Final Project Astronomy 120
Canis Minor & Major Text
Canis Minor has few spectacular sites, at 11 and a half light years away we find Procyon A the Star attraction in this sector. Procyon A also has a White Dwarf in highly eccentric binary orbit, which make Type IA super Nova's possible. This occur when a White Dwarf in Binary star systems takes mass off its larger companion. Procyon is an aging sub-giant and the Helium flash ignition may occur anytime from now up to 100 million years into the future. Procyon is the 8th brightest star in the sky and part of a Winter Triangle with Sirius and Betelgeuse. The Vermillion Bird of the South is the name given to Procyon by ancient Chinese astronomers, a Phoenix. In the lore American Indians stories where told about a herdsman Icarius, transforming into Procyon and becoming the little dog star. Ptolemy only noted Procyon and Gomeisa in this constellation, Gomeisa is 162 light years away and ejecting its outer layers.
At just over 8 and half light years away Sirius is Available 365.5 days a year, you could say, "one could set a clock on it, seriously", the mythology of Sirius is as Vast as space and includes notations from every culture going back to in time, to ancient Egypt from to India and up the new Americans. Stories are found in Tarot Cards, The Dog Star, Plato and Atlantis, in Free Masonry as the "all seeing eye", as Baby Jesus in Christianity has been said to be actually a Egyptian story of Horus the son of Isis, Isis is the name of Sirius. One example is the Eastern Star Christian cult back in the 1970's, a women's Masonic practice, which was based on the Star of Isis, and Baby Jesus. The Quran makes a similar claim, that God or humanity started in the system of Sirius A and its White Dwarf companion, these two stars make possible Type IA Super Nova's. A more likely scenario is that in the past, an observance of the Nova was mistaken as a message from God. Sirius B is about 30,000 degrees Kelvin and among the hottest of the white dwarfs on the HR Diagram. Best observance is in winter months with at least a 8 inch telescope.
Just south of Sirius 2,300 light years away is Messier 41 an open Cluster Galaxy.
At 3,662 light years away in north the west of quadrant of Canis Major is Thor's Helmet (NGC 2359) and the Wolf-Raynet Star (HD 56925), has created Thor's Helmet a large domed shaped emission nebula.
At 3,840 light years away is a monster, Think about Jaws, The Great White Shark, "Where Going to need a Bigger Boat." Now Imagine a star, whose size is so immense that it's presence would envelop the entire orbit of Saturn. Now image the star is near the end of that life. VY Canis Majoris is a Hyper-Giant and makes all the other stars in the known universe dwarf by comparison, at 1 Billion times our Sol star, VY Canis Majoris is expected to go Hyper-nova in the relatively near future (up to 100,000 yrs). When the Gamma-ray burst reaches to the Fermi Satellite we should finally know, that a new black hole has been created.
Our last stop is 80 million light years away, a pair of mating galaxies NGC2207 & IC 2163 currently merging in the Eastern Quadrant of Canis Major. Like two cogs, these spiral galaxies bind their gravity wheels together into a larger celestial mechanism.
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