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fox news -  China's reveals new video of hypersonic strike aircraft
 
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fox news - China's reveals new video of hypersonic strike aircraft Chinese state media has revealed the country's first ever images of a model of its hypersonic glide vehicle, a nuclear weapons expert has claimed.The secretive missile delivery craft, known as the DF-ZF, could travel at up to ten times the speed of sound (7,680 mph/12,360 kph) according to some estimates.Its speed will ensure the country's nuclear threat can reliably breach the United States' ballistic missile defence shield, which fires incoming strikes out of the air.The model was briefly shown during a State-run TV special covering the country's JF-12 hypersonic wind tunnel.The innovative setup is the largest of its kind in the world and is capable of testing missiles and aircraft up to 6,900mph (11,100kph).The news follows a US Navy announcement yesterday that it had successfully test fired a hypersonic missile that could hit 'anywhere in the world' within an hour.China's DF-ZF is a hypersonic glide vehicle capable of travelling at up to ten times the speed of sound (7,680 mph/12,360 kph), according to some estimates.The Chinese Ministry of National Defense first revealed it had successfully tested a hypersonic vehicle for 'scientific' purposes in January 2014.Officials have carried out at least five more launches since then, with the most recent coming in April 2016.China has never officially disclosed the purpose of the innovative aircraft, but a range of tactical applications are possible.By definition, hypersonic vehicles can travel five times the speed of sound, and the craft could help China ensure its nuclear weapons can breach US missile defence systems, experts claim.Hypersonic vehicles would travel so rapidly and unpredictably they could provide an almost-immediate threat to nations across the globe.The craft would travel at such speeds that the gap between identifying a threat and launching an attack on it would drop from hours to minutes, even at long distances.The TV clip aired on October 8 via State broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV), and shows an arrowhead-shaped model is shown inside the Beijing-based wind tunnel.Its design looks like official Chinese mock-ups of the DF-ZF, which was codenamed the WU-14 by the Pentagon before its official name was released by Beijing.Chinese officials have confirmed several test flights of hypersonic glide vehicles since 2013, but have kept the details top secret.This is likely the first time China has shown any test models linked to the project.The broadcast also showed a weapon with a shape similar to the last stage of a ballistic missile, and computer generated images of a new triangular-framed glider.Raymond Wang, an expert in stopping the international spread of nuclear weapons, from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, California, was one of the first to spot the DF-ZF model.Writing on Twitter, he noted the programme's narrator didn't specifically refer to hypersonic boost-glide vehicles (HBGVs) or the DF-ZF at any point.'China just showed its hypersoni Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5065527/China-s-reveals-new-video-hypersonic-strike-aircraft.html
Views: 13691 Fox News
fox news -  Rare footage of China's £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel
 
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fox news - Rare footage of China's £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel Chinese scientists have claimed to be able to make more discoveries than their American counterpart in developing supersonic aircraft thanks to better equipment.A secretive £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel, nicknamed 'Hyper Dragon', is helping the experts 'reveal many facts that Americans have not found out', one Chinese researcher said in a propaganda documentary.The programme also revealed that Chinese scientists are developing a commercial plane that could connect Beijing and New York in just two hours.Shrouded in secrecy, the JF12 shockwave hypersonic wind tunnel was completed in May, 2012, but has rarely been captured by media.China Central Television, the state broadcaster, showed a glimpse of the mysterious equipment in a documentary on October 8.Built by Chinese Academy of Science with 46 million Yuan (£5 million), the 2.5-metre-wide (8.2feet), 265-metre-long (869 feet) tunnel is said to be able to blow gusts of wind as fast as 10 times the speed of sound.The temperature of the gusts could reach a staggering 3,000 degrees Celsius.Jiang Zonglin, a researcher from the Chinese Academy of Science, called the 'unprecedented' wind tunnel an incubator of advanced aircraft.Mr Jiang said because planes couldn't fly during a lab experiment, they would need a wind tunnel that could generate gusts as fast as the desired speed of the aircraft to simulate a flying environment.In the case of JF12, it could simulate flying conditions between Mach 5 and Mach 9.Mr Jiang claimed that he and his team carry out one experiment every two days, and each experiment last 100 millisecond, which equals to one-tenth of a second.The researchers pointed out that China is currently developing a supersonic commercial plane that could travel as quickly as five times the speed of sound.This means the aircraft would be able to fly from Beijing to New York in two hours, compared to the current 14 hours.The TV clip apparently also shows an arrowhead-shaped model inside the Beijing-based wind tunnel.Its design looks like official Chinese mock-ups of the DF-ZF, China's 7,680mph hypersonic strike aircraft that could carry nuclear warheads past US missile defenses.Chinese officials have confirmed several test flights of hypersonic glide vehicles since 2013, but have kept the details top secret.This is likely the first time China has shown any test models linked to the project.In addition, The broadcast showed a weapon with a shape similar to the last stage of a ballistic missile, and computer generated images of a new triangular-framed glider.Raymond Wang, an expert in stopping the international spread of nuclear weapons, from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, California, was one of the first to spot the DF-ZF model.Writing on Twitter, he noted the programme's narrator didn't specifically refer to hypersonic boost-glide vehicles (HBGVs) or the DF-ZF at any point.'China just showed its hypersonic-BGV in a vid on 08 Oct.Probably a test design model, bu Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5070261/Rare-footage-China-s-5-million-hypersonic-wind-tunnel.html
Views: 3648 Fox News
fox news -  Louise Arner Boyd spent her fortune exploring the Arctic
 
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fox news - Louise Arner Boyd spent her fortune exploring the Arctic The tale of a 20th century socialite who dedicated her life to exploring the Arctic and became the first woman to fly across the North Pole is being told in a new book.Louise Arner Boyd, born in 1887, inherited her parents' huge fortune in 1920 and spent it on several death-defying explorations of some of the most remote parts of the world, challenging the view of what was required of a young high society debutante.Images from the new biography show her on the deck of one of her ships in 1926, proudly standing next to a polar bear she has shot, and in another she is posing in a jeweled gown as she is being presented to the King of England at Buckingham Palace.Born in San Rafael, California, to a millionaire mining magnate father and a mother from one of New York's most prestigious families, Miss Arner Boyd inherited a staggering family fortune when her parents died in 1919 and 1920 respectively.With it she began to travel extensively, seeing as much of the world as she could until, on a trip to Norway in 1924, she saw something that would shape the course of the rest of her life; The Polar Ice Pack.She dedicated her life to Arctic expeditions, and in 1928, Miss Arner Boyd found herself involved in a search for missing Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.Miss Arner Boyd's explorations from 1931 to 1938 included regions in and around Franz Josef Land, Spitsbergen, Greenland, Jan Mayen Island and eastern Arctic Canada.She made history in June 1955 when she became the first woman in the world to fly over the North Pole and her ship S.S.Veslekari, was the first to sail to the inner ends of Ice Fjord, Greenland She was honored by the United States Government and a number of foreign governments for her geographic studies and explorations.Her life is being re-told by author Joanna Kafarowski, in the new book 'The Polar Adventures of a Rich American Dame: A Life of Louise Arner Boyd'.COOK OR PEARY/HENSON - WHO GOT THERE FIRST? There are two claimants; American Frederic Cook who says he and two Inuit men reached the Geographic North Pole in April 1908, and Robert Edwin Peary, Matthew Henson and four Inuit women who say they arrived in April 6, 1909.Decades before the Americans did/didn't reach the north pole, Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen made a good go of it.During a three-year expedition in 1893–96, his team reached a record northern latitude of 86°14′ - the furthest north anyone had managed to travel at the time.Nansen also famously led the first team to ski across Greenland in 1888 and later in life became  involved in the League of Nations - later replaced by the UN - and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.The Norwegian explorer was the first to reach the South Pole, on 14 December 1911, and after leading a team flying to the North Pole in 1926 he became the first person to reach both poles.In June 1928, Amundsen and five crew disappeared during a flight in the Arctic to rescue missing explorers.The search was called off in September and th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5120983/The-socialite-spent-fortune-exploring-Arctic.html
Views: 114 Fox News
fox news -  500-year-old coin found by an amateur treasure hunter
 
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fox news - 500-year-old coin found by an amateur treasure hunter An amateur metal detector struck gold when she stumbled across a rare 500-year-old coin near one of England's most historic battlefields.The coin, minted during the doomed reign of King Richard III, is one of only a handful still in existence.Experts speculate the gold coin may have been dropped by one of Richard's soldiers fleeing the pivotal Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.Richard III was killed in the battle and his opponent, Henry Tudor, seized the throne to begin the Tudor dynasty.The coin, minted during the doomed reign of King Richard III, is one of only a handful still in existence.Experts speculate the gold coin may have been dropped by one of Richard's soldiers fleeing the pivotal Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.The half angel was a gold coin roughly two centimetres in diameter and weighing just under three grams.It was introduced in 1472 during the reign of King Edward IV.Angels and half angels continually fluctuated in value under the reigns of several kings before they were abolished and replaced by Guineas by King Charles II in 1663.The coin is now set fetch £15,000 ($20,000) at Dix Noonan Webb's auction of coins, historical medals and paper money on 13 December.Michelle Vall, from Blackpool, was detecting close to Bosworth Field when she dug up the old coin called a half angel.It is now set fetch £15,000 ($20,000) at Dix Noonan Webb's auction of coins, historical medals and paper money on 13 December.Ms Vall, 51, made the rare discovery in Monks Kirby, Warwickshire, during a charity detecting rally in  September.The teaching assistant said: 'After detecting for two and a half hours in a farmer's field I got a signal.'The coin was deep down, about 16 inches below the surface, and the soil there is thick clay so it took a bit of digging out.'I spotted this glint of gold in the hole, although I obviously did not know exactly what it was at first.'I put it in the palm of my hand and then I went back to the organiser's tent.One of them identified it and people became very excited.The half angel was a gold coin roughly two centimetres in diameter and weighing just under three grams.It was introduced in 1472 during the reign of King Edward IV.Angels and half angels continually fluctuated in value under the reigns of several kings before they were abolished and replaced by Guineas by King Charles II in 1663.Ms Vall's discovery of the coin minted during Richard III's short two-year reign makes it a rare example and an exciting find for the detector who only took up the hobby two years ago.She said: 'I have decided to sell it because it is too valuable to keep.I did not want to keep it in a cupboard.'I feel very privileged that I have found something so precious and historic.The memory of that day, the excitement not just of myself but also of other detectorists, when I found that beautiful, tiny piece of historic gold will live with me for the rest of my life.'I started detecting because I am a keen antique collector and walker and when I Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5092541/500-year-old-coin-amateur-treasure-hunter.html
Views: 209 Fox News
fox news -  Now Ineos billionaire Jim Ratcliffe buys a safari park
 
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fox news - Now Ineos billionaire Jim Ratcliffe buys a safari park Chemicals billionaire Jim Ratcliffe is splashing out on yet more wild investments.The Ineos founder, 65, has just bought a football team and leather jacket maker – and plans to start making cars.Ratcliffe is also teaming up with a safari company backed by Norway's sovereign wealth fund on a £7.5million safari project in Tanzania.Ratcliffe says the project with Asilia Africa, which includes three luxury lodges, will boost tourism, create jobs and discourage poaching.Ratcliffe, who has travelled widely in the area, said: 'The creation of a sustainable and ecologically friendly safari tourism business will both protect the wildlife and help the people of this amazing region.'It comes as his firm is battling to fix an oil pipe that carries about 40 per cent of North Sea oil and gas to the UK mainland.Oil prices reached two-year highs when the crack in the Forties Pipeline System was discovered last week. Ineos is better known for producing industrial chemicals and oil and wanting to start a fracking revolution in the UK.But earlier this year it announced plans to build a successor to the Land Rover Defender.Then it bought motorbike jacket maker Belstaff and Lausanne Football Club. The safari investment is from Ratcliffe's personal cash rather than the firm's. It is not clear how much he is investing. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5199505/Now-Ineos-billionaire-Jim-Ratcliffe-buys-safari-park.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 261 Fox News
fox news -  IN THE MONEY: Compass chief exec Richard Cousins
 
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fox news - IN THE MONEY: Compass chief exec Richard Cousins Richard Cousins, chief executive of the catering firm which supplies events like the Wimbledon tennis championships, was paid a basic salary of £1.1million, £42,000 in benefits and £372,000 towards his pension.He also received a £1.5million bonus and £2.7million in share awards.The married father of two, who lives in the Chilterns, is leaving in March after 11 years at the helm.During his time at Compass, the firm’s shares have recorded a seven-fold increase. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5191861/IN-MONEY-Compass-chief-exec-Richard-Cousins.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 135 Fox News
fox news -  FDA clears nerve stimulator to aid recovery from opioids
 
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fox news - FDA clears nerve stimulator to aid recovery from opioids US health authorities have cleared a brain-stimulating device for patients suffering from debilitating withdrawal symptoms caused by addiction to heroin and other opioids.The nerve stimulator, known as NSS-2 Bridge, is the first device to treat such symptoms including joint pain, anxiety, stomach aches and insomnia.The announcement on Wednesday by the Food and Drug Administration opens a door for doctors to prescribe the device to patients who fear withdrawal symptoms coming off addictive opioids.It comes amid an epidemic of opioid abuse, which includes both illegal narcotics like heroin and prescription painkillers.Last year, more than 62,000 Americans were killed by opioid overdoses - more than HIV, car crashes and the 19-and-a-half year Vietnam war.Like with any drug addiction, one of the hardest obstacles to quitting is the fear of the debilitating withdrawal symptoms, which can make it difficult to sleep, think clearly, and get on with daily tasks, as well as a myriad of painful side effects.Currently, the standard method to wean people off opioids is methadone, a government-approved replacement drug which can be administered in a clinic.But even transitioning to that can be a shock to the system, driving many back to dangerous drugs.'The technology gives those suffering from opioid addiction an easier transition to all forms of medically-assisted treatment,' said Brian Carrico, president of Indiana-based medical technology firm Innovative Health Solutions, the manufacturer.'The device helps take away the fear of withdrawal and leads to a much higher success rate.' The NSS-2 Bridge is worn behind the ear where several electrodes stimulate nerves in the brain and spinal cord to relieve symptoms.The FDA says a study of more than 70 patients showed a 30 percent decrease in symptoms within 30 minutes of using the device.Nerve stimulators have previously been approved to treat epilepsy and depression.'Our vision is for every person in withdrawal, preparing for withdrawal, or suffering from post-acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS), to have access to this technology,' Carrico said.'Significantly reducing withdrawal symptoms lessens the dependency on opioids, allows for easier transition to Medically Assisted Treatment (MAT) and ultimately works as another tool to combat the opioid epidemic facing our country. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5086251/FDA-clears-nerve-stimulator-aid-recovery-opioids.html
Views: 98 Fox News
fox news -  Hypersonic spaceplane engine set for Colorado tests
 
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fox news - Hypersonic spaceplane engine set for Colorado tests A revolutionary engine that could be used in a spaceplane to take passengers into space in just 15 minutes has taken a major step forward with a new testing facility in Colorado.The site, at Front Range Airport near Watkins, Colorado, will test a key technology in Reaction Engine's hypersonic air-breathing combined cycle Sabre rocket engine.It comes after the firm won a U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) contract to test the engine’s pre-cooler heat exchanger, or HTX.In the UK the is continuing to develop the TF1 engine test facility at Westcott where the first ground-based demonstration of the Sabre rocket engine will take place.The UK site will incorporate a hydrogen/air-breathing pre-burner to condition the air for core evaluation and is adjacent to a test facility where Reaction’s rocket nozzle tests have also been conducted.The test centre will feature an assembly building, workshops, offices and a control room, along with various test engine configurations.The company plans on putting the Sabre engine in a reusable spaceplane called Skylon - a vehicle capable of launching heavy telecommunications satellites.Mark Thomas, CEO at Reaction Engines, said: 'This is another exciting step forward in development of Reaction Engines' Sabre engine and a visible demonstration of the UK's commitment to the programme.'I look forward to seeing this unique facility take shape and commencing our core engine testing, which will be a defining moment for aerospace.'Last year, the European Space Agency (ESA) invested £8.5 million ($11 million) towards the development of the engineFranco Ongaro, Director of Technology, Engineering and Quality, at ESA said: 'The opening of this new test facility at Westcott Today marks an historical moment for the European Aerospace industry and for the UK research and development in rocket propulsion.'This facility will enable the ground test of the Sabre engine cycle, opening the way to the first flight tests, and to a new era.'The European Space Agency is proud of this partnership with industry and the UK Space Agency, to which we bring our technical competence, which has supported the Sabre development to this stage, and we are confident, to its future flight success.'Reaction Engines has now has secured over £50 million ($66 million) in funding from the British government, with more than £42 million ($55 million) from the UK Space Agency, and the ESA contribution acting as the final piece.The revolutionary Sabre engine could allow aircraft to take off from a runway and accelerate to five times the speed of sound, before switching to a rocket mode, propelling it into orbit.This design could also be used to send satellites into space at a fraction of the current cost.Mr Thomas said: 'We are now entering an exciting phase where we can accelerate the pace of development to get Sabre up and running.'At the moment, rockets have to carry liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen to power them and the cost of carrying th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5192463/Hypersonic-spaceplane-engine-set-Colorado-tests.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3187 Fox News
fox news -  Stilt-legged horses roamed North America in the ice age
 
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fox news - Stilt-legged horses roamed North America in the ice age Researchers have discovered a previously unrecognized genus of extinct horses that roamed North America during the last ice age.The study on the thin-limbed, lightly built horses was based on an analysis of ancient DNA from fossils.Before the study, the researchers thought the horse was related to the Asiatic wild ass, or another separate species belonging to the same genus as horsesHowever, the new results reveal that these horses were not closely related to any living population of horses.The study, conducted by an international team of researchers, involved analyzing the DNA from fossils of the 'New World stilt-legged horse.'The fossils were excavated from sites including the Natural Trap Cave in Wyoming, Gypsum Cave in Nevada, and the Klondlike goldfields of Canada's Yukon territory.The stilt-legged horses were though to be a species within the genus Equus, which includes living horses, asses, and zebras.The new study however showed that these extinct horses with narrow hooves, named Haringtonhippus francisci, are not closely related to any horses living today.The researchers say that the extinct North American horse seems to have diverged from the main trunk of the family tree leading to the Equus genus some 4 to 6 million years ago.'The horse family, thanks to its rich and deep fossil record, has been a model system for understanding and teaching evolution,' said first author of the study Peter Heintzman, who led the study as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz.'Now ancient DNA has rewritten the evolutionary history of this iconic group,''The evolutionary distance between the extinct stilt-legged horses and all living horses took us by surprise, but it presented us with an exciting opportunity to name a new genus of horse,' said senior author Beth Shapiro, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at UC Santa Cruz.Coauthor Eric Scott, a paleontologist at California State University San Bernardino, said that morphologically, the fossils of Haringtonhippus are not all that different from those of Equus.'But the DNA tells a fascinatingly different story altogether' he said.'That's what is so impressive about these findings.'It took getting down to the molecular level to discern this new genus.'The findings show that the species was widespread and successful throughout much of North America, living alongside populations of Equus, but not interbreeding with them.In the North of Canada, Haringtonhippus survived until about 17,000 years ago - more than 19,000 years later than previously thought for this region.At the end of the last ice age, both horse groups became extinct in Northern America, along with other large animals like woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.Although the Equus survived in Eurasia after the last ice age which eventually led to domestic horses, the stilt-legged Haringtonhippus was an evolutionary dead end.The research team named the horse after Richard Harrington, emeritus curator of Q Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5125527/Stilt-legged-horses-roamed-North-Americ-ice-age.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 140 Fox News
fox news -  Antibiotics may not be solely to blame for drug-resistance
 
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fox news - Antibiotics may not be solely to blame for drug-resistance The overuse of antibiotics may not be solely to blame for the growing crisis of drug-resistant bugs, researchers claim.Deemed to be one of the biggest threats to humanity, the issue has previously been cited as severe as terrorism and global warming.Antibiotics have been doled out unnecessarily by GPs and hospital staff for decades, fueling once harmless bacteria to become superbugs.However, a new Swiss study suggests bacteria can also become resistant to drugs and become deadly by attacking rival bugs.University of Basel experts found bugs can catch their competitors' drug resistance genes after killing them in the battle for space and resources.What did they find?Certain strains of bacteria inject their rivals with a toxic cocktail of proteins, called effectors, which causes them to die.The findings were made after analysing Acinetobacter baylyi - a relative of the 'Iraq bug' which caused severe wound infections in some American soldiers.Scientists found the predator bug can pick-up released DNA fragments, such as drug resistance genes, from the bacteria that it kills.Professor Marek Basler, lead researcher, said the process 'can also be found in other pathogens such as those which cause pneumonia or cholera'.The new findings, which follow a surge in cases of so-called super gonorrhoea in the summer, were published in the journal Cell Reports.WHO confirmed in July that three people worldwide developed the superbug, which is resistant to all forms of treatment.THE SUPERBUG THAT IS RESISTANT TO ALL A Nevada woman was killed by a superbug that proved resistant to every antibiotic available in the US, a report revealed in January. Doctors tried to cure the 70-year-old patient with 26 antibiotics after she was admitted to an acute care hospital in mid-August 2016. But nothing stood up against the aggressive bacteria. She died two weeks later of septic shock. The unprecedented case was revealed in the Center for Disease Control's Morbidity And Mortality Report. Four other patients were treated in the US for antibiotic resistance in 2016. But this case proved pivotal for the agency. The woman was admitted to a hospital in Reno, Nevada, after an extended trip in India. During her trip, she fractured her right thigh bone. Over the course of a number of hospital visits in India, this developed into an infection of the right hip and thigh bone, leaving her in incredible pain.Doctors also claim medicines including penicillin no longer work on sore throats, skin infections and, more seriously, pneumonia.The World Health Organization has previously warned if nothing is done the world was headed for a 'post-antibiotic' era.It claimed common infections, such as chlamydia, will become killers without immediate answers to the growing crisis.Bacteria can become drug resistant when people take incorrect doses of antibiotics, or they are given out unnecessarily.Chief medical officer Dame Sally Davies claimed last year that the threat of antibiotic resistance is as Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5215443/Antibiotics-not-solely-blame-drug-resistance.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 11 Fox News
fox news -  Artificially cooling Earth could cause 'climate chaos'
 
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fox news - Artificially cooling Earth could cause 'climate chaos' Artificially cooling Earth to counter global warming is a 'risky strategy', new research has shown.Scientists have previously suggested that imitating volcanic eruptions to fire aerosols into the atmosphere would help to cool the planet down.The aerosols, one of many 'geoengineering' techniques proposed as a way to deal with climate change, would cool Earth by block incoming solar radiation.But this could have a devastating effect on global regions prone to violent storms or prolonged dry spells, new research has shown.If aerosols are injected into the northern hemisphere, they could cause severe droughts in Africa, while if they are injected in the southern hemisphere, they could trigger a wave of tropical cyclones in northern regions of the globe.The innovative research centres on the impact solar geoengineering methods that inject aerosols into the atmosphere may have on the frequency of tropical cyclones.The controversial approach, known as stratospheric aerosol injection, is designed to reflect some sunlight before it reaches Earth's surface.The proposals mimic the aftermath of volcanic eruptions, when aerosols are naturally injected into the atmosphere.They find injections of aerosols in the northern hemisphere would decrease North Atlantic tropical cyclone frequency, while injections contained to the southern hemisphere may potentially enhance it.Crucially, the team warn that while tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic could be suppressed by northern hemisphere injections, this would, at the same time, induce droughts in the Sahel.In response, the researchers, from the University of Exeter, have called on policymakers worldwide to strictly regulate any large-scale geoengineering programmes in the future.They say this will prevent officials accidentally inducing natural disasters in different parts of the world.Dr Anthony Jones, a climate science expert from the University of Exeter and lead author on the paper said: 'Our results confirm that regional solar geoengineering is a highly risky strategy which could simultaneously benefit one region to the detriment of another.'It is vital that policymakers take solar geoengineering seriously and act swiftly to install effective regulation.' The innovative research centres on the impact solar geoengineering methods that inject aerosols into the atmosphere may have on the frequency of tropical cyclones.The controversial approach, known as stratospheric aerosol injection, is designed to reflect some sunlight before it reaches Earth's surface.The proposals mimic the aftermath of volcanic eruptions, when aerosols are naturally injected into the atmosphere.In the study, the researchers use sophisticated simulations with a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean model to investigate the effect of hemispheric stratospheric aerosol injection on North Atlantic tropical cyclone frequency.The study suggests injections of aerosols in the northern hemisphere would reduce tropical cyclone activity responsible Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5077949/Artificially-cooling-Earth-risky-strategy.html
Views: 29 Fox News
fox news -  The best sex positions to increase chances of pregnancy
 
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fox news - The best sex positions to increase chances of pregnancy If you're trying to get pregnant you'll be keen to know how you can boost your chances.There's always been various theories floating around about which position is best for conception – but are they just old wives' tales?BabyCentre has looked into what experts have recommended based on scientific journal studies.Researchers used scanners to show what is going on in two positions: missionary and doggy style.Common sense already tells us that your chances of conception are maximised by deeper penetration, as it allows the sperm to get into the cervix.The scans confirm that the tip of the penis reaches the cervix in both of these positions – and doggy is the deepest.A team from CMC Beau Soleil in France took MRIs of couples in the missionary position, which confirmed it allows the penis to reach the area at the front of the cervix.They also found that the rear entry position reaches the area at the back of the cervix.Experts at Birmingham University found women undergoing fertility treatment were 33 per cent more likely to have a baby if their vitamin D levels were healthy. They said the findings may explain why people tend to find it easier to conceive in the summer, when vitamin D levels are boosted by the sun’s rays. The NHS already recommends women who are pregnant or trying to conceive take daily vitamin D supplements for the sake of the development of their baby. But the new findings, published in the Human Reproduction journal, suggests it also might help them conceive in the first place.However, Dr James Goldfarb, director of the infertility service at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio, said women shouldn't worry too much about positions.'Very rarely, a woman's cervix is in an unusual position where certain positions can make a difference,' he told WebMD.However, certain gravity-defying positions, such as sitting or standing during intercourse, may discourage sperm from travelling upstream.'It's a matter of gravity and you don't want all the semen to run out – and semen are quick little critters,' he said.Some insist that a woman holding their legs up in the air after sex will boost their chances of conceiving.Dr Goldfarb says this is not necessary – but he does recommend not jumping up out of bed straight away.'It's good advice to lay in bed for 10 to 15 minutes after intercourse, but you don't need your feet in the air,' he said.'Your pelvis does not move when you put your legs in the air.'He also advises women not to go the bathroom during this time either.'If you wait 10 to 15 minutes, the sperm that is going to get into the cervix will be in the cervix.' Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5136685/The-best-sex-positions-increase-chances-pregnancy.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 363 Fox News
fox news -  Climate skeptics under fire for new paper
 
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fox news - Climate skeptics under fire for new paper A team of researchers known for publishing controversial findings that challenge the idea of human influence on climate change has now released a study that suggests there has been no acceleration in warming over the last two decades.But, as other scientists have noted, there is mounting evidence that shows otherwise.Using satellite data on the global mean temperatures in the troposphere from January 1979-June 2017, the new study argues that the warming trend has remained at nearly a steady rate since it was previously estimated, in 1994.The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has four main goals with regards to reducing emissions: 1)  A long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels 2) To aim to limit the increase to 1.5°C, since this would significantly reduce risks and the impacts of climate change 3) Goverments agreed on the need for global emissions to peak as soon as possible, recognising that this will take longer for developing countries 4) To undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with the best available scienceIn the controversial new study supported by the Department of Energy, the researchers examined raw satellite measurements of the lowest layer of Earth’s atmosphere, and removed natural factors including volcanic activity and ENSOs (El Nino and La Nina activity).This, they argue, allows the ‘potentially human-forced trend’ to be assessed.The analysis revealed a ‘mismatch’ between the observations and the climate model; according to the researchers, the warming trend in the troposphere from 1979-2017 sits at about 0.096 C (about 0.17° Fahrenheit) per decade.The number is far below the widely accepted estimates, and is ‘unexpectedly close’ to the 0.09 C warming trend found by lead author Dr John Christy in 1994, the researchers said.Christy, a professor at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, claims the findings further support his conclusion from 23 years ago, in which he stated the current climate models ‘had the atmosphere’s sensitivity to CO2 much too high.’In the past, however, scientists have slammed Christy’s research for containing numerous flaws and biases; the researcher has even claimed that the atmosphere is cooling.In an article for The Guardian earlier this year, thermal sciences and climate expert Dr John Abraham pointed out that the researcher has had to make numerous changes to his studies after other experts noted major errors.This time around, Abraham told Dailymail.com that the team is only accounting for one component of Earth’s climate while neglecting other important factors, including the oceans, ice melt data, and temperatures at the ground level.And, Abraham says they’ve manipulated the raw measurements to decrease warming by about 38 percent.‘Once again, John Christy is trying to downplay the threat of climate change by suggesting climate projections are too dire,’ Abraham told Dailymail.com in an email.‘He has published a pa Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5133897/Climate-skeptics-fire-new-paper.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 15 Fox News
fox news -  Triple review of Audi Q2, Ford Kuga and Seat Ateca?
 
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fox news - Triple review of Audi Q2, Ford Kuga and Seat Ateca? For some, maximising the ‘sport’ bit of the SUV is all. They’re drawn to such cars because they’re practical, spacious and good over all terrains, but adding in a big set of alloys and hip-hugging seats is also deemed an essential.That’s why Seat has now launched a suitably racy FR version of its Ateca five-seater, a car that doesn’t only look sharper, but has more responsive steering to give it a crisper feel on the road.To find out how it fares, we’ve tested it against two similarly sharpened rivals, the Audi Q2 and Ford Kuga.All three have mainstream turbo petrol engines, so don’t expect hot hatch performance.Even so, the Audi isn’t bad, with an 8.0 second 0-to-60mph time, one closely matched by the Seat. They share the same engine and both offer smooth acceleration if you don’t let the revs drop too low.They contrast with the Ford, whose same-power and slightly larger engine is nevertheless more lethargic. It doesn’t feel all that sporty – and its tall body also leans the most in corners.The Ford instead rides the best of the trio at slower speeds, showing where its emphasis lies.The Seat underlines its eagerness through the corners, with excellent steering and a real feeling of confidence.Saying that, the Q2 is actually the most agile, helped by the fact it’s the most hatch-like of the trio here, sitting just a few centimetres above the Audi A3 it’s based upon. It is, however, the only car here with a ride that at times borders on uncomfortable.Inside, none of them are particularly sporty-feeling, even the FR-branded Seat and S Line-designation Q2.The Audi has the best interior quality, but its margin of superiority isn’t enormous, while the Kuga is a real let-down, feeling like a car half the price.You sit lowest in the Q2, but all three models have good driving positions. We though the Seat’s seats were the most supportive, and the Kuga’s were the spongiest and least sporting.In the rear, the Q2 is perhaps unsurprisingly the tightest – you can get tall adults in there, but only just.The Ateca is much more spacious, beating even the Kuga here; the advantage in rear kneeroom is pronounced, although the Ford is the only one with rear seats that recline by a few degrees, making it comfier for snoozing passengers. No car has sliding rear seats.As for boot space, It’s the Seat again that leads the way, with the Q2 predictably lagging.It’s all shaping up nicely for the Seat, particularly when you clock the fact list prices are generally around £2,000 less than the others. That’s before discounts, though: just a little shopping around on the Ford will soon get you some eye-opening savings.You’ll have no trouble halving the Ateca’s advantage – needless to say, it’s almost impossible to get a discount on the Audi.The Q2 is also still worth the most after three years, although it’s the Seat that has the lowest rate of depreciation. This makes it the cheapest model overall to own; the Kuga costs significantly more than the others because its engine is Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/cars/article-5205447/Triple-review-Audi-Q2-Ford-Kuga-Seat-Ateca.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 18 Fox News
fox news -  Has YOUR computer been 'cryptojacked'? Here's how to tell
 
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fox news - Has YOUR computer been 'cryptojacked'? Here's how to tell Nothing comes for free, especially online. Websites and apps that don't charge you for their services are often collecting your data or bombarding you with advertising.Now some sites have found a new way to make money from you: using your computer to generate virtual currencies.Several video streaming sites and the popular file sharing network The Pirate Bay have allegedly been 'cryptojacking' their users' computers in this way, as has the free wifi provider in a Starbucks cafe in Argentina.Users may object to this, especially if it slows down their computers.But given how hard it is for most companies to make money from online advertising, it might be something we have to get used to – unless we want to start paying more for things.Units of cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin aren't created by a central bank like regular money but are generated or 'mined' by computers solving complex equations. Cryptojacking involves using someone's computer without their knowledge, perhaps for just seconds at a time, to mine a cryptocurrency.In the case of bitcoin, mining requires specialised hardware and consumes masses of energy. For example, each bitcoin transaction takes enough energy to boil around 36,000 kettles filled with water. In a year, the whole bitcoin mining network consumes more energy than Ireland.But bitcoin is not the only show in town and there are many competing cryptocurrences.One of the most successful is Monero, which builds a degree of privacy into transactions (something bitcoin doesn't do). Currently it requires no specialised hardware for mining, so anyone with computing power to spare can mine it.Mining usually takes the form of a competition.Whichever computer solves the equation the fastest is rewarded with the money.With Moreno and other similar cryptocurrencies, a pool of computers can work together and share the reward if they win the competition.This allows individual computers to work on a just small part of the mining task.The larger the pool, the more chance there is of winning the reward.When a computer is cryptojacked, it is added to a pool for to work on the task.This is often done using a commercially available piece of software, such as Coinhive, which can written into what looks like an ad using the common website language JavaScript.As the ad runs in the background, the computer is added to a pool.This means the website or internet provider doing the cryptojacking can mine cryptocurrency with little cost to themselves.One estimate is that 220 of the top 1,000 websites in the world are conducting cryptojacking, making a total of US$43,000 over a three week period.This might not be very much but file-sharing sites in particular have been searching for new businesses models in order to support their operations and cryptojacking could grow into a new income source.The problem for the computer's owner is that this takes up processor power, making other operations take much longer.Pirate Bay users have complained that their pr Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5199273/Has-computer-cryptojacked-Heres-tell.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 21 Fox News
fox news -  Archaeologists find an Iron Age structure in the Highlands
 
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fox news - Archaeologists find an Iron Age structure in the Highlands Archaeologists in the Highlands have unearthed a possible Iron Age structure, tool and pottery pieces during roadworks this week.The discoveries were made on the Crubenmore to Kincraig stretch of the A9, which is to be made into a dual-carriageway.The experts have also found pottery fragments, part of a plough and a previously-unknown structure close to a prehistoric underground structure called Raitt's Cave, near Kingussie.WHAT DID THEY FIND?  Traces of a previously-unknown structure were identified together with a scattering of pottery fragments and a possible stone Ard point - a stone worked into a point for use as part of a plough.  The pottery was identified by Iron Age expert Martin Carruthers as a possible collection of early fragments from the period. These findings led the archaeologists to believe the structure may be associated with the Raitt's Cave souterrain. This underground structure is a scheduled monument and is very large compared with most similar pieces in the north of Scotland. Souterrains remain a point of contention, as their use is still debated by archaeologists across the UK. It is believed they may have been used for storage, defence or some unidentified ritual, but commonly they are associated with settlement in the Bronze and Iron Ages.Cabinet Secretary for Economy, Jobs and Fair Work Keith Brown said: 'Our work to dual the A9 will bring undoubted improvements for road users including improved journey times and significantly improving road safety.'At the same time, the ongoing design work has opened a window into Scotland's past.'We have already been able to shed more light on the Battle of Killiecrankie and now these latest finds on another stretch of the route offer evidence for experts on how our prehistoric descendants lived in the Iron Age.'As with all major infrastructure projects, Transport Scotland appointed a team of experts to check for previously-hidden ancient structures and other significant finds.Orkney Research Centre for Archaeology (Orca) took up the task and opened a number of trenches to investigate anomalies identified in a survey.Traces of a previously-unknown structure were identified together with a scattering of pottery fragments and a possible stone Ard point - a stone worked into a point for use as part of a plough.Peter Higgins, senior project manager for Orca, said: 'We are tremendously excited by these finds in this archaeologically-significant location.'We are also pleased that we can work with Transport Scotland to make sure that these finds are recorded correctly without impeding the roadworks so vital to this Scotland's economic development.'The pottery was identified by Iron Age expert Martin Carruthers as a possible collection of early fragments from the period.These findings led the archaeologists to believe the structure may be associated with the Raitt's Cave souterrain.This underground structure is a scheduled monument and is very large compared with most similar pieces in the no Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5146825/Archaeologists-Iron-Age-structure-Highlands.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 5 Fox News
fox news -  SVAutobiography: The most luxurious Range Rover yet
 
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fox news - SVAutobiography: The most luxurious Range Rover yet The most expensive and luxurious Range Rover to hit the road has been unveiled today ahead of the Los Angeles Motor Show, offering the wealthy first-class travel from Hollywood to Harrods.Priced at up to £177,000 for the 5.0-litre supercharged V8 model, the new long-wheelbase Range Rover SVAutobiography is aimed at the well-heeled stars or business leaders on the move, who are more likely to be chauffeured than drive themselves whether for work, rest or play.How different is it from the 1969 Range Rover original? Watch the video below to see how the luxurious SUV has evolved in the last five decades.The price-tag is more than double the cost of the new standard Range Rover, launched in October, which costs from £79,595 for the 3.0-Litre TDV6 diesel.For the environmentally-conscious, there’s even a new plug-in hybrid electric-petrol version with an electric-only range of up to 31 miles.Built and hand-finished by Jaguar Land Rover’s bespoke Special Vehicle Operations division on the outskirts of Coventry and aimed at upmarket rivals like Mercedes-Benz and Bentley, the new limousine-style 4X4 promises heightened levels of luxury and comfort from reclining airline-style seats, longer legroom, a sumptuously redesigned cabin, power-closing doors and a unique timepiece by watchmakers Zenith.Allowing passengers to stretch out in comfort, the 'Executive Class' rear seats combined with the long-wheelbase body offers more than 1.2-metres of rear leg-room.That is enhanced by a powered 40-degree recline, a hot stone massage function, heated calf and foot rests, and cossetting deep seat foams with new comfort interlayers.And don’t worry about an in-flight movie - integrated 10-inch touchscreen rear entertainment screens allow passengers to use the 4G WiFi connectivity to work or relax in comfort.Twin high-definition touchscreen controls mean information can be swiped from one screen to the other, providing access to functions that provide what it calls a ‘digital butler’ fit for the 21st Century.If you’re entertaining en route, or just relaxing with a tincture after a busy day, a concealed refrigerator between the twin rear seats can hold two wine or champagne bottles or four 600-milliliter-sized bottles.Rear tables fold down electrically and the right-hand rear seat folds to accommodate long items.The fixed centre console extends the full length of the cabin and features controls for heating and cooling for everyone to tinker with.And passengers don't even have to close their own doors - or get their chauffeur to - thanks to a pair of conveniently located buttons on the rear console that automatically swing them shut.Customers can also specify for the first time a special powered and veneered loadspace floor to make loading and unloading luggage easier.An exclusive new Zenith clock features on the rear centre console is inspired by the Elite 6150 watch and is specially designed to complement the finish on the start/stop button, gear selector and pedals.Three Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/cars/article-5124189/Step-inside-expensive-luxurious-Range-Rover.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 6 Fox News
fox news -  ASK THE DOCTOR: Can a tooth infection spread to the heart?
 
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fox news - ASK THE DOCTOR: Can a tooth infection spread to the heart? Recently I met two people with the same heart condition caused by getting an infection via their teeth. One needed open heart surgery and the other antibiotics — both nearly died. Is this common and, if so, how does it occur?The condition you’ve described is infective endocarditis and while it’s not particularly common — it affects about ten in every 100,000 people a year — it’s nonetheless worth discussing because it can potentially affect a wide range of people.It occurs when bacteria travelling in the bloodstream attach to the endocardium, the lining of the heart. The infection usually involves one or more of the heart valves, too.Most people who develop infective endocarditis have a pre-existing abnormality in the heart that gives the bacteria the opportunity to lodge there.These abnormalities include conditions such as rheumatic heart disease, in which the structure of one or more of the valves has been damaged, or mitral valve leaflet prolapse, where one flap of the mitral valve — the main valve between the two left-hand chambers of the heart — prolapse over the other.When a valve is abnormal this alters the blood flow over its surface, which in turn affects the immune response in the area.The endothelium, the lining of the blood vessels and entire cardiovascular system, is avascular, meaning that it does not have its own inner blood supply — a bit like the lens in the eye. (Technically, the endocardium is the name given to the endothelium inside the heart.)As a result, the endothelium is prone to build-ups of ‘vegetations’, which effectively become a seedbed for passing bacteria.In fact, it’s normal to have bacteria in the bloodstream — even cleaning your teeth launches organisms into the blood. But they are soon cleared by normal immune mechanisms.However, if you have an abnormal heart valve, this gives bacteria the opportunity to take root and cause an infection.The flaps in the heart valves seem to be particularly prone to this. Various factors increase the risk of endocarditis in these patients, such as having catheters in your veins (as when undergoing chemotherapy), a suppressed immune system, and, most relevant to your letter, dental procedures or dental infections.But endocarditis is not confined to patients with cardiac abnormalities. Other risk factors are age (being over 60), being male (we don’t know why) and poor oral hygiene.An endocarditis infection can appear as an acute illness with fever, chills and loss of appetite, or more slowly, causing fatigue, headache, sweats, aches and pains, and weight loss.Once the infection is established on the heart valves, bacteria may then be pumped around the body in the form of infective particles.For example, one of the things we look for are ‘splinter haemorrhages’ — tiny black splinter-like marks under the fingernails, each of which represents an infective particle from the heart getting trapped in the capillaries of the nailbed. If these particles reach the brain, abscesses may form, Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5122947/ASK-DOCTOR-tooth-infection-spread-heart.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 18 Fox News
fox news -  US Military backs project to create unhackable computer
 
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fox news - US Military backs project to create unhackable computer DARPA is developing a computer equipped with new security features that could make it completely 'unhackable.'DARPA said it will spend $3.6 million on the project, known as Morpheus, that will transform computer circuits into 'unsolvable puzzles.'The US military unit has set aside $50 million total for the Morpheus program.The Morpheus system differs from traditional security methods, which rely on issuing software patches for vulnerabilities that have already been identified.Instead, Morpheus operates in a way where information is 'rapidly and randomly moved and destroyed,' making it harder for attackers to seize critical data, while protecting hardware and software.Researchers at the University of Michigan are developing the Morpheus security system, which they say functions somewhat like a Rubik's cube.'We are making the computer an unsolvable puzzle,' said Todd Austin, a professor of computer science at the University of Michigan.'It's like if you're solving a Rubik's Cube and every time you blink, I rearrange it.'The hope is that Morpheus can help prevent the kinds of dreaded, zero day exploits that have become so prevalent in 2017.To be sure, it was a banner year for hacks in 2017.There was the massive WannaCry attacks in May that reached more than 230,000 computers, the Equifax breach in July that compromised 145 million people's data and the Yahoo hack, announced in October, that affected 3 billion accounts - just to name a few.Austin, the Michigan professor, said that typically, the location of data never changes, so all hackers have to do is find the data, steal it and then it's 'game over.'Most vulnerabilities develop as a result of 'software doors' that hackers are able to locate.According to DARPA, the most common vulnerabilities include permissions and privileges, buffer errors, resource management, information leakage, numeric errors, crypto errors, and code injection.With Morpheus, the location of the vulnerability and the location of the passwords would change.'I've never known any security system that could be future proof,' Austin added.DARPA hopes to eliminate many of the most common software vulnerabilities within five years.In May 2017, a massive ransomware virus attack spread to the computer systems of hundreds of private companies and public organisations across the globe. The software locked computers and asked for a digital ransom before control is safely returned. In just a few hours, the malware had already infected victims in at least 74 countries, including Russia, Turkey, Germany, Vietnam, and the Philippines - and was estimated to be spreading at a rate of five million emails per hour. Hospitals and doctors' surgeries in England were forced to turn away patients and cancel appointments after the attack crippled the NHS.  The virus encrypts certain files on the computer and then blackmails the user for money in exchange for the access to the files. It leaves the user with only two files: Instructions on what to do n Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5200101/US-Military-backs-project-create-unhackable-computer.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 9 Fox News
fox news -  Scientists discover mysterious marine worm without an anus
 
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fox news - Scientists discover mysterious marine worm without an anus Researchers in Japan have discovered a bizarre new species of worm that could shed light on the origin of complex structures inside animals’ bodies.The strange pale-orange creature dwells on the floor of the western Pacific Ocean, and lacks a number of features – including an anus.Scientists say the species comes from a group of worms that holds a ‘controversial’ place in the tree of life, as a sister group of that which contains most complex animals.These creatures dwell hundreds or thousands of meters beneath the surface, making them difficult to study. But, the researchers say the latest discovery could now offer a solution. Xenoturbella japonica was found in the western Pacific, in a region easily accessible from marine stations. It lacks a centralized nervous system, kidneys, and an anus. Of the two found in the new study, a female was measured to be about 5cm long, while the juvenile is said to be just 1 cm. Researchers say the worm could shed light on the origin of features seen in complex animals.The new species found on the western Pacific seafloor lacks a centralized nervous system, kidneys, and an anus.It’s called Xenoturbella japonica, adding to other marine worms in the genus Xenoturbella.In a new study, the team described two specimens of the bizarre worm: a 5-centimeter-long female, and a 1-cm juvenile.While they don’t have an anus, these creatures do have a mouth, implying that the digestive organ is ‘a sack rather than a tube,’ according to the researchers.The team conducted microCT scans to reveal the inner workings of the worm, and its ‘frontal pore,’ which traditional methods are unable to capture.‘We also extracted DNA and sequenced the mitochondrial genome and partial Histone H3 gene sequences,’ said co-author Hideyuki Miyazawa.‘Molecular phylogenetic analysis confirmed that X. japonica is distinct from previously described species of Xenoturbella.’According to the researchers, the new species may have links to the origins of the group Bilateria – which includes most complex animals.‘Species within this genus have previously been divided into ‘shallow’ and ‘deep’ subgroups, and our results place X. japonica in the ‘shallow’ subgroup,’ said lead author Hiroaki Nakano.‘Interestinyl, X. japonica shares features with both subgroups, however.‘Thus, features of this species may be ancestral for this genus, and this new species may be particularly important for unravelling the ancestry of Xenoturbella and the early history of the Bilateria.’These creatures dwell hundreds or thousands of meters beneath the surface, making them difficult to study.But, the researchers say the latest discovery could now offer a solution.According to co-author Hisanori Kohtsuka, ‘because one habitat where X. japonica was found is easily accessible from a marine station, this new species promises to be valuable for future research on bilaterian and deuterostome evolution.’ Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5192537/Scientists-discover-mysterious-marine-worm-without-anus.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 349 Fox News
fox news -  'Sonic attacks' in Havana may have been crickets chirping
 
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fox news - 'Sonic attacks' in Havana may have been crickets chirping In August, American and Canadian diplomats working in Havana reported hearing sounds that were believed to be a mysterious sonic weapon.Doctors termed the sounds 'directional acoustic phenomena', and even noticed brain changes in those hearing it.But Cuban scientists insist that a sonic weapon was not to blame.Instead, they suggest that the sound was produced by the stress of listening to 'noisy crickets' in Havana.A report issued by a board of Cuban scientists suggests that crickets are the unlikely culprits of the brain-changing sounds.While US officials did not provide sound recordings to the scientists, Carlos Barcelo Perez, an environmental physicist at the National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, recorded evening sounds around the residences, according to Science.The recordings revealed that the biggest noisemakers were insects.In particular, he found that the Jamaican field cricket chirps at a frequency matching the sound on the recordings, which topped out at 74.6 decibels.It follows news yesterday that medical experts have discovered changes in the brains of US and Canadian diplomats, which fuelled growing scepticism that some kind of sonic weapon was involved.Medical testing revealed the embassy workers developed changes to the white matter tracts.These regions act like information highways between brain cells letting different parts of the brain communicate.Speaking to DailyMail.com, Dr Joel Moskowitz, a community health professor at the University of California, Berkeley, said: 'This makes me think the victims may have developed electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) from exposure to electromagnetic fields in the embassy.'This happened during the Cold War to personnel stationed in the US embassy in Moscow when the Soviets were bombarding the embassy with microwaves to monitor oral communications in the ambassador's office.'Loud, mysterious sounds followed by hearing loss and ear-ringing had led investigators to suspect 'sonic attacks.'But the new report suggests that the 'sonic attacks' were really just crickets.Doctors still don't know how victims ended up with the white matter changes, nor how exactly those changes might relate to their symptoms.The Cuban scientists also evaluated other possible causes of the brain changes, such as permethrin - an aerial fumigant used to kill mosquitoes that is known to cause nausea, headaches and shortness of breath.But the Cuban team found no evidence of excessive use of the fumigant.Antonio Paz Cordovéz, president of the Cuban Society of Otorhinolaryngology, said: 'We have devoted months to this work, but we have not found any evidence that could substantiate [the US] claims.'The FBI is now planning its own investigation, to confirm whether or not crickets were causing the sounds. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5155101/Sonic-attacks-Havana-CRICKETS-chirping.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 21 Fox News
fox news -  Materialistic people use Facebook more frequently
 
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fox news - Materialistic people use Facebook more frequently For people who are materialistic, Facebook acts much like a tool to help them achieve their goals – but, this often means comparing themselves with others, and treating friends as 'digital objects.' This is according to a new study, which surveyed hundreds of Facebook users on their social media activity, tendency toward materialism, and the objectification and instrumentalization of Facebook friends.The researchers found that materialistic people use Facebook far more frequently than others, and with greater intensity, as a way to achieve goals and feel good about themselves.HOW MATERIALISTIC ARE YOU?  Materialistic people tend to have more friends, compare their lives to others, use their friends as 'digital objects,' the researchers found.Participants were asked to rate their agreement to the following statements 'I often compare how I am doing socially' – to assess social comparison orientation 'My life would be better if I owned certain things I don't have' – to assess materialism 'Having many Facebook friends contributes more success in my personal and professional life' – to assess objectification of Facebook friends 'To what extent do you think Facebook friends are useful in order to attain your goals?' – to assess instrumentalization of Facebook friends 'Materialistic people use Facebook more frequently because they tend to objectify their Facebook friends – they acquire Facebook friends to increase their possession,' said lead author Phillip Ozimek, from the Ruhr-University in Bochum, Germany.'Facebook provides the perfect platform for social comparisons, with millions of profiles and information about people.'And it's free – materialists love tools that do not cost money!' In the study, the team conducted an online survey of 242 Facebook users, asking participants to rate their agreements with statements such as 'I'm posting photographs' and 'I often compare how I am doing socially,' to 'To what extent do you think Facebook friends are useful in order to attain your goals?' They then conducted another survey with a different sample, this time of 289 Facebook users.The second group contained fewer students than the first, and more males.Responses from both samples suggested materialists were more likely to compare their own lives with others'.They also had more Facebook friends, and often objectified and instrumentalized their Facebook friends.The findings, the researchers say, highlight how social media platforms can be used in vastly different ways depending on the user.For the most part, they say people likely use sites like Facebook to feel good and help reach their goals.But, some could use them with more malicious intentions.'Social media platforms are not that different from other activities in life – they are functional tools for people who want to attain goals in life, and some might have negative consequences for them or society,' Ozimek said.'We found that materialists instrumentalize their friends, but they also attain th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5102057/Do-Facebook-habits-mean-materialistic.html
Views: 5 Fox News
fox news -  AI nano-machines may be injected into brains in 20 years
 
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fox news - AI nano-machines may be injected into brains in 20 years AI nano-machines injected into our brains and other parts of our bodies could a new generation of cyborgs within 20 years.That's according to a senior inventor at IBM's Hursley Innovation Centre who claims, in two decades, humans will have superhuman strength and be able to control gadgets using the power of thought.Speaking to the House of Lords Artificial Intelligence Committee, John McNamara, said the technology create a new generation of humans that are 'melded' to machines, AI nano-machines could bring huge medical benefits such as repairing damage to cells, muscles and bones.This could mean we can embed ourselves into our surroundings and 'control our environment with thought and gesture alone'.'Political Avatars' could search through vast quantities of governmental data and tell people how they should vote.John McNamara from IBM Hursley Innovation Centre claimed the creation of technology that allows our bodies to join with machines will mean we can 'enhance human cognitive capability directly, potentially offering greatly improved mental, as well as being able to utilise vast quantities of computing power to augment our own thought processes'.'The immediate concern is that by ceding decisions or control to machines, the humans start accepting their decisions as correct or better than their own and stop paying attention,' said Noel Sharkey, Emeritus Professor of AI and Robotics, University of Sheffield.Dr Jochen Leidner, Director of Research at Thomson Reuters also said older people or those with regional accents could struggle to use voice recognition systems.McNamara said the next few decades would see huge leaps forward in what the human consciousness is able to do.'We may see AI nano-machines being injected into our bodies,' he told peers,according to the Telegraph.'These will provide huge medical benefits, such as being able to repair damage to cells, muscles and bones – perhaps even augment them.' This will mean we can embed ourselves into our surroundings and 'control our environment with thought and gesture alone'.He predicted 'Political Avatars' will search through vast quantities of governmental data and tell people how they should vote.He claimed the creation of technology that allows our bodies to join with machines will also mean we could 'enhance human cognitive capability directly, potentially offering greatly improved mental, as well as being able to utilise vast quantities of computing power to augment our own thought processes'.However, he warned that these nan-machines might only be available to wealthier people.This would mean they would be disproportionately stronger, have better cognitive ability, health and lifespan.Noel Sharkey, Emeritus Professor of AI and Robotics, University of Sheffield also provided evidence to the committee.He raised concerns about biases being embedded in machine learning.'The immediate concern is that by ceding decisions or control to machines, the humans start accepting their decisions as Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4984236/AI-nano-machines-injected-brains-20-years.html
Views: 6 Fox News
fox news -  Bletchley Park recruiters share puzzles they used as tests
 
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fox news - Bletchley Park recruiters share puzzles they used as tests They were the clever young men and women credited with cutting WWII short by two years - but could you give the brains who worked at Bletchley Park a run for their money? When scouring the land for the government's secret Code and Cypher School, which obtained signals intelligence by breaking high-level encrypted enemy communications, the Bletchley Park recruiters left no stone unturned in the search for Britain's brightest and best.To assess potential individuals they devised various mind-twisters - hidden codes, cryptic crosswords, secret languages and complex riddles.Now, some of the tests faced by would-be codebreakers are revealed in a fascinating book by Sinclair McKay.If you want to discover whether you too could have won yourself a spot in the history books - or outsmarted Alan Turin - try your hand at these puzzles.During the Second World War, Britain’s fate depended on codebreakers and now the people responsible for recruiting them have shared puzzles that would have been used in their assessment process HOW BLETCHLEY PARK CUT THE WAR SHORT BY TWO YEARS The importance of the code-breaking operations at Bletchley Park cannot be underestimated.They produced vital intelligence that played a huge part in swinging the war in the Allies’ favour.As Winston Churchill said at the time, the Bletchley staff were ‘the geese that laid the golden eggs and never cackled’.When scouring the land for the government's secret Code and Cypher School, which obtained signals intelligence by breaking high-level encrypted enemy communications, the Bletchley Park recruiters left no stone unturned Intelligence from Bletchley played a vital part in the defeat of the U-boats in the six-year Battle of the Atlantic, British naval triumphs in the Battle of Cape Matapan in 1941 and the Battle of North Cape off the coast of Norway in 1943.By 1944 British and American commanders knew the location of 58 out of 60 German divisions across the Western Front.In addition, a great deal of information was decrypted about General Erwin Rommel’s Nazi forces in North Africa.The German commander enjoyed a great deal of success against the British but with the help of intelligence from the codebreakers General Bernard Montgomery's British forces were able to drive him back in 1942.The success of Bletchley’s cryptanalysts was partly due, however, to German operators failing to encrypt messages properly.Had they not been so sloppy, the outcome of the war could have been very different.Sinclair McKay Bletchley Park Brainteasers is out now, published by Headline. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5059047/Would-smart-crack-Enigma-code.html
Views: 4 Fox News
fox news -  DAILY BRIEFING: Banks scale back Brexit job cuts estimates
 
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fox news - DAILY BRIEFING: Banks scale back Brexit job cuts estimates BREXIT HOPE Big banks have scaled back their estimates of jobs that may have to move after Brexit, accountant EY said.In 2016, 12 firms said 12,500 roles would move abroad. Now, 26 are expecting just 10,500 relocations in total.PROFITS POUNDED Investment bank Investec has warned it could lose up to 3 per centof its profits due to the crisis at Poundland’s South Africa owner Steinhoff whose shares crashed more than 80 per cent last week when it ordered an investigation into its accounts.AMAZON ROW Sandal maker Birkenstock has stopped selling through Amazon in the EU, accusing it of breaking the law by selling counterfeit goods.STRONG SALES Online fashion retailer Sosandar reported strong sales in the three months to the end of November.LISTINGS SURGE Cash raised in stock market listings has surged 75 per cent this year with 91 floats raising £10.2billion since January, said PwC.VACANCIES GROW City job vacancies climbed 5 per cent in November as firms increased their offers to try and tempt workers, according to recruiter Morgan McKinley.BUSINESS BOOST More firms – 218,000 – were set up in Britain than any other major economy last year, accountant UHY Hacker Young said.JOBS RETURN Finance firms are bringing offshore jobs back to Britain because of rising costs, Robert Half Financial Services found.CAB APPEAL Taxi app Uber will appeal to keep its London license next year after TfL rejected a bid to renew it in September.COBALT QUEST Sierra Leone-focused miner Sula Iron & Gold will mine for cobalt – which is used in electric cars – in the Democratic Republic of Congo and is changing its name to African Battery Metals.BOSS QUITS Neil McCulloch, 47, chief operating officer of oil producer Enquest, is stepping down.PIPELINE SALE North Sea oil producer Premier Oil is selling its interest in the Esmond Transportation Pipeline for £23.6million to gas transporter Cats Management. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5168753/DAILY-BRIEFING-Banks-scale-Brexit-job-cuts-estimates.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 8 Fox News
fox news -  The largest new ski chalet in Val d'Isere
 
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fox news - The largest new ski chalet in Val d'Isere The largest new chalet to be built in one of the most popular resorts in the French Alps has just hit the market slopes at £8million.Chalet Huskey in Val-d'Isère covers an impressive 609 square meters of floorspace - the equivalent in size of more than a dozen London Underground train carriages.There are so many features packed into the chalet that the new owner may be left with little time to indulge out on the slopes as the new ski season gets underway. As well as an indoor garden with a glass bridge, the chalet boasts seven bedrooms, an indoor swimming pool and even a climbing wall. There is also a bar and a dining table that can seat 18 people.On the ground floor of this upside down chalet, there are six of the seven bedrooms, all with en-suite bathrooms and his and hers sinks.The property is accessed on the first floor via the private lift direct from the underground parking, or from the outside entrance porch.As well as the remaining en-suite double bedroom, the first floor consists of all the main living areas.This includes a lounge with a feature fireplace, which is connected to the kitchen and dining area via a glass bridge.Also on this floor is a 4.5-metre-high room that is built into the rock face, which is currently used as an indoor climbing area as well as a shooting range.Skiing Property, the estate agents handling the sale, claims the property offers a 'unique opportunity to own the largest chalet in Val d'Isere with the ski lifts and village centre on your doorstep'.The chalet is 300 metres from the town centre of Val-d'Isère, which is known for its pretty Savoyard architecture.The ski resort attracts expert skiers and snowboarders with its 1992 Olympic course Face de Bellevarde, known as The Face, plenty of off-piste terrain and a world-class snow park.The resort also boasts some famous après-ski, including La Folie Douce and Dick's Tea Bar.The village of Val-d'Isère is at 1,850m, with the top slopes reaching an altitude of 3,400m. It is linked to neighbouring Tignes, which reaches 3,456m.This season Val-d'Isère is embarking on an ambitious £170million building project to redevelop its centre, with the work expected to take five years.It will include new hotels and a new piste with an underground moving walkway linking the centre of town with the lifts. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/property/article-5135915/The-largest-new-ski-chalet-Val-dIsere.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 8 Fox News
fox news -  Texas boy without an immune system lives in isolation
 
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fox news - Texas boy without an immune system lives in isolation A 10-month-old boy born without an immune system has been confined to his sanitized home his entire life and only leaves for doctor's visits.Sebastian Romero was diagnosed with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) at two weeks old, a rare genetic disorder known as 'bubble boy' disease that left him with no infection-fighting cells.Exposure to any illnesses, including the common cold, could kill him due to his body's inability to fight off disease. This means no family outings and Christmas this year was spent without visitors.However, the once fatal disease has the possibility of life thanks to a bone-marrow transplant that Sebastian received earlier this year which has been slowly building his immune system.His mother Blanca Romero, 33, told Daily Mail Online that the family-of-five shower and change clothes immediately when entering their Texas home and will continue to take these necessary safety precautions until his cell count is high enough that a cold won't put him in the hospital.At just days old, Sebastian's routine newborn testing revealed that his T and B cell count were abnormally low.T and B cells are specialized defender cells that recognize germs and quickly multiply to fight infection.After getting an emergency appointment with an immunologist, further blood testing revealed that he had SCID.Severe combined immunodeficiency occurs in one out of every 40,000 - 75,000 births. Because it is due to a mutation in the X chromosome, the disease only occurs in boys but girls can be carriers.According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, a normal T cell count should be between 500 and 1,200 per cubic millimeter of blood, but Sebastian had none.Blanca said she and her husband Emil, 35, sanitized their entire home, putting five air filters around the house and converting the master suite into an isolation room.For the first three months of Sebastian's life, he and his mother lived in isolation while Emil took care of their two other children Kayla, five, and Abraham, eight.'We would FaceTime and that's the only way I would see the kids. Sometimes they would crack the door and put facemasks on,' she said.Blanca would only leave the room to get food and avoid hugging and kissing her older children.'If they touched me I would go right into the shower,' she said.During this time, the couple had been talking with doctors about a bone marrow transplant for their son.The transplant is the only known treatment for SCID.Bone marrow is the soft tissue inside bones that makes blood-forming cells called stem cells which turn into white blood cells to fight infections, red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body and platelets to control bleeding.After months of being on a donor list, Sebastian's chances of a successful transplant began to decrease.Doctors told the family that receiving the transplant within the first three months has a 90 percent success rate, whereas after three months babies are more likely to be exposed to bac Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5215461/Texas-boy-without-immune-lives-isolation.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 5 Fox News
fox news -  Robot passes college class on the philosophy of love
 
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fox news - Robot passes college class on the philosophy of love The line between man and machine looks set to become increasingly blurred if one robot's quest to understand love is anything to go by.Bina48 is reportedly the first android to pass a college level course and her chosen subject was the philosophy of love.She participated in class discussions via Skype, before attending a final session in person.Bina48 is the creation of American robotics expert David Hanson, who believes that artificial lifeforms can foster better connections with people if they take on a human form.  The robot is modelled, both physically and mentally, after a woman called Bina Aspen, who is married to technology entrepreneur Martine Rothblatt.  Ms Rothblatt developed the software behind Bina48, creating a disturbingly realistic robotic 'clone' of her wife. which has become a prototype for the technology, selling for $150,000 (£106,000). The robot shares the ideas and personality of Bina by creating a database of her memories, beliefs and thoughts, along with information taken from social media interactions and blogs she shares.Bina48 successfully completed the course at Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU), in Belmont, California.As part of the course, she gave a presentation with a student partner and also took part in a debate between the class and students on an ethics course at the US Military Academy at West Point.The debate focused on the use of lethal vs. nonlethal weapons in warfare, with NDNU advocating nonlethal combat.Professor William Barry, the instructor of the class, said: 'It was remarkable to be part of this historic first for a socially advanced robot to take a college course.'The other students and I learned so much about human experience and love as we tried to explain our emotions to Bina48.'We need to get over our existential fear about robots and see them as an opportunity.'If we approach Artificial Intelligence with a sense of the dignity and sacredness of all life then we will produce robots with those values.'Bina48 is the creation of American robotics expert David Hanson, who believes that artificial lifeforms can foster better connections with people if they take on a human form.The robot is modelled, both physically and mentally, after a woman called Bina Aspen, who is married to technology entrepreneur Martine Rothblatt.Ms Rothblatt developed the software behind Bina48, creating a disturbingly realistic robotic 'clone' of her wife. which has become a prototype for the technology, selling for $150,000 (£106,000).The robot shares the ideas and personality of Bina by creating a database of her memories, beliefs and thoughts, along with information taken from social media interactions and blogs she shares.This allows Bina48 to express opinions and interact in conversations like a real, living person.An internet radio entrepreneur, Rothblatt believes the these 'Mind Clones' could eventually be used to help provide social interactions for people living alone and even help recreate the personalities of p Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5205171/Robot-passes-college-class-philosophy-love.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 132 Fox News
fox news -  Laundry firms fined by Competition and Markets Authority
 
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fox news - Laundry firms fined by Competition and Markets Authority Two laundry firms have been fined over a secret deal to divide the UK market between them.Under their agreement, Micronclean would serve customers north of a line drawn between London and Anglesey, while Berendsen Cleanroom Services sought clients to the south of it.Both companies provided a specialist service to clean clothes for people who work in sanitised environments, such as medical equipment makers and the NHS.According to officials from the Competition and Markets Authority, who uncovered the arrangement, the firms also agreed not to compete for certain customers, which meant they could not shop around for a better deal.The Competition and Markets Authority fined Micronclean £510,118. Berendsen, which has just been taken over by French firm Elis, has been fined £1.2million.Micronclean said it was deeply disappointed with the findings, which it rejected, and said it was considering an appeal. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5180525/Laundry-firms-fined-Competition-Markets-Authority.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 8 Fox News
fox news -  Co-op’s bid to sell 5m pints of craft beer
 
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fox news - Co-op’s bid to sell 5m pints of craft beer The Co-op is increasing the number of supplies it buys from smaller breweries as it aims to sell 5m pints.The retailer is extending a programme of buying local beer following a pilot scheme in Yorkshire, and is set to complete a UK-wide roll out in the coming weeks.Almost 200 smaller suppliers will benefit from the move, which is in line with the Co-op's policy of backing British products.Fierce Brewery of Dyce, Aberdeen, will supply stores with three of its ales, Easy Shift, Day Shift and Moose Mousse.Hucknall-based Lincoln Green Brewing Co will supply food stores in Nottinghamshire.The move is also a landmark deal for Derby's Dancing Duck brewery, representing its largest order to date.The award-winning brewery employs eight people, and will be supplying the Co-op with three of its beers. And Swansea's Boss Brewing is to supply around 100 stores with canned ale.Jake Woods, Co-op beer buyer, said: 'Locally produced ale is an exciting category.'We see significant potential for continued sustainable growth.' Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5215913/Co-ops-bid-sell-5m-pints-craft-beer.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 9 Fox News
fox news -  Coffee puzzle leaves Twitter totally stumped
 
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fox news - Coffee puzzle leaves Twitter totally stumped Abaffling puzzle posted on Twitter has left the web stumped, as viewers struggle to determine the correct answer.The brainteaser, which was shared on by Twitter user @Purp, shows a pot of coffee being poured into a sketch of different pipes, which collectively lead to four coffee mugs.The puzzle asks users to figure out which of the coffee mugs the liquid will reach first - and it's harder than it first appears.The user who uploaded it told her followers: 'Let's see whose brain is working'.It was quickly shared thousands of times as users argued over the right answer.While many people concluded that all four cups would receive the coffee at the same time, user @Purp encouraged them to 'look closely'.Her followers continued to guess which cup would receive the coffee and she kept telling them to pay attention because the answer was 'right there'.The correct answer? Cup five.Why? Because all the funnels leading to the other mugs are blocked.Once the poster had pointed that out to her followers, they were amazed how long it took them to notice that detail. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5070611/Coffee-puzzle-leaves-Twitter-totally-stumped.html
Views: 9 Fox News
fox news -  Cheer for the Queen's Christmas cracker maker
 
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fox news - Cheer for the Queen's Christmas cracker maker The maker of the Queen's Christmas crackers has posted strong results following a boom in its US business and other overseas markets.IG Design, which owns Tom Smith, the upmarket supplier of festive wrapping paper and Christmas crackers, posted a 15 per cent increase in profits to £35.4million in the six months to the end of September.Sales jumped 14 per cent to £166.5million, driven by its US business which enjoyed an 18 per cent rise to $91.3million.The firm makes and distributes stationery, gift wrapping and cards for retailers worldwide.Compared to its overseas operations, IG Design's UK business saw the least growth but still posted a 4 per cent rise in sales to £57.5million.The company also expects to benefit from sales linked to the Royal Wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle next spring.Paul Fineman, chief executive, said: 'It provides a bit of a feel-good factor.' Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5125925/Cheer-Queens-Christmas-cracker-maker.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 9 Fox News
fox news -  Brain training games don't improve general intelligence
 
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fox news - Brain training games don't improve general intelligence From doing Sudoku every morning to playing more chess to learning a musical instrument, lots of people try different ways to become smarter and improve their memory.Thirty-five years after a landmark memory training experiment in 1982, have scientists really found any foolproof way to make us more intelligent? In a new paper, researchers have looked through several cognitive training programmes and find they actually don't improve our general cognitive and academic skills.Writing for The Conversation, PhD Candidate Giovanni Sala and Professor Fernand Gobet from the University of Liverpool say the general public should be fully aware of the benefits - and limits - of training the brain.Scientists achieved astonishing results when training a student with a memory training programme in a landmark experiment in 1982.After 44 weeks of practice, the student, dubbed SF, expanded his ability to remember digits from seven numbers to 82.However, this remarkable ability did not extend beyond digits – they also tried with consonants.The study can be considered the beginning of cognitive training research, investigating how practice in areas ranging from music to chess and puzzles impacts our intelligence.So what's the state of this research 35 years later – have scientists discovered any foolproof ways to make us smarter? We reviewed the evidence to find out.The topic of cognitive training is still very controversial, with scientists expressing opposing views about its effectiveness.Enthusiastic claims about the effects of cognitive training programmes usually follow the publication of a single experiment reporting positive findings.Much less attention is paid when a study reports negative results.This phenomenon is quite common in many areas of social and life sciences and often provides a biased view of a particular research field.That is why systematic reviews such as ours are essential to rule out the risk of such bias.In a new paper, published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, we synthesise what the reviews say about several cognitive training programmes.Our main method was meta-analysis – that is, a set of statistical techniques for estimating the true overall effect of a treatment.To begin with, music expertise has been associated with superior memory for music material (notes on a stave).Remarkably, music experts exhibit a superior memory even when the musical material is meaningless (random notes).In the same vein, musical aptitude predicts music skills such as pitch and chord discrimination.However, music instruction does not seem to exert any true effect on skills outside of music.Indeed, our meta-analysis shows that engaging in music has no impact on general measures of intelligence, when placebo effects are controlled for with active control groups.Music training does not affect either cognitive skills – fluid intelligence, memory, phonological processing, spatial ability and cognitive control – or academic achievement.These outco Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5103469/Brain-training-doesn-t-improve-general-intelligence.html
Views: 10 Fox News
fox news -  Passenger pigeon's success helped their extinction
 
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fox news - Passenger pigeon's success helped their extinction Passenger pigeons were once the most abundant bird in North America, with flocks so big they could reach 300 miles (480 km) long and blot out the sun.Despite numbering up to five billion during the 19th Century, their numbers dropped sharply in the 1800s due to a surge in hunting.The species went extinct in 1914 when its last surviving member, a female called Martha, died alone in Cincinnati Zoo.Oddly, the birds' abundance may have played a role in their extinction, new researcher has found.Though it may seem counter-intuitive, the pigeons evolved quickly and in the process, lost certain traits that were useful for surviving in smaller groups.Until now, the prevailing theory was that the passenger pigeon went extinct due to a booming commercial hunting industry.This forced the animals into isolated populations, leading to lots of inbreeding, lower genetic diversity and poor health.But the latest findings suggest the reason was more complex.The birds evolved quickly and may have adapted to large social groups, hunting and breeding together.Flying in gargantuan masses, their sheer size protected them against predators.But in smaller groups, these defences fell short, leading the birds' relatively rapid extinction, which took just a few decades.While genetic shortcomings didn't help the pigeons, human hunting is still the main reason the birds died off.The birds were unable to adapt to the rapid drop in population size caused by hunting, solving the mystery of why the bird went extinct so quickly.The researchers, from the University of California, Santa Cruz, analysed genes taken from well-preserved museum specimens that were over a century old.Their findings provide a warning that even the most abundant animals are threatened by swift changes in the world around them.'Our results suggest that even species with large and stable population sizes can be at risk of extinction after a sudden environmental change,' said the study, led by Professor Beth Shapiro.Although large populations of animals tend to be genetically diverse, researchers were stunned by their analysis of four extinct pigeon genomes, which were compared to two modern carrier pigeons.They found that passenger pigeon diversity was 'surprisingly low,' the study said.This was the result of rapid natural selection accelerating the spread of beneficial mutations and the elimination of bad mutations through the population.When the researchers looked at which genes showed evidence of adaptive evolution, they found many linked to the demands of living in large flocks.Among the 32 genes identified were those associated with the immune system and stress reduction - large, dense populations tend to have a high burden of disease and social stress.'Passenger pigeons were fantastically well adapted to living in their large population sizes.It was very sudden shift to small population size that was problematic,' said Professor Shapiro.Until now, the prevailing theory was that the birds went extinct du Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5092179/Passenger-pigeon-s-success-helped-extinction.html
Views: 9 Fox News
fox news -  MIT creates bioluminescent trees that glow like fireflies
 
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fox news - MIT creates bioluminescent trees that glow like fireflies Roads of the future could be lit by glowing trees instead of streetlamps, thanks to a breakthrough in creating bioluminescent plants.Experts injected specialised nanoparticles into the leaves of a watercress plant, which caused it to give off a dim light for nearly four hours.The chemical involved, which produced enough light to read a book by, is the same as is used by fireflies to create their characteristic shine.HOW DOES IT WORK? Luciferases make up a class of oxidative enzymes found in several species that enable them to 'bioluminesce', or emit light.   Fireflies are able to emit light via a chemical reaction in which luciferin is converted to oxyluciferin by the luciferase enzyme.  Some of the energy released by this reaction is in the form of light.  The reaction is highly efficient, meaning nearly all the energy put into the reaction is rapidly converted to light. Lighting accounts for around 20 per cent of worldwide energy consumption, so replacing them with naturally bioluminescent plants would represent a significant cut to CO2 emissions.To create their glowing plants, engineers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) turned to an enzyme called luciferase.Luciferase acts on a molecule called luciferin, causing it to emit light.Another molecule called Co-enzyme A helps the process along by removing a reaction byproduct that can inhibit luciferase activity.The MIT team packaged each of these components into a different type of nanoparticle carrier.The nanoparticles help them to get to the right part of the plant and also prevent them from building to concentrations that could be toxic to the plants.The result was a watercress plant that functioned like a desk lamp.Researchers believe with further tweaking, the technology could also be used to provide lights bright enough to illuminate a workspace or even an entire street, as well as low-intensity indoor lighting.Michael Strano, professor of chemical engineering at MIT and the senior author of the study, said: 'The vision is to make a plant that will function as a desk lamp — a lamp that you don't have to plug in.'The light is ultimately powered by the energy metabolism of the plant itself.''Our work very seriously opens up the doorway to streetlamps that are nothing but treated trees, and to indirect lighting around homes.'Luciferases make up a class of oxidative enzymes found in several species that enable them to 'bioluminesce', or emit light.The light generated by one ten centimetre (four inch) watercress seedling is currently about one-thousandth of the amount needed to properly read by, but it was enough to illuminate the words on a page of John Milton's Paradise Lost. The MIT team believes it can boost the light emitted, as well as the duration of light, by further optimising the concentration and release rates of the chemical components.  For future versions of this technology, the team hopes to develop a way to paint or spray the nanoparticles onto plant leaves, whic Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5178531/MIT-creates-bioluminescent-trees-glow-like-fireflies.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 123 Fox News
fox news -  Have cosmonauts found alien life on the ISS?
 
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fox news - Have cosmonauts found alien life on the ISS? Living bacteria have been found on the outside of the International Space Station, and they may be extraterrestrial, according to one cosmonaut.Russian engineer Anton Shkaplerov said the microorganisms were not there at the launch of the ISS in 1998 and so likely 'flew from somewhere in space'.The bacteria are now being taken back to Earth for further study after initial tests aboard the orbiting station showed they are harmless to humans.Living bacteria have been found on the outside of the International Space Station (file photo), and they may be extraterrestrial.A cosmonaut said the microorganisms were not there at the launch of the ISS in 1998 and so likely 'flew from somewhere in space' HOW DID THEY GET THERE?  Microorganisms that have reached space from Earth have been known to attach to the surface of the ISS.Mr Shkaplerov said bacteria have been found to survive the vacuum of space after being fired from Earth's surface by 'ionosphere lift'.The phenomenon sees material from Earth's surface lifted into and beyond the atmosphere by the planet's magnetic forces.Bacteria have previously been found on the ISS during the station's 'Test' and 'Biorisk' experiments.During these tests, special pads are installed on the station's hull and left there for several years to see how materials are affected by the conditions in space.Mr Shkaplerov told Russian news agency TASS that the organisms were found while cosmonauts took samples of the ISS' hull, RT reports.'Bacteria that had not been there during the launch of the ISS module were found on the swabs,' he said.'So they have flew from somewhere in space and settled on the outside hull.' Flight engineer Mr Shkaplerov will take his third trip to the ISS in December as part of the Expedition 54 crew.He insisted the bacteria found on the station is not dangerous to humans.Microorganisms that have reached space from Earth have been known to attach to the surface of the ISS.Mr Shkaplerov said bacteria have been found to survive the vacuum of space after being fired from Earth's surface by 'ionosphere lift'.The phenomenon sees material from Earth's surface lifted into and beyond the atmosphere by the planet's magnetic forces.Bacteria have previously been found on the ISS during the station's 'Test' and 'Biorisk' experiments.During these tests, special pads are installed on the station's hull and left there for several years to see how materials are affected by the conditions in space.The $100 billion (£80 billion) science and engineering laboratory orbits 250 miles (400km) above Earth.It has been permanently staffed by rotating crews of astronauts and cosmonauts since November 2000.Its current crew members are made up of four Russians and two Americans.Nasa, spends about $3 billion (£2.4billion) a year on the space station program.Nasa is using the space station to learn more about living and working in space - lessons that will make it possible to send humans farther into space than ever before. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5121695/Have-cosmonauts-alien-life-ISS.html
Views: 24 Fox News
fox news -  PinMe can track your location even if you turn GPS off
 
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fox news - PinMe can track your location even if you turn GPS off Stanford researchers have revealed an app they claim shows a major privacy flaw in mobile phones.Called PinMe, it mines information already stored on smartphones, such as data from gyroscopes and accelerometer, to work out where the user is - even if they don't give the app access to GPS (an option usually referred to as location services).When analysed alongside publicly available maps and weather reports, the Stanford researchers behind it say their app can help identify if a person is traveling by foot, car, train or plane, and chart their route of travel.The researchers behind the app have called for phone makers to include a new software switch to turn of all sensors to protect user's privacy.They say the apps shows a potential privacy flaw in phones.'PinMe demonstrates how information from seemingly innocuous sensors can be exploited using machine-learning techniques to infer sensitive details about our lives,' said Prateek Mittal, assistant professor in Princeton's Department of Electrical Engineering and PinMe paper co-author.The app analyses information already stored on smartphones that, unlike GPS, doesn't require permission for access.When computed along with publicly available maps and weather reports, this data can help identify if a person is traveling by foot, car, train or airplane, and chart their route of travel.All the while, the presence of the app can be virtually undetectable.The research team reported on the patent-pending app in the journal IEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems.'We wanted to raise public concern about this issue,' said Arsalan Mosenia, a postdoctoral research associate in electrical engineering and a member of the PinMe team.However, the discovery could also be used for new ways to navigate - in self driving cars and ship navigation systems, for instance.'[Attackers] can convince a ship or car that they're in a location that they're not actually in,' which could be problematic for American ships navigating international waters, for instance, or for the safety of the passengers of autonomous cars, points said Niraj Jha, professor of electrical engineering at Princeton and paper co-author, and the PinMe team is already talking with technology companies about licensing the app as a navigational tool.Supriyo Chakraborty, a security researcher at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, said 'The [PinMe] attack is ... extremely potent.'PinMe's developers already are working on ways for people to defend themselves against it, said Jha, whose research focus is on the security of the 'internet of things,' a phrase that describes the increasingly digital products that power our daily activities.'I think a lot of follow-up should deal with how to prevent this attack,' he said.HOW THE APP CAN TRACK YOU To run their experiment, the Princeton researchers collected phone data from three people for one day after installing PinMe on their phones — Galaxy S4 i9500, iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S — running either And Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5134219/App-track-location-turn-GPS-off.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 324 Fox News
fox news -  La Nina looks to reduce global temperature in 2018
 
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fox news - La Nina looks to reduce global temperature in 2018 Volcanic eruptions could help cool down the planet next year, the Met Office has said.The year 2016 was the warmest year on record – and 2017 third hottest on record.Forecasters said that 2018 – while still among the hottest years ever recorded - will be relatively cooler.This is because a weather event called La Nina – cooler than average sea temperatures in the south Pacific – will reduce the global temperature.But the Met Office warned that if active volcanoes erupt it could further cool the planet down.The Met Office forecast that the global average temperature for 2018 would be between 0.88°C and 1.12°C – with a central estimate of 1°C.This is compared to temperatures before 1850-1900 – the industrial revolution.2016 – the hottest year on record was 1.14°C warmer than pre-industrial levels. 2015, the second hottest year, was 1.08°C warmer, while 2017 was third hottest at 1.05°C warmer than pre-industrial levels.Professor Adam Scaife, head of long-range prediction at the Met Office, said: '2018 will be very warm globally but is unlikely to exceed the recent record, set in 2016 – but could be cooled further from volcanic eruptions.Professor Scaife added: ‘For example, Bali’s Mount Agung, which has recently experienced modest eruptions, could cause a temporary but significant drop in global temperatures if it undergoes a major eruption in the coming year.’When big volcanoes erupt, it emits a layer of ash in the atmosphere that can reflect heat back into space, cooling down the Earth.The forecast for 2018, including the range of uncertainties, again placing the coming year amongst the warmest years on record: 16 of the 17 warmest years on record have now occurred since the year 2000.Dr Doug Smith, Met Office research fellow, said: ‘For 2018, the global temperature will remain high, but the current La Niña conditions suggest that average temperatures will be around 0.1 degrees lower than we would otherwise expect in 2018.’ Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5202433/La-Nina-looks-reduce-global-temperature-2018.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 31 Fox News
fox news -  Conjoined twins have been successfully separated
 
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fox news - Conjoined twins have been successfully separated Doctors have successfully separated conjoined twin boys in a marathon surgery that lasted 12 hours and involved 20 doctors.Born on September 19 last year, Love and Prince Zalte, from Mumbai, were attached from the lower part of the chest and shared a liver, intestine, bladder and pelvis.The surgery began at 4am on Tuesday and involved paediatric surgeons, anaesthetists and orthopaedic surgeons, among others doctors.Seven of the hospital's operating theatres were shut down so the team could fully focus on the surgery.The twins are recovering in intensive care and are resting in separate beds for the first time in their lives. It is unclear when they will be home.Their mother Sheetal Zalte, 26, who learnt about their condition 24 weeks into her pregnancy, said: 'It is hard to express in words how happy I will be to hold my children in both my arms.'Conjoined twins are believed to occur in just one in every 200,000 live births.Conjoined twins occur when siblings have their skin or internal organs fused together. It affects around one in 200,000 live births. Conjoined twins are caused by a fertilised egg beginning to split into two embryos a few weeks after conception, but the process stops before it is complete. The most common type is twins joined at the chest or abdomen. Separation surgery success depends on where the twins are joined. Doctors can only tell which organs the siblings share, and therefore plan surgery, after they are born.  At least one twin survives 75 per cent of the time.'I will be able to hold my children in my arms'Dr Minnie Bodhanwala, CEO of the Bai Jerbai Wadia Hospital, where the procedure took place, said: 'At [the] tender age of one year and three months, Love and Prince underwent this complicated surgery and are currently stable in [the] paediatric intensive care unit.'They will be under observation for few days which will be followed by multiple surgeries to ensure they are healthy and fit to survive.'Although the procedure was a success, Dr Bodhanwala added: 'The most challenging part of the surgery was to provide skin to cover both the children.'Ms Zalte said: 'It is hard to express in words how happy I will be to hold my children in both my arms.'Love and Prince are the the third set of conjoined twins to be successfully separated at Wadia Hospital.Conjoined twins are believed to occur in just one in every 200,000 live births.Approximately 40 to 60 per cent of conjoined twins arrive stillborn, while around 35 per cent survive only one day.The overall survival rate of conjoined twins is between five and 25 per cent. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5178519/Conjoined-twins-successfully-separated.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 25 Fox News
fox news -  Uber launches glowing 'beacon' so you can find your driver
 
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fox news - Uber launches glowing 'beacon' so you can find your driver Uber has revealed a new way to find your driver - with a glowing beacon on the windshield.The device glows in a color the rider chooses, so they can see which car is theirs at night - and avoid the embarrassment of getting into the wrong car.The beacon device is expanding to New York City, San Francisco and Chicago - although arch rival Lyft has been using a similar system for several months.Scroll down for more videos If an Uber beacon is installed, after they've confirmed a ride request, the rider's app prompts them to choose a color.When the driver arrives, the beacon turns that color.In 2015, Uber piloted the beacon concept in Seattle, and found it reduced the need for riders and drivers to contact one another and lowered cancellation rates in tricky pickup locations.In 2016, the beacon launched in Miami, Denver, Nashville and Newcastle (UK).Now, Uber has launched the Beacon in more locations, and drivers can install it themselves rapidly, and remove it quickly too.According to Uber, the beacon has a powerful battery and Bluetooth connection to the Uber driver app, and can last several evenings without charge, while keeping the dashboard area free of cables.But Uber is not the first taxi hailing app to introduce this technology.Last year, Lyft launched light-up beacons called 'amps' which sit on the dashboard of Lyft drivers' cars.With Lyft amps, the driver's beacon lights up a specific color once he or she is nearby.The rider can have their phone light up in that same color, too, then hold it up so the driver can see them.Lyft says this will make it easier and safer for drivers and riders to find each other.This can be especially helpful at night, or in crowded areas where multiple people might be hailing a ride.Lyft says it won't use the beacons for ads, though the passenger-facing side might be devoted to sponsored campaigns, such as a beer company warning against drinking and driving.Last year, Lyft launched light-up beacons called 'amps' which sit on the dashboard of Lyft drivers' cars.The driver's beacon lights up a specific color once he or she is nearby.The rider can have their phone light up in that same color, too, then hold it up so the driver can see them. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5102095/Uber-launches-glowing-beacon-driver.html
Views: 89 Fox News
fox news -  NASA reveals asteroid Oumuamua is shaped like a cigar
 
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fox news - NASA reveals asteroid Oumuamua is shaped like a cigar Anewly discovered object from another star system that's passing through ours is shaped like a giant cigar with a reddish hue, astronomers have revealed.The asteroid, named 'Oumuamua by its discoverers, is up to one-quarter mile (400 meters) long and highly-elongated - perhaps 10 times as long as it is wide.That aspect ratio is greater than that of any asteroid or comet observed in our solar system to date.While its elongated shape is quite surprising, and unlike asteroids seen in our solar system, it may provide new clues into how other solar systems formed.The observations and analyses were funded in part by NASA and appear in the Nov.20 issue of the journal Nature.They suggest this unusual object had been wandering through the Milky Way, unattached to any star system, for hundreds of millions of years before its chance encounter with our star system.'For decades we've theorized that such interstellar objects are out there, and now – for the first time – we have direct evidence they exist,' said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington.'This history-making discovery is opening a new window to study formation of solar systems beyond our own.' Combining the images from the FORS instrument on the ESO telescope using four different filters with those of other large telescopes, a team of astronomers led by Karen Meech of the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii found that 'Oumuamua varies in brightness by a factor of ten as it spins on its axis every 7.3hours.No known asteroid or comet from our solar system varies so widely in brightness, with such a large ratio between length and width.The most elongated objects we have seen to date are no more than three times longer than they are wide.'This unusually big variation in brightness means that the object is highly elongated: about ten times as long as it is wide, with a complex, convoluted shape,' said Meech.'We also found that it had a reddish color, similar to objects in the outer solar system, and confirmed that it is completely inert, without the faintest hint of dust around it.' These properties suggest that 'Oumuamua is dense, comprised of rock and possibly metals, has no water or ice, and that its surface was reddened due to the effects of irradiation from cosmic rays over hundreds of millions of years.The comet, called C/2017 U1 was spotted by a telescope in Hawaii on 18 October, and was then seen 34 separate times in the week after.Its path is illustrated in NASA's animation, above 'I'm surprised by the elongated shape - nobody expected that,' said astronomer David Jewitt of the University of California, Los Angeles, who led the observation team that reported on the characteristics.Scientists are certain this asteroid or comet originated outside our solar system.First spotted last month by the Pan-STARRS telescope in Hawaii, it will stick around for another few years before departing our sun's neighborhood.Jewitt and his international team o Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5101171/Comet-solar-shaped-like-CIGAR.html
Views: 248 Fox News
fox news -  How to stop your car key signal being hacked by criminals
 
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fox news - How to stop your car key signal being hacked by criminals Where do you keep your car keys overnight? In a drawer? On a hook near the front door? Next to your bed?If the answer is any of the three above, you're one of 96 per cent of motorists that are vulnerable to car thieves using high-tech gadgets to steal vehicles in a matter of minutes.Car security firm Tracker said these sort of thefts accounted for 66 per cent of all stolen vehicles it investigated last year - and there's simple ways to stop it happening to you.The type of theft is called a 'relay attack', when two thieves work together to break into cars using electronic signal relay devices to infiltrate keyless entry systems.Recent CCTV footage released by West Midlands Police of a theft of a Mercedes-Benz confirmed just how easily criminals can use these gadgets to receive the car key signal from inside a victim's home, transferring that signal to a receiver near the vehicle.The car's system is tricked into thinking the key is there, allowing thieves to unlock it and drive away within minutes.While this might sound like a specialist method only used by gangs stealing high-end cars to order, an investigation by the Mail on Sunday earlier this year found that anyone can buy the relay devices on Amazon and eBay for £257.It even replicated a YouTube video that showcased how to use the gadget - called 'HackRF One' - to break into a top-of-the-range £105,000 Range Rover Vogue SE in two minutes, with the permission of the vehicle's owner.It means drivers are extremely vulnerable to the attacks - and almost every car owner is putting themselves at risk by leaving their keys somewhere that the devices can easily tap into the signal they produce.Tracker asked 200 motorists where they put their keys overnight, with a quarter saying they leave them in the hallway - well within easy reach of these relay devices that can pick-up a signal up to 30-metres away.The next most popular place drivers leave keys is on a dedicated hook or in a pot, which tends to be near the front door, followed by a drawer downstairs and in the bedroom - all within easy reach of relay gadgets.Andy Barrs, head of police liaison at Tracker, said there are some simple precautions people can take to stop criminals from being able to tap into keys, though they might take some ingenious thinking.He said: 'Whilst the relay devices can receive signals through walls, doors and windows, metal is its enemy, so putting keys in a metal tin or the microwave is a cost effective way to thwart the criminals.'Experts have also suggested you can keep your keys in the fridge to keep your car safe from being hacked.Andy adds: 'Alternatively, invest in a metallised signal blocking pouch, such as a Faraday wallet (£4.99 on Amazon), which is designed to shield electronic keys from relay attacks.'Barrs said car owners should also consider security solutions from the past as well as new tracking devices to keep their vehicles secure.'It's also worth remembering that vehicle security should be multi-layered Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/cars/article-5151873/How-stop-car-key-signal-hacked-criminals.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 42 Fox News
fox news -  Clampdown on risky bets costs traders £450m
 
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fox news - Clampdown on risky bets costs traders £450m More than £450million was wiped off three of Britain’s biggest trading firms yesterday over a plan to ban high-risk betting on markets.Regulators have announced a crackdown on binary options contracts, which allow punters to guess if markets will go up or down.They are a business staple for listed companies IG Group, CMC Markets and Plus 500 – triggering a rush for the exits by panicked investors.The European Securities and Markets Authority (Esma) could ban sales of the options to retail investors, due to fears they are complex products which can trigger huge losses.Binaries allow gamblers to bet on whether a currency, share index or commodity such as oil will rise or fall over a set time period – sometimes as little as 30 seconds.If they guess right, they make money – and the bigger the movement, the larger the pay-out.But if prices move sharply in the wrong direction it can trigger massive losses which far exceed the amount wagered.Paris-based Esma said it has been worried for a while and ‘remains concerned that the risks to investor protection are not sufficiently controlled’.It is planning to hold a short consultation on the proposals next month.Esma is also considering stiffer rules on contracts for difference, another way of betting on future price changes.At present, customers are able to magnify their bets by 100 times or more the value of their stake. For example, a client who put £100 down would get to trade with £10,000.It means losses could also be much larger than the amount bet. But Esma is planning to rein in these so-called leverage limits, potentially to as little as five-to-one.It is feared this will also have a major impact on the trading firms. IG said it no longer offers binary trading to new clients.It called the planned leverage limits ‘disproportionate’. Shares fell 9.3pc or 68p to 665p.CMC said binaries accounted for just £2.1million of its European revenue during the six months to September 30.But shares fell 12.5 per cent or 21p to 146.75p – knocking £36million off the family fortune of founder Peter Cruddas, 64.Plus 500 said it is waiting for the final Esma decision before taking action. Shares fell 10.8 per cent or 100p to 825p.The City’s Financial Conduct Authority watchdog raised its own concerns about binaries last year, warning it is ‘difficult, if not impossible, for clients to fairly value these investment products’. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5191851/Clampdown-risky-bets-costs-traders-450m.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 7 Fox News
fox news -  Love at first sight more likely about physical attraction
 
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fox news - Love at first sight more likely about physical attraction When asked about the moment he knew Meghan Markle was the one, Prince Harry claimed the realization struck ‘the very first time we met.’ But, new research has cast fresh doubts on the idea of love at first sight.The truth, while far less romantic, may be that these strong initial feelings simply boil down to lust.Despite reports of love at first sight being relatively common, the study found neither high passion nor feelings of love are involved at all; instead, the phenomenon is strongly associated with physical attraction.WHY WE FALL IN LOVE Researchers at the University of Wroclaw have found evidence that 'selection promoted love in human evolution,' as it increased the chances of us having families.The team studied the Hadza people of Tanzania, who don't use modern contraception, and found passionate partnerships were associated with having more children.In modern societies, factors such as contraction disrupt the link between love and number of children.The Hadza are believed to have changed little in the last 10,000 years.'Our study may shed new light on the meaning of love in humans' evolutionary past, especially in traditional hunter-gatherer societies in which individuals, not their parents, were responsible for partner choice', researchers wrote in the study.In the study, researchers from the University of Groningen investigated the many factors that could influence the experience of love at first sight (LAFS).Previous studies have linked the phenomenon to biased memory, physical attraction, and infatuation, which could cause people to retrospectively say they felt an instant connection.To find out more about it, the researchers analyzed the responses of 396 participants, most of whom were heterosexual students in their 20s.The study included an online survey and a laboratory study, along with three dating events: face-to-face dating, speed dating, and ‘vegadates’ – an informal gathering with food provided.Participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire about themselves and about potential partners before interacting with them, assessing physical attractiveness, LAFS, eros (associated with high passion), and feelings of intimacy, passion, and commitment.Across the entire study, love at first sight was indicated 49 times, by 32 different individuals, according to the researchers.But, the vast majority did not report experiencing the phenomenon.The data also revealed that men were more likely to report love at first sight on the spot than women.And, physical attraction was strongly tied to reports of love at first sight.‘As hypothesized, those who reported LAFS experienced strong physical attraction toward their dates,’ the authors noted.The connection between the two was significant; the study found that the probability of reporting love at first sight was roughly 9 times higher for each 1-unit increase on the physical attraction scale.And, the phenomenon appeared to have little to do with passion or actual feelings of love.‘The mome Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5130407/Does-love-sight-REALLY-exist.html
Views: 92 Fox News
fox news -  Visualisation shows Greenland without an ice sheet
 
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fox news - Visualisation shows Greenland without an ice sheet A stunning visualisation of Greenland without its ice cover has been revealed, and it could help experts understand how this huge expanse might respond to climate change.Made from decades of survey data, researchers have found if all the ice on Greenland melted it would raise sea levels by 24 feet (7.4 metres).The visualisation shows the shape of the bedrock and surrounding seafloor, revealing how glaciers draining from the Greenland Ice Sheet will contribute to future sea-level rise.Produced by researchers at British Antarctic Survey (BAS), University of Bristol and University of California at Irvine (UCI), the printed map is unveiled this week at the American Geophysical Union meeting in New Orleans.'Greenland Basal Topography BedMachine v3' is the new 1:3,500,000 scale map created from data collected by over 30 institutions', said BAS cartographer Dr Peter Fretwell, who was involved in producing the map.'This new compilation of the 3D landscape beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet provides the first seamless transition between the landmass and its adjoining seabed, and this gives scientists a bird's eye view of the fringes of Greenland which are experiencing the most changes', he said.The visualisation, created with the help of radar that is able to penetrate through clouds and ice, shows the highest peaks in red and the lowest-lying land coloured in green. Sea-level is coloured in blue.Researchers found Greenland is currently losing around 260 million tonnes of ice to the ocean each year, writes BBC.Looking at the hidden landscape, researchers are now confident ice streams on top of the valley systems were cut by rivers that flowed across Greenland before there was an ice sheet.'What's also surprising is that there is more ice and the bed is deeper in some places than previous maps suggest, so this means the total contribution from the ice sheet to global sea level rise would be 7.42 metres [24 feet] if it were to melt completely, slightly higher than previously calculated', said Dr Fretwell.The data required to compile the map was collected from many sources – from satellite, airborne and ground-based radar and seabed mapping from research ships.It reveals that many glaciers that drain the Greenland ice sheet are thicker than previously estimated and up to 330 feet (100 metres) in places.'It also shows they have complex fjord geometries that will control how they react to changes from the effects of warmer ocean currents', said glaciologist Dr Jonathan Bamber at University of Bristol who had a project to develop the printed map and data set.'This map will improve our understanding of the ice-ocean interactions and how the ice sheet will evolve in a changing climate.'Andreas Ahlstrøm and colleagues from the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland used measurements of meltwater runoff and glacial lake outbursts (where a body of water contained by a glacier overflows).They collected this data at a catchment during a 40-year period of the ice shee Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5179391/Visualisation-shows-Greenland-without-ice-sheet.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 316 Fox News
fox news -  UK iPhone chip supplier to get a boost from Trump tax cut
 
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fox news - UK iPhone chip supplier to get a boost from Trump tax cut A British iPhone chip supplier is set to get a boost from major US tax reforms pushed through by President Donald Trump.London-listed IQE said a corporation tax cut from 35 per cent to 21 per cent would help its American arm.The company makes chip technology used by the iPhone X's facial recognition system.In an update to the stock market yesterday, it said: 'The US government's much publicised plan to reduce the corporation tax rate, if passed, would have a positive long-term financial benefit for the IQE group.'The US Congress decided to approve the tax changes yesterday.But IQE group said that in the short term the changes would mean it had to pay a tax charge, because of a reduction to its deferred tax.Dr Drew Nelson, the company's chief executive of IQE, said the firm was on track to achieve record results for 2017.It posted profits of £19million on revenues of £132.7million for the year to December 31, 2016. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5199517/UK-iPhone-chip-supplier-boost-Trump-tax-cut.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 3 Fox News
fox news -  The mystery of the Arctic ghost ship SS Baychimo
 
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fox news - The mystery of the Arctic ghost ship SS Baychimo Somewhere out there a phantom ship could well be drifting, having roamed the seas without a crew for decades.She was last seen in 1969, 38 years after she was abandoned in the Arctic – but since then no one has laid eyes on the SS Baychimo.Her fate, to this day, is unknown and she endures as one of the most mysterious ghost ships of modern times.In 2006 the Alaskan government expressed an interest in solving the puzzle once and for all, but its efforts came to nothing.This steel-hulled cargo steamer was launched in 1914 in Sweden, but back then was called SS Angermanelfven.Her job was to transport goods between Hamburg and Sweden, but after the First World War she was handed over to the British as part of Germany’s war reparations and in 1921, having been acquired by the Hudson’s Bay Company, was renamed the Baychimo.For the next 10 years her triple expansion steam engine powered her up and down the bitingly frigid northern coast of Canada, collecting and off-loading pelts.Then, on October 1, 1931, her life as a ghost ship inched closer when – on a trip to Vancouver - she became stuck in pack ice near the Alaskan town of Barrow, the 11th northernmost community in the world.The crew abandoned her for a couple of days while they warmed up in Barrow, then returned to find her floating free from her sub-zero prison.But the 1,322-ton vessel became stuck fast again on October 8 – more drastically this time - and Hudson’s Bay Company decided to rescue its employees from the grip of the perilously icy environment.In all, 22 were retrieved, but 15 very hardy sailors – including the captain - decided to stay, despite the punishing weather.They built a wooden shelter nearby and dug in for the winter.Then the spookiness inched closer still, because after a blizzard hit on November 24, the Baychimo disappeared.The captain and the rest of the crew simply thought that she’d broken up and sunk in the storm.But a week later a native Inuit seal hunter told the crew that he’d seen the ship about 45 miles away.The excited crew tracked it down and boarded it, but it was in such bad repair that it was abandoned there and then and left to its fate.After that she was sighted another 12 times – including in 1932 off Wainwright, Alaska, by a trading party who boarded her, in March 1933 by Eskimos, who sheltered in her for 10 days during a storm and in November 1939 by Captain Hugh Polson, who wanted to salvage her.Polson was the very last person to board her.In March 1962 she was spotted drifting in the Beaufort Sea and seen stuck in ice in 1969, between Point Barrow and Icy Cape in the Chukchi Sea.That was the last recorded sighting of her and since then, no one has set eyes on her, but no wreckage has ever been found either.Did the sea finally claim her? Or is she still out there somewhere on her eerie odyssey? We may never know. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-5100815/The-mystery-Arctic-ghost-ship-SS-Baychimo.html
Views: 153 Fox News
fox news -  75 million-year-old fossils reveal new species of dinosaur
 
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fox news - 75 million-year-old fossils reveal new species of dinosaur A bizarre feathered dinosaur resembling a nightmarish mutant swan has been identified by scientists.The strange creature had a graceful swan-like neck but also scythe-like claws, a reptilian tail, and a beak lined with teeth.Halszkaraptor escuilliei, which lived 75 million years ago, was about the size of a modern swan and is thought to have been semi-aquatic.The strange creature had a graceful swan-like neck but also scythe-like claws, a reptilian tail, and a beak lined with teeth. Halszkaraptor escuilliei, which lived 75 million years ago, was about the size of a modern swan and is thought to have been semi-aquatic. It walked on two legs on land, but probably used its flippered forearms to manoeuvre in water. The dinosaur is the first of the large family of meat-eaters, called theropods, known to have adopted the lifestyle of a present day water bird. Other theropods include the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex and agile Velociraptor, star of the movie Jurassic Park.It walked on two legs on land, but probably used its flippered forearms to manoeuvre in water.The dinosaur is the first of the large family of meat-eaters, called theropods, known to have adopted the lifestyle of a present day water bird.Other theropods include the mighty Tyrannosaurus rex and agile Velociraptor, star of the movie Jurassic Park.Dr Andrea Cau, from the Geological Museum Capellini in Bologna, Italy, said: 'The first time I examined the specimen, I even questioned whether it was a genuine fossil.'When we look beyond fossil dinosaurs, we find most of Halszkaraptor's unusual features among aquatic reptiles and swimming birds.'The peculiar morphology of Halszkaraptor fits best with that of an amphibious predator that was adapted to a combined terrestrial and aquatic ecology: a peculiar lifestyle that was previously unreported in these dinosaurs', he said.He added that Halszkaraptor had sickle-shaped 'killer claws' on its feet similar to those of Velociraptor.Scientists at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble, France, used an advanced form of X-ray imaging to create a 3D reconstruction of the creature.The scan revealed hidden details within the rock in which the fossil was embedded, including numerous teeth.ESRF researcher Vincent Beyrand said: 'We also identified a neurovascular mesh inside its snout that resembles those of modern crocodiles to a remarkable degree. These aspects suggest that Halszka was an aquatic predator.'A description of Halszkaraptor appears in the latest issue of Nature journal.The unusually well preserved fossil skeleton was discovered in southern Mongolia before spending years in the hands of private collectors around the world.It was one of many fossils illegally exported from Mongolia.The scientists, who acquired the specimen in 2015, plan to return it to the country. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5152427/75-million-year-old-fossils-reveal-new-species-dinosaur.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 151 Fox News
fox news -  Former Dyson boss handed multi-million-pound payout
 
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fox news - Former Dyson boss handed multi-million-pound payout The former chief executive of Dyson has walked away with a multi-million-pound payout after settling a bitter legal row.Max Conze was accused in High Court papers of leaking secrets but denied the allegations.He had threatened to counter-sue his former employer, where he worked for six years.But Dyson has dropped its claims against Conze, 48, and reportedly handed him compensation.No details were provided yesterday about Conze's own claims. It is understood that while Conze had written to Dyson warning he would take legal action against it, a writ had not yet been submitted at the High Court. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5203451/Former-Dyson-boss-handed-multi-million-pound-payout.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Views: 22 Fox News
fox news -  AI 'stylist' learns your fashion, invents your next outfit
 
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fox news - AI 'stylist' learns your fashion, invents your next outfit In the future, you could have a personalised AI stylist that knows what you like to wear and decides what your next outfit should be.Researchers are working on a neural network that could create 'predictive fashion' using CGI images of items of clothing that might look good.This system could be used by retailers to give people a personalised shopping experience as well as helping predict broader fashion trends.HOW DOES IT WORK? Researchers at the retail giant are working on machine-learning systems that could potentially shape fashion trends of the future.It consists of two neural networks that learn from looking at raw data.One generates fake images based on the Amazon data set while the other uses that data to deermine if the image is real.Using GANs on the 'Other items you might like' section on the website could help retailers work out what consumers might like.They internalise specific properties of a certain style by looking at lots of examples of it being worn.They then work out what looks good and can apply this information to specific items of clothing.In a new paper, researchers from the University of California and Adobe trained a neural network to work out how someone likes to dress.Using data from Amazon, they created six categories of items - shoes, tops and trousers for both men and women, writes Technology Review.GAN which uses input to 'teach' an algorithm about a particular subject by feeding it massive amounts of information.It consists of two neural networks that learn from looking at raw data.One generates fake images based on the Amazon data set while the other uses that data to determine if the image is real.Using GANs on the 'other items you might like' section on retail websites could help companies work out what consumers might like.Experts say the model is still basic - for example if a shopper likes blue shirts, GAN creates more blue shirts.However, in the future these two-dimensional computer images could be turned into 3D renderings that could make actual pieces of clothing.This could be useful retail companies by helping them bettertrack trends better and make recommendations based on products popping up on people's Facebook and Instagram posts.In separate research, a team at Amazon's Sunnyvale-based Lab126 has also been developing algorithms that learn about fashion from images and create their own styles from scratch.'There's been a whole move from companies like Amazon trying to understand how fashion develops in the world,' Kavita Bala, professor at Cornell University told Technology Review in August.'This is completely changing the industry', said Dr Bala who took part in an Amazon workshop on machine learning last week where they revealed these projects.This algorithmic fashion finder is just Amazon's latest thrust into fashion and many fashion retailers already use social media to track and respond to changing fashions.Earlier this year the company launched its Echo Look smart camera.The app lets users create Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5089505/AI-stylist-learns-fashion-invents-outfit.html
Views: 15 Fox News