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fox news -  China's reveals new video of hypersonic strike aircraft
 
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fox news - China's reveals new video of hypersonic strike aircraft Chinese state media has revealed the country's first ever images of a model of its hypersonic glide vehicle, a nuclear weapons expert has claimed.The secretive missile delivery craft, known as the DF-ZF, could travel at up to ten times the speed of sound (7,680 mph/12,360 kph) according to some estimates.Its speed will ensure the country's nuclear threat can reliably breach the United States' ballistic missile defence shield, which fires incoming strikes out of the air.The model was briefly shown during a State-run TV special covering the country's JF-12 hypersonic wind tunnel.The innovative setup is the largest of its kind in the world and is capable of testing missiles and aircraft up to 6,900mph (11,100kph).The news follows a US Navy announcement yesterday that it had successfully test fired a hypersonic missile that could hit 'anywhere in the world' within an hour.China's DF-ZF is a hypersonic glide vehicle capable of travelling at up to ten times the speed of sound (7,680 mph/12,360 kph), according to some estimates.The Chinese Ministry of National Defense first revealed it had successfully tested a hypersonic vehicle for 'scientific' purposes in January 2014.Officials have carried out at least five more launches since then, with the most recent coming in April 2016.China has never officially disclosed the purpose of the innovative aircraft, but a range of tactical applications are possible.By definition, hypersonic vehicles can travel five times the speed of sound, and the craft could help China ensure its nuclear weapons can breach US missile defence systems, experts claim.Hypersonic vehicles would travel so rapidly and unpredictably they could provide an almost-immediate threat to nations across the globe.The craft would travel at such speeds that the gap between identifying a threat and launching an attack on it would drop from hours to minutes, even at long distances.The TV clip aired on October 8 via State broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV), and shows an arrowhead-shaped model is shown inside the Beijing-based wind tunnel.Its design looks like official Chinese mock-ups of the DF-ZF, which was codenamed the WU-14 by the Pentagon before its official name was released by Beijing.Chinese officials have confirmed several test flights of hypersonic glide vehicles since 2013, but have kept the details top secret.This is likely the first time China has shown any test models linked to the project.The broadcast also showed a weapon with a shape similar to the last stage of a ballistic missile, and computer generated images of a new triangular-framed glider.Raymond Wang, an expert in stopping the international spread of nuclear weapons, from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, California, was one of the first to spot the DF-ZF model.Writing on Twitter, he noted the programme's narrator didn't specifically refer to hypersonic boost-glide vehicles (HBGVs) or the DF-ZF at any point.'China just showed its hypersoni Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5065527/China-s-reveals-new-video-hypersonic-strike-aircraft.html
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fox news -  Rare footage of China's £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel
 
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fox news - Rare footage of China's £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel Chinese scientists have claimed to be able to make more discoveries than their American counterpart in developing supersonic aircraft thanks to better equipment.A secretive £5 million hypersonic wind tunnel, nicknamed 'Hyper Dragon', is helping the experts 'reveal many facts that Americans have not found out', one Chinese researcher said in a propaganda documentary.The programme also revealed that Chinese scientists are developing a commercial plane that could connect Beijing and New York in just two hours.Shrouded in secrecy, the JF12 shockwave hypersonic wind tunnel was completed in May, 2012, but has rarely been captured by media.China Central Television, the state broadcaster, showed a glimpse of the mysterious equipment in a documentary on October 8.Built by Chinese Academy of Science with 46 million Yuan (£5 million), the 2.5-metre-wide (8.2feet), 265-metre-long (869 feet) tunnel is said to be able to blow gusts of wind as fast as 10 times the speed of sound.The temperature of the gusts could reach a staggering 3,000 degrees Celsius.Jiang Zonglin, a researcher from the Chinese Academy of Science, called the 'unprecedented' wind tunnel an incubator of advanced aircraft.Mr Jiang said because planes couldn't fly during a lab experiment, they would need a wind tunnel that could generate gusts as fast as the desired speed of the aircraft to simulate a flying environment.In the case of JF12, it could simulate flying conditions between Mach 5 and Mach 9.Mr Jiang claimed that he and his team carry out one experiment every two days, and each experiment last 100 millisecond, which equals to one-tenth of a second.The researchers pointed out that China is currently developing a supersonic commercial plane that could travel as quickly as five times the speed of sound.This means the aircraft would be able to fly from Beijing to New York in two hours, compared to the current 14 hours.The TV clip apparently also shows an arrowhead-shaped model inside the Beijing-based wind tunnel.Its design looks like official Chinese mock-ups of the DF-ZF, China's 7,680mph hypersonic strike aircraft that could carry nuclear warheads past US missile defenses.Chinese officials have confirmed several test flights of hypersonic glide vehicles since 2013, but have kept the details top secret.This is likely the first time China has shown any test models linked to the project.In addition, The broadcast showed a weapon with a shape similar to the last stage of a ballistic missile, and computer generated images of a new triangular-framed glider.Raymond Wang, an expert in stopping the international spread of nuclear weapons, from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, California, was one of the first to spot the DF-ZF model.Writing on Twitter, he noted the programme's narrator didn't specifically refer to hypersonic boost-glide vehicles (HBGVs) or the DF-ZF at any point.'China just showed its hypersonic-BGV in a vid on 08 Oct.Probably a test design model, bu Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5070261/Rare-footage-China-s-5-million-hypersonic-wind-tunnel.html
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fox news -  Louise Arner Boyd spent her fortune exploring the Arctic
 
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fox news - Louise Arner Boyd spent her fortune exploring the Arctic The tale of a 20th century socialite who dedicated her life to exploring the Arctic and became the first woman to fly across the North Pole is being told in a new book.Louise Arner Boyd, born in 1887, inherited her parents' huge fortune in 1920 and spent it on several death-defying explorations of some of the most remote parts of the world, challenging the view of what was required of a young high society debutante.Images from the new biography show her on the deck of one of her ships in 1926, proudly standing next to a polar bear she has shot, and in another she is posing in a jeweled gown as she is being presented to the King of England at Buckingham Palace.Born in San Rafael, California, to a millionaire mining magnate father and a mother from one of New York's most prestigious families, Miss Arner Boyd inherited a staggering family fortune when her parents died in 1919 and 1920 respectively.With it she began to travel extensively, seeing as much of the world as she could until, on a trip to Norway in 1924, she saw something that would shape the course of the rest of her life; The Polar Ice Pack.She dedicated her life to Arctic expeditions, and in 1928, Miss Arner Boyd found herself involved in a search for missing Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen.Miss Arner Boyd's explorations from 1931 to 1938 included regions in and around Franz Josef Land, Spitsbergen, Greenland, Jan Mayen Island and eastern Arctic Canada.She made history in June 1955 when she became the first woman in the world to fly over the North Pole and her ship S.S.Veslekari, was the first to sail to the inner ends of Ice Fjord, Greenland She was honored by the United States Government and a number of foreign governments for her geographic studies and explorations.Her life is being re-told by author Joanna Kafarowski, in the new book 'The Polar Adventures of a Rich American Dame: A Life of Louise Arner Boyd'.COOK OR PEARY/HENSON - WHO GOT THERE FIRST? There are two claimants; American Frederic Cook who says he and two Inuit men reached the Geographic North Pole in April 1908, and Robert Edwin Peary, Matthew Henson and four Inuit women who say they arrived in April 6, 1909.Decades before the Americans did/didn't reach the north pole, Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen made a good go of it.During a three-year expedition in 1893–96, his team reached a record northern latitude of 86°14′ - the furthest north anyone had managed to travel at the time.Nansen also famously led the first team to ski across Greenland in 1888 and later in life became  involved in the League of Nations - later replaced by the UN - and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922.The Norwegian explorer was the first to reach the South Pole, on 14 December 1911, and after leading a team flying to the North Pole in 1926 he became the first person to reach both poles.In June 1928, Amundsen and five crew disappeared during a flight in the Arctic to rescue missing explorers.The search was called off in September and th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5120983/The-socialite-spent-fortune-exploring-Arctic.html
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fox news -  500-year-old coin found by an amateur treasure hunter
 
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fox news - 500-year-old coin found by an amateur treasure hunter An amateur metal detector struck gold when she stumbled across a rare 500-year-old coin near one of England's most historic battlefields.The coin, minted during the doomed reign of King Richard III, is one of only a handful still in existence.Experts speculate the gold coin may have been dropped by one of Richard's soldiers fleeing the pivotal Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.Richard III was killed in the battle and his opponent, Henry Tudor, seized the throne to begin the Tudor dynasty.The coin, minted during the doomed reign of King Richard III, is one of only a handful still in existence.Experts speculate the gold coin may have been dropped by one of Richard's soldiers fleeing the pivotal Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.The half angel was a gold coin roughly two centimetres in diameter and weighing just under three grams.It was introduced in 1472 during the reign of King Edward IV.Angels and half angels continually fluctuated in value under the reigns of several kings before they were abolished and replaced by Guineas by King Charles II in 1663.The coin is now set fetch £15,000 ($20,000) at Dix Noonan Webb's auction of coins, historical medals and paper money on 13 December.Michelle Vall, from Blackpool, was detecting close to Bosworth Field when she dug up the old coin called a half angel.It is now set fetch £15,000 ($20,000) at Dix Noonan Webb's auction of coins, historical medals and paper money on 13 December.Ms Vall, 51, made the rare discovery in Monks Kirby, Warwickshire, during a charity detecting rally in  September.The teaching assistant said: 'After detecting for two and a half hours in a farmer's field I got a signal.'The coin was deep down, about 16 inches below the surface, and the soil there is thick clay so it took a bit of digging out.'I spotted this glint of gold in the hole, although I obviously did not know exactly what it was at first.'I put it in the palm of my hand and then I went back to the organiser's tent.One of them identified it and people became very excited.The half angel was a gold coin roughly two centimetres in diameter and weighing just under three grams.It was introduced in 1472 during the reign of King Edward IV.Angels and half angels continually fluctuated in value under the reigns of several kings before they were abolished and replaced by Guineas by King Charles II in 1663.Ms Vall's discovery of the coin minted during Richard III's short two-year reign makes it a rare example and an exciting find for the detector who only took up the hobby two years ago.She said: 'I have decided to sell it because it is too valuable to keep.I did not want to keep it in a cupboard.'I feel very privileged that I have found something so precious and historic.The memory of that day, the excitement not just of myself but also of other detectorists, when I found that beautiful, tiny piece of historic gold will live with me for the rest of my life.'I started detecting because I am a keen antique collector and walker and when I Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5092541/500-year-old-coin-amateur-treasure-hunter.html
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fox news -  PinMe can track your location even if you turn GPS off
 
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fox news - PinMe can track your location even if you turn GPS off Stanford researchers have revealed an app they claim shows a major privacy flaw in mobile phones.Called PinMe, it mines information already stored on smartphones, such as data from gyroscopes and accelerometer, to work out where the user is - even if they don't give the app access to GPS (an option usually referred to as location services).When analysed alongside publicly available maps and weather reports, the Stanford researchers behind it say their app can help identify if a person is traveling by foot, car, train or plane, and chart their route of travel.The researchers behind the app have called for phone makers to include a new software switch to turn of all sensors to protect user's privacy.They say the apps shows a potential privacy flaw in phones.'PinMe demonstrates how information from seemingly innocuous sensors can be exploited using machine-learning techniques to infer sensitive details about our lives,' said Prateek Mittal, assistant professor in Princeton's Department of Electrical Engineering and PinMe paper co-author.The app analyses information already stored on smartphones that, unlike GPS, doesn't require permission for access.When computed along with publicly available maps and weather reports, this data can help identify if a person is traveling by foot, car, train or airplane, and chart their route of travel.All the while, the presence of the app can be virtually undetectable.The research team reported on the patent-pending app in the journal IEEE Transactions on Multi-Scale Computing Systems.'We wanted to raise public concern about this issue,' said Arsalan Mosenia, a postdoctoral research associate in electrical engineering and a member of the PinMe team.However, the discovery could also be used for new ways to navigate - in self driving cars and ship navigation systems, for instance.'[Attackers] can convince a ship or car that they're in a location that they're not actually in,' which could be problematic for American ships navigating international waters, for instance, or for the safety of the passengers of autonomous cars, points said Niraj Jha, professor of electrical engineering at Princeton and paper co-author, and the PinMe team is already talking with technology companies about licensing the app as a navigational tool.Supriyo Chakraborty, a security researcher at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, said 'The [PinMe] attack is ... extremely potent.'PinMe's developers already are working on ways for people to defend themselves against it, said Jha, whose research focus is on the security of the 'internet of things,' a phrase that describes the increasingly digital products that power our daily activities.'I think a lot of follow-up should deal with how to prevent this attack,' he said.HOW THE APP CAN TRACK YOU To run their experiment, the Princeton researchers collected phone data from three people for one day after installing PinMe on their phones — Galaxy S4 i9500, iPhone 6 and iPhone 6S — running either And Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5134219/App-track-location-turn-GPS-off.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Hypersonic spaceplane engine set for Colorado tests
 
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fox news - Hypersonic spaceplane engine set for Colorado tests A revolutionary engine that could be used in a spaceplane to take passengers into space in just 15 minutes has taken a major step forward with a new testing facility in Colorado.The site, at Front Range Airport near Watkins, Colorado, will test a key technology in Reaction Engine's hypersonic air-breathing combined cycle Sabre rocket engine.It comes after the firm won a U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) contract to test the engine’s pre-cooler heat exchanger, or HTX.In the UK the is continuing to develop the TF1 engine test facility at Westcott where the first ground-based demonstration of the Sabre rocket engine will take place.The UK site will incorporate a hydrogen/air-breathing pre-burner to condition the air for core evaluation and is adjacent to a test facility where Reaction’s rocket nozzle tests have also been conducted.The test centre will feature an assembly building, workshops, offices and a control room, along with various test engine configurations.The company plans on putting the Sabre engine in a reusable spaceplane called Skylon - a vehicle capable of launching heavy telecommunications satellites.Mark Thomas, CEO at Reaction Engines, said: 'This is another exciting step forward in development of Reaction Engines' Sabre engine and a visible demonstration of the UK's commitment to the programme.'I look forward to seeing this unique facility take shape and commencing our core engine testing, which will be a defining moment for aerospace.'Last year, the European Space Agency (ESA) invested £8.5 million ($11 million) towards the development of the engineFranco Ongaro, Director of Technology, Engineering and Quality, at ESA said: 'The opening of this new test facility at Westcott Today marks an historical moment for the European Aerospace industry and for the UK research and development in rocket propulsion.'This facility will enable the ground test of the Sabre engine cycle, opening the way to the first flight tests, and to a new era.'The European Space Agency is proud of this partnership with industry and the UK Space Agency, to which we bring our technical competence, which has supported the Sabre development to this stage, and we are confident, to its future flight success.'Reaction Engines has now has secured over £50 million ($66 million) in funding from the British government, with more than £42 million ($55 million) from the UK Space Agency, and the ESA contribution acting as the final piece.The revolutionary Sabre engine could allow aircraft to take off from a runway and accelerate to five times the speed of sound, before switching to a rocket mode, propelling it into orbit.This design could also be used to send satellites into space at a fraction of the current cost.Mr Thomas said: 'We are now entering an exciting phase where we can accelerate the pace of development to get Sabre up and running.'At the moment, rockets have to carry liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen to power them and the cost of carrying th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5192463/Hypersonic-spaceplane-engine-set-Colorado-tests.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
Просмотров: 4146 Fox News
fox news -  Indian woman bullied for her white skin and ginger hair
 
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fox news - Indian woman bullied for her white skin and ginger hair A young woman born to Indian parents with red hair, white skin and freckles has spent her life being shunned and bullied because people think she's diseased.Pooja Ganatra, 24, who was born in Mumbai, has flaming ginger hair, deep emerald eyes and white skin - like that of a stereotypical Gaelic woman.But the proud Indian was actually born to 'typically Indian' parents who thought her freckles were a birth defect - and have no idea where her unusual looks come from.Miss Ganatra's appearance, believed to stem from her ancestors, has made her feel like a foreigner in her own country - with Indians staring and asking for pictures.It could be her appearance, which saw her rushed to hospital as a child over fears she had a skin disease, was triggered by an 'evolutionary throwback' of her genes.Because of her complexion, strangers are often shocked to discover she speaks Hindi and try to charge her tourist prices because they think she is a backpacker.Her insecurities were intensified as a teenager by the overwhelming pressure to conform to 'impossible' Indian standards of beauty.Miss Ganatra, who runs her own clothes manufacturing business, said: 'When I was born, my family had never seen anyone who looked like me before because they all have brown skin, black hair and brown eyes, like most Indians.'When my freckles started appearing everywhere when I was three, because none of my relatives had ever gotten freckles before they didn't know what they were.'I was rushed to the doctors because everyone thought it was a birth defect or skin disease. I was always the odd-one-out at school, and was routinely bullied.'People would always come up and ask "what are those spots on your face? Why do you have so many marks?". It was a real mental challenge.'Even in my first year of university, I was pulled aside and told not to wear sleeveless shirts because they were "too eye catching" with my white skin.'There was no rule against sleeveless clothing and every other girl dressed like me, yet I was singled out.'Miss Ganatra added: 'Indians love to pose for photos with different-looking people from overseas, so I often get people coming up to me asking for pictures.'It's happened more than 100 times in my life - I have to tell them, "relax, I'm Indian too".'When I get into taxis cab drivers start speaking to me in English and are shocked when I answer them in Hindi.'The funniest one is when I'm charged the foreigner price for public attractions because they think I'm a backpacker, so I have to prove I'm Indian.'When I was in America people wouldn't believe me when I told them I'm Indian. Even the customs officer at the airport had to look twice at my passport and asked me if I'm really from India.'After Miss Ganatra was born, her parents decided not to have any more children in case her strange looks were a sign she needed medical treatment and they wanted to be able to afford this.While her father Rajesh, 51, has darker skin and looks 'typically Indian', her mother Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5178549/The-Indian-feels-like-foreigner-country.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  FDA clears nerve stimulator to aid recovery from opioids
 
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fox news - FDA clears nerve stimulator to aid recovery from opioids US health authorities have cleared a brain-stimulating device for patients suffering from debilitating withdrawal symptoms caused by addiction to heroin and other opioids.The nerve stimulator, known as NSS-2 Bridge, is the first device to treat such symptoms including joint pain, anxiety, stomach aches and insomnia.The announcement on Wednesday by the Food and Drug Administration opens a door for doctors to prescribe the device to patients who fear withdrawal symptoms coming off addictive opioids.It comes amid an epidemic of opioid abuse, which includes both illegal narcotics like heroin and prescription painkillers.Last year, more than 62,000 Americans were killed by opioid overdoses - more than HIV, car crashes and the 19-and-a-half year Vietnam war.Like with any drug addiction, one of the hardest obstacles to quitting is the fear of the debilitating withdrawal symptoms, which can make it difficult to sleep, think clearly, and get on with daily tasks, as well as a myriad of painful side effects.Currently, the standard method to wean people off opioids is methadone, a government-approved replacement drug which can be administered in a clinic.But even transitioning to that can be a shock to the system, driving many back to dangerous drugs.'The technology gives those suffering from opioid addiction an easier transition to all forms of medically-assisted treatment,' said Brian Carrico, president of Indiana-based medical technology firm Innovative Health Solutions, the manufacturer.'The device helps take away the fear of withdrawal and leads to a much higher success rate.' The NSS-2 Bridge is worn behind the ear where several electrodes stimulate nerves in the brain and spinal cord to relieve symptoms.The FDA says a study of more than 70 patients showed a 30 percent decrease in symptoms within 30 minutes of using the device.Nerve stimulators have previously been approved to treat epilepsy and depression.'Our vision is for every person in withdrawal, preparing for withdrawal, or suffering from post-acute withdrawal symptoms (PAWS), to have access to this technology,' Carrico said.'Significantly reducing withdrawal symptoms lessens the dependency on opioids, allows for easier transition to Medically Assisted Treatment (MAT) and ultimately works as another tool to combat the opioid epidemic facing our country. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5086251/FDA-clears-nerve-stimulator-aid-recovery-opioids.html
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fox news -  Is 1997 Isle of Man TT 50p coin rare and what's it worth?
 
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fox news - Is 1997 Isle of Man TT 50p coin rare and what's it worth? Recently, I received an unusual 50p coin in my change, which I had never seen before. It shows two motorcyclists racing with a wreath-style pattern on either side.The coin is dated 1997 on the back, with the usual effigy of the Queen and says Isle of Man on it.I have tried to research it to see if it is rare but cannot find much about it. I'm hoping that I have struck gold.Lee Boyce, consumer affairs editor at This is Money, replies: In the last two years, we have seen a glut of readers get in touch with coins they believe could be rare.Many that land in my inbox tend to be common coins. For example, I receive around a dozen e-mails a week about the Lord Kitchener £2 coin (which gives you the answer to whether it is rare or not).The coin in question that you have sent in is a normal 50p shape seen in Britain – and 1997 was the year in which the coin was downsized to the smaller, lighter coin we are familiar with today.As a Crown Dependency, the Isle of Man issues its own banknotes and coins, which feature the Queen.Isle of Man coins and notes are not legal tender in the UK, but UK coins and notes are accepted on the island.This means you could have rejected the 50p you received in your change and shops may not accept it (although it will be easy to spend unless you have an eagle-eyed cashier).Before this year, Isle of Man coins and notes were made by a firm called Pobjoy based in Surrey.The Royal Mint, which makes UK coins, publishes a list of mintage figures. This means we can determine how rare a coin is – for example, with only 210,000 Kew Gardens 50p coins minted, they are reasonably rare and can therefore fetch up to £50 online.The Isle of Man is synonymous with the TT racing which takes place every May or June.The first race was in 1907 – exactly 90 years before your coin.To determine if it is rare or not, we need to know the circulation figures - and a search around online doesn't throw up the answer.I contacted Pobjoy and it said: 'Unfortunately, we do not share mintage figures on our commemorative coins, let alone our circulating coins.'Our circulating coins depend on how many the Government demand, in which case the issue limit is unlimited.'This means we do not know how many were minted. A quick search online on marketplaces such as eBay throw up examples of the coin for around £3-5 – or six to ten times its true value in the Isle of Man.Many listings describe the coins as 'rare' - but they have no real way of knowing.Like any of these coins, it is only worth what someone is willing to pay.Given the popularity of motorsports and the fact marks 90 years of the first race, it makes a good keepsake – but don't expect to be able to buy a motorbike with any profit you may make with it. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/saving/article-5205387/Is-1997-Isle-Man-TT-50p-coin-rare-whats-worth.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Venus is not a dead planet and has signs of activity
 
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fox news - Venus is not a dead planet and has signs of activity Venus has long been written off as a 'dead' planet - but astronomers have revealed if it showing signs of change.A new global view of some well-known features on Venus's surface may indicate its crust is moving.Experts say the movement of mountain ridges is extremely similar to the same process happening on Earth.Researchers used radar images of Venus's surface from the Magellan mission between 1990 and 1994 to view the structures on the surface from a global perspective.This revealed a new pattern - these mountain ridges and grabens converge to isolate blocks of flat, low-lying plains of cooled lava along the planet's poles, something never noticed before.Scattered on Venus's surface are various narrow mountain ridges and surface grooves, or grabens, which scientists have known about for decades, but had only viewed them in isolation from one another previously.Researchers used radar images of Venus's surface from the Magellan mission between 1990 and 1994 to view the structures on the surface from a global perspective. This revealed a new pattern - these mountain ridges and grabens converge to isolate blocks of flat, low-lying plains of cooled lava along the planet's poles, something never noticed before. The researchers say the structures looked a lot like features seen on Earth, such as the Tarim Basin in northwestern China. Comparison between enclosed lava plains on Venus (left) and the Tarim Basin in China (right). The similarity between the two offers insight about block tectonics on Venus These are large pieces of continental crust that jostle, rotate and crash into surrounding terrain due to forces from the mantle below. This deforms the surrounding terrain into mountain ranges or grabens—features identical to those on Venus.  With the scorching 462-degree Celsius (864-degree Fahrenheit) temperature at Venus's surface, Byrne and his colleagues believe the crust could heat enough that it will slightly detach from the planet's mantle only 10-15 kilometers (6-9 miles) down, creating thin, 'crustal blocks' that could jostle, crash and rotate just like those on Earth.'When you zoom out, you see that these features form a connected pattern,' said Paul Byrne, who  revealed the findings at the 2017 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting in New Orleans.'That's when you realize that they seem to be working together.'The researchers say the structures looked a lot like features seen on Earth, such as the Tarim Basin in northwestern China.These are large pieces of continental crust that jostle, rotate and crash into surrounding terrain due to forces from the mantle below.This deforms the surrounding terrain into mountain ranges or grabens—features identical to those on Venus.With the scorching 462-degree Celsius (864-degree Fahrenheit) temperature at Venus's surface, Byrne and his colleagues believe the crust could heat enough that it will slightly detach from the planet's mantle only 10-15 kilometers (6-9 miles) down, creating thin, 'crustal block Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5192023/Venus-NOT-dead-planet-signs-activity.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Now Ineos billionaire Jim Ratcliffe buys a safari park
 
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fox news - Now Ineos billionaire Jim Ratcliffe buys a safari park Chemicals billionaire Jim Ratcliffe is splashing out on yet more wild investments.The Ineos founder, 65, has just bought a football team and leather jacket maker – and plans to start making cars.Ratcliffe is also teaming up with a safari company backed by Norway's sovereign wealth fund on a £7.5million safari project in Tanzania.Ratcliffe says the project with Asilia Africa, which includes three luxury lodges, will boost tourism, create jobs and discourage poaching.Ratcliffe, who has travelled widely in the area, said: 'The creation of a sustainable and ecologically friendly safari tourism business will both protect the wildlife and help the people of this amazing region.'It comes as his firm is battling to fix an oil pipe that carries about 40 per cent of North Sea oil and gas to the UK mainland.Oil prices reached two-year highs when the crack in the Forties Pipeline System was discovered last week. Ineos is better known for producing industrial chemicals and oil and wanting to start a fracking revolution in the UK.But earlier this year it announced plans to build a successor to the Land Rover Defender.Then it bought motorbike jacket maker Belstaff and Lausanne Football Club. The safari investment is from Ratcliffe's personal cash rather than the firm's. It is not clear how much he is investing. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5199505/Now-Ineos-billionaire-Jim-Ratcliffe-buys-safari-park.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Robot passes college class on the philosophy of love
 
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fox news - Robot passes college class on the philosophy of love The line between man and machine looks set to become increasingly blurred if one robot's quest to understand love is anything to go by.Bina48 is reportedly the first android to pass a college level course and her chosen subject was the philosophy of love.She participated in class discussions via Skype, before attending a final session in person.Bina48 is the creation of American robotics expert David Hanson, who believes that artificial lifeforms can foster better connections with people if they take on a human form.  The robot is modelled, both physically and mentally, after a woman called Bina Aspen, who is married to technology entrepreneur Martine Rothblatt.  Ms Rothblatt developed the software behind Bina48, creating a disturbingly realistic robotic 'clone' of her wife. which has become a prototype for the technology, selling for $150,000 (£106,000). The robot shares the ideas and personality of Bina by creating a database of her memories, beliefs and thoughts, along with information taken from social media interactions and blogs she shares.Bina48 successfully completed the course at Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU), in Belmont, California.As part of the course, she gave a presentation with a student partner and also took part in a debate between the class and students on an ethics course at the US Military Academy at West Point.The debate focused on the use of lethal vs. nonlethal weapons in warfare, with NDNU advocating nonlethal combat.Professor William Barry, the instructor of the class, said: 'It was remarkable to be part of this historic first for a socially advanced robot to take a college course.'The other students and I learned so much about human experience and love as we tried to explain our emotions to Bina48.'We need to get over our existential fear about robots and see them as an opportunity.'If we approach Artificial Intelligence with a sense of the dignity and sacredness of all life then we will produce robots with those values.'Bina48 is the creation of American robotics expert David Hanson, who believes that artificial lifeforms can foster better connections with people if they take on a human form.The robot is modelled, both physically and mentally, after a woman called Bina Aspen, who is married to technology entrepreneur Martine Rothblatt.Ms Rothblatt developed the software behind Bina48, creating a disturbingly realistic robotic 'clone' of her wife. which has become a prototype for the technology, selling for $150,000 (£106,000).The robot shares the ideas and personality of Bina by creating a database of her memories, beliefs and thoughts, along with information taken from social media interactions and blogs she shares.This allows Bina48 to express opinions and interact in conversations like a real, living person.An internet radio entrepreneur, Rothblatt believes the these 'Mind Clones' could eventually be used to help provide social interactions for people living alone and even help recreate the personalities of p Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5205171/Robot-passes-college-class-philosophy-love.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  How Neolithic weapons were made to kill with one strike
 
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fox news - How Neolithic weapons were made to kill with one strike A weapon used by Neolithic people could kill with one blow, according to a new study which used forensic detection methods to recreate violence from the period.Experts created a replica of a 5,500-year-old wooden club to inflict damage to a synthetic human skull.They found the so-called Thames Beater, pulled out of waterlogged soil on the north bank of the River Thames, would have made a lethal tool in the hands of its wielder.Experts believe that if they can link specific weapons to specific injuries, they can start to reconstruct scenes of violence in the Neolithic era.  They think weapons like the Thames Beater would only have been used in instances when they wanted to kill their opponent. Other types of weapons might have been used to inflict non-lethal head wounds.  Both types of weapon may have been used in raids, assaults, child killing and murder. The team had also discovered that direct blows can result in fractures previously attributed to falls. This could suggest that deaths put down to accidents may have in fact been the result of violence.Archaeologists from the University of Edinburgh used tools normally employed to analyse the impact of gun shots.These skull substitutes are made of a rubber skin wrapped around a polyurethane, bone-like shell, which is filled with gelatin to simulate the brain.The Thames Beater has been carbon dated to roughly 3530 to 3340 BC and is housed in the Museum of London.The Edinburgh team wanted to test whether the cricket bat-like paddle could have been used to inflict the kind of damage found on bodies buried in Western and Central Europe during the Neolithic era.While metal weapons, including swords and daggers, survive from later periods like the Bronze Age, earlier wooden weapons are less likely to survive the ravages of time.One fracture pattern observed by the team mirrored damage to a skull from a 5200 BC massacre site called Asparn/Schletz in Austria.Experts have previously suggested that wooden clubs might have been used as weapons in the battle.Speaking to Live Science, Meaghan Dyer, PhD candidate at the university, said: 'No one was trying to identify why there was blunt-force trauma in the period.'We realised we needed to start looking at weapons.'We wanted to see if we could come up with a really efficient method to determine which tools could be used as weapons.'We didn't go out aiming to replicate a particular injury, and when we got that fracture pattern, we were quite excited.'Experts believe that if they can link specific weapons to specific injuries, they can start to reconstruct scenes of violence in the Neolithic era.They think weapons like the Thames Beater would only have been used in instances when they wanted to kill their opponent.Other types of weapons might have been used to inflict non-lethal head wounds.Both types of weapon may have been used in raids, assaults, child killing and murder.The team had also discovered that direct blows can result in fractures previously attribu Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5168229/A-5-500-year-old-wooden-club-killed-one-blow.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  As shares plunge 15%, pressure grows on British Gas boss
 
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fox news - As shares plunge 15%, pressure grows on British Gas boss Centrica chief executive Iain Conn is facing mounting pressure to deliver progress on his strategy after the collapse in the British Gas owner’s share price last week.City sources said Conn must soon provide detailed evidence that the company has a credible plan to stem an exodus of customers.Investors also want assurance that he can reap more profits from the Connected Home business, which includes switching heating or other appliances on and off remotely or through voice activated systems.The shares dropped 15 per cent on Thursday, taking the fall since January to 41 per cent. The company is now worth less than at the time of its privatisation in the 1980s.One City stockbroker said: ‘We need to see some confirmation of progress by February with far more detail than it has provided so far. That’s going to be critical.‘Shareholders and the investment community will be scrutinising the strategy more carefully after this week and will expect to see more clarity on numbers. Given the share price performance and a massive downgrade of earnings there is now pressure.’More than 820,000 customers – or 6 per cent – defected from Centrica in just four months. The company said customers signing up to ‘collective-bargaining’ energy supply deals, where large numbers band together and haggle prices down to rock bottom, were partly responsible for the exodus.Centrica, which owns British Gas, the biggest of the six major energy companies, now has 13.1 million customers in the UK.In a damning report following the profit warning, Deutsche Bank analyst Martin Brough said last week’s revelation ‘raises existential questions’. The report said that investors – around 600,000 of whom are small shareholders – should brace themselves for a slashed dividend payout in 2019. That would follow the cut in 2015 that Conn made soon after his arrival.Brough said that the declining share price might even make the firm a ‘bid target’ even though many suitors will be put off by the turbulent political environment.Last month, the Prime Minister pledged to introduce legislation that would end ‘rip-off energy prices once and for all’ during a speech at the Conservative Party conference. It follows moves to cap bills for vulnerable customers.Deutsche Bank pointed out that Centrica’s current woes come even before the UK residential price cap has been imposed. It said it was concerned because technology is making it easier and cheaper for new companies to enter the energy market and challenge British Gas and the other large companies.It added that the new entrants are ‘disruptive’ and ‘unstoppable’ and that Centrica’s attempts to win over customers with its high-tech Connected Home gadgets will not do well enough to compensate.Centrica is using its Hive Home technology to promote high tech control systems that allow customers to turn on their heating before they get home, and alert them if their boiler breaks down or if a window is left open.It can also use Amazon Echo voice activation Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/news/article-5116897/As-shares-plunge-15-pressure-grows-British-Gas-boss.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Migraine miracle jab 'could be approved by NHS next year'
 
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fox news - Migraine miracle jab 'could be approved by NHS next year' Millions of people are set to benefit from the first new migraine drug in 20 years, a landmark study revealed last night.The monthly injection, called erenumab, prevents nearly half of migraine attacks for people who have few other treatment options, scientists found.The medication, developed by UK scientists over the last three decades, has been submitted for a medical licence in Europe and the US and will be assessed by NHS watchdog NICE in May.More than eight million Britons - three quarters of them women - suffer migraine attacks, which involve dizziness, nausea and headaches.Attacks can last anything from four to 72 hours.The problem affects more people than diabetes, asthma and epilepsy combined - and is the sixth most common cause of disability in the world.Yet until now there has been no treatment specifically designed to prevent the problem, with patients instead given beta blockers, antidepressants and botox in a bid to stave off the crippling attacks.Erenumab is the first in a new class of drugs which instead tackles the protein responsible for the pain and nausea associated with a migraine.The protein - called calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) - causes blood vessels intertwined with nerve endings in the head to swell up.Erenumab contains an antibody that blocks that process.Described as one of the few true ‘holy grails’ of medical research, an injection to tackle migraines has been pursued by some of the world’s biggest drugs firms.Erenumab, which is self-administered into the thigh or stomach with an injection pen, is the first new migraine treatment since Triptans – drugs which ease the symptoms of migraines but not the cause – were developed in 1997.If it is approved by NICE for NHS use next year, up to half a million patients with the most serious migraines might initially benefit, although this might rise in future.Study leader Professor Peter Goadsby of King’s College London, who first highlighted the role of CGRP in migraines in 1985, said: ‘This is an incredibly important step forward.‘It’s the real deal - next year the NHS will be looking at whether to make this available.‘At the moment people who suffer with migraines are stuck between a rock and a hard place.But they can stop losing hope, because hope is just around the corner.’ The study, published in the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine, involved 955 patients who were given erenumab or a dummy placebo injection for six months.At the start of the trial, the participants suffered migraines on an average of 8.3days a month.Within four months, those who took erenumab were experiencing migraines on 3.7fewer days.Those on placebo saw their migraines come down by only 1.8days.The drug was remarkably safe, with patients actually reporting fewer side effects than those taking the placebo.Simon Evans, chief executive of Migraine Action, said: ‘Migraine is too often trivialised as just a headache when, in reality, it can be a debilitating, chronic condition that can Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5130143/Migraine-miracle-jab-approved-NHS-year.html
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fox news -  iPhone X owners complain: 'Green line of death' on screens
 
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fox news - iPhone X owners complain: 'Green line of death' on screens A‘green line of death’ has appeared on more than two dozen iPhone X screens, baffling owners who’ve only had the $999 handset for a few days.On forums, social media, and Apple Support Communities, iPhone X users have revealed a mysterious green line appeared seemingly out of nowhere, despite the phones functioning normally when first taken out of the box.Apple has not yet commented on the issue, but some suspect it may be the result of an electrical fault, causing the green sub-pixels in the phones' new diamond subpixel pattern to illuminate, according to TechCrunch.The problem so far affects at least 25 customers, and appears to be growing, according to MacRumors.For those affected, the green line appears spontaneously, and runs from the top to the bottom of the display.According to those who have reported the issue, the phones have not been dropped or damaged.And, for many, it does not go away after restarting or fully restoring the device – but, doing this can cause it to pop up in a different spot.‘So I was playing with my new phone and all of a sudden, this happened,’ said MacRumors forum member tmiles81.‘It's a really bright line going down the entire right side of the phone.’ On Twitter, one user simply wrote: ‘Green line of death’, with a skull emoji.According to MacRumors, the issue has been seen on both the 64GB and 256GB, for both Silver and Space Gray devices.For now, it appears Apple has been replacing affected devices free of charge.The 'green line of death' isn't the only problem users have experienced within the first week of owning the iPhone X.Customers have begun reporting problems with the $999 device's responsiveness in cold temperatures.On Reddit, several iPhone X owners complained the handset’s screen does not work upon stepping outside into a wintry chill.While Apple recommends using its devices in temperatures above the freezing point, the issue so far appears to be occurring within the described range, causing problems with swiping and even FaceID.Reddit user darus214 revealed the issue in a thread this week, writing: ‘I've noticed that my iPhone X screen becomes very unresponsive as soon as I step outside.‘It literally takes 2 seconds from going inside to the cold outdoors and my screen stops being very responsive.I try swiping on websites and it doesn't register my finger.It's very noticeable.Is anyone else having this problem?’ A slew of other iPhone X owners joined the conversation to add that they, too, had been having similar troubles.Some said the phone was failing to recognize their touch, while others said FaceID did not recognize them.On Apple’s support site, the firm recommends using iOS devices in environments where ‘the ambient temperature is between 0º and 35º C (32º to 95º F).’ Outside of this range, the device could act up in a number of ways.‘Using an iOS device in very cold conditions outside of its operating range might temporarily shorten battery life and could cause the device to turn off.‘Battery l Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5071649/iPhone-X-owners-complain-Green-line-death-screens.html
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fox news -  Amazon reveals spy cloud servers for intelligence agencies
 
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fox news - Amazon reveals spy cloud servers for intelligence agencies Amazon has unveiled a new version of its web storage service for the CIA and other intelligence community agencies to host secret classified data.Known as the 'AWS Secret Region' it will allow the 17 intelligence agencies to host, analyze and run applications on government data classified at the secret level.The new service is air-gapped—or shut off—from the rest of the internet.'Today we mark an important milestone as we launch the AWS Secret Region,' said Teresa Carlson, Vice President, Amazon Web Services Worldwide Public Sector.'AWS now provides the U.S.Intelligence Community a commercial cloud capability across all classification levels: Unclassified, Sensitive, Secret, and Top Secret.'The U.S.Intelligence Community can now execute their missions with a common set of tools, a constant flow of the latest technology and the flexibility to rapidly scale with the mission.' Through the company's $600 million C2S contract, brokered several years ago with the CIA, Amazon already provides a region for the intelligence community's top secret data.'The AWS Top Secret Region was launched three years ago as the first air-gapped commercial cloud and customers across the U.S.Intelligence Community have made it a resounding success,' said Carlson.'Ultimately, this capability allows more agency collaboration, helps get critical information to decision makers faster, and enables an increase in our Nation's Security.' CIA Chief Information Officer John Edwards said the new region is a key step in commercial cloud computing technology.'The AWS Secret Region is a key component of the intel community's multi-fabric cloud strategy.'It will have the same material impact on the IC at the Secret level that C2S has had at Top Secret,' Edwards said in a statement.Amazon Web Services is the most profitable division of business giant Amazon.The Defense Department, which spends some $40 billion on IT each year. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5101831/Amazon-reveals-spy-cloud-servers-intelligence-agencies.html
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fox news -  NASA image reveals a massive hole in the sun's atmosphere
 
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fox news - NASA image reveals a massive hole in the sun's atmosphere NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory has spotted a huge hole in the sun’s outer atmosphere, appearing as a dark shadow across the surface.While it might seem alarming, the phenomenon in this case is no cause for worry; according to NASA, this particular coronal hole was likely to blame for the breathtaking auroras seen earlier this month.SDO observed the huge hole from November 7-9, during which the opening sent high-speed solar wind streaming toward Earth.The sun and its atmosphere are made of plasma – a mix of positively and negatively charged particles which have separated at extremely high temperatures, that both carries and travels along magnetic field lines.Material from the corona streams out into space, filling the solar system with the solar wind.But scientists found that as the plasma travels further away from the sun, things change: The sun begins to lose magnetic control, forming the boundary that defines the outer corona – the very edge of the sun.If charged particles from solar winds hit Earth's magnectic field, this can cause problems for satellite and communication equipment.In the striking ultraviolet image, the hole is immediately clear – it stretches along the top and sides of the sun like a dark inkblot.‘Coronal holes are magnetically open areas on the Sun that allow high-speed solar wind to gush out into space,’ NASA explains.‘They always appear darker in extreme ultraviolet.'This one was likely the source of bright aurora that shimmered for numerous observers, with some reaching down even to Nebraska.’ While these holes can appear at any time and place on the sun, they’re more common around solar minimum, according to the NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center.And, scientists say solar minimum is approaching.During this time, certain types of activity such as sunspots and solar flares will drop – but, it’s also expected to bring the development of long-lived phenomena including coronal holes.According to NASA, solar minimum could also enhance the effects of space weather, potentially disrupting communications and navigation systems, and even causing space junk to ‘hang around.’ The sun follows roughly an 11-year cycle.While sunspots were relatively high back in 2014, they’re now heading toward a low point expected in 2019-2020, according to NASA.‘This is called solar minimum,’ said Dean Pesnell of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, earlier this year.The change, however, doesn’t mean that activity ceases altogether, the expert explains.Instead, different types of events tend to take hold.For instance, ‘during solar minimum we can see the development of long-lived coronal holes,’ Pesnell says.‘We see these holes throughout the solar cycle, but during solar minimum, they can last for a long time – six months or more.’ These are areas in the sun’s atmosphere where the magnetic field opens up, sending streams of solar particles into space.When the resulting solar wind hits Earth’s magnetic field, it can cause space Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5104763/NASA-image-reveals-massive-HOLE-sun-s-atmosphere.html
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fox news -  Canavero: World's 1st human head transplant carried out
 
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fox news - Canavero: World's 1st human head transplant carried out The world's first human head transplant has been carried out on a corpse in China, according to Italian professor Sergio Canavero.During an 18-hour operation, experts demonstrated that it is possible to successfully reconnect the spine, nerves and blood vessels of a severed head.A similar operation on a live human will take place 'imminently', the controversial professor claims.In May, scientists carried out a head transplant on a rat in a practise run for controversial human experiment.Researchers used three rats for each operation: a smaller rat, to be the donor, and two larger rats, acting as the recipient and the blood supply.To maintain blood flow to the donor brain, they connected the blood vessels from that rat to veins of the third rat using a silicon tube, which was then passed through a peristaltic pump.Then, once the head had been transplanted onto the second rat's body, the researchers used vascular grafts to connect the donor's thoracic aorta and superior vena cava to the carotid artery and extracorporeal veins of the recipient.Professor Canavero, director of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group, made the announcement at a press conference in Vienna this morning.The procedure was carried out by a team led by Dr Xiaoping Ren, who last year grafted a head onto the body of a monkey.A full report of the Harbin Medical University team's procedure and a timeframe for the live transplant are expected within the next few days.Speaking at the press conference, Professor Canavero said: 'For too long nature has dictated her rules to us.'We're born, we grow, we age and we die.For millions of years humans has evolved and 110 billion humans have died in the process.'We have entered an age where we will take our destiny back in our hands.'It will change everything.It will change you at every level.'The first human head transplant, in the human mode, has been realised.'The surgery lasted 18 hours.The paper will be released in a few days.' 'Everyone said it was impossible, but the surgery was successful.' Professor Canavero added that the team's next step is to perform a full head swap between brain dead organ donors.'And that is the final step for the formal head transplant for a medical condition which is imminent,' he said 'It will be for a medical, neurological condition, not for life-extension.' Asked whether the eventual plans for live procedures would go worldwide after initial tests in China, Professor Canavero said: 'Given the amount of mean criticism we recieved I don't think we should go international.'For instance, if you still stick to the Frankenstein schtick, which doesn't make sense, then no.In September 2016, the controversial neurosurgeon outlined plans to conduct 'Frankenstein' experiments to reanimate human corpses to test his technique.Dr Canavero and his collaborators discussed trials to test whether it is possible to reconnect the spinal cord of a head to another body with tests that will stimulate the nervous system in fr Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5092769/World-s-human-head-transplant-carried-out.html
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fox news -  Cannabis increases the risk of bipolar disorder
 
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fox news - Cannabis increases the risk of bipolar disorder Teenage cannabis use may increases a person's risk of suffering from bipolar disorder in later life, new research suggests.People who used cannabis at least two-to-three times a week at 17 years old are more likely to experience hypomania in their earlier 20s, according to the first study of its kind.Hypomania is defined as an elevated mood alongside irritability or an inflated ego, an unrealistic sense of superiority, frenzied speech and a reduced need for sleep.Lead author Dr Steven Marwaha from Warwick Medical School, said: 'Adolescent cannabis use may be an independent risk factor for future hypomania, and the nature of the association suggests a potential causal link.'Cannabis is the most commonly-used drug in the UK, with 6.5 per cent of people aged between 16 and 59 taking it in the past year, which makes up around 2.1 million individuals.ZOMBIE-LIKE DRUG 'SPICE' MAKES USERS SIGNIFICANTLY SLOWER AND UNABLE TO FOCUS WITHIN ONE HOUR, STUDY FINDS The zombie-drug 'spice' makes users significantly slower and unable to focus within just one hour, the first study of its kind reported last month. Even at considerably lower doses than those taken recreationally, the controversial 'fake cannabis' and former 'legal high' makes people feel intoxicated within just 60 minutes and tired 12 hours later, the research adds, which is the first to investigate the drug's behavioural effects in humans. Although the study's safety results were strong, with only fatigue and headache being reported, experts warn the dose used was exceptionally low. Ian Hamilton, a cannabis researcher at York University, told MailOnline: 'The low dose used in this study is unlikely to represent the dose most people are exposed to. 'The results in this study confirm the behavioural impairments caused by spice which have become very visible in our High Streets and city centres.' Spice, which is up to four times more potent than cannabis, was available in the UK as a 'legal high' less than two years ago. Although now prohibited, the drug, which can cause anxiety, vomiting, a rapid heart rate and even seizures, is wreaking havoc on Britain's High Streets, as well as in its prisons.How the research was carried outThe study's participants' cannabis use at 17 years old was assessed by asking if they took the drug and, if so, how frequently over a 12-month period.At 22-to-23 years old, the participants completed a questionnaire that investigated their lifetime experience of maniac symptoms, including their emotions, thoughts and behaviour while in a 'high' state.Teenage cannabis use may cause bipolar in later lifeResults reveal using cannabis at least two-to-three times a week at 17 years old increase a person's later risk of suffering hypomania.Hypomania is defined as elevated mood alongside irritability or an inflated ego, an unrealistic sense of superiority, a reduced need for sleep and frenzied speech.Dr Marwaha said: 'Cannabis use in young people is common and associated with psychiat Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5136381/Cannabis-increases-risk-bipolar-disorder.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Comet from another solar system may have just passed Earth
 
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fox news - Comet from another solar system may have just passed Earth While comets regularly fly through our solar system, scientists believe they may have spotted a comet from another solar system passing by Earth for the first time.The comet, called C/2017 U1 was spotted by a telescope in Hawaii on 18 October, and was then seen 34 separate times in the week after.Based on its bizarre trajectory, astronomers believe C/2017 U1 may be the first comet ever seen that came from interstellar space and through our solar system.The comet, called C/2017 U1 was spotted by a telescope in Hawaii on 18 October, and was then seen 34 separate times in the week after.Its path is illustrated in NASA's animation, above While most comets follow ellipse-shaped orbits around the sun, this comet appears to orbit at an angle, and doesn't circle the sun.Its orbital path suggests it entered our solar system from the direction of the constellation Lyra, looped around the sun, and will never return.Speaking to New Scientist, Dr Simon Porter, a planetary scientist at Southwest Research Institute said: 'It's coming from very far away, but we can't actually backtrack how far away it started.'It could be that it's coming from outside the solar system, but it's really hard to tell.' Observations published by the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Centre (MPC) suggest the comet likely escaped the orbit of another star.The MPC said: 'Unless there are serious problems with much of the astrometry listed below, strongly hyperbolic orbits are the only viable solutions.'If further observations confirm the unusual nature of this orbit, this object may be the first clear case of an interstellar comet.' But not everyone is convinced that the comet comes from another solar system.Dr Maria Womack, a planetary scientist at the University of South Florida said: 'It could have interacted with Jupiter or another planet in such a way that changed its orbit.'When you think of photos of comets, they're a fuzzy blob.People have to make determinations of where they think the centre is.'Someone who is at the telescope has to make a call.' Astronomers now hope to continue tracking the comet to learn more about its origin. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5020973/Comet-solar-just-passed-Earth.html
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fox news -  Asgardia launches first satellite into space
 
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fox news - Asgardia launches first satellite into space A‘virtual nation’ complete with its own constitution and citizens has launched into space.The small satellite, roughly the size of a loaf of bread, aims to establish Asgardia’s ‘sovereign territory,’ carrying half a terabyte of data into orbit.Asgardia-1 launched to the International Space Station with the Orbital ATK Cygnus spacecraft, and will remain there until it deploys to low-Earth orbit in three weeks.Asgardia will be the first 'space nation'.The name comes from the city of the skies ruled by Odin from Valhalla in Norse mythology.It is described as 'a fully-fledged and independent nation, and a future member of the United Nations'.The Asgardia Project Team is made up of experts from around the globe.The project team is being led by Dr Igor Ashurbeyli, a Russian scientist and founder of the Aerospace International Research Center (AIRC) in Vienna.By creating a new space nation, the experts behind the project hope to develop future space technology free from the restrictions of state control.Alongside its announcement, Asgardia opened up applications for virtual citizenship via its website, and so far almost half a million people have pledged their allegiance.The first Asgardia satellite will launch in September this year.One of Asgardia's first projects will be the creation of a protective shield to protect humankind from space debris, including asteroids.The so-called virtual nation Asgardia launched atop the Antares rocket from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on Nov 12.Doing so satisfies the last condition necessary for admission to the UN, according to Asgardia.Asgardia has designed a constitution, which has already been accepted.And, it even has its own cryptocurrency called the Solar, which is registered at the European Union Intellectual Property Office.The ‘first nation in space’ also has a flag and a coat of arms.The project was hatched by an international group of scientists and backed by a Russian billionaire Dr Igor Ashurbeyli.But, it's already been met with a number of challenges.Earlier this year,  the team behind the plan revealed they're having difficulties organizing the new country.The team, led by Dr Igor Ashurbeyli, billionaire and founder of the Aerospace International Research Center in Vienna, unveiled the bizarre plans at a press conference in Paris last October.Dr Ashurbeyli said at the time he believed the space-bound private 'country' could 'offer an independent platform free from the constraint of a land-based country's laws.' However, it seems some more human problems are getting in the way of this vision.'No one has ever tried organising…what is today 100,000 citizens from 200 countries who don’t know each other and live in different places on Earth', he said.Future Asgardians speak many different languages and also have different political systems, which could lead to political unrest.There is also debate as to whether the new nation should accept refugees from Earth.Out of the 300,000 that initially Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5082289/Virtual-nation-Asgardia-launches-satellite.html
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fox news -  A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline
 
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fox news - A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline A cure for Huntington's disease could be in the pipeline following the results of a groundbreaking new drug trial.For the first time, scientists have been able to correct the defect that is responsible for the devastating neurodegenerative disease.The results, hailed as the 'biggest breakthrough in 50 years', saw 46 patients of the incurable disease given an experimental drug.University College London researchers discovered the pill lowered their levels of toxic proteins in the brain.The drug, dubbed a 'tremendous step forward', was also found to be safe - despite fears it could lead to meningitis.Professor Sarah Tabrizi, lead researcher told the BBC: 'I've been seeing patients in clinic for nearly 20 years, I've seen many of my patients over that time die.'For the first time we have the potential, we have the hope, of a therapy that one day may slow or prevent Huntington's disease.'Professor Tabrizi, director of UCL's Huntington's Disease Centre, added: 'This is of groundbreaking importance for patients and families.'Huntington's disease is a genetic disorder that affects the central nervous system and leads to involuntary movements, difficulty talking and memory loss.The condition, which affects 8,500 adults in the UK and around 30,000 in the US, occurs as a result of a fault in the huntingtin gene.On average, patients live for between 10 and 20 years after their diagnosis.The huntingtin protein itself is vital for the development of the brain, but the genetic error leads to it instead killing brain cells.Huntington’s disease is an illness caused by a faulty gene in your DNA (the biological ‘instructions’ you inherit which tell your cells what to do).  If you have Huntington’s, it affects your body’s nervous system – the network of nerve tissues in the brain and spinal cord that co-ordinate your body’s activities. Huntington’s can cause changes with movement, learning, thinking and emotions.  Once symptoms begin, the disease gradually progresses, so living with it means having to adapt to change, taking one day at a time. Living with Huntington’s disease can be very challenging. Getting the right information and support is vital and we’re here to help. Huntington’s is not something you can catch; it is inherited. Every child conceived naturally to a parent who carries the Huntington’s gene has a 50% chance of inheriting it.The new drug works by silencing the faulty huntingtin gene - stopping the creation of damaged proteins in the brain, the BBC reports.Having proved successful on animals, the British researchers looked to investigate the drug's effects on human patients.For the trial, the patients were injected with the drug into their spinal fluid at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery.Alongside its benefits at reducing the amount of huntingtin, the volunteers were found to tolerate the drug well.However, the team remain adamant that more research is needed to prove that lowering levels of huntingtin could lead to a possible Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5167335/Could-cure-Huntingtons.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Stilt-legged horses roamed North America in the ice age
 
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fox news - Stilt-legged horses roamed North America in the ice age Researchers have discovered a previously unrecognized genus of extinct horses that roamed North America during the last ice age.The study on the thin-limbed, lightly built horses was based on an analysis of ancient DNA from fossils.Before the study, the researchers thought the horse was related to the Asiatic wild ass, or another separate species belonging to the same genus as horsesHowever, the new results reveal that these horses were not closely related to any living population of horses.The study, conducted by an international team of researchers, involved analyzing the DNA from fossils of the 'New World stilt-legged horse.'The fossils were excavated from sites including the Natural Trap Cave in Wyoming, Gypsum Cave in Nevada, and the Klondlike goldfields of Canada's Yukon territory.The stilt-legged horses were though to be a species within the genus Equus, which includes living horses, asses, and zebras.The new study however showed that these extinct horses with narrow hooves, named Haringtonhippus francisci, are not closely related to any horses living today.The researchers say that the extinct North American horse seems to have diverged from the main trunk of the family tree leading to the Equus genus some 4 to 6 million years ago.'The horse family, thanks to its rich and deep fossil record, has been a model system for understanding and teaching evolution,' said first author of the study Peter Heintzman, who led the study as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Santa Cruz.'Now ancient DNA has rewritten the evolutionary history of this iconic group,''The evolutionary distance between the extinct stilt-legged horses and all living horses took us by surprise, but it presented us with an exciting opportunity to name a new genus of horse,' said senior author Beth Shapiro, professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at UC Santa Cruz.Coauthor Eric Scott, a paleontologist at California State University San Bernardino, said that morphologically, the fossils of Haringtonhippus are not all that different from those of Equus.'But the DNA tells a fascinatingly different story altogether' he said.'That's what is so impressive about these findings.'It took getting down to the molecular level to discern this new genus.'The findings show that the species was widespread and successful throughout much of North America, living alongside populations of Equus, but not interbreeding with them.In the North of Canada, Haringtonhippus survived until about 17,000 years ago - more than 19,000 years later than previously thought for this region.At the end of the last ice age, both horse groups became extinct in Northern America, along with other large animals like woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats.Although the Equus survived in Eurasia after the last ice age which eventually led to domestic horses, the stilt-legged Haringtonhippus was an evolutionary dead end.The research team named the horse after Richard Harrington, emeritus curator of Q Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5125527/Stilt-legged-horses-roamed-North-Americ-ice-age.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Coffee puzzle leaves Twitter totally stumped
 
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fox news - Coffee puzzle leaves Twitter totally stumped Abaffling puzzle posted on Twitter has left the web stumped, as viewers struggle to determine the correct answer.The brainteaser, which was shared on by Twitter user @Purp, shows a pot of coffee being poured into a sketch of different pipes, which collectively lead to four coffee mugs.The puzzle asks users to figure out which of the coffee mugs the liquid will reach first - and it's harder than it first appears.The user who uploaded it told her followers: 'Let's see whose brain is working'.It was quickly shared thousands of times as users argued over the right answer.While many people concluded that all four cups would receive the coffee at the same time, user @Purp encouraged them to 'look closely'.Her followers continued to guess which cup would receive the coffee and she kept telling them to pay attention because the answer was 'right there'.The correct answer? Cup five.Why? Because all the funnels leading to the other mugs are blocked.Once the poster had pointed that out to her followers, they were amazed how long it took them to notice that detail. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5070611/Coffee-puzzle-leaves-Twitter-totally-stumped.html
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fox news -  Weatherman reveals simple hack to defrost your windscreen
 
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fox news - Weatherman reveals simple hack to defrost your windscreen With temperatures set to plummet over the next few weeks, one weatherman has shared a handy hack for defrosting your windshield when you don't have de-icer to hand.Meteorologist Ken Weathers, who is an East Tennessee WATE 6 News weatherman, posted a home video on YouTube that was shared by LifeHacker and has racked up hundreds of thousands of views.His tutorial involves mixing two parts Isopropyl alcohol, (also known as rubbing alcohol or surgical spirit), and one part water - things he says most people will already have in their house.He advises mixing the two ingredients together and popping them in a spray bottle and then spritzing it over your windscreen.As his video attests, after a few seconds, the windscreen becomes clear and he simply wipes away the excess solution.He guarantees that the solution will help defrost your windscreen in no time at all - just beware of using warm water, which will break the glass.The weatherman also adds that the freezing point for rubbing alcohol is -128.2°F, so you can leave the solution in your car without fear of it freezing.Weathers was subject to a few comments from unconvinced drivers who said the hack was dangerous and could crack a windscreen.In response, he told the doubters that he'd consulted with body shops who informed him that if motorists wash or wax their car as recommended, there will be no damage.He also notes that you can easily wipe the solution of without scraping or scrubbing too hard.Another one of his viral videos saw him reveal how to protect your windscreen wipers in cold conditions. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5088809/Weatherman-reveals-simple-hack-defrost-windscreen.html
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fox news -  'Quake swarm' rocks San Andreas fault at Monterey County
 
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fox news - 'Quake swarm' rocks San Andreas fault at Monterey County Fears of a huge quake have risen in California after a series of 10 'mini quakes' yesterday raised fears a deadly 'megaquake' on the San Andreas fault could be on its way.A string of 10 tremors struck Monterey County, a rural area in California, in what seismologists call a 'swarm' of earthquakes.The largest of this swarm, a 4.6-magnitude quake, was felt in San Francisco more than 90 miles (145 km) away.The swarm dramatically increases the likelihood of a major quake in California, at least temporarily, experts claim.The swarm hit California's Monterey County on Monday at 11:31am ET (4:31pm GMT) about 13 miles (20 km) northeast of Gonzales, near Salinas.The initial 4.6-magnitude quake was followed by nine smaller aftershocks.The largest of these measured magnitude 2.8, Annemarie Baltay, a seismologist with the US Geological Survey in Menlo Park, told San Francisco news outlet SFGATE.There were no reports of injuries or damage to buildings.The quake happened at a depth of around 4 miles (6.5 km) on the infamous San Andreas Fault, close to a region where the Calaveras Fault branches off.Experts have previously warned that any activity on the fault line is cause for concern.'Any time there is significant seismic activity in the vicinity of the San Andreas fault, we seismologists get nervous,' Thomas Jordan, director of the Southern California Earthquake Centre, told the LA Times last year.'Because we recognise that the probability of having a large earthquake goes up.'Despite this, Ms Baltay said the recent quakes are part of normal seismic activity and that there was no suggestion the tremors were signs of larger activity to come.'This is really typical behaviour,' she said.'It's as if someone put an oil can into the fault and lubricated it.'Fears of California's 'Big One' were stirred in May when an expert warned that a destructive earthquake will hit the state 'imminently'.Seismologist Dr Lucy Jones, from the US Geological Survey, warned in a dramatic speech that people need to act to protect themselves rather than ignoring the threat.Dr Jones said people's decision not to accept it will only mean more suffer as scientists warn the 'Big One' is now overdue to hit California.In a keynote speech to a meeting of the Japan Geoscience Union and American Geophysical Union, Dr Jones warned that the public are yet to accept the randomness of future earthquakes.People tend to focus on earthquakes happening in the next 30 years but they should be preparing now, she warned.Dr Jones said there are three key reasons why the peril is so frightening - it cannot be seen, it is uncertain and it seems unknowable.This means people bury their heads in the sand and pretend it won't happen.'We find patterns even when they're not real,' Dr Jones said.She tweeted on 23 May; 'I'm not trying to terrify people. I'm trying to inspire action that will prevent our scenarios from coming true. It's in our power to change'.Her team published a scenario of a 7.8 earthquake on th Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5080211/Quake-swarm-rocks-San-Andreas-fault-Monterey-County.html
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fox news -  Amazon to start selling Apple TV, Google Chromecast
 
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fox news - Amazon to start selling Apple TV, Google Chromecast Amazon.com will start selling Google Chromecast and Apple TV, which compete against its Fire TV, on its online store, an Amazon spokeswoman told Reuters on Thursday.The online giant had removed the video-streaming devices from its website in 2015.The company had then explained the move by saying it wanted to avoid confusing customers who might expect its Prime Video service to be available on devices sold by Amazon.Alphabet Inc's Google said last week it would block YouTube from Amazon's Echo and Fire TV devices in the latest round of a long running spat between the two tech giants.Google says the decision to block YouTube is retaliation for Amazon's refusal to sell some Google products that compete with Amazon gadgets.That includes Google's Chromecast streaming device, an alternative to Fire TV, and an internet-connected speaker called Home, which is trying to catch up to Amazon's market-leading Echo.Amazon also has rankled Google by declining to sell an internet-connected thermostat made by Nest, which is owned by Alphabet Inc., like Google.However, Apple said last week Prime Video would come to Apple TV, mending its ties with the e-commerce giant.At Apple’s annual Worldwide Developers Conference in June, CEO Tim Cook confirmed that Apple TV would support the Amazon Prime Video app before the end of the year.CNET first reported the return of Apple TV and Google Chromecast devices to Amazon's platform.Google and Apple did not immediately respond to requests for comment.Apple TV owners can now access Amazon Prime Video through the streaming device, marking what could be the end of an ongoing feud between the two tech giants. Apple announced today that Amazon’s video-streaming app is now available on Apple TV and Apple TV 4K. At Apple’s annual Worldwide Developers Conference in June, CEO Tim Cook confirmed that Apple TV would support the Amazon Prime Video app before the end of the year. Apple TV owners can now access Amazon Prime Video through the streaming device, marking what could be the end of an ongoing feud between the two tech giants. Apple announced today that Amazon’s video-streaming app is now available on Apple TV and Apple TV 4K But, with 2017 coming to a close, many were left wondering when this would actually happen. Now, starting today, Apple says the Amazon Prime app will finally be available for Apple TV. This will allow users to stream Amazon original series and movies. Apple is also adding support for live sports, with participation from ESPN, the NBA, and Turner Sports. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5180761/Amazon-start-selling-Apple-TV-Google-Chromecast.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  At last, the true story of Murder Island
 
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fox news - At last, the true story of Murder Island Scientists are still recovering the 125 bodies of those murdered by a brutal gang of rebels hell bent on becoming pirates after their ship crashed into an uninhabited island 400 years ago.Beacon Island, later named Batavia's Graveyard and nicknamed Murder Island for the atrocity that would occur, was the site of Australia's first and biggest massacre.Centuries after the shipwreck of the Dutch sailing ship on a tiny Western Australian island, the story of what happened to those who swam ashore remains largely untold.On October 28, 1628, the Dutch East India Company gave the green light for a ship to set said from Texel in the Netherlands to Batavia, which we now know as Jakarta in Indonesia.There were 316 people on board, including regular families and children, and soldiers guarded the spices and silver being transported.Tensions were heightened on board the Batavia, which was named after its intended destination, with a mutiny planned to turn the vessel into a pirate ship.In order to hatch a take-over plan, rebels sexually assaulted the daughter of a wealthy merchant to provoke a reaction from the hierarchy.With the mood on both sides of the dispute reaching boiling point on June 4, 1629, the Batavia hit Morning Reef, some 60km off the coast of Western Australia.There was a desperate scramble as survivors attempted to reach land.Around 40 people drowned in the chaos, but worse was to come on the small islands surrounding the shipwreck.After one of the rebels assumed control of the remaining survivors, he and a loyal gang of killers rounded up anyone deemed to be a threat to their power.They were raped and murdered by the gang in scenes described by experts as the real Lord of the Flies - a brutal novel which focuses on a group of British boys stranded on an uninhabited island and their disastrous and brutal attempt to govern themselves.The killings took place on a place we now know as Beacon Island and it became clear barbaric rebels were not reserving their executions for those who threatened them.Journals from chiefs revealed the mutineers killed more than a hundred people in the month of July.Among the brutal deaths registered was a baby murdered to stop it crying, a boy decapitated to test the blade of a sword and a family of six butchered for no reason whatsoever.Those murdered were dumped in mass graves.On a separate island, a member of the Batavia's hierarchy had established a much more civilised living arrangement, with fresh drinking water and ample food supply.As the murderous clan and the merchants waited for a rescue ship - one group wanted to be rescued to continue their lives, the other wanted to commandeer the vessel to live a life of piracy on the seas.Once again, with a raging battle about to erupt, violence was cut short as the Sardam rescue ship appeared.The commodore took the side of the hierarchy and the mutineers were arrested.Rebels were rounded up, questioned and tried in a formal court on a nearby island.To get truth fro Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5078867/At-true-story-Murder-Island.html
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fox news -  Michigan woman is ninth to spot Loch Ness monster in 2017
 
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fox news - Michigan woman is ninth to spot Loch Ness monster in 2017 Sightings of the Loch Ness Monster have hit a record high after the beast was spotted for a ninth time this year.Diana Turner, from Michigan in the US, was watching a live stream of the loch, which scans the water near Urquhart Castle - purportedly a favourite haunt of Nessie.Several recent sightings had already been made at the same spot in the afternoon she spotted a strange 'wake movement' on the water.Gary Campbell, the recorder and keeper of the Official Loch Ness Monster Sightings Register, said: 'The sighting lasted about two minutes and other than a boat in the distance, she saw no other traffic on the loch.'She saw a wake and it does not appear to be that of a boat.' 'She made the recording on September 29, but has only notified us of it now.'But we have accepted it and it means the number of sightings [this year] is the most we have had this century.' It comes after genetics expert Dr Jo Knight, a lecturer at Lancaster University, was staggered to see an unexplained strange 'fin' shape when looking through her and nine-year-old son Sam's holiday snaps.In June a Canadian woman also took two videos from the Loch Ness Webcam while watching the water from more than 5,000 miles away.Mr Campbell said two of last year's sightings were also by webcam, including one from an online watcher in America.'It means that there are more people than ever before are looking for Nessie,' said Mr Campbell.'In recent years the most sightings in a year we have had is 17 - and that was in 1996.Before that the 1960s and 1930s were the times that had most sightings - sometimes more that 20 in a year.' Previously newly wed Rebecca Stewart was touring with husband Paul on October 2 when she became the seventh person to spot Nessie this year.Mrs Stewart from Chadderton, Oldham, Lancashire, photographed and saw a large fin shape for five minutes.Her husband also saw the creature which gatecrashed their honeymoon.Mr Campbell said 2017 was a 'fantastic' year for Nessie sightings.'This year is turning out to be a vintage one for Nessie and we have a few more weeks left for any more sightings.' After fears that the world's most famous monster had gone 'missing,' the first official sighting of Nessie this year was logged on April 28 - to the relief of her worldwide fans.The last previous sighting was August 21, 2016.Mr Campbell stressed that the majority of claimed sightings do not get included on the register - as most can be explained.'Anything that is later proved to a hoax or can be subsequently explained is removed from the register,' said Mr Campbell, 51, a chartered accountant from Inverness.It was in 1996, Mr Campbell saw something resembling a 'mini whale' - with a black shiny back - at the south end of the loch.'I have spent the last 21 years trying to explain it,' admitted Mr Campbell.'Like most sightings I only saw it for a few seconds.When I went to record it, I found there was no register, so I started one, the following May.' Since then Mr Campbell has log Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5100885/Loch-Ness-monster-sightings-hit-record-high.html
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fox news -  Scientists discover mysterious marine worm without an anus
 
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fox news - Scientists discover mysterious marine worm without an anus Researchers in Japan have discovered a bizarre new species of worm that could shed light on the origin of complex structures inside animals’ bodies.The strange pale-orange creature dwells on the floor of the western Pacific Ocean, and lacks a number of features – including an anus.Scientists say the species comes from a group of worms that holds a ‘controversial’ place in the tree of life, as a sister group of that which contains most complex animals.These creatures dwell hundreds or thousands of meters beneath the surface, making them difficult to study. But, the researchers say the latest discovery could now offer a solution. Xenoturbella japonica was found in the western Pacific, in a region easily accessible from marine stations. It lacks a centralized nervous system, kidneys, and an anus. Of the two found in the new study, a female was measured to be about 5cm long, while the juvenile is said to be just 1 cm. Researchers say the worm could shed light on the origin of features seen in complex animals.The new species found on the western Pacific seafloor lacks a centralized nervous system, kidneys, and an anus.It’s called Xenoturbella japonica, adding to other marine worms in the genus Xenoturbella.In a new study, the team described two specimens of the bizarre worm: a 5-centimeter-long female, and a 1-cm juvenile.While they don’t have an anus, these creatures do have a mouth, implying that the digestive organ is ‘a sack rather than a tube,’ according to the researchers.The team conducted microCT scans to reveal the inner workings of the worm, and its ‘frontal pore,’ which traditional methods are unable to capture.‘We also extracted DNA and sequenced the mitochondrial genome and partial Histone H3 gene sequences,’ said co-author Hideyuki Miyazawa.‘Molecular phylogenetic analysis confirmed that X. japonica is distinct from previously described species of Xenoturbella.’According to the researchers, the new species may have links to the origins of the group Bilateria – which includes most complex animals.‘Species within this genus have previously been divided into ‘shallow’ and ‘deep’ subgroups, and our results place X. japonica in the ‘shallow’ subgroup,’ said lead author Hiroaki Nakano.‘Interestinyl, X. japonica shares features with both subgroups, however.‘Thus, features of this species may be ancestral for this genus, and this new species may be particularly important for unravelling the ancestry of Xenoturbella and the early history of the Bilateria.’These creatures dwell hundreds or thousands of meters beneath the surface, making them difficult to study.But, the researchers say the latest discovery could now offer a solution.According to co-author Hisanori Kohtsuka, ‘because one habitat where X. japonica was found is easily accessible from a marine station, this new species promises to be valuable for future research on bilaterian and deuterostome evolution.’ Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5192537/Scientists-discover-mysterious-marine-worm-without-anus.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  The mystery of the Arctic ghost ship SS Baychimo
 
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fox news - The mystery of the Arctic ghost ship SS Baychimo Somewhere out there a phantom ship could well be drifting, having roamed the seas without a crew for decades.She was last seen in 1969, 38 years after she was abandoned in the Arctic – but since then no one has laid eyes on the SS Baychimo.Her fate, to this day, is unknown and she endures as one of the most mysterious ghost ships of modern times.In 2006 the Alaskan government expressed an interest in solving the puzzle once and for all, but its efforts came to nothing.This steel-hulled cargo steamer was launched in 1914 in Sweden, but back then was called SS Angermanelfven.Her job was to transport goods between Hamburg and Sweden, but after the First World War she was handed over to the British as part of Germany’s war reparations and in 1921, having been acquired by the Hudson’s Bay Company, was renamed the Baychimo.For the next 10 years her triple expansion steam engine powered her up and down the bitingly frigid northern coast of Canada, collecting and off-loading pelts.Then, on October 1, 1931, her life as a ghost ship inched closer when – on a trip to Vancouver - she became stuck in pack ice near the Alaskan town of Barrow, the 11th northernmost community in the world.The crew abandoned her for a couple of days while they warmed up in Barrow, then returned to find her floating free from her sub-zero prison.But the 1,322-ton vessel became stuck fast again on October 8 – more drastically this time - and Hudson’s Bay Company decided to rescue its employees from the grip of the perilously icy environment.In all, 22 were retrieved, but 15 very hardy sailors – including the captain - decided to stay, despite the punishing weather.They built a wooden shelter nearby and dug in for the winter.Then the spookiness inched closer still, because after a blizzard hit on November 24, the Baychimo disappeared.The captain and the rest of the crew simply thought that she’d broken up and sunk in the storm.But a week later a native Inuit seal hunter told the crew that he’d seen the ship about 45 miles away.The excited crew tracked it down and boarded it, but it was in such bad repair that it was abandoned there and then and left to its fate.After that she was sighted another 12 times – including in 1932 off Wainwright, Alaska, by a trading party who boarded her, in March 1933 by Eskimos, who sheltered in her for 10 days during a storm and in November 1939 by Captain Hugh Polson, who wanted to salvage her.Polson was the very last person to board her.In March 1962 she was spotted drifting in the Beaufort Sea and seen stuck in ice in 1969, between Point Barrow and Icy Cape in the Chukchi Sea.That was the last recorded sighting of her and since then, no one has set eyes on her, but no wreckage has ever been found either.Did the sea finally claim her? Or is she still out there somewhere on her eerie odyssey? We may never know. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-5100815/The-mystery-Arctic-ghost-ship-SS-Baychimo.html
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fox news -  Bank branch bloodbath sees 1,000 close this year
 
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fox news - Bank branch bloodbath sees 1,000 close this year High Street banks have closed nearly 1,000 branches this year.Twice as many are closing their doors this year than in 2015 or 2016,So far this year, 962 branches have shut up shop, according to consumer champion Which?.The closures picked up pace last week, when RBS-NatWest announced it was getting rid of one in four of its branches.It blamed the 259 closures on the rise of online banking, with many customers only coming into the bank once or twice a year.The move will leave 24 towns and villages without a bank. Consumer campaigners have branded the move as ‘heartless’ and accused the bank of abandoning older and vulnerable customers to boost profits.Martyn James, of consumer complaints service Resolver, says: ‘Bank branches are the lifeblood of the banking network. Shutting them isn’t just a business decision, it can irreparably damage the community.A spokesman for RBS says: ‘As customers continue to change the way they bank, we must change the way we serve them.We are investing in our popular branches and replacing other traditional bricks and mortar branches with community bankers, mobile banks on wheels, and post offices.’ Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/markets/article-5149489/Bank-branch-bloodbath-sees-1-000-close-year.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Ship reappears on California beach
 
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fox news - Ship reappears on California beach Anew documentary investigates the mysterious shipwreck which appeared off the Californian coast last year.The Science Channel's What on Earth documentary series launched a probe into the mystery ship after investigators noticed that the ship was 295ft - the same length as the 'cannibal rat-infested' Russian ghost ship Lyubov Orlova.The 4,250-ton ship - which was built to carry 110 passengers - was impounded in Newfoundland in 2010 after being deserted by her crew over a debt row.The vessel was being towed to the Caribbean to be scrapped in 2013 when the line broke, leaving it lost at sea.Experts say the ship was rumored to have been taken over by 'hoards of cannibal rats'.Adventurers - who want to cash in on the ship's $800,000 value as scrap - do not believe she has sunk because the life-raft transmitters would have gone off.But further research on the documentary suggested the ship was made of concrete - not metal - and other experts suggested it was one of the Mob's infamous gambling vessels from the 1930s.The mafia-run ships were stationed in international waters and ran as  floating casinos, brothels and speakeasys.The ship is, in fact, the S.S. Monte Carlo which sank nearly 80 years ago but resurfaced in due February 2016 after a high tide.S.S. Monte Carlo was stationed just a few miles off the Coronado coast when a powerful start set it adrift in 1937. It ran aground, was buried by sand and forgotten about until it emerged again last year.. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5097707/Ship-washes-California-beach.html
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fox news -  Visualisation shows Greenland without an ice sheet
 
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fox news - Visualisation shows Greenland without an ice sheet A stunning visualisation of Greenland without its ice cover has been revealed, and it could help experts understand how this huge expanse might respond to climate change.Made from decades of survey data, researchers have found if all the ice on Greenland melted it would raise sea levels by 24 feet (7.4 metres).The visualisation shows the shape of the bedrock and surrounding seafloor, revealing how glaciers draining from the Greenland Ice Sheet will contribute to future sea-level rise.Produced by researchers at British Antarctic Survey (BAS), University of Bristol and University of California at Irvine (UCI), the printed map is unveiled this week at the American Geophysical Union meeting in New Orleans.'Greenland Basal Topography BedMachine v3' is the new 1:3,500,000 scale map created from data collected by over 30 institutions', said BAS cartographer Dr Peter Fretwell, who was involved in producing the map.'This new compilation of the 3D landscape beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet provides the first seamless transition between the landmass and its adjoining seabed, and this gives scientists a bird's eye view of the fringes of Greenland which are experiencing the most changes', he said.The visualisation, created with the help of radar that is able to penetrate through clouds and ice, shows the highest peaks in red and the lowest-lying land coloured in green. Sea-level is coloured in blue.Researchers found Greenland is currently losing around 260 million tonnes of ice to the ocean each year, writes BBC.Looking at the hidden landscape, researchers are now confident ice streams on top of the valley systems were cut by rivers that flowed across Greenland before there was an ice sheet.'What's also surprising is that there is more ice and the bed is deeper in some places than previous maps suggest, so this means the total contribution from the ice sheet to global sea level rise would be 7.42 metres [24 feet] if it were to melt completely, slightly higher than previously calculated', said Dr Fretwell.The data required to compile the map was collected from many sources – from satellite, airborne and ground-based radar and seabed mapping from research ships.It reveals that many glaciers that drain the Greenland ice sheet are thicker than previously estimated and up to 330 feet (100 metres) in places.'It also shows they have complex fjord geometries that will control how they react to changes from the effects of warmer ocean currents', said glaciologist Dr Jonathan Bamber at University of Bristol who had a project to develop the printed map and data set.'This map will improve our understanding of the ice-ocean interactions and how the ice sheet will evolve in a changing climate.'Andreas Ahlstrøm and colleagues from the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland used measurements of meltwater runoff and glacial lake outbursts (where a body of water contained by a glacier overflows).They collected this data at a catchment during a 40-year period of the ice shee Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5179391/Visualisation-shows-Greenland-without-ice-sheet.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Elon Musk's SpaceX set to send secret payload into orbit
 
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fox news - Elon Musk's SpaceX set to send secret payload into orbit Elon Musk's SpaceX is poised to launch an unmanned cargo ship carrying a secret payload into orbit.The mysterious cargo will launch atop a Falcon 9 rocket at around 8:00pm ET (1:00am GMT) from Nasa's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.Very little is known about the mission, codenamed Zuma, as no commercial or government entity has claimed it.The launch follows news that one of SpaceX's next-generation rocket engines exploded during a test on Sunday.The explosion involved the company's Merlin engine, nine of which power its Falcon 9 rocket, during what the company called a 'qualification test'.No one was injured, and the company said it is 'now conducting a thorough and fully transparent investigation of the root cause' of the explosion.'SpaceX is committed to our current manifest, and we do not expect this to have any impact on our launch cadence,' the firm said in a statement.Even the branch of the US government responsible for spy satellites, the National Reconnaissance Office, is public about payloads it launches via SpaceX, though it always keeps the details classified.The Zuma mission bares similarities to two other launches in the past, PAN and CLIO, launched in 2009 and 2014 respectively.These missions were also secretive and unclaimed by any government entity.The PAN satellite was used by the National Security Agency to spy on conversations routed through communications satellites above the Middle East, according to documents obtained by The Intercept last year.In September, the US Air Force's X-37B program launched a secret robotic mini-shuttle via a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket.Once Zuma is on its way to orbit, part of the reusable rocket will fly back down to Earth, landing on a pad in Cape Canaveral, Florida around 10 minutes later.While other rocket makers ditch the boosters at sea following orbital missions, SpaceX expects to reuse the booster to save time and money.If the Zuma mission is successful, it will mark SpaceX's 17th launch of 2017, already more than doubling last year's tally of eight.If the reusable rocket booster lands with no issues, it will be the firm's 20th successful landing.The launch follows news that one of SpaceX's next-generation rocket engines exploded during a test on Sunday.The explosion involved the company's Merlin engine, nine of which power its Falcon 9 rocket, during what the company called a 'qualification test'.No one was injured, and the company said it is 'now conducting a thorough and fully transparent investigation of the root cause' of the explosion.'SpaceX is committed to our current manifest, and we do not expect this to have any impact on our launch cadence,' the firm said in a statement.SpaceX made history in March when it achieved the first-ever reuse of an orbital-class booster, which CEO Elon Musk had deemed 'a huge revolution for spaceflight.'Reusable rockets would cut costs and waste in the space industry, which currently loses millions of dollars in jettisoned machinery after each launch.Russia Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5084153/Elon-Musk-s-SpaceX-set-send-secret-payload-orbit.html
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fox news -  First look at rediscovered London Roman temple
 
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fox news - First look at rediscovered London Roman temple ARoman temple has been restored to its original site seven metres (23 ft) below the City of London, using sound, lights and misty haze to bring the ruin back to life.Built in the third century, the London Mithraeum was discovered by chance in 1954 on a World War II bomb site.It became an instant public sensation, with up to 30,000 people per day queuing to see it.The temple to the god Mithras was dismantled and reassembled 100 metres (330 ft) away from its original location so the public could see it when post-war rebuilding on the site was complete.But now the ruins have been moved back and restored, deep beneath Bloomberg's vast new European headquarters by the Bank of England.'London is a Roman city, yet there are few traces of its distant past that people can experience first-hand,' said Sophie Jackson, the project's lead archaeological consultant.The reconstruction puts the temple back in place, as it looked at the end of the 1954 excavation.'This really was one of the most important discoveries in London, if not in Britain, in the 20th century,' said Ms Jackson, from the Museum of London Archaeology team.The site is darkly lit and an audio soundscape reveals some of the noises and Latin chatter that visitors to the temple might have heard as Mithras cult members indulged in feasting, drinking and sacrificing.Sheets of light from above, slicing through the misty haze, complete the temple walls.Mithras was a Roman deity often represented killing a bull, though it is widely believed the figure was derived from a Persian sun god.His cult was all male, and the Mithraeum was a place for members to bond.The temple was built next to the River Walbrook, a now submerged stream running through the City of London.The seam of damp earth helped preserve a wealth of artefacts.Before the new Bloomberg HQ was built, a six-month dig uncovered the largest assemblage of Roman archeology ever excavated in London.The dig turned up more than 15,000 objects including jewellery, shoes, animal bones and pottery, and brooches.The objects shed light on where Roman Londoners came from, what they ate and how they lived.The dig also unearthed a wooden tablet from January 8, 57 AD - the earliest dated handwritten document from Britain.Free to visit, the London Mithraeum opens to the public on Tuesday.The organisers hope that the exhibition will mean that generations to come will be able to experience the Temple of Mithras for themselves. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5063255/First-look-rediscovered-London-Roman-temple.html
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fox news -  Scientists discover 8,000-year-old wine bottles in Georgia
 
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fox news - Scientists discover 8,000-year-old wine bottles in Georgia People in the Republic of Georgia were drinking 'mind-altering' wine 8,000 years ago, scientists have discovered.New archaeological evidence has pushed back the origins of wine 1,000 years to the Neolithic period, when humans were still using stone tools.Previously the oldest known traces of wine dated to about 5,000 BC and were recovered from the Zagros mountains of Iran.HOW DID THEY DRINK WINE?  For the Neolithic Georgians, the drinking and offering of wine would have permeated nearly every aspect of life from medical practice to special celebrations, according to the researchers.Wine would also have been drunk during everyday meals, which often featured toasting.'As a medicine, social lubricant, mind-altering substance, and highly-valued commodity, wine became the focus of religious cults, pharmacopoeias, cuisines, economics, and society throughout the ancient Near East,' said Dr Batiuk.'The infinite range of flavours and aromas of today's 8,000-10,000 grape varieties are the end result of the domesticated Eurasian grapevine being transplanted and crossed with wild grapevines elsewhere over and over again.' Scientists from the University of Toronto and the Georgian National Museum believe the practice of crushing grapes to produce a heady alcoholic drink started up to 1,000 years earlier in the South Caucasus region between eastern Europe and western Asia.Ceramic pottery fragments from two sites about 30 miles south of the Georgian capital Tbilisi contained residues that yielded chemical signatures of grapes and wine.State-of-the-art methods of chemical extraction revealed tartaric acid, and the organic acids malic, succinic and citric, the researchers reported in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.Dr Stephen Batiuk, a member of the team from the Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilisations at the University of Toronto, said: 'We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine solely for the production of wine.' The excavated sites contained the remains of two Neolithic villages at Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora.The period is characterised by the start of farming and animal domestication, as well as crafts such as pottery and weaving, and the production of polished stone tools.Dr Batiuk said: 'Pottery, which was ideal for processing, serving and storing fermented beverages, was invented in this period together with many advances in art, technology and cuisine.'In essence, what we are examining is how the Neolithic package of agricultural activity, tool-making and crafts that developed further south in modern Iraq, Syria and Turkey adapted as it was introduced into different regions with different climate and plant life.'The horticultural potential of the south Caucasus was bound to lead to the domestication of many new and different species, and innovative 'secondary' products were bound to emerge.' For the Neolithic Georgians, the drinking and offering of wine w Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5078075/Scientists-discover-8-000-year-old-wine-bottles-Georgia.html
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fox news -  General Electric will sell lighting firm founded by Edison
 
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fox news - General Electric will sell lighting firm founded by Edison General Electric is getting out of the lighting business 139 years after Thomas Edison founded that part of the company to conduct research on his incandescent bulb.CEO John Flannery announced the move Monday, saying he wants to create a 'smaller, simpler' GE amid falling profits and tumbling share values at one of the world's largest and most diverse firms.The Edison Electric Light Company was founded in 1878 as the inventor began experiments that would eventually lead to the creation of the first commercially viable electric lighting system.While no fewer than 22 inventors had developed some form of bulb, Edison and his company were the first to create a practical light and incorporate it into a system that could be easily installed.It was through the Edison Electric Light Company that he raised funds to conduct this research and later market the system.Just a year after the company was founded, Edison was able to demonstrate his system to an eager audience at Menlo Park, California, proclaiming: 'We will make electricity so cheap that only the rich will burn candles.' In 1880 the Edison system saw its first commercial application after being installed on a steamer called Columbia after the owner had attended the demonstration.The Mahen Theatre in Brno, in the modern-day Czech Republic, was the first public building to use the bulbs, which were installed in 1892.It was the lighting business which formed the bedrock of the Edison General Electric Company when it was incorporated in New York the same year.In 1892 that company, along with two other electrical firms also owned by Edison, were brought together as General Electric.GE was one of the original 12 companies listed on the Dow Jones Industrial Average when it debuted in 1896 and is the only one still listed, though it has not held a continuous spot on the list.Over the years GE diversified its operations to include jet engines, locomotives and even financial companies.In 2016 it reported revenues of more than $123billion from assets worth $365billion, with its main cash earners being the aviation and power sectors of the company.At its height in 2012, GE was listed as the fourth-largest company in the world by Forbes, and this year occupied number 13 on a Fortune list of firms with the highest US revenue.However, it has since run into trouble thanks in part to falling revenues from its oil and gas division.As well as selling the lighting business, Mr Flannery also announced plans to sell the locomotives division, another one of GE's longest-standing assets.Shares in GE slid seven per cent on Monday on the back of the announcement, bringing the total fall in the last year to 38 per cent, the Financial Times reports.Analysts told MSNBC that GE's spot on the Dow Average is now at risk, though they are not expecting it to be removed any time soon.'Since it is trading at a low share price and has a small weighting in the index, that does put it at an increased risk of getting removed,' said Ale Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5080747/General-Electric-sell-lighting-firm-founded-Edison.html
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fox news -  How did a transplant cure this man of HIV?
 
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fox news - How did a transplant cure this man of HIV? Researchers have come closer than ever to understanding how a man was cured of HIV almost 10 years ago.Timothy Brown, the 51-year-old American man known as the 'Berlin patient', was declared HIV-free in 2008 after two bone marrow transplants at a hospital in Berlin.He is one of just two people in history (and the first identified) to successfully beat the virus, and all attempts to replicate his procedure have ended in death.However, a team at Oregon Health And Science University today published a paper on an ongoing study on a specific insular breed of monkey, which appears to be our strongest bet at replicating and understanding the mysterious case.While the researchers say they believe completely curing HIV is unlikely to ever happen, they say Brown's bone marrow procedure, if refined, could help patients reach 'drug-free remission'.Speaking to Daily Mail Online, Brown said he is 'very excited' about the study, which he has been following closely with regular updates from lead author Dr Jonah Sacha.'I would love to know what cured me,' said Brown, who spends his year speaking at conferences, attending HIV presentations, and advocating for new research.'From the moment I got cured, I had the option to hide my identity.But I wanted people to know, I don't want to be the only person who was cured.' Brown, who is from Seattle but lived in Germany, was diagnosed with HIV in 1995.In 2006, after more than a decade on standard anti-retroviral therapy to suppress his disease, he was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia, a cancer of the blood cells.His doctor at the Charite Hospital in Berlin said his best bet at survival was a bone marrow transplant, which replaces a sick person's immune system with stem cells from the bone marrow of a healthy person.It is an incredibly delicate and risky procedure, since one's immune system is designed to defend their own body against foreign cells or pathogens.There is a risk of death if it is not a strong enough match.Instead of seamlessly replacing one weakened immune system with the other, the transplant could trigger a battle between the two immune systems, killing the patient.According to Be The Match, the chance of finding a perfect match is about 50/50, but even then there is a risk.Finding a precise match for someone with HIV is even more complex, since their immune system is already compromised.In Brown's case, he received a transplant from a person with a mutation of the CCR5 receptor, which has been linked to HIV immunity.Despite the risks, Brown survived his first transplant, and stopped taking his HIV medication that day.He had another transplant in early 2008.On February 2008, he was declared HIV-free at the CROI Conference in Boston.The only other person to have been cured of HIV remains anonymous.He was also in Berlin, and was declared HIV-free in 1998 after being prescribed an unconventional cocktail of HIV and cancer drugs.Studies have since shown that the 1998 case appears to have largely been inf Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-5070889/How-DID-transplant-cure-man-HIV.html
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fox news -  MIT creates bioluminescent trees that glow like fireflies
 
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fox news - MIT creates bioluminescent trees that glow like fireflies Roads of the future could be lit by glowing trees instead of streetlamps, thanks to a breakthrough in creating bioluminescent plants.Experts injected specialised nanoparticles into the leaves of a watercress plant, which caused it to give off a dim light for nearly four hours.The chemical involved, which produced enough light to read a book by, is the same as is used by fireflies to create their characteristic shine.HOW DOES IT WORK? Luciferases make up a class of oxidative enzymes found in several species that enable them to 'bioluminesce', or emit light.   Fireflies are able to emit light via a chemical reaction in which luciferin is converted to oxyluciferin by the luciferase enzyme.  Some of the energy released by this reaction is in the form of light.  The reaction is highly efficient, meaning nearly all the energy put into the reaction is rapidly converted to light. Lighting accounts for around 20 per cent of worldwide energy consumption, so replacing them with naturally bioluminescent plants would represent a significant cut to CO2 emissions.To create their glowing plants, engineers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) turned to an enzyme called luciferase.Luciferase acts on a molecule called luciferin, causing it to emit light.Another molecule called Co-enzyme A helps the process along by removing a reaction byproduct that can inhibit luciferase activity.The MIT team packaged each of these components into a different type of nanoparticle carrier.The nanoparticles help them to get to the right part of the plant and also prevent them from building to concentrations that could be toxic to the plants.The result was a watercress plant that functioned like a desk lamp.Researchers believe with further tweaking, the technology could also be used to provide lights bright enough to illuminate a workspace or even an entire street, as well as low-intensity indoor lighting.Michael Strano, professor of chemical engineering at MIT and the senior author of the study, said: 'The vision is to make a plant that will function as a desk lamp — a lamp that you don't have to plug in.'The light is ultimately powered by the energy metabolism of the plant itself.''Our work very seriously opens up the doorway to streetlamps that are nothing but treated trees, and to indirect lighting around homes.'Luciferases make up a class of oxidative enzymes found in several species that enable them to 'bioluminesce', or emit light.The light generated by one ten centimetre (four inch) watercress seedling is currently about one-thousandth of the amount needed to properly read by, but it was enough to illuminate the words on a page of John Milton's Paradise Lost. The MIT team believes it can boost the light emitted, as well as the duration of light, by further optimising the concentration and release rates of the chemical components.  For future versions of this technology, the team hopes to develop a way to paint or spray the nanoparticles onto plant leaves, whic Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5178531/MIT-creates-bioluminescent-trees-glow-like-fireflies.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Canavero: World's 1st human head transplant carried out
 
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fox news - Canavero: World's 1st human head transplant carried out The world's first human head transplant has been carried out on a corpse in China, according to Italian professor Sergio Canavero.During an 18-hour operation, experts demonstrated that it is possible to successfully reconnect the spine, nerves and blood vessels of a severed head.A similar operation on a live human will take place 'imminently', the controversial professor claims.In May, scientists carried out a head transplant on a rat in a practise run for controversial human experiment.Researchers used three rats for each operation: a smaller rat, to be the donor, and two larger rats, acting as the recipient and the blood supply.To maintain blood flow to the donor brain, they connected the blood vessels from that rat to veins of the third rat using a silicon tube, which was then passed through a peristaltic pump.Then, once the head had been transplanted onto the second rat's body, the researchers used vascular grafts to connect the donor's thoracic aorta and superior vena cava to the carotid artery and extracorporeal veins of the recipient.Professor Canavero, director of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group, made the announcement at a press conference in Vienna this morning.The procedure was carried out by a team led by Dr Xiaoping Ren, who last year grafted a head onto the body of a monkey.A full report of the Harbin Medical University team's procedure and a timeframe for the live transplant are expected within the next few days.Speaking at the press conference, Professor Canavero said: 'For too long nature has dictated her rules to us.'We're born, we grow, we age and we die.For millions of years humans has evolved and 110 billion humans have died in the process.'We have entered an age where we will take our destiny back in our hands.'It will change everything.It will change you at every level.'The first human head transplant, in the human mode, has been realised.'The surgery lasted 18 hours.The paper will be released in a few days.' 'Everyone said it was impossible, but the surgery was successful.' Professor Canavero added that the team's next step is to perform a full head swap between brain dead organ donors.'And that is the final step for the formal head transplant for a medical condition which is imminent,' he said 'It will be for a medical, neurological condition, not for life-extension.' Asked whether the eventual plans for live procedures would go worldwide after initial tests in China, Professor Canavero said: 'Given the amount of mean criticism we recieved I don't think we should go international.'For instance, if you still stick to the Frankenstein schtick, which doesn't make sense, then no.In September 2016, the controversial neurosurgeon outlined plans to conduct 'Frankenstein' experiments to reanimate human corpses to test his technique.Dr Canavero and his collaborators discussed trials to test whether it is possible to reconnect the spinal cord of a head to another body with tests that will stimulate the nervous system in fr Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5092769/World-s-human-head-transplant-carried-out.html
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fox news -  THE BATTLE OF DUNBAR
 
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fox news - THE BATTLE OF DUNBAR Following Parliamentary victory in the first and the second Civil Wars, Charles I had been executed in January 1649 and a Commonwealth declared in England.In June 1650 his son landed in Scotland, where he was proclaimed King Charles II.In July the English Parliament, expecting Charles to initiate a Scottish led campaign for the English crown, launched a pre-emptive invasion of Scotland.Ten thousand men and 5,000 horses from the New Model Army was sent north under the command of Oliver Cromwell.Scottish forces numbering 25,000 were raised in response, under General Sir David Leslie.The New Model Army was transported by sea via the port of Dunbar.Having failed to bring Sir Leslie to battle they were forced by the weather, sickness and supply problems, to retire to Dunbar, first in early August and then again in late August.Sir Leslie, outnumbering the New Model two-to-one, saw his opportunity and marched around Dunbar to cut Cromwell's road connection to the border fortress of Berwick.Cromwell now finally had Leslie offering battle, but his New Model Army was at a severe disadvantage. Despite this, rather than evacuate by sea, Cromwell met the challenge, achieving what was arguably the most dramatic victory of the Civil Wars.Following the battle, Cromwell was able to march to Edinburgh where he eventually captured the capital following the defeat of the castle.Prisoners were force-marched towards England, to prevent any attempt at rescue, and imprisoned in Durham Cathedral.Conditions on the march and in the prison were terrible. Of the reported 6,000 prisoners, 5,000 were marched south resulting in the loss of 2,000, a further 1500 dying whilst in captivity and the majority of the survivors sold into slavery. More died as a result of capture than on the battlefield. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/fb-5179895/THE-BATTLE-DUNBAR.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  How did Chopin die? Mystery of composer's death solved
 
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fox news - How did Chopin die? Mystery of composer's death solved Amorbid deathbed request from one of the world's greatest pianists has led scientists to discover the cause of his death, more than 170 years later.Inspired by his fear of being buried alive, composer Frederic Chopin asked that his heart be removed from his body in Paris, to be enshrined in his native Poland.Medical experts, who studied the pickled organ, have now diagnosed that the musician suffered pericarditis, a rare complication of chronic tuberculosis.Frederic Chopin was born near Warsaw in 1810 to a Polish mother and French emigre father.He lived in Warsaw until 1830, when he made his way to Paris, where he chose a life of exile because of the brutal repressions imposed by Imperial Russia after a failed uprising.As Chopin gasped for air on his deathbed in Paris in 1849, he whispered a request that became the stuff of musical legend: Remove my heart after I die and entomb it in Poland.It was sealed in a jar of liquor believed to be cognac, where it was then smuggled into Warsaw, past Russian border guards.It would eventually be laid to rest within a pillar in Holy Cross Church.The finding, which may end speculation over Chopin's early death at the age of 39, was made by researchers from the Polish Academy of Sciences.A number of theories have been put forward over the years, including the inherited disease cystic fibrosis.One suggested a deficiency of alpha-1-antitrypsin, a relatively rare genetic ailment that leaves the people it afflicts prone to lung infections.Another proposed that mitral stenosis, a narrowing of the heart valves, may have been the cause of the composer's untimely demise.When the Polish team examined the jar containing Chopin’s heart, however, they found it was surrounded by a thin layer of white fibres, as well as a number of small lesions.This led them to the conclusion that pericarditis was the lethal factor.Speaking to The Observer, Professor Michael Witt said: 'We didn't open the jar.'But from the state of the heart we can say, with high probability, that Chopin suffered from tuberculosis while the complication percarditis was probably the immediate cause of his death.'Some people still want to open it in order to take tissue samples to do DNA tests to support their ideas that Chopin had some kind of genetic condition.'That would be absolutely wrong.It could destroy the heart and in any case I am quite sure we now know what killed Chopin.' Frederic Chopin was born near Warsaw in 1810 to a Polish mother and French emigre father.He lived in Warsaw until 1830, when he made his way to Paris, where he chose a life of exile because of the brutal repressions imposed by Imperial Russia after a failed uprising.As Chopin gasped for air on his deathbed in Paris in 1849, he whispered a request that became the stuff of musical legend: 'Remove my heart after I die and entomb it in Poland'.He wanted the symbol of his soul to rest in the native land he pined for from self-imposed exile in France.First it was sealed in a jar of liq Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5093179/The-mystery-Chopin-died-finally-solved.html
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fox news -  Do I qualify as first-time buyer for stamp duty purposes?
 
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fox news - Do I qualify as first-time buyer for stamp duty purposes? I am buying my first home and was delighted when the Budget revealed a stamp duty cut for first-time buyers up to £300,000.I initially thought that this would save me and my boyfriend £5,000, but then saw that I don't qualify, as although I think of myself as a first-time buyer and don't own a property now, I did briefly own one about seven years ago that I sold at a loss and have been renting ever since.My boyfriend has never owned a property before and we are buying together, so do we qualify as first-time buyers as a couple?If we don't qualify we will do the honest thing and pay up, but if someone didn't own up that they weren't a first-time buyer and didn't own a property now, how would they get caught out?Lee Boyce, consumer affairs editor at This is Money, replies: This is a very good question – and I reckon there will be a fair few in the same boat.Last month, in the Budget, Chancellor Philip Hammond axed stamp duty on properties up to £300,000, which he says was to help first-time buyers.The average first-time buyer pays £208,000 for their first home, which means they'll save £1,660 on stamp duty under this new system, according to the Treasury.The maximum you can save is £5,000. The typical first home in London costs £410,000.This means first-time buyers will fork out £5,500 on stamp duty, opposed to the £10,500 they would have faced.Government rules state that a first-time buyer is someone who has never owned freehold or leasehold interest in a dwelling before and who is purchasing their only or main residence.Residential property anywhere in the world is counted when determining whether someone is a first-time buyer.Where there are joint purchasers, all purchasers would need to be first-time buyers.It doesn't make a jot of difference that your previous property purchase left you out of pocket - it still means you are not considered a first-time buyer.Furthermore, the Treasury says: 'First-time buyers - or their solicitors, who generally complete the stamp duty return - have to enter a code on their stamp duty return indicating that they are first-time buyers, and calculate the stamp duty due according to the new rates.'I asked HMRC how you would be caught out.An HMRC spokesman said: 'HMRC targets Stamp Duty Land Tax returns for enquiry if it looks like the wrong rate has been paid.'If a tax return is found to be wrong, the buyer will be billed for the full amount of outstanding tax plus interest, and HMRC will also consider a penalty of up to 100 per cent of the tax that was not paid.'Deliberate incorrect returns, such as claiming first-time buyers relief which you know you do not qualify for, will attract the most serious penalties.'It says that it receives information from a very wide range of sources including the Land Registry.It can then use this information to check that purchasers pay the correct amount of Stamp Duty Land Tax.The relief is claimed by the purchaser on their return - which is usually filled by the conveyancer or s Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/experts/article-5171845/Do-qualify-time-buyer-stamp-duty-purposes.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Asgardia becomes first space nation as it arrives to orbit
 
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fox news - Asgardia becomes first space nation as it arrives to orbit The first virtual ‘space nation’ has arrived to low-Earth orbit after detaching from the International Space Station yesterday.Asgardia launched to the ISS with the Orbital ATK Cygnus spacecraft in November, carrying half a terabyte of data into orbit to establish ‘sovereign territory’ for its 152,000 citizens.Its latest move means Asgardia has become the first nation to have all of its territory in space – and officials are now calling on citizens to run for parliament.Asgardia will be the first 'space nation'. The name comes from the city of the skies ruled by Odin from Valhalla in Norse mythology. It is described as 'a fully-fledged and independent nation, and a future member of the United Nations'.  The Asgardia Project Team is made up of experts from around the globe.  The project team is being led by Dr Igor Ashurbeyli, a Russian scientist and founder of the Aerospace International Research Center (AIRC) in Vienna.  By creating a new space nation, the experts behind the project hope to develop future space technology free from the restrictions of state control. Alongside its announcement, Asgardia opened up applications for virtual citizenship via its website, and so far almost half a million people have pledged their allegiance.  The first Asgardia satellite will launch in September this year. One of Asgardia's first projects will be the creation of a protective shield to protect humankind from space debris, including asteroids.The Asgardia-1 satellite is just about the size of a loaf of bread, but tows everything needed to establish its nationhood in low-Earth orbit.This includes its constitution, national symbols, and personal information from thousands of citizens.Officials from the ‘space nation’ say Asgardia-1 deployed early today after the Cygnus craft de-docked from the ISS and moved to a higher altitude.‘The launch of the Asgardia-1 satellite earlier this month which represented the first independent nation in space has created a huge amount of excitement around the world,’ said Igor Ashurbeyli, Asgardia’s Head of Nation.‘Today, I am delighted to share that Asgardia-1 is deployed and is in an autonomous flight in low-Earth orbit.‘Our next goal is to ensure the parliamentary elections are a success to guarantee that citizens are represented through a well-functioning democratic institution.‘We invite the best, the brightest, and the most enthusiastic to run for Asgardia’s parliament. This is the chance to be among the first pioneers who redefine humanity’s future in space.’Asgardia remained at the ISS for roughly three weeks after launching atop the Antares rocket from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on Nov 12.Doing so satisfies the last condition necessary for admission to the UN, according to Asgardia.Asgardia has designed a constitution, which has already been accepted.And, it even has its own cryptocurrency called the Solar, which is registered at the European Union Intellectual Property Office.The ‘first nation in sp Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5156711/Asgardia-SPACE-nation-arrives-orbit.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  Richard Dawkins tweets photo of termite-built 'cathedral'
 
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fox news - Richard Dawkins tweets photo of termite-built 'cathedral' An incredible image shared by one of the world's leading evolutionary biologists has revealed a 'cathedral' built by termites.Professor Richard Dawkins tweeted an eye-catching image of the spectacular structure, constructed with 'no architect' and 'no blueprint, not even in DNA.' The termites use the intricate structure - which resembles the Sagrada Familia by Gaudí in Barcelona - as an air conditioning unit for the creatures' underground home.The Cathedral like structures are built by two species of termite, 'magnetic termites' amitermes meridionalis and 'cathedral termites', nasutitermes triodiae.They are responsible for some of the tallest non-human structures, relative to their size, in the world.They build huge mounds up to eight metres (26 ft) high in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and Queensland.Now a prominent feature of the arid landscape 'Down Under,' the mounds house millions of termites.In a University of Sydney study published in February, experts said the structures are an incredible engineering feat.They argue that the mounds are even more impressive than the tallest man-made building on Earth, Dubai's skyscraper the Burj Khalifa.Associate professor Nathan Lo said: 'Given that a worker termite stands about 3mm (0.1inch) in height, these mounds are in human terms the equivalent of four Burj Khalifas stacked on top of each other.The question of who built the mound arose after Professor Dawkins tweeted an image with the caption: 'This magnificent cathedral, photographed by Fiona Stewart in Queensland, was built by termites.'No architect (as Dan Dennett pointed out) no blueprint, not even in DNA.'They just followed local rules of thumb, like cells in an embryo.Please, does anyone know the genus/species?' Matt Shardlow, CEO of Peterborough based Bugs Life, cleared up the question on BBC Radio 4's Today programme this morning.Speaking on the Today programme, Mr Shardlow said: 'What we think has happened here is something quite unusual.'The colour of this termite mound is quite grey, which is very typical of the magnetic termite that lives in northern Australia, where this was photographed.'They build their big mounds along a north-south line, aligned with the magnetic poles.'What it looks like has happened with this particular colony has been damaged at some point, and those tall spires are the termite’s efforts to rebuild and get the height back within their colony as quickly as they can.' The Cathedral-like mounds are built by two species of termite, 'magnetic termites' amitermes meridionalis and 'cathedral termites', nasutitermes triodiae.The structures are made from a mixture of faeces, mud, and wood, which forms a robust, waterproof clay-like substance.The termites live underground, which requires an oxygen supply, and the mounds work like an air conditioning system, funnelling air down to the colony below.This also feeds the farms of fungi that the creatures nurture for nutrients.They build huge mounds up to eight metre Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5110527/Mysterious-creators-cathedral-like-structure-revealed.html
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fox news -  Security firm G4S keeps contract to run detention centre
 
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fox news - Security firm G4S keeps contract to run detention centre The Home Office is poised to award G4S a lucrative contract to run an immigration detention centre – even though the security firm’s management of the scandal-hit facility is the subject of serious allegations of drug use, violence and bullying.Sources said the company is in pole position to be awarded the £150 million contract for Brook House, near Gatwick, once again, after it came up for renewal earlier this year.Details of the process have emerged just three months after a string of allegations in a BBC Panorama documentary on the centre, which is next to Gatwick Airport.G4S was subsequently hauled in front of the Home Affairs Select Committee, prompting the company’s UK president, Peter Neden, to say he was ‘ashamed’ of what he had seen in the programme.He told the committee ten staff had immediately been suspended. Since then, six have been dismissed and the centre’s director, Ben Saunders, has resigned.Home Affairs committee chair Yvette Cooper said at the hearing there was ‘abuse, mistreatment and bullying; a restraint expert using and encouraging very racist abuse; threats and reports of violence and aggression towards detainees,’ shown in the documentary.She also said there was, ‘one member of staff saying, “Hit him with the edge anywhere between the knee and the throat,” another saying, “If he dies, he dies,” and another saying, “I’m going to put you to f***ing sleep” ’.She added there had been ‘a failure to properly handle serious mental health problems, to document restraint and to intervene to stop drugs circulating’.During the hearing, company bosses insisted the issue was with individuals, not the firm.But Cooper told The Mail on Sunday last night: 'The company has failed to give any satisfactory answers about how it allowed this to happen or why we should have any confidence in them to prevent it happening again.'An investigation is still under way and the Select Committee is still considering the damning evidence we have heard.'Under these circumstances it would be a dereliction of duty for the Home Office to award G4S a new contract to provide similar services again.’The contract is expected to be awarded early next year. Other bidders have included Serco, Mitie and Geo. The Home Office declined to comment.Peter Frankental, Amnesty International UK’s business and human rights programme director, said: ‘If G4S’s bid is successful, the Government is signalling that ill-treatment of detainees is not a barrier to companies gaining approval to run detention centres.’G4S said it had appointed consultancy Verita to conduct an independent review ‘to understand the extent and root causes of the treatment of detainees at Brook House’.Neden said the review would examine issues including ‘violence prevention, the use of force, the proper reporting of incidents, the use of technology such as body-worn cameras and CCTV [and] the availability of drugs.‘It will also cover the attitudes and behaviour of staff towards detainees and the reasons w Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/money/news/article-5163543/Security-firm-G4S-keeps-contract-run-detention-centre.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
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fox news -  NASA reveals asteroid Oumuamua is shaped like a cigar
 
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fox news - NASA reveals asteroid Oumuamua is shaped like a cigar Anewly discovered object from another star system that's passing through ours is shaped like a giant cigar with a reddish hue, astronomers have revealed.The asteroid, named 'Oumuamua by its discoverers, is up to one-quarter mile (400 meters) long and highly-elongated - perhaps 10 times as long as it is wide.That aspect ratio is greater than that of any asteroid or comet observed in our solar system to date.While its elongated shape is quite surprising, and unlike asteroids seen in our solar system, it may provide new clues into how other solar systems formed.The observations and analyses were funded in part by NASA and appear in the Nov.20 issue of the journal Nature.They suggest this unusual object had been wandering through the Milky Way, unattached to any star system, for hundreds of millions of years before its chance encounter with our star system.'For decades we've theorized that such interstellar objects are out there, and now – for the first time – we have direct evidence they exist,' said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington.'This history-making discovery is opening a new window to study formation of solar systems beyond our own.' Combining the images from the FORS instrument on the ESO telescope using four different filters with those of other large telescopes, a team of astronomers led by Karen Meech of the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii found that 'Oumuamua varies in brightness by a factor of ten as it spins on its axis every 7.3hours.No known asteroid or comet from our solar system varies so widely in brightness, with such a large ratio between length and width.The most elongated objects we have seen to date are no more than three times longer than they are wide.'This unusually big variation in brightness means that the object is highly elongated: about ten times as long as it is wide, with a complex, convoluted shape,' said Meech.'We also found that it had a reddish color, similar to objects in the outer solar system, and confirmed that it is completely inert, without the faintest hint of dust around it.' These properties suggest that 'Oumuamua is dense, comprised of rock and possibly metals, has no water or ice, and that its surface was reddened due to the effects of irradiation from cosmic rays over hundreds of millions of years.The comet, called C/2017 U1 was spotted by a telescope in Hawaii on 18 October, and was then seen 34 separate times in the week after.Its path is illustrated in NASA's animation, above 'I'm surprised by the elongated shape - nobody expected that,' said astronomer David Jewitt of the University of California, Los Angeles, who led the observation team that reported on the characteristics.Scientists are certain this asteroid or comet originated outside our solar system.First spotted last month by the Pan-STARRS telescope in Hawaii, it will stick around for another few years before departing our sun's neighborhood.Jewitt and his international team o Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5101171/Comet-solar-shaped-like-CIGAR.html
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fox news -  Home that takes six hours to build and costs just £25,000
 
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fox news - Home that takes six hours to build and costs just £25,000 This is the innovative flat pack folding home which costs just £24,800, takes only six hours to build and can be collapsed and moved to a new location.Photos show components of the M.A.Di Home being produced in a factory in Italy, transported by truck and being unfolded and easily assembled on site.Time-lapse photos show the modern earthquake-proof home being transformed into the final product, complete with windows and doors.Interior images show the sleek design which boasts plenty of open plan living space in the eye-catching a-frame house.A team of three people can assemble the house in just six to seven hours with prices ranging from £24,800 for 290 sq ft and £54,900 for 904 sq ft.The M.A.Di Home was created by Italian architect, Renato Vidal.It is earthquake resilient and has the eco-friendly capacity to become completely off-grid with solar panels, LED lighting and rain water systems.The home can be built at any location without the need for it to be constructed on concrete foundations.The assembly process takes a team of three people just six to seven hours, and involves each module being unfolded before roof pitches, interiors walls and flooring are added.It comes in a variety of sizes, ranging from a 290 sq ft tiny home with a one-stage staircase for £24,800 to a 904 sq ft family home with a two-stage staircase which will set you back £54,900.All basic models include a fitted bathroom, kitchen connections and technical installations, and will be delivered 60-days from the acceptance of final drawings.The M.A.Di Home is completely manufactured in Italy and can be easily collapsed and moved to a new location or stored away. Source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5103629/Home-takes-SIX-hours-build-costs-just-25-000.html
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