writes: 'Sex doesn't have to involve PIV intercourse for hetero couples: handwork, oral, foreplay, and anal are all other amazing ways to achieve an orgasm.'Cervical bruising will heal of its own accord, from a few days up to a week after intercourse.If pain persists after that time, it's important to visit a doctor.'Ibuprofen 400-800mg can help with the cramping. For women who anticipate that they will have pain, they can take the ibuprofen dose prior to intercourse (approximately 30 minutes prior to sex would be best),' says Dr Hansen.'Any pelvic pressure or pain that results from cervical 'trauma' (tapping or touching the cervix during sex) is temporary and should be resolved with a couple of hours (max 24 hours),' she says. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5409189/A-common-sex-injury-women-not-know-about.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Yellowstone National Park was struck by 153 earthquakes in July
 
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Yellowstone National Park was struck by 153 mini earthquakes in July, according to scientists. Pictured is a general view of the Norris Geyser Basin at Yellowstone National Park Share this article Share Last month, a fissure opened up in Grand Tenton National Park just 60 miles (100km) from the Yellowstone volcano, prompting officials to immediately close the area  The Hidden Falls (pictured) is 100-foot (30-metre) waterfall near the eastern end of Cascade Canyon.  The area is not far from the potentially devastating Yellowstone Volcano Inspiration Point (pictured) is a stop on a trek near Jenny Lake. Vast eruptions from the Yellowstone Volcano occurred 2.2 million, 1.3 million and 630,000 years ago Scientists have devised a new way to find out how quickly magma is building up beneath the Yellowstone supervolcano. The technique allows them to accurately estimate the amount of magma entering the volcano. Pictured is Yellowstone National Park's Grand Prismatic Pool Researchers 'spiked' several hot springs in Yellowstone National Park with the stable radioactive isotope deuterium (pictured). The deuterium was harmless to the environment and approved for use by park officials When it last blew the supervolcano produced one of the largest known blasts on Earth, spewing more than 2,000 times as much ash as Mount St. Helens did when it erupted in 1980 (pictured), killing 57 people in the most disastrous eruption in US history  AutoNews- Source:http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6042715/Yellowstone-National-Park-struck-153-earthquakes-July-seismologists-reveal.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Hydrogen-powered van can travel 500 miles on a single tank of fuel
 
02:13
+6 img id="i-7431a856af02fa0c" src="https://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2018/09/27/11/4581740-6214001-image-m-2_1538044704699.jpg" height="372" width="634" alt="Emil Rangelov's fleet of futuristic H2Vans are designed to drive for hours without refuelling and their only exhaust will be will be drinkable water from vapour" class="blkBorder img-share"/ Copy link to paste in your message Emil Rangelov's fleet of futuristic H2Vans are designed to drive for hours without refuelling and their only exhaust will be will be drinkable water from vapour +6 img id="i-82fead56f2be2476" src="https://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2018/09/27/11/4581752-6214001-image-m-5_1538044734653.jpg" height="413" width="634" alt="An artist's impression of the driver's cab in one of the Scottish tycoon's goods vehicles which will be capable of travelling up to 500 miles without needing to stop for refuelling " class="blkBorder img-share"/ Copy link to paste in your message An artist's impression of the driver's cab in one of the Scottish tycoon's goods vehicles which will be capable of travelling up to 500 miles without needing to stop for refuelling  +6 img id="i-3160af3b69854e70" src="https://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2018/09/27/11/4581754-6214001-image-a-6_1538044750006.jpg" height="422" width="634" alt="Emil Rangelov, of HVSystems in Glasgow, is developing a fleet of hydrogen powered trucks to be built in Scotland. His planned cross-country trip in the summer of 2019 is intended to launch a green transport revolution" class="blkBorder img-share"/ Copy link to paste in your message Emil Rangelov, of HVSystems in Glasgow, is developing a fleet of hydrogen powered trucks to be built in Scotland. His planned cross-country trip in the summer of 2019 is intended to launch a green transport revolutionAdChoicesADVERTISINGinRead invented by Teads Share this article Share +6 img id="i-c5e02b2638a8e573" src="https://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2018/09/27/11/4581746-6214001-image-m-10_1538044832006.jpg" height="378" width="634" alt="A diagram of one of the trucks shows the hydrogen tanks which only need refuelling every 500 miles in a process which takes only six minutes " class="blkBorder img-share"/ Copy link to paste in your message A diagram of one of the trucks shows the hydrogen tanks which only need refuelling every 500 miles in a process which takes only six minutes  +6 img id="i-f025000ea8a3c917" src="https://i.dailymail.co.uk/1/2018/09/27/11/4581742-6214001-image-m-13_1538045008086.jpg" height="390" width="634" alt="CGI of a truck developed by Emil Rangelov, of HVSystems in Glasgow, and his partner Abdul Waheed, which use hydrogen. The company said that 139 public hydrogen refuelling stations have opened across Europe, including in the UK" class="blkBorder img-share"/ Copy link to paste in your message CGI of a truck developed by Emil Rangelov, of HVSystems in Glasgow, and his partner Abdul Waheed, which use hydrogen. The company said that 139 public hydrogen refuelling sta AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6214001/Hydrogen-powered-van-travel-500-miles-single-tank-fuel.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - New Glaxo boss axes 50 of her top team in under a year
 
05:29
A ruthless reshuffle at Glaxosmithkline has seen boss Emma Walmsley replace nearly half of her senior executives in less than a year.The radical overhaul of the top tier of Britain’s eighth biggest company has seen Walmsley, 48, replace 50 of the 125 top managers in just 283 days in charge.It is the biggest shake-up at the pharmaceutical giant in years, as the most powerful woman in British business transforms the firm into a global pioneer of drugs research.It is part of plans set out by Walmsley, who took over as chief executive last April, to shift Glaxo’s focus back towards making blockbuster drugs.She has said its pharmaceuticals arm and research and development are top priorities as it seeks to build a pipeline of new medicines.A source close to the company yesterday said Walmsley was seeking to bring in talent and ideas from world-leading firms to boost sales, development technologies and utilise new ways of using reams of clinical data.High profile hires from outside the FTSE 100 giant include former Walmart chief information officer Karenann Terrell, Google digital chief Marc Speichert, Unilever executive Tamara Rogers and Novartis finance chief Tobias Hestler.She also poached GSK’s global pharmaceuticals president Luke Miels from arch-rival Astrazeneca and appointed Tony Mills, from Pfizer, as her head of platform technology and science.Meanwhile, she has also promoted internally, with Kate Knobil going from chief medical officer of pharmaceuticals to chief of the entire group.US commercial chief Deborah Waterhouse is also boss of ViiV, Glaxo’s HIV business.The reshuffle comes after Walmsley vowed to make major changes last year.At the time she said up to 200 bosses at the company could be changed. So far the company has confirmed 40 per cent of a 125 ‘subset’ of that number have been replaced. Further changes are seen as likely. The overhaul is the latest example of Walmsley putting her own stamp on Glaxosmithkline.In July she revealed plans to jettison 30 clinical trials and 130 non-core brands, re-focus the company’s attention on the US, embark on a £1billion cost-cutting drive and plough 80pc of spending into four areas of research.She said the business had previously spread itself too thinly and should focus on researching respiratory, HIV, oncology and immune-inflammation drugs.‘We need to bring more edge, more of a performance focus, more accountability, more pace into our decision making and definitely more cost and cash consciousness,’ she said.‘We need to have the right kind of discipline on whether something is truly going to be competitive and bring in a commercial voice much earlier than we have done before.’Ahead of a new pipeline of medicines the firm hopes will come through in the 2020s, Walmsley has said a vaccine for shingles, a three-in-one inhaler for chronic lung disease and a two-drug treatment to combat HIV will be Glaxo’s main focus in the next few years.Shares fell 0.5 per cent, or 6.6p, to 1346.8p. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5251683/New-Glaxo-boss-axes-50-team-year.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - The tiny ring that could stop you from having a preemie
 
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A tiny rubber ring halves the risk of having a premature baby, a study suggests.More than 15 million babies are born prematurely across the world each year - roughly one in 10 of all live births.Babies born early are at risk of serious problems, including breathing issues, heart problems and learning difficulties.Now scientists have found that placing a small ring around the cervix half way through the pregnancy slashes the risk of a baby being born very prematurely.The Italian researchers, from the University of Naples, found high-risk women who received the device were 52 per cent less likely to give birth before 34 weeks of pregnancy than those who did not use the device.The scientists believe the silicone ring - called a 'cervical pessary' - keeps the cervix closed so the baby stays in the womb for longer.It does this by slightly adjusting the direction of the cervical canal, so the weight of the baby does not force it open too early.Writing in the JAMA medical journal, they said: 'The cervical pessary is a silicone device that has been used to prevent spontaneous preterm birth.'The leading hypotheses for its mechanism of action are that the pessary helps keep the cervix closed and changes the inclination of the cervical canal so that the pregnancy weight is not directly above the internal [opening].'How was the study carried out?The study involved 300 women who were thought to be at risk of having a premature baby because early scans had shown they had a short cervix - a known risk factor.The women were split into two groups, with half having a cervical pessary fitted at roughly 20 weeks of pregnancy, and the other half carrying on as normal.The ring was removed at 37 weeks, unless the woman had shown heavy bleeding or other side effects earlier.Of those who had the ring inserted, only 7.3 per cent gave birth before 34 weeks, compared to 15.3 per cent of those who did not have the device.The scientists wrote: 'Use of a cervical pessary, compared with no pessary use, resulted in a lower rate of spontaneous preterm birth at less than 34 weeks of gestation.'Women who took part reported only minor side effects.The scientists said their study had been relatively small, and called for far larger trials to confirm the results.An editorial by doctors at the University of Utah, published in the same journal, said: 'Pessaries are an especially attractive treatment because they are relatively inexpensive, are easy to use, can be made widely available, and have relatively few adverse effects.'Based on these data, clinicians may contemplate recommending pessaries for all women with a short cervix identified on antenatal sonogram.'The ring, which costs £45, is sometimes used on the NHS but because until now there has not been much evidence about the device women at risk of early labour are more likely to be treated with a cervical stitch, a procedure that involves stitching tape around the cervix to keep it closed.The stitch is normally a straightforward AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5194951/The-tiny-ring-stop-having-preemie.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Vitamin D supplements could help women conceive
 
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Experts at Birmingham University found women undergoing fertility treatment were 33 per cent more likely to have a baby if their vitamin D levels were healthy.They said the findings may explain why people tend to find it easier to conceive in the summer, when vitamin D levels are boosted by the sun’s rays.The NHS already recommends women who are pregnant or trying to conceive take daily vitamin D supplements for the sake of the development of their baby.But the new findings, published in the Human Reproduction journal, suggests it also might help them conceive in the first place.Only 26% of women have sufficient vitamin D levelsCrucially, they found three in four women trying for a baby were deficient in vitamin D.The researchers examined the records of 2,700 women undergoing IVF and other forms of fertility treatment.Their data - compiled from 11 previous studies - suggested women who had sufficient levels of vitamin D in their blood were 46 per cent more likely to become pregnant and 33 per cent more likely to have a live birth.The scientists said it was likely similar results would be found among those attempting to conceive naturally.Researcher Dr Ioannis Gallos, a reproductive specialist in Birmingham, stressed they had only found a link connected to blood tests - and had not actually tested whether supplements would boost fertility.He called for a full randomised control trial to establish whether vitamin D can indeed improve the chances of conceiving.But he said: ‘Women should follow the national guidance on this and take a low-dose vitamin D supplement. And if they are concerned they are deficient they can get tested.’He added: ‘One startling finding was the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among these women.‘We found that only 26 per cent of women in the studies had sufficient concentrations of vitamin D.’The researchers believe vitamin D may help dampen the immune system’s inflammatory response, improving the chances that an embryo successfully implants in the lining of the womb at the very start of pregnancy.They wrote: ‘Seasonal variations in conception rates have been established with higher conception rates found in the summer and autumn.‘Although many hypotheses have been postulated to explain this phenomenon the exact mechanism behind this has not been explained.‘It is possible that an increase in sun exposure and greater sunlight luminosity increases the body’s store of vitamin D, thereby yielding higher conception rates in summer and autumn.’Vitamin D is produced naturally by the skin when it soaks up the sun’s rays - but experts are worried Britain’s poor weather and modern indoor lifestyles mean we are not getting enough sunlight.Oily fish such as sardines or mackerel, red meat, liver or eggs are all rich in vitamin D.But fewer people are now eating these foods, and one in five people in Britain now have low levels of the vitamin D.The vitamin is particularly important during pregnancy, and is already known to affect the way a baby’s bones grow in the womb.But very few women trying for a baby actually follow NHS advice to take a supplement.Government advisors last year extended the guidelines to suggest that all adults - not just pregnant women - should consider taking vitamin D supplements over the winter, to avoid bone diseases such as rickets.Fellow researcher Dr Justin Chu said women should beware taking very high doses of vitamin D in a bid to conceive - as it is possible to overdose.The NHS recommended d1
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Breaking News  - Anglo Saxon treasure found in Norfolk valued at £145,000
 
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Last year, one lucky student discovered a gold necklace and pendants in an Anglo Saxon grave while out metal-detecting in Winfarthing, Norfolk.Now, Thomas Lucking's discovery has been valued at a staggering £145,000 ($195,000).The incredible discovery is just one of 1,120 treasure finds made by the public in 2016 - the highest figure for 20 years.Thomas Lucking was a 23-year-old history student when he found the items while out metal-detecting in Norfolk. The items, which Norwich Castle Museum wants to acquire and which includes a gold cross pendant, were previously declared treasure but their value has only just come to light.  Much of the gold jewellery was still on the skeleton of the woman, who would have been of extremely high status, buried between around 650 and 675 AD, and one of the earliest Anglo-Saxon converts to Christianity. One of the large pendants, found lower down on the skeleton's chest, was made of gold and inlaid with hundreds of tiny garnets and in itself is valued at £140,000 ($188,000).Mr Lucking was a 23-year-old history student when he found the items while out metal-detecting in Norfolk.The items, which Norwich Castle Museum wants to acquire and which includes a gold cross pendant, were previously declared treasure but their value has only just come to light.Mr Lucking said that any money he receives after the landowner and his metal detecting partner get their share 'will probably end up as a deposit on a house in some way.'It's going to make things a lot easier,' he added.Much of the gold jewellery was still on the skeleton of the woman, who would have been of extremely high status, buried between around 650 and 675 AD, and one of the earliest Anglo-Saxon converts to Christianity.One of the large pendants, found lower down on the skeleton's chest, was made of gold and inlaid with hundreds of tiny garnets and in itself is valued at £140,000 ($188,000).'We could hear this large signal. We knew there was something large but couldn't predict it would be like that,' Mr Lucking said of the discovery.'When it came out the atmosphere changed.'The ex-student is now an archaeologist and still uses a metal detector, mostly at weekends.'I had found the run-of-the-mill stuff, medieval coins a few Roman coins, smaller treasure, but another league really,' he said.Treasures announced on Monday also include a Roman coin hoard found in 2016 in Piddletrenthide, Dorset, by another metal detectorist, Brian Read.The coins - more than 2,000 were found in a pottery vessel - include the earliest products of the newly established Roman mint of London.Another man, Dave Haldenby, discovered two late Bronze Age hoards, which experts believe may have been buried for ritual purposes, near to one another in Driffield, East Yorkshire, dating to around 950-850 BC.One hoard contained 158 axes and ingots and is the largest of its kind discovered in Yorkshire, while the other consisted of 27 axes and ingots.The finds were announced at the launch of the P AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5144445/Anglo-Saxon-treasure-Norfolk-valued-145-000.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Cave drawings from early Stone Age discovered by fishermen in Turkey
 
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Fishermen have discovered previously-unseen cave drawings dating back to the early Stone Age in Turkey's southeastern Adiyaman province. The carvings show hunters chasing prey Mehmet Alkan, director of the site's local Adiyaman Museum, speaks to awaiting media on the incredible paintings which were intricately carved into the rock face. Share this article Share 33 shares Beneath the surface: The area featuring the drawings stretches 8-meters long (26 ft) and 70-centimeters (2ft) wide. This particular find appears to show wild goat hunting. Incredibly, the age-old carvings were not eroded by the dam's presence and - for this reason - they will remain in place, even though the water levels may rise again. Water levels dropped 32 to 49ft before the previously-unseen art became visible and were eventually spotted by unsuspecting fishermen Mehmet Alkan (pictured rear) and local members of the media survey the rock paintings and record footage before water levels threaten to obscure them again  Older than first expected? Experts believe the art could actually pre-date the Stone Age. Incredibly, this means they could be more than 2.6 million years old. Destination point: Adiyaman is one of Turkey's hot tourist spots as it includes Mount Nemrut, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. It is one of the fastest-growing cities in Turkey. WHAT INSPIRED PALEOLITHIC PAINTERS?  AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6268983/Cave-drawings-dating-early-Stone-Age-discovered-fishermen-Turkey.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Royal Navy reveals its second Type 26 warship
 
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AutoNews- The Royal Navy has revealed the name of the second of eight new Type 26 warship – the HMS Belfast.The enormous warship will be used to protect the UK's nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers, and can travel at speeds of up to 26 knots (30mph).Both the HMS Belfast and the HMS Glasgow – which was revealed in July – will enter service in the mid 2020s.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet. The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage. On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour). The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns. Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon made the announcement as he visited Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, where the Navy's last HMS Belfast was built prior to World War Two.The ship will be one of eight new Type 26 frigates joining the Navy's fleet.'I'm hugely proud that the second name announced of our eight cutting-edge new Type 26 frigates will be HMS Belfast,' said Sir Michael.'She and her sister ships will form the backbone of our Navy well into the 2060s, keeping us safe by protecting the country's nuclear deterrent and new aircraft carriers.HMS Belfast is a Type 26 Global Combat Ship - a 21st Century warship that will replace the Type 23 frigate as the workhorse of the Royal Navy's Fleet.The ship will undertake three core roles - warfighting, maritime security and international engagement - on the world stage.On board the HMS Belfast is the 'Sea Ceptor' – a cutting-edge missile capable of intercepting multiple targets out to a range of 15.5 miles (25 kilometres), travelling at speeds of more than 2,000 miles/hour (3,218 kilometres/hour).The warship is also fitted with a small-calibre SA80 gun, as well as a general purpose machine gun and Mk44 miniguns.Unlike the majority of the ship's weapons systems, these guns are not radar and computer controlled, but aimed and fired by the upper deck weapon crews.The original HMS Belfast, which took part in the Arctic campaign and the Normandy landings, is now a floating museum permanently docked in London.It will now be renamed 'HMS Belfast 1938' to avoid confusion.Diane Lees, director general at Imperial War Museums, said: 'IWM is delighted that the name HMS Belfast will return again to the Royal Navy's front line as a major warship.'We welcome the opportunity this will bring for our internationally significant museum to have a close affiliation with the new Belfast, enabling a powerful link between the Royal Navy's past and present.'
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Breaking News  - University College London scientists find possible blindness cure
 
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A revolutionary medical technique that harnesses the power of stem cell therapy has restored the vision of two patients.A man in his 80s and women in her 60s suffered from age-related macular degeneration - the most common form of blindness - and were unable to read even with glasses.However, they regained their vision and could read normally after a team of British doctors inserted a patch of stem cells into their retinas.The groundbreaking trial, conducted at Moorfields Eye Hospital, offers hope of a cure for the condition, which strikes 600,000 adults in the UK and less than two million in the US.It is the first time an engineered piece of tissue has been successfully used to treat people with sudden severe sight loss.Researchers believe it could lead to an 'off-the-shelf' treatment within five years and could become as commonplace as cataract surgery.Scientists at University College London created the procedure with the help of experts at the National Institute for Health Research.How is the procedure carried out?The stem cell procedure, which can take as little as 45 minutes, is carried out under local anaesthetic.It involves taking a single embryonic stem cell and growing it into a 6mm patch of 100,000 retinal pigment cells.That patch is then rolled into a thin tube, which is injected through a tiny slit in the eye.Once unfurled, it is placed behind the retina where scientists claim it replaces the faulty cells.The new findings, which saw the two patients monitored for 12 months, are a major milestone for the London Project to Cure Blindness.The movement was established ten years ago with the aim of curing vision loss in patients with age-related macular degeneration.The study was published in the journal Nature Biotechnology.Professor Lyndon da Cruz, consultant ophthalmologist at Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust said: 'The results suggest that this new therapeutic approach is safe and provides good visual outcomes.'The patients who received the treatment had very severe AMD, and their improved vision will go some way to enhance their quality of life.'We recognise that this is a small group of patients, but we hope that what we have learned from this study will benefit many more in the future.'How was the study carried out?The study investigated whether the diseased cells at the back of the patients' affected eye could be replenished using a stem cell patch.A specially engineered surgical tool was used to insert the patch under the retina in the eye of each patient in an operation lasting one to two hours.The patients - who went from not being able to read at all, even with glasses, to reading 60-80 words per minute with normal reading glasses - were monitored for 12 months and reported improvements to their vision.Professor Pete Coffey from the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology said: 'This study represents real progress in regenerative medicine and opens the door on new treatment options for people with age-related macular degener AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5519093/Could-cure-blindness.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Kanye wants a hydrogen-powered 'iPlane 1' to replace Air Force One
 
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Scroll down for video  Kanye West pitched the iPlane 1 to President Trump during the Oval Office meeting between the two last week. He showed the president images of the plane (pictured) which show a jet with a flat, wide body and a transparent blue roof President Donald Trump (left) meets with rapper Kanye West (right) in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, DC. Kanye used his iPhone X to show the president designs of a futuristic plane (pictured) which, he said, could be powered by hydrogen  Share this article Share Kanye pitched a revolutionary idea to replace the president's plane with an ultra-modern upgrade that would be powered by hydrogen. Kanye presented the idea to Mr Trump but neglected to mention that the designs stemmed from a rather obscure source. It was first conceived in 2012 as part of a masters project  The six-year-old plans, pitched by Kaye has his own idea, were originally concocted by Shabtai Hirshberg during his postgraduate studies at the College for Creative Studies in Detroit Shabtai Hirshberg has since revealed that he was unaware the world-famous musician was using his art. Je said: 'No, it completely caught me by surprise' During the meeting at the Oval Office Kanye revealed that the plane would be worked on by Apple - an American company 'This right here is the iPlane 1. This is what our president should be flying,' Kanye said of his idea The project produced a range of different designs that investigated how air travel might morph and adapt in the coming years and included 'sponsors' such as UPS and Virgin The industrial designer says he is more than happy to collaborate with Kanye West and Apple if they decide to actually take this forward Mr Hirshberg's thesis was tailored around imagining and creating images of what air travel would look like in 2030 The project was more aspirational than realistic, Mr Hirshberg revealed, with the projects likely needing materials and fuels that are yet to be developed. 'He didn't say that it was me… but it's nice to be recognised by the reporters at least,' Mr Hirshberg said AutoNews- Source:https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6277231/Kanye-West-wants-Futuristic-hydrogen-powered-iPlane-1-replace-Air-Force-One.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Philip Nitschke lets public test his 3D-printed euthanasia machine
 
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A controversial 3D-printed death machine designed to send people to the afterlife peacefully will be 'tested' by the public for the first time.The 'Sarco' is the creation of 70-year-old Australian euthanasia advocate Philip Nitschke, also known as 'Dr Death'.When a button is pressed, the Sarco will fill with nitrogen, resulting in the person losing consciousness after one minute and dying after five minutes.It will be unveiled at the Amsterdam Funeral Fair on Saturday, where attendees can get a glimpse into what it will be like to step in the Sarco using a virtual reality headset.However, the plans have already been met with outrage with the machine being described as 'gruesome' and 'glamorising suicide'.The Sarco is a 3D-printable machine that kills people by hypoxia when oxygen levels are scarce.A person who wants to use Nitschke's machine to commit suicide has to do an online test to show that they are sane and want to die of their own will.They then receive a four-digit code that is valid for 24 hours. After entering the code into the machine, a special button can be pressed to begin the process.A funeral fair spokesman said that visitors 'can undergo the entire experience with virtual reality glasses to see if this could be a preferred life ending for them.'Through the virtual glasses, the visitors can choose a view of the Alps or the sea as their last moment.They then press the suicide button, after which the sight with their virtual reality glasses will slowly turn black.Dr Nitschke developed the Sarco with engineer Alexander Bannick in the Netherlands, with the aim of making it available worldwide.Rather than looking for a 'dignified' death, Dr Nitschke says it could a 'euphoric' experience.'What if we dared to imagine that our last day on this planet might also be one of our most exciting?' he wrote in an in-depth feature for Huffington Post.'It can be transported wherever one chooses', Dr Nitschke explains, for example facing the Rockies or looking out over the Pacific Ocean.'As I say in my workshops, 'You're only going to die once, so why not have the best?'', he said.But the introduction of the death machine has been met with heavy criticism from politicians and social workers.A spokesman for Dutch suicide prevention hotline 113 said: 'All of this seems completely unwanted to us.'MP Kees an der Staaij of the Christian-conservative Reformed Political Party (SGP) said: 'It is gruesome.'All of us together try to do everything to prevent suicide and then you find a suicide machine on the funeral fair like it is the most normal case in the world. Suicide is not a promotional offer and aiding with suicide is a criminal offence in the Netherlands.'MP Carla Dik-Faber of the Christian Union: 'I find it bizarre and worrying that companies are promoting machines which lead to death at a fair.'Dr Peter Saunders, campaign director at Care Not Killing Alliance told MailOnline Dr Nitschke's 'shameless promotion of suicide as an answer to life's prob AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5585819/Dr-Death-lets-public-test-controversial-3D-printed-suicide-machine-virtual-reality.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Two-thirds of baby food on the market contains arsenic
 
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Two-thirds of baby food in the United States tested positive for arsenic and other dangerous toxins, a study claims.Also, 80 percent of baby formula analyzed had levels of arsenic in the mixture.The Clean Label Project, a non-profit organization advocating for transparent product labels in Denver, tested more than 500 baby foods sold in United States stores.The researchers found that 65 percent tested positive for arsenic, including products from popular brands such as Gerber, Parent's Choice and Sprout.Arsenic is a metalloid and experts warn it can affect a child's motor skills, cognition and heart as they are growing.The Clean Label Product tested the baby food products on what contained arsenic, lead and other dangerous chemicals.Each product was then ranked from one to five stars based on the toxins and how nutritious the product was for a child.The study showed that not only did more than half the products have arsenic, but also 35 percent tested positive for lead and 58 percent for cadmium.These chemicals can pose potential risks for the infants when consumed such as neurological deficiencies and problems to the immune system.Rice-based products such as puffs are most likely to contain arsenic, according to the study.The US Food and Drug Administration has previously looked into the impact of arsenic on rice in food products such as rice-based baby cereals.In April 2016, the administration proposed a limit of 100 parts per billion of inorganic arsenic in rice cereal for infants.This was proposed to potentially eliminate risk that an infant could consume large amounts of the dangerous metalloid.The European Food and Safety Authority has already enforced limitations of inorganic arsenic in rice, but the US is still in the discussion phase of the possible regulation.The study also found that 60 percent of products that were labeled as 'BPA free' actually tested positive for bisphenol A, an industrial chemical used to make some plastics.This chemical can seep into food and cause an increased risk of a child developing high blood pressure and disrupt the hormones.Experts warn that some products that have this 'BPA free' label could still have traces that have seeped into the food.They recommend for people to pay attention to what products they are buying for their infants to prevent these toxins from being consumed.Daily Mail Online reached out to Gerber, and the company said the study is causing unnecessary alarm and all their food meets US government standards.They said in a statement: 'We regularly test our foods and formulas and work closely with our suppliers and farmers to find ways to do even better.'Daily Mail Online has contacted all the other companies for a comment. AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5017827/Two-thirds-baby-food-market-contains-arsenic.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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Breaking News  - Police can download your phone's data in minutes with NO warrant
 
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The UK police can download your phone data without a warrant in a matter of minutes, a shocking video has revealed.The footage shows how officers can use a machine to extract all kinds of information, including location data, deleted pictures and encrypted messages.Opposition groups have argued that the police should not be able to access this data, which can currently used on suspects, victims and witnesses.They warn there is 'no limit on the volume of data' police can obtain, and it could happen even if charges are never bought.London-based charity Privacy International has highlighted how police access people's passwords, internet searches and emails without prior permission.The technology, which was shown on BBC's Victoria Derbyshire show, is currently used by at least 26 police forces in England and Wales.Using this machine, officers are able to access deleted data, including messages sent to the phone by other people.The decision to download this information is decided on a case-by-case basis, according to the National Police Chiefs Council.However, there was never a public announcement about these police powers.Out of 47 police forces contacted by Privacy International, only eight said they had implemented guidelines on use of the technology.There is 'no limit on the volume of data' police can obtain, Millie Graham-Wood, a solicitor at Privacy International said on the Victoria Derbyshire show.'The most worrying thing is that this can happen on arrest, even when charges are never even bought', she said.However, the police have warned that this was 'just not practical'.'In lots of cases, officers need to be able to access what is on a mobile phone very very quickly and to be able to know whether they can arrest the offender to protect the public and to stop other crimes in action,' said former Greater Manchester Police Chief Constable Sir Peter Fahy.The technology is also currently being trialled in Scotland but is not being used in Northern Ireland.In Derbyshire and Wiltshire, the police can even download a phone's contents without the suspect's knowledge.A Home Office spokesperson told BBC that the police needed 'the appropriate powers to tackle crime'.'Current legislation allows data to be accessed when there are reasonable grounds to believe it contains evidence in relation to an offence and only then in adherence with data protection and human rights obligations', they said.'The government is clear that the use of all police powers must be necessary, proportionate and lawful.' AutoNews- Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5558511/Police-download-phones-data-minutes-NO-warrant.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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